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Subject[RFC PATCH 23/25] kvx: Add debugging related support
Date
Add kvx support for ptrace and hw breakpoints.

CC: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Co-developed-by: Clement Leger <clement.leger@bootlin.com>
Signed-off-by: Clement Leger <clement.leger@bootlin.com>
Co-developed-by: Guillaume Thouvenin <gthouvenin@kalray.eu>
Signed-off-by: Guillaume Thouvenin <gthouvenin@kalray.eu>
Co-developed-by: Julian Vetter <jvetter@kalray.eu>
Signed-off-by: Julian Vetter <jvetter@kalray.eu>
Co-developed-by: Marius Gligor <mgligor@kalray.eu>
Signed-off-by: Marius Gligor <mgligor@kalray.eu>
Co-developed-by: Yann Sionneau <ysionneau@kalray.eu>
Signed-off-by: Yann Sionneau <ysionneau@kalray.eu>
---
arch/kvx/include/asm/debug.h | 35 ++
arch/kvx/include/asm/insns.h | 16 +
arch/kvx/include/asm/insns_defs.h | 197 +++++++++++
arch/kvx/kernel/break_hook.c | 77 +++++
arch/kvx/kernel/debug.c | 64 ++++
arch/kvx/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 556 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/kvx/kernel/insns.c | 146 ++++++++
7 files changed, 1091 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/include/asm/debug.h
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/include/asm/insns.h
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/include/asm/insns_defs.h
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/kernel/break_hook.c
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/kernel/debug.c
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/kernel/insns.c

diff --git a/arch/kvx/include/asm/debug.h b/arch/kvx/include/asm/debug.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f60c632e6697
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/include/asm/debug.h
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_KVX_DEBUG_HOOK_H_
+#define __ASM_KVX_DEBUG_HOOK_H_
+
+/**
+ * enum debug_ret - Break return value
+ * @DEBUG_HOOK_HANDLED: Hook handled successfully
+ * @DEBUG_HOOK_IGNORED: Hook call has been ignored
+ */
+enum debug_ret {
+ DEBUG_HOOK_HANDLED = 0,
+ DEBUG_HOOK_IGNORED = 1,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct debug_hook - Debug hook description
+ * @node: List node
+ * @handler: handler called on debug entry
+ * @mode: Hook mode (user/kernel)
+ */
+struct debug_hook {
+ struct list_head node;
+ int (*handler)(u64 ea, struct pt_regs *regs);
+ u8 mode;
+};
+
+void debug_hook_register(struct debug_hook *dbg_hook);
+void debug_hook_unregister(struct debug_hook *dbg_hook);
+
+#endif /* __ASM_KVX_DEBUG_HOOK_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/kvx/include/asm/insns.h b/arch/kvx/include/asm/insns.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..36a9e8335ce8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/include/asm/insns.h
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_KVX_INSNS_H
+#define _ASM_KVX_INSNS_H
+
+int kvx_insns_write_nostop(u32 *insns, u8 insns_len, u32 *insn_addr);
+
+int kvx_insns_write(u32 *insns, unsigned long insns_len, u32 *addr);
+
+int kvx_insns_read(u32 *insns, unsigned long insns_len, u32 *addr);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/kvx/include/asm/insns_defs.h b/arch/kvx/include/asm/insns_defs.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ed8d9d6f0817
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/include/asm/insns_defs.h
@@ -0,0 +1,197 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ * Guillaume Thouvenin
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_KVX_INSNS_DEFS_H_
+#define __ASM_KVX_INSNS_DEFS_H_
+
+#include <linux/bits.h>
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+static inline int check_signed_imm(long long imm, int bits)
+{
+ long long min, max;
+
+ min = -BIT_ULL(bits - 1);
+ max = BIT_ULL(bits - 1) - 1;
+ if (imm < min || imm > max)
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#define BITMASK(bits) (BIT_ULL(bits) - 1)
+
+#define KVX_INSN_SYLLABLE_WIDTH 4
+
+#define IS_INSN(__insn, __mnemo) \
+ ((__insn & KVX_INSN_ ## __mnemo ## _MASK_0) == \
+ KVX_INSN_ ## __mnemo ## _OPCODE_0)
+
+#define INSN_SIZE(__insn) \
+ (KVX_INSN_ ## __insn ## _SIZE * KVX_INSN_SYLLABLE_WIDTH)
+
+/* Values for general registers */
+#define KVX_REG_R0 0
+#define KVX_REG_R1 1
+#define KVX_REG_R2 2
+#define KVX_REG_R3 3
+#define KVX_REG_R4 4
+#define KVX_REG_R5 5
+#define KVX_REG_R6 6
+#define KVX_REG_R7 7
+#define KVX_REG_R8 8
+#define KVX_REG_R9 9
+#define KVX_REG_R10 10
+#define KVX_REG_R11 11
+#define KVX_REG_R12 12
