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    Subject[PATCH 5.15 176/230] tty: n_gsm: fix encoding of command/response bit
    Date
    From: daniel.starke@siemens.com <daniel.starke@siemens.com>

    commit 57435c42400ec147a527b2313188b649e81e449e upstream.

    n_gsm is based on the 3GPP 07.010 and its newer version is the 3GPP 27.010.
    See https://portal.3gpp.org/desktopmodules/Specifications/SpecificationDetails.aspx?specificationId=1516
    The changes from 07.010 to 27.010 are non-functional. Therefore, I refer to
    the newer 27.010 here. Chapter 5.2.1.2 describes the encoding of the
    C/R (command/response) bit. Table 1 shows that the actual encoding of the
    C/R bit is inverted if the associated frame is sent by the responder.

    The referenced commit fixed here further broke the internal meaning of this
    bit in the outgoing path by always setting the C/R bit regardless of the
    frame type.

    This patch fixes both by setting the C/R bit always consistently for
    command (1) and response (0) frames and inverting it later for the
    responder where necessary. The meaning of this bit in the debug output
    is being preserved and shows the bit as if it was encoded by the initiator.
    This reflects only the frame type rather than the encoded combination of
    communication side and frame type.

    Fixes: cc0f42122a7e ("tty: n_gsm: Modify CR,PF bit when config requester")
    Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
    Signed-off-by: Daniel Starke <daniel.starke@siemens.com>
    Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220218073123.2121-2-daniel.starke@siemens.com
    Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
    Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
    ---
    drivers/tty/n_gsm.c | 16 ++++++++++------
    1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

    --- a/drivers/tty/n_gsm.c
    +++ b/drivers/tty/n_gsm.c
    @@ -471,7 +471,7 @@ static void gsm_hex_dump_bytes(const cha
    * gsm_print_packet - display a frame for debug
    * @hdr: header to print before decode
    * @addr: address EA from the frame
    - * @cr: C/R bit from the frame
    + * @cr: C/R bit seen as initiator
    * @control: control including PF bit
    * @data: following data bytes
    * @dlen: length of data
    @@ -571,7 +571,7 @@ static int gsm_stuff_frame(const u8 *inp
    * gsm_send - send a control frame
    * @gsm: our GSM mux
    * @addr: address for control frame
    - * @cr: command/response bit
    + * @cr: command/response bit seen as initiator
    * @control: control byte including PF bit
    *
    * Format up and transmit a control frame. These do not go via the
    @@ -586,11 +586,15 @@ static void gsm_send(struct gsm_mux *gsm
    int len;
    u8 cbuf[10];
    u8 ibuf[3];
    + int ocr;
    +
    + /* toggle C/R coding if not initiator */
    + ocr = cr ^ (gsm->initiator ? 0 : 1);

    switch (gsm->encoding) {
    case 0:
    cbuf[0] = GSM0_SOF;
    - cbuf[1] = (addr << 2) | (cr << 1) | EA;
    + cbuf[1] = (addr << 2) | (ocr << 1) | EA;
    cbuf[2] = control;
    cbuf[3] = EA; /* Length of data = 0 */
    cbuf[4] = 0xFF - gsm_fcs_add_block(INIT_FCS, cbuf + 1, 3);
    @@ -600,7 +604,7 @@ static void gsm_send(struct gsm_mux *gsm
    case 1:
    case 2:
    /* Control frame + packing (but not frame stuffing) in mode 1 */
    - ibuf[0] = (addr << 2) | (cr << 1) | EA;
    + ibuf[0] = (addr << 2) | (ocr << 1) | EA;
    ibuf[1] = control;
    ibuf[2] = 0xFF - gsm_fcs_add_block(INIT_FCS, ibuf, 2);
    /* Stuffing may double the size worst case */
    @@ -630,7 +634,7 @@ static void gsm_send(struct gsm_mux *gsm

    static inline void gsm_response(struct gsm_mux *gsm, int addr, int control)
    {
    - gsm_send(gsm, addr, 1, control);
    + gsm_send(gsm, addr, 0, control);
    }

    /**
    @@ -1875,10 +1879,10 @@ static void gsm_queue(struct gsm_mux *gs
    goto invalid;

    cr = gsm->address & 1; /* C/R bit */
    + cr ^= gsm->initiator ? 0 : 1; /* Flip so 1 always means command */

    gsm_print_packet("<--", address, cr, gsm->control, gsm->buf, gsm->len);

    - cr ^= 1 - gsm->initiator; /* Flip so 1 always means command */
    dlci = gsm->dlci[address];

    switch (gsm->control) {

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