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Subject[RFC PATCH 10/25] kvx: Add process management
Date
Add process management support for kvx, including: thread info
definition, context switch and process tracing.

CC: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
CC: Christian Brauner <brauner@kernel.org>
CC: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>
CC: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>
CC: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
CC: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
CC: linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org
Co-developed-by: Clement Leger <clement.leger@bootlin.com>
Signed-off-by: Clement Leger <clement.leger@bootlin.com>
Co-developed-by: Guillaume Thouvenin <gthouvenin@kalray.eu>
Signed-off-by: Guillaume Thouvenin <gthouvenin@kalray.eu>
Co-developed-by: Julian Vetter <jvetter@kalray.eu>
Signed-off-by: Julian Vetter <jvetter@kalray.eu>
Co-developed-by: Marius Gligor <mgligor@kalray.eu>
Signed-off-by: Marius Gligor <mgligor@kalray.eu>
Co-developed-by: Vincent Chardon <vincent.chardon@elsys-design.com>
Signed-off-by: Vincent Chardon <vincent.chardon@elsys-design.com>
Co-developed-by: Yann Sionneau <ysionneau@kalray.eu>
Signed-off-by: Yann Sionneau <ysionneau@kalray.eu>
---
arch/kvx/include/asm/current.h | 22 ++
arch/kvx/include/asm/ptrace.h | 217 ++++++++++++++
arch/kvx/include/asm/switch_to.h | 21 ++
arch/kvx/include/asm/thread_info.h | 78 +++++
arch/kvx/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h | 114 +++++++
arch/kvx/kernel/process.c | 212 +++++++++++++
arch/kvx/kernel/ptrace.c | 461 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/kvx/kernel/stacktrace.c | 173 +++++++++++
8 files changed, 1298 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/include/asm/current.h
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/include/asm/ptrace.h
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/include/asm/switch_to.h
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/include/asm/thread_info.h
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/kernel/process.c
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/kernel/ptrace.c
create mode 100644 arch/kvx/kernel/stacktrace.c

diff --git a/arch/kvx/include/asm/current.h b/arch/kvx/include/asm/current.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b5fd0f076ec9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/include/asm/current.h
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_KVX_CURRENT_H
+#define _ASM_KVX_CURRENT_H
+
+#include <asm/percpu.h>
+#include <asm/sfr.h>
+
+struct task_struct;
+
+static __always_inline struct task_struct *get_current(void)
+{
+ return (struct task_struct *) kvx_sfr_get(SR);
+}
+
+#define current get_current()
+
+#endif /* _ASM_KVX_CURRENT_H */
diff --git a/arch/kvx/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/kvx/include/asm/ptrace.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d1b1e0975d9e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -0,0 +1,217 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ * Marius Gligor
+ * Yann Sionneau
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_KVX_PTRACE_H
+#define _ASM_KVX_PTRACE_H
+
+#include <asm/types.h>
+#include <asm/sfr.h>
+#include <uapi/asm/ptrace.h>
+
+#define GPR_COUNT 64
+#define SFR_COUNT 9
+#define VIRT_COUNT 1
+
+#define ES_SYSCALL 0x3
+
+#define KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT 2
+#define KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT 1
+
+#define REG_SIZE sizeof(u64)
+
+/**
+ * When updating pt_regs structure, this size must be updated.
+ * This is the expected size of the pt_regs struct.
+ * It ensures the structure layout from gcc is the same as the one we
+ * expect in order to do packed load (load/store octuple) in assembly.
+ * Conclusion: never put sizeof(pt_regs) in here or we lose this check
+ * (build time check done in asm-offsets.c via BUILD_BUG_ON)
+ */
+#define PT_REGS_STRUCT_EXPECTED_SIZE \
+ ((GPR_COUNT + SFR_COUNT + VIRT_COUNT) * REG_SIZE + \
+ 2 * REG_SIZE) /* Padding for stack alignment */
+
+/**
+ * Saved register structure. Note that we should save only the necessary
+ * registers.
+ * When you modify it, please read carefully the comment above.