+#define KVX_REG_SP 12
+#define KVX_REG_R13 13
+#define KVX_REG_TP 13
+#define KVX_REG_R14 14
+#define KVX_REG_FP 14
+#define KVX_REG_R15 15
+#define KVX_REG_R16 16
+#define KVX_REG_R17 17
+#define KVX_REG_R18 18
+#define KVX_REG_R19 19
+#define KVX_REG_R20 20
+#define KVX_REG_R21 21
+#define KVX_REG_R22 22
+#define KVX_REG_R23 23
+#define KVX_REG_R24 24
+#define KVX_REG_R25 25
+#define KVX_REG_R26 26
+#define KVX_REG_R27 27
+#define KVX_REG_R28 28
+#define KVX_REG_R29 29
+#define KVX_REG_R30 30
+#define KVX_REG_R31 31
+#define KVX_REG_R32 32
+#define KVX_REG_R33 33
+#define KVX_REG_R34 34
+#define KVX_REG_R35 35
+#define KVX_REG_R36 36
+#define KVX_REG_R37 37
+#define KVX_REG_R38 38
+#define KVX_REG_R39 39
+#define KVX_REG_R40 40
+#define KVX_REG_R41 41
+#define KVX_REG_R42 42
+#define KVX_REG_R43 43
+#define KVX_REG_R44 44
+#define KVX_REG_R45 45
+#define KVX_REG_R46 46
+#define KVX_REG_R47 47
+#define KVX_REG_R48 48
+#define KVX_REG_R49 49
+#define KVX_REG_R50 50
+#define KVX_REG_R51 51
+#define KVX_REG_R52 52
+#define KVX_REG_R53 53
+#define KVX_REG_R54 54
+#define KVX_REG_R55 55
+#define KVX_REG_R56 56
+#define KVX_REG_R57 57
+#define KVX_REG_R58 58
+#define KVX_REG_R59 59
+#define KVX_REG_R60 60
+#define KVX_REG_R61 61
+#define KVX_REG_R62 62
+#define KVX_REG_R63 63
+
+/* Value for bitfield parallel */
+#define KVX_INSN_PARALLEL_EOB 0x0
+#define KVX_INSN_PARALLEL_NONE 0x1
+
+#define KVX_INSN_PARALLEL(__insn) (((__insn) >> 31) & 0x1)
+
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_SIZE 3
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_W64_CHECK(__val) \
+ (check_signed_imm(__val, 64))
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_MASK_0 0xff030000
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_OPCODE_0 0xe0000000
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_SYLLABLE_0(__rw, __w64) \
+ (KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_OPCODE_0 | (((__rw) & 0x3f) << 18) | (((__w64) & 0x3ff) << 6))
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_MASK_1 0xe0000000
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_OPCODE_1 0x80000000
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_SYLLABLE_1(__w64) \
+ (KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_OPCODE_1 | (((__w64) >> 10) & 0x7ffffff))
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_SYLLABLE_2(__p, __w64) \
+ (((__p) << 31) | (((__w64) >> 37) & 0x7ffffff))
+#define KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64(__buf, __p, __rw, __w64) \
+do { \
+ (__buf)[0] = KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_SYLLABLE_0(__rw, __w64); \
+ (__buf)[1] = KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_SYLLABLE_1(__w64); \
+ (__buf)[2] = KVX_INSN_MAKE_IMM64_SYLLABLE_2(__p, __w64); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KVX_INSN_ICALL_SIZE 1
+#define KVX_INSN_ICALL_MASK_0 0x7ffc0000
+#define KVX_INSN_ICALL_OPCODE_0 0xfdc0000
+#define KVX_INSN_ICALL_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __rz) \
+ (KVX_INSN_ICALL_OPCODE_0 | ((__p) << 31) | ((__rz) & 0x3f))
+#define KVX_INSN_ICALL(__buf, __p, __rz) \
+do { \
+ (__buf)[0] = KVX_INSN_ICALL_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __rz); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KVX_INSN_IGOTO_SIZE 1
+#define KVX_INSN_IGOTO_MASK_0 0x7ffc0000
+#define KVX_INSN_IGOTO_OPCODE_0 0xfd80000
+#define KVX_INSN_IGOTO_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __rz) \
+ (KVX_INSN_IGOTO_OPCODE_0 | ((__p) << 31) | ((__rz) & 0x3f))
+#define KVX_INSN_IGOTO(__buf, __p, __rz) \
+do { \
+ (__buf)[0] = KVX_INSN_IGOTO_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __rz); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KVX_INSN_CALL_SIZE 1
+#define KVX_INSN_CALL_PCREL27_CHECK(__val) \
+ (((__val) & BITMASK(2)) || check_signed_imm((__val) >> 2, 27))
+#define KVX_INSN_CALL_MASK_0 0x78000000
+#define KVX_INSN_CALL_OPCODE_0 0x18000000
+#define KVX_INSN_CALL_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __pcrel27) \
+ (KVX_INSN_CALL_OPCODE_0 | ((__p) << 31) | (((__pcrel27) >> 2) & 0x7ffffff))
+#define KVX_INSN_CALL(__buf, __p, __pcrel27) \
+do { \
+ (__buf)[0] = KVX_INSN_CALL_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __pcrel27); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KVX_INSN_GOTO_SIZE 1
+#define KVX_INSN_GOTO_PCREL27_CHECK(__val) \
+ (((__val) & BITMASK(2)) || check_signed_imm((__val) >> 2, 27))
+#define KVX_INSN_GOTO_MASK_0 0x78000000
+#define KVX_INSN_GOTO_OPCODE_0 0x10000000
