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Subject[PATCH 5.15 100/230] Compiler Attributes: add __alloc_size() for better bounds checking
Date
From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

[ Upstream commit 86cffecdeaa278444870c8745ab166a65865dbf0 ]

GCC and Clang can use the "alloc_size" attribute to better inform the
results of __builtin_object_size() (for compile-time constant values).
Clang can additionally use alloc_size to inform the results of
__builtin_dynamic_object_size() (for run-time values).

Because GCC sees the frequent use of struct_size() as an allocator size
argument, and notices it can return SIZE_MAX (the overflow indication),
it complains about these call sites overflowing (since SIZE_MAX is
greater than the default -Walloc-size-larger-than=PTRDIFF_MAX). This
isn't helpful since we already know a SIZE_MAX will be caught at
run-time (this was an intentional design). To deal with this, we must
disable this check as it is both a false positive and redundant. (Clang
does not have this warning option.)

Unfortunately, just checking the -Wno-alloc-size-larger-than is not
sufficient to make the __alloc_size attribute behave correctly under
older GCC versions. The attribute itself must be disabled in those
situations too, as there appears to be no way to reliably silence the
SIZE_MAX constant expression cases for GCC versions less than 9.1:

In file included from ./include/linux/resource_ext.h:11,
from ./include/linux/pci.h:40,
from drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbe/ixgbe.h:9,
from drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbe/ixgbe_lib.c:4:
In function 'kmalloc_node',
inlined from 'ixgbe_alloc_q_vector' at ./include/linux/slab.h:743:9:
./include/linux/slab.h:618:9: error: argument 1 value '18446744073709551615' exceeds maximum object size 9223372036854775807 [-Werror=alloc-size-larger-than=]
return __kmalloc_node(size, flags, node);
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
./include/linux/slab.h: In function 'ixgbe_alloc_q_vector':
./include/linux/slab.h:455:7: note: in a call to allocation function '__kmalloc_node' declared here
void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc;
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Specifically:
'-Wno-alloc-size-larger-than' is not correctly handled by GCC < 9.1
https://godbolt.org/z/hqsfG7q84 (doesn't disable)
https://godbolt.org/z/P9jdrPTYh (doesn't admit to not knowing about option)
https://godbolt.org/z/465TPMWKb (only warns when other warnings appear)

'-Walloc-size-larger-than=18446744073709551615' is not handled by GCC < 8.2
https://godbolt.org/z/73hh1EPxz (ignores numeric value)

Since anything marked with __alloc_size would also qualify for marking
with __malloc, just include __malloc along with it to avoid redundant
markings. (Suggested by Linus Torvalds.)

Finally, make sure checkpatch.pl doesn't get confused about finding the
__alloc_size attribute on functions. (Thanks to Joe Perches.)

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210930222704.2631604-3-keescook@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Tested-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Daniel Micay <danielmicay@gmail.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org>
Cc: Dwaipayan Ray <dwaipayanray1@gmail.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Lukas Bulwahn <lukas.bulwahn@gmail.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Alexandre Bounine <alex.bou9@gmail.com>
Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Cc: Jing Xiangfeng <jingxiangfeng@huawei.com>
Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Cc: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Cc: Matt Porter <mporter@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
Cc: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Cc: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
Makefile | 15 +++++++++++++++
include/linux/compiler-gcc.h | 8 ++++++++
include/linux/compiler_attributes.h | 10 ++++++++++
include/linux/compiler_types.h | 12 ++++++++++++
scripts/checkpatch.pl | 3 ++-
5 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index c7750d260a55..397fb08d17f2 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -1011,6 +1011,21 @@ ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_GCC
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-maybe-uninitialized
endif

+ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_GCC
+# The allocators already balk at large sizes, so silence the compiler
+# warnings for bounds checks involving those possible values. While
+# -Wno-alloc-size-larger-than would normally be used here, earlier versions
+# of gcc (<9.1) weirdly don't handle the option correctly when _other_
+# warnings are produced (?!). Using -Walloc-size-larger-than=SIZE_MAX
+# doesn't work (as it is documented to), silently resolving to "0" prior to
+# version 9.1 (and producing an error more recently). Numeric values larger
+# than PTRDIFF_MAX also don't work prior to version 9.1, which are silently
+# ignored, continuing to default to PTRDIFF_MAX. So, left with no other
+# choice, we must perform a versioned check to disable this warning.
+# https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210824115859.187f272f@canb.auug.org.au
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-ifversion, -ge, 0901, -Wno-alloc-size-larger-than)
+endif
+
# disable invalid "can't wrap" optimizations for signed / pointers
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-strict-overflow

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
index bd2b881c6b63..b9d5f9c373a0 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
@@ -144,3 +144,11 @@
#else
#define __diag_GCC_8(s)
#endif
+
+/*
+ * Prior to 9.1, -Wno-alloc-size-larger-than (and therefore the "alloc_size"
+ * attribute) do not work, and must be disabled.
+ */
+#if GCC_VERSION < 90100
+#undef __alloc_size__
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler_attributes.h b/include/linux/compiler_attributes.h
index e6ec63403965..3de06a8fae73 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler_attributes.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler_attributes.h
@@ -33,6 +33,15 @@
#define __aligned(x) __attribute__((__aligned__(x)))
#define __aligned_largest __attribute__((__aligned__))

+/*
+ * Note: do not use this directly. Instead, use __alloc_size() since it is conditionally
+ * available and includes other attributes.
+ *
+ * gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-alloc_005fsize-function-attribute
+ * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#alloc-size
+ */
+#define __alloc_size__(x, ...) __attribute__((__alloc_size__(x, ## __VA_ARGS__)))
+
/*
* Note: users of __always_inline currently do not write "inline" themselves,
* which seems to be required by gcc to apply the attribute according
@@ -153,6 +162,7 @@

/*
* gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-malloc-function-attribute
+ * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#malloc
*/
#define __malloc __attribute__((__malloc__))

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler_types.h b/include/linux/compiler_types.h
index b6ff83a714ca..4f2203c4a257 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler_types.h
@@ -250,6 +250,18 @@ struct ftrace_likely_data {
# define __cficanonical
#endif

+/*
+ * Any place that could be marked with the "alloc_size" attribute is also
+ * a place to be marked with the "malloc" attribute. Do this as part of the
+ * __alloc_size macro to avoid redundant attributes and to avoid missing a
+ * __malloc marking.
+ */
+#ifdef __alloc_size__
+# define __alloc_size(x, ...) __alloc_size__(x, ## __VA_ARGS__) __malloc
+#else
+# define __alloc_size(x, ...) __malloc
+#endif
+
#ifndef asm_volatile_goto
#define asm_volatile_goto(x...) asm goto(x)
#endif
diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
index c27d2312cfc3..88cb294dc447 100755
--- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
+++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
@@ -489,7 +489,8 @@ our $Attribute = qr{
____cacheline_aligned|
____cacheline_aligned_in_smp|
____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp|
- __weak
+ __weak|
+ __alloc_size\s*\(\s*\d+\s*(?:,\s*\d+\s*)?\)
}x;
our $Modifier;
our $Inline = qr{inline|__always_inline|noinline|__inline|__inline__};
--
2.35.1


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