+ * Moreover, you will need to modify user_pt_regs to match the beginning
+ * of this struct 1:1
+ */
+struct pt_regs {
+ union {
+ struct user_pt_regs user_regs;
+ struct {
+ /* GPR */
+ uint64_t r0;
+ uint64_t r1;
+ uint64_t r2;
+ uint64_t r3;
+ uint64_t r4;
+ uint64_t r5;
+ uint64_t r6;
+ uint64_t r7;
+ uint64_t r8;
+ uint64_t r9;
+ uint64_t r10;
+ uint64_t r11;
+ union {
+ uint64_t r12;
+ uint64_t sp;
+ };
+ union {
+ uint64_t r13;
+ uint64_t tp;
+ };
+ union {
+ uint64_t r14;
+ uint64_t fp;
+ };
+ uint64_t r15;
+ uint64_t r16;
+ uint64_t r17;
+ uint64_t r18;
+ uint64_t r19;
+ uint64_t r20;
+ uint64_t r21;
+ uint64_t r22;
+ uint64_t r23;
+ uint64_t r24;
+ uint64_t r25;
+ uint64_t r26;
+ uint64_t r27;
+ uint64_t r28;
+ uint64_t r29;
+ uint64_t r30;
+ uint64_t r31;
+ uint64_t r32;
+ uint64_t r33;
+ uint64_t r34;
+ uint64_t r35;
+ uint64_t r36;
+ uint64_t r37;
+ uint64_t r38;
+ uint64_t r39;
+ uint64_t r40;
+ uint64_t r41;
+ uint64_t r42;
+ uint64_t r43;
+ uint64_t r44;
+ uint64_t r45;
+ uint64_t r46;
+ uint64_t r47;
+ uint64_t r48;
+ uint64_t r49;
+ uint64_t r50;
+ uint64_t r51;
+ uint64_t r52;
+ uint64_t r53;
+ uint64_t r54;
+ uint64_t r55;
+ uint64_t r56;
+ uint64_t r57;
+ uint64_t r58;
+ uint64_t r59;
+ uint64_t r60;
+ uint64_t r61;
+ uint64_t r62;
+ uint64_t r63;
+
+ /* SFR */
+ uint64_t lc;
+ uint64_t le;
+ uint64_t ls;
+ uint64_t ra;
+
+ uint64_t cs;
+ uint64_t spc;
+ };
+ };
+ uint64_t sps;
+ uint64_t es;
+
+ uint64_t ilr;
+
+ /* "Virtual" registers */
+ uint64_t orig_r0;
+
+ /* Padding for stack alignment (see STACK_ALIGN) */
+ uint64_t padding[2];
+
+ /**
+ * If you add some fields, please read carefully the comment for
+ * PT_REGS_STRUCT_EXPECTED_SIZE.
+ */
+};
+
+#define pl(__reg) kvx_sfr_field_val(__reg, PS, PL)
+
+#define MODE_KERNEL 0
+#define MODE_USER 1
+
+/* Privilege level is relative in $sps, so 1 indicates current PL + 1 */
+#define user_mode(regs) (pl((regs)->sps) == MODE_USER)
+#define es_ec(regs) kvx_sfr_field_val(regs->es, ES, EC)
+#define es_sysno(regs) kvx_sfr_field_val(regs->es, ES, SN)
+
+#define debug_dc(es) kvx_sfr_field_val((es), ES, DC)
+
+/* ptrace */
+#define PTRACE_GET_HW_PT_REGS 20
+#define PTRACE_SET_HW_PT_REGS 21
+#define arch_has_single_step() 1
+
+#define DEBUG_CAUSE_BREAKPOINT 0
+#define DEBUG_CAUSE_WATCHPOINT 1
+#define DEBUG_CAUSE_STEPI 2
+#define DEBUG_CAUSE_DSU_BREAK 3
+
+static inline void enable_single_step(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ regs->sps |= KVX_SFR_PS_SME_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline void disable_single_step(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ regs->sps &= ~KVX_SFR_PS_SME_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline bool in_syscall(struct pt_regs const *regs)
+{
+ return es_ec(regs) == ES_SYSCALL;
+}
+
+int do_syscall_trace_enter(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long syscall);
+void do_syscall_trace_exit(struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+static inline unsigned long get_current_sp(void)
+{
+ register const unsigned long current_sp __asm__ ("$r12");
+
+ return current_sp;
+}
+
+extern char *user_scall_rt_sigreturn_end;
+extern char *user_scall_rt_sigreturn;
+
+static inline unsigned long instruction_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->spc;
+}
+
+static inline long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->r0;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long user_stack_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->sp;
+}
+
+#endif /* _ASM_KVX_PTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/kvx/include/asm/switch_to.h b/arch/kvx/include/asm/switch_to.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..2b1fda06dea8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/include/asm/switch_to.h
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_KVX_SWITCH_TO_H
+#define _ASM_KVX_SWITCH_TO_H
+
+struct task_struct;
+
+/* context switching is now performed out-of-line in switch_to.S */
+extern struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct task_struct *prev,
+ struct task_struct *next);
+
+#define switch_to(prev, next, last) \
+ do { \