+#define KVX_INSN_GOTO_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __pcrel27) \
+ (KVX_INSN_GOTO_OPCODE_0 | ((__p) << 31) | (((__pcrel27) >> 2) & 0x7ffffff))
+#define KVX_INSN_GOTO(__buf, __p, __pcrel27) \
+do { \
+ (__buf)[0] = KVX_INSN_GOTO_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __pcrel27); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KVX_INSN_NOP_SIZE 1
+#define KVX_INSN_NOP_MASK_0 0x7f03f000
+#define KVX_INSN_NOP_OPCODE_0 0x7f03f000
+#define KVX_INSN_NOP_SYLLABLE_0(__p) \
+ (KVX_INSN_NOP_OPCODE_0 | ((__p) << 31))
+#define KVX_INSN_NOP(__buf, __p) \
+do { \
+ (__buf)[0] = KVX_INSN_NOP_SYLLABLE_0(__p); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KVX_INSN_SET_SIZE 1
+#define KVX_INSN_SET_MASK_0 0x7ffc0000
+#define KVX_INSN_SET_OPCODE_0 0xfc00000
+#define KVX_INSN_SET_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __systemT3, __rz) \
+ (KVX_INSN_SET_OPCODE_0 | ((__p) << 31) | (((__systemT3) & 0x1ff) << 6) | ((__rz) & 0x3f))
+#define KVX_INSN_SET(__buf, __p, __systemT3, __rz) \
+do { \
+ (__buf)[0] = KVX_INSN_SET_SYLLABLE_0(__p, __systemT3, __rz); \
+} while (0)
+
+#endif /* __ASM_KVX_INSNS_DEFS_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/kvx/kernel/break_hook.c b/arch/kvx/kernel/break_hook.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..2c02287c04a6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/kernel/break_hook.c
@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ */
+
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+
+#include <asm/insns.h>
+#include <asm/traps.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/break_hook.h>
+
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(debug_hook_lock);
+static LIST_HEAD(user_break_hook);
+static LIST_HEAD(kernel_break_hook);
+
+void kvx_skip_break_insn(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ regs->spc += KVX_BREAK_INSN_SIZE;
+}
+
+int break_hook_handler(uint64_t es, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int (*fn)(struct break_hook *brk_hook, struct pt_regs *regs) = NULL;
+ struct break_hook *tmp_hook, *hook = NULL;
+ struct list_head *list;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ u32 idx;
+
+ if (trap_sfri(es) != KVX_TRAP_SFRI_SET ||
+ trap_sfrp(es) != KVX_SFR_VSFR0)
+ return BREAK_HOOK_ERROR;
+
+ idx = trap_gprp(es);
+ list = user_mode(regs) ? &user_break_hook : &kernel_break_hook;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(tmp_hook, list, node) {
+ if (idx == tmp_hook->id) {
+ hook = tmp_hook;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ if (!hook)
+ return BREAK_HOOK_ERROR;
+
+ fn = hook->handler;
+ return fn(hook, regs);
+}
+
+void break_hook_register(struct break_hook *brk_hook)
+{
+ struct list_head *list;
+
+ if (brk_hook->mode == MODE_USER)
+ list = &user_break_hook;
+ else
+ list = &kernel_break_hook;
+
+ spin_lock(&debug_hook_lock);
+ list_add_rcu(&brk_hook->node, list);
+ spin_unlock(&debug_hook_lock);
+}
+
+void break_hook_unregister(struct break_hook *brk_hook)
+{
+ spin_lock(&debug_hook_lock);
+ list_del_rcu(&brk_hook->node);
+ spin_unlock(&debug_hook_lock);
+ synchronize_rcu();
+}
diff --git a/arch/kvx/kernel/debug.c b/arch/kvx/kernel/debug.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d4cde403bca9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/kernel/debug.c
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ */
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+
+#include <asm/dame.h>
+#include <asm/debug.h>
+
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(debug_hook_lock);
+static LIST_HEAD(user_debug_hook);
+static LIST_HEAD(kernel_debug_hook);
+
+static struct list_head *debug_hook_list(bool user_mode)
+{
+ return user_mode ? &user_debug_hook : &kernel_debug_hook;
+}
+
+static void call_debug_hook(u64 ea, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct debug_hook *hook;
+ struct list_head *list = debug_hook_list(user_mode(regs));
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(hook, list, node) {
+ ret = hook->handler(ea, regs);
+ if (ret == DEBUG_HOOK_HANDLED)
+ return;
+ }
+
+ panic("Entered debug but no requester !");
+}
+
+void debug_hook_register(struct debug_hook *dbg_hook)
+{
+ struct list_head *list = debug_hook_list(dbg_hook->mode == MODE_USER);
+
+ spin_lock(&debug_hook_lock);
+ list_add_rcu(&dbg_hook->node, list);
+ spin_unlock(&debug_hook_lock);
+}
+
+void debug_hook_unregister(struct debug_hook *dbg_hook)
+{
+ spin_lock(&debug_hook_lock);
+ list_del_rcu(&dbg_hook->node);
+ spin_unlock(&debug_hook_lock);
+ synchronize_rcu();
+}
+
+/**
+ * Main debug handler called by the _debug_handler routine in entry.S
+ * This handler will perform the required action
+ */
+void debug_handler(u64 ea, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ trace_hardirqs_off();
+ call_debug_hook(ea, regs);
+ dame_irq_check(regs);
+}
diff --git a/arch/kvx/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/arch/kvx/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f28ed1a99bf2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
@@ -0,0 +1,556 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Marius Gligor
+ * Clement Leger
+ */
+
+#include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/perf_event.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/cache.h>
+
+#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
+#include <asm/sfr.h>
+
+#define HW_BREAKPOINT_SIZE 4
+#define HW_BREAKPOINT_RANGE 2
+#define MAX_STORE_LENGTH 32
+#define L1_LINE_MASK ((u64) KVX_DCACHE_LINE_SIZE - 1)
+
+#define ES_AS_DZEROL_CODE 0x3F
+#define ES_AS_MAINT_CODE 0x21
+
+#define WATCHPOINT_STEPPED 1
+#define WATCHPOINT_GDB_HIT 2
+
+#define hw_breakpoint_remap(idx) (KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT - 1 - (idx))
+#define hw_watchpoint_remap(idx) (idx)
+
+/* Breakpoint currently in use */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct perf_event *, hbp_on_reg[KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT]);
+
+/* Watchpoint currently in use */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct perf_event *, hwp_on_reg[KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT]);
+
+/* Get and set function of the debug hardware registers */
+#define gen_set_hw_sfr(__name, __sfr) \
+static inline void set_hw_ ## __name(int idx, u64 addr) \
+{ \
+ if (idx == 0) \
+ kvx_sfr_set(__sfr ## 0, addr); \
+ else \
+ kvx_sfr_set(__sfr ## 1, addr); \
+}
+
+#define gen_set_hw_sfr_field(__name, __sfr, __field) \
+static inline void set_hw_ ## __name(int idx, u32 value) \
+{ \
+ if (idx == 0) \
+ kvx_sfr_set_field(__sfr, __field ## 0, value); \
+ else \
+ kvx_sfr_set_field(__sfr, __field ## 1, value); \
+}
+
+#define gen_get_hw_sfr_field(__name, __sfr, __field) \
+static inline u32 get_hw_ ## __name(int idx) \
+{ \
+ if (idx == 0) \
+ return kvx_sfr_field_val(kvx_sfr_get(__sfr), \
+ __sfr, __field ## 0); \
+ return kvx_sfr_field_val(kvx_sfr_get(__sfr), __sfr, \
+ __field ## 1); \
+}
+
+gen_set_hw_sfr_field(bp_owner, DOW, B);
+gen_set_hw_sfr_field(wp_owner, DOW, W);
+gen_get_hw_sfr_field(bp_owner, DO, B);
+gen_get_hw_sfr_field(wp_owner, DO, W);
+gen_set_hw_sfr(bp_addr, DBA);
+gen_set_hw_sfr(wp_addr, DWA);
+gen_set_hw_sfr_field(bp_range, DC, BR);
+gen_set_hw_sfr_field(wp_range, DC, WR);
+gen_set_hw_sfr_field(bp_enable, DC, BE);
+gen_set_hw_sfr_field(wp_enable, DC, WE);
+
+/**
+ * hw_breakpoint_slots() - obtain the maximum available number of hardware
+ * resources for the specified type
+ * @type: Requested hardware watchpoint/breakpoint type
+ * Return: The maximum number of hardware resources for the given type
+ * or 0 if type is invalide
+ */
+int hw_breakpoint_slots(int type)
+{
+ switch (type) {
+ case TYPE_INST:
+ return KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT;
+ case TYPE_DATA:
+ return KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT;
+ default:
+ pr_warn("unknown slot type: %d\n", type);
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * arch_check_bp_in_kernelspace() - verify if the specified
+ * watchpoint/breakpoint address is inside the kernel
+ * @hw: The arch hardware watchpoint/breakpoint whose address should be checked
+ * Return: The result of the verification
+ */
+int arch_check_bp_in_kernelspace(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *hw)
+{
+ return hw->addr >= PAGE_OFFSET;
+}
+
+/*
+ * compute_hw_watchpoint_range() - compute the watchpoint hardware registers to
+ * cover attr->bp_len bytes beginning from attr->bp_addr
+ * @attr: Provides the address and length for which the hardware registers
+ * should be computed
+ * @hw: Address of the arch_hw_breakpoint where the computed values should be
+ * stored
+ * Observation: Because of the kvx watchpoint range problem, both hardware
+ * watchpoints may be used for index 0
+ */
+static void compute_hw_watchpoint_range(const struct perf_event_attr *attr,
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *hw)
+{
+ u64 addr = attr->bp_addr;
+ u32 size = attr->bp_len;
+ u64 begin = (addr >= MAX_STORE_LENGTH - 1) ?