+ ((last) = __switch_to((prev), (next))); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#endif /* _ASM_KVX_SWITCH_TO_H */
diff --git a/arch/kvx/include/asm/thread_info.h b/arch/kvx/include/asm/thread_info.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4ce0154813ef
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/include/asm/thread_info.h
@@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ * Guillaume Thouvenin
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_KVX_THREAD_INFO_H
+#define _ASM_KVX_THREAD_INFO_H
+
+#include <asm/page.h>
+
+/*
+ * Size of the kernel stack for each process.
+ */
+#define THREAD_SIZE_ORDER 2
+#define THREAD_SIZE (PAGE_SIZE << THREAD_SIZE_ORDER)
+
+/*
+ * Thread information flags
+ * these are process state flags that various assembly files may need to
+ * access
+ * - pending work-to-be-done flags are in LSW
+ * - other flags in MSW
+ */
+#define TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE 0 /* syscall trace active */
+#define TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME 1 /* resumption notification requested */
+#define TIF_SIGPENDING 2 /* signal pending */
+#define TIF_NEED_RESCHED 3 /* rescheduling necessary */
+#define TIF_SINGLESTEP 4 /* restore singlestep on return to user mode */
+#define TIF_UPROBE 5
+#define TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT 6 /* syscall tracepoint instrumentation */
+#define TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT 7 /* syscall auditing active */
+#define TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK 9
+#define TIF_NOTIFY_SIGNAL 10 /* signal notifications exist */
+#define TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG 16 /* true if poll_idle() is polling TIF_NEED_RESCHED */
+#define TIF_MEMDIE 17
+
+#define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE)
+#define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)
+#define _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT)
+#define _TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG (1 << TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG)
+#define _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME (1 << TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME)
+#define _TIF_SIGPENDING (1 << TIF_SIGPENDING)
+#define _TIF_NEED_RESCHED (1 << TIF_NEED_RESCHED)
+#define _TIF_NOTIFY_SIGNAL (1 << TIF_NOTIFY_SIGNAL)
+
+#define _TIF_WORK_MASK \
+ (_TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME | _TIF_SIGPENDING | _TIF_NEED_RESCHED)
+
+#define _TIF_SYSCALL_WORK \
+ (_TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE | _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT | _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT)
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+/*
+ * We are using THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK so this struct is almost useless
+ * please prefer adding fields in thread_struct (processor.h) rather
+ * than here.
+ * This struct is merely a remnant of distant times where it was placed
+ * on the stack to avoid large task_struct.
+ *
+ * cf https://lwn.net/Articles/700615/
+ */
+struct thread_info {
+ unsigned long flags; /* low level flags */
+ int preempt_count;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ u32 cpu; /* current CPU */
+#endif
+};
+
+#define INIT_THREAD_INFO(tsk) \
+{ \
+ .flags = 0, \
+ .preempt_count = INIT_PREEMPT_COUNT, \
+}
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__*/
+#endif /* _ASM_KVX_THREAD_INFO_H */
diff --git a/arch/kvx/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/kvx/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f5febe830526
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -0,0 +1,114 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ * Yann Sionneau
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_KVX_PTRACE_H
+#define _UAPI_ASM_KVX_PTRACE_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+/*
+ * User-mode register state for core dumps, ptrace, sigcontext
+ *
+ * This decouples struct pt_regs from the userspace ABI.
+ * The struct pt_regs must start with the same layout as struct user_pt_regs.
+ */