+ (addr - (MAX_STORE_LENGTH - 1)) : 0;
+ u64 end = addr + size - 1;
+ u64 addr_l1_aligned = addr & ~L1_LINE_MASK;
+ u64 end_l1_aligned = end & ~L1_LINE_MASK;
+
+ /* The maximum range of a store instruction is 32 bytes (store octuple).
+ * The stores may be unaligned. The dzerol instruction fills the
+ * specified line cache with 0, so its range is the L1 cache line size
+ * (64 bytes for Coolidge). So, the range that should be covered is:
+ * MIN(MAX(addr - 31, 0), (addr & ~L1_LINE_MASK)) to (addr + len -1)
+ * We can have MAX(addr - 31, 0) less (addr & ~L1_LINE_MASK) only for an
+ * unaligned access. In this case, we have a store that modifies data in
+ * 2 L1 cache lines. If the addresses of the 2 consecutive L1 cache
+ * lines have many bits different (e.g. 0x10000000 and 0xfffffc0), the
+ * watchpoint range will be very big (29 bits (512 MB) in the example)
+ * and each time a byte in this range will change, the watchpoint will
+ * be triggered, so, in fact, almost all stores will trigger the
+ * watchpoint and the execution will be very very slow. To avoid this,
+ * in this case, we use 2 hardware watchpoints, one for each L1 cache
+ * line, each covering only a few bytes in their cache line.
+ * A similar case, requiring 2 hardware watchpoints, happens when
+ * (addr + len -1) is in next cache line
+ */
+ if (begin < addr_l1_aligned) {
+ hw->wp.hw_addr[0] = begin;
+ hw->wp.hw_range[0] = fls64(begin ^ (addr_l1_aligned - 1));
+
+ hw->wp.use_wp1 = 1;
+ hw->wp.hw_addr[1] = addr_l1_aligned;
+ hw->wp.hw_range[1] = fls64(addr_l1_aligned ^ end);
+ } else if (addr_l1_aligned != end_l1_aligned) {
+ hw->wp.hw_addr[0] = addr_l1_aligned;
+ hw->wp.hw_range[0] =
+ fls64(addr_l1_aligned ^ (end_l1_aligned - 1));
+
+ hw->wp.use_wp1 = 1;
+ hw->wp.hw_addr[1] = end_l1_aligned;
+ hw->wp.hw_range[1] = fls64(end_l1_aligned ^ end);
+ } else {
+ hw->wp.use_wp1 = 0;
+ hw->wp.hw_addr[0] = addr_l1_aligned;
+ hw->wp.hw_range[0] = fls64(addr_l1_aligned ^ end);
+ }
+
+ if (!hw->wp.use_wp1) {
+ hw->wp.hw_addr[1] = 0;
+ hw->wp.hw_range[1] = 0;
+ }
+ hw->wp.hit_info = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * hw_breakpoint_arch_parse() - Construct an arch_hw_breakpoint from
+ * a perf_event
+ * @bp: The source perf event
+ * @attr: Attributes of the perf_event
+ * @hw: Address of the arch_hw_breakpoint to be constructed
+ * Return: 0 for success, or negative error code
+ */
+int hw_breakpoint_arch_parse(struct perf_event *bp,
+ const struct perf_event_attr *attr,
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *hw)
+{
+ /* Type */
+ if (attr->bp_type == HW_BREAKPOINT_X) {
+ if (!attr->disabled) {
+ if (!IS_ALIGNED(attr->bp_addr, HW_BREAKPOINT_SIZE) ||
+ attr->bp_len != HW_BREAKPOINT_SIZE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ hw->type = KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_TYPE;
+ hw->bp.hw_addr = attr->bp_addr;
+ hw->bp.hw_range = HW_BREAKPOINT_RANGE;
+ } else {
+ if (attr->bp_type == HW_BREAKPOINT_W) {
+ hw->type = KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_TYPE;
+ if (!attr->disabled)
+ compute_hw_watchpoint_range(attr, hw);
+ } else
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ hw->addr = attr->bp_addr;
+ hw->len = attr->bp_len;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int hw_breakpoint_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *unused,
+ unsigned long val, void *data)
+{
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+}
+
+static int alloc_slot(struct perf_event **slot, size_t n,
+ struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+ int idx;
+
+ for (idx = 0; idx < n; idx++) {
+ if (!slot[idx]) {
+ slot[idx] = bp;
+ return idx;
+ }
+ }
+ return -EBUSY;
+}
+
+static void enable_hw_breakpoint(int idx, int enable, struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *info = counter_arch_bp(bp);
+
+ idx = hw_breakpoint_remap(idx);
+ if (enable) {
+ set_hw_bp_addr(idx, info->bp.hw_addr);
+ set_hw_bp_range(idx, info->bp.hw_range);
+ }
+
+ set_hw_bp_enable(idx, enable);
+}
+
+/*
+ * ptrace_request_hw_breakpoint() - tries to obtain the ownership for the
+ * requested hardware breakpoint
+ * @idx: The index of the requested hardware breakpoint
+ * Return: 0 for success, or negative error code
+ */
+int ptrace_request_hw_breakpoint(int idx)
+{
+ int linux_pl, pl;
+
+ if (idx < 0 || idx >= KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ linux_pl = kvx_sfr_field_val(kvx_sfr_get(PS), PS, PL);
+
+ /* Remap the indexes: request first the last hw breakpoint */
+ idx = hw_breakpoint_remap(idx);
+ pl = get_hw_bp_owner(idx);
+ if (pl < linux_pl) {
+ set_hw_bp_owner(idx, 0);
+ pl = get_hw_bp_owner(idx);
+ }
+
+ return (pl == linux_pl) ? 0 : -EPERM;
+}
+
+static int reserve_one_hw_watchpoint(int idx)
+{
+ int linux_pl = kvx_sfr_field_val(kvx_sfr_get(PS), PS, PL);
+ int pl = get_hw_wp_owner(idx);
+
+ if (pl < linux_pl) {
+ set_hw_wp_owner(idx, 0);
+ pl = get_hw_wp_owner(idx);
+ }
+
+ return (pl == linux_pl) ? 0 : -EPERM;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ptrace_request_hw_watchpoint() - tries to obtain the ownership for the
+ * requested hardware watchpoint
+ * @idx: The index of the requested hardware watchpoint
+ * Return: 0 for success, or negative error code
+ *
+ * Observation: Because of the kvx watchpoint range limitation, both hardware
+ * watchpoints are used for index 0 for Coolidge V1
+ */
+int ptrace_request_hw_watchpoint(int idx)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ if (idx < 0 || idx >= KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ idx = hw_watchpoint_remap(idx);
+ res = reserve_one_hw_watchpoint(idx);
+ if (res)
+ return res;
+
+ /* Request the both watchpoints for Coolidge V1. W0 is ours, now W1 */
+ return reserve_one_hw_watchpoint(idx + 1);
+}
+
+static void enable_one_watchpoint(int idx, int sub_idx, int enable,
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *info)
+{
+ if (enable) {
+ set_hw_wp_addr(idx, info->wp.hw_addr[sub_idx]);
+ set_hw_wp_range(idx, info->wp.hw_range[sub_idx]);
+ }
+
+ set_hw_wp_enable(idx, enable);
+}
+
+static void enable_hw_watchpoint(int idx, int enable, struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *info = counter_arch_bp(bp);
+
+ if (idx < 0 || idx >= KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT)
+ return;
+
+ idx = hw_watchpoint_remap(idx);
+ enable_one_watchpoint(idx, 0, enable, info);
+ if (info->wp.use_wp1)
+ enable_one_watchpoint(idx + 1, 1, enable, info);
+}
+
+static void get_hw_pt_list(int type, struct perf_event ***p, int *count)
+{
+ if (type == KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_TYPE) {
+ /* Breakpoint */
+ *p = this_cpu_ptr(hbp_on_reg);
+ *count = KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT;
+ } else {
+ /* Watchpoint */
+ *p = this_cpu_ptr(hwp_on_reg);
+ *count = KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT;
+ }
+}
+
+static void enable_hw_pt(int idx, int enable, struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+ int type = counter_arch_bp(bp)->type;
+
+ if (type == KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_TYPE)
+ enable_hw_breakpoint(idx, enable, bp);
+ else
+ enable_hw_watchpoint(idx, enable, bp);
+}
+
+int arch_install_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+ struct perf_event **p;
+ int idx, count;
+
+ get_hw_pt_list(counter_arch_bp(bp)->type, &p, &count);
+ idx = alloc_slot(p, count, bp);
+ if (idx < 0)
+ return idx;
+
+ enable_hw_pt(idx, 1, bp);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int free_slot(struct perf_event **slot, size_t n,
+ struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+ int idx;
+
+ for (idx = 0; idx < n; idx++) {
+ if (slot[idx] == bp) {
+ slot[idx] = NULL;
+ return idx;
+ }
+ }
+ return -EBUSY;
+}
+
+void arch_uninstall_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+ struct perf_event **p;
+ int idx, count;
+
+ get_hw_pt_list(counter_arch_bp(bp)->type, &p, &count);
+ idx = free_slot(p, count, bp);
+ if (idx < 0)
+ return;
+
+ enable_hw_pt(idx, 0, bp);
+}
+
+void hw_breakpoint_pmu_read(struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+}
+
+void flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct thread_struct *t = &tsk->thread;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (t->debug.ptrace_hbp[i]) {
+ unregister_hw_breakpoint(t->debug.ptrace_hbp[i]);
+ t->debug.ptrace_hbp[i] = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+ for (i = 0; i < KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (t->debug.ptrace_hwp[i]) {
+ unregister_hw_breakpoint(t->debug.ptrace_hwp[i]);
+ t->debug.ptrace_hwp[i] = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Set ptrace breakpoint pointers to zero for this task.
+ * This is required in order to prevent child processes from unregistering
+ * breakpoints held by their parent.
+ */
+void clear_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ struct debug_info *d = &tsk->thread.debug;
+
+ memset(d->ptrace_hbp, 0, sizeof(d->ptrace_hbp));
+ memset(d->ptrace_hwp, 0, sizeof(d->ptrace_hwp));
+}
+
+/**
+ * check_hw_breakpoint() - called from debug_handler for each hardware
+ * breakpoint exception
+ * @regs: Pointer to registers saved when trapping
+ *
+ * This function informs the debugger if a hardware breakpoint hit
+ */
+void check_hw_breakpoint(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct perf_event **bp = this_cpu_ptr(hbp_on_reg);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (bp[i] && !bp[i]->attr.disabled &&
+ regs->spc == bp[i]->attr.bp_addr)
+ perf_bp_event(bp[i], regs);
+ }
+}
+
+static void watchpoint_triggered(struct perf_event *wp, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ int idx, u64 ea)
+{
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *info = counter_arch_bp(wp);
+ int as = kvx_sfr_field_val(regs->es, ES, AS);
+
+ /* Disable the watchpoint in order to be able to stepi */
+ info->wp.hit_info = WATCHPOINT_STEPPED;
+ enable_hw_watchpoint(idx, 0, wp);
+
+ if (as == ES_AS_MAINT_CODE)
+ return;
+
+ if (as == ES_AS_DZEROL_CODE) {
+ as = KVX_DCACHE_LINE_SIZE;
+ ea &= ~L1_LINE_MASK;
+ }
+
+ /* Check if the user watchpoint range was written */
+ if (ea < info->addr + info->len && ea + as >= info->addr)
+ info->wp.hit_info |= WATCHPOINT_GDB_HIT;
+}
+
+/**
+ * check_hw_watchpoint() - called from debug_handler for each hardware
+ * watchpoint exception
+ * @regs: Pointer to registers saved when trapping
+ * @ea: Exception Address register
+ * Return: 1 if this exception was caused by a registered user watchpoint,
+ * otherwise returns 0
+ */
+int check_hw_watchpoint(struct pt_regs *regs, u64 ea)
+{
+ struct perf_event **wp;
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *info;
+ u64 mask;
+ int i, ret = 0;
+
+ wp = this_cpu_ptr(hwp_on_reg);
+ for (i = 0; i < KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (!wp[i] || wp[i]->attr.disabled)
+ continue;
+
+ info = counter_arch_bp(wp[i]);
+ mask = ~(BIT_ULL(info->wp.hw_range[0]) - 1);
+ if ((info->wp.hw_addr[0] & mask) == (ea & mask)) {
+ ret = 1;
+ watchpoint_triggered(wp[i], regs, i, ea);
+ }
+
+ if (info->wp.use_wp1) {
+ mask = ~(BIT_ULL(info->wp.hw_range[1]) - 1);
+ if ((info->wp.hw_addr[1] & mask) == (ea & mask)) {
+ ret = 1;
+ watchpoint_triggered(wp[i], regs, i, ea);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * check_hw_watchpoint_stepped() - called from debug_handler for each
+ * stepi exception
+ * @regs: Pointer to registers saved when trapping
+ * Return: 1 if this stepi event was caused by stepping a watchpoint,
+ * otherwise returns 0
+ *
+ * This function verifies if this stepi event was caused by stepping a
+ * watchpoint, restores the watchpoints disabled before stepping and informs
+ * the debugger about the wathcpoint hit
+ */
+int check_hw_watchpoint_stepped(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct perf_event **wp;
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *info;
+ int i, ret = 0;
+
+ wp = this_cpu_ptr(hwp_on_reg);
+ for (i = 0; i < KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (!wp[i] || wp[i]->attr.disabled)
+ continue;
+
+ info = counter_arch_bp(wp[i]);
+ if (info->wp.hit_info & WATCHPOINT_STEPPED) {
+ ret = 1;
+ enable_hw_watchpoint(i, 1, wp[i]);
+ }
+
+ /* Inform the debugger about the watchpoint only if the
+ * requested watched range was written to
+ */
+ if (info->wp.hit_info & WATCHPOINT_GDB_HIT) {
+ if (user_mode(regs))
+ perf_bp_event(wp[i], regs);
+ }
+
+ info->wp.hit_info = 0;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/arch/kvx/kernel/insns.c b/arch/kvx/kernel/insns.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d25d8ad2a48c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/kernel/insns.c
@@ -0,0 +1,146 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ * Yann Sionneau
+ * Marius Gligor
+ * Guillaume Thouvenin
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
+
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/insns_defs.h>
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+
+struct insns_patch {
+ atomic_t cpu_count;
+ u32 *addr;
+ u32 *insns;
+ unsigned long insns_len;
+};
+
+static void *insn_patch_map(void *addr)
+{
+ unsigned long uintaddr = (uintptr_t) addr;
+ bool module = !core_kernel_text(uintaddr);
+ struct page *page;
+
+ if (module && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_STRICT_MODULE_RWX))
+ page = vmalloc_to_page(addr);
+ else if (!module && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX))
+ page = phys_to_page(__pa_symbol(addr));
+ else
+ return addr;
+
+ BUG_ON(!page);
+ return (void *)set_fixmap_offset(FIX_TEXT_PATCH, page_to_phys(page) +
+ (uintaddr & ~PAGE_MASK));
+}
+
+static void insn_patch_unmap(void)
+{
+ clear_fixmap(FIX_TEXT_PATCH);
+}
+
+int kvx_insns_write_nostop(u32 *insns, u8 insns_len, u32 *insn_addr)
+{
+ unsigned long current_insn_addr = (unsigned long) insn_addr;
+ unsigned long len_remain = insns_len;
+ unsigned long next_insn_page, patch_len;
+ void *map_patch_addr;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ do {
+ /* Compute next upper page boundary */
+ next_insn_page = (current_insn_addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
+
+ patch_len = min(next_insn_page - current_insn_addr, len_remain);
+ len_remain -= patch_len;
+
+ /* Map & patch insns */
+ map_patch_addr = insn_patch_map((void *) current_insn_addr);
+ ret = copy_to_kernel_nofault(map_patch_addr, insns, patch_len);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+
+ insns = (void *) insns + patch_len;
+ current_insn_addr = next_insn_page;
+
+ } while (len_remain);
+
+ insn_patch_unmap();
+
+ /*
+ * Flush & invalidate L2 + L1 icache to reload instructions from memory
+ * L2 wbinval is necessary because we write through DEVICE cache policy
+ * mapping which is uncached therefore L2 is bypassed
+ */
+ wbinval_icache_range(virt_to_phys(insn_addr), insns_len);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int patch_insns_percpu(void *data)
+{
+ struct insns_patch *ip = data;
+ unsigned long insn_addr = (unsigned long) ip->addr;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&ip->cpu_count) == 1) {
+ ret = kvx_insns_write_nostop(ip->insns, ip->insns_len,
+ ip->addr);
+ /* Additionnal up to release other processors */
+ atomic_inc(&ip->cpu_count);
+
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* Wait for first processor to update instructions */
+ while (atomic_read(&ip->cpu_count) <= num_online_cpus())
+ cpu_relax();
+
+ /* Simply invalidate L1 I-cache to reload from L2 or memory */
+ l1_inval_icache_range(insn_addr, insn_addr + ip->insns_len);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kvx_insns_write() Patch instructions at a specified address
+ * @insns: Instructions to be written at @addr
+ * @insns_len: Size of instructions to patch
+ * @addr: Address of the first instruction to patch
+ */
+int kvx_insns_write(u32 *insns, unsigned long insns_len, u32 *addr)
+{
+ struct insns_patch ip = {
+ .cpu_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0),
+ .addr = addr,
+ .insns = insns,
+ .insns_len = insns_len
+ };
+
+ if (!insns_len)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long) addr, KVX_INSN_SYLLABLE_WIDTH))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Function name is a "bit" misleading. while being named
+ * stop_machine, this function does not stop the machine per se
+ * but execute the provided function on all CPU in a safe state.
+ */
+ return stop_machine(patch_insns_percpu, &ip, cpu_online_mask);
+}
+
+int kvx_insns_read(u32 *insns, unsigned long insns_len, u32 *addr)
+{
+ l1_inval_dcache_range((unsigned long)addr, insns_len);
+ return copy_from_kernel_nofault(insns, addr, insns_len);
+}
--
2.37.2




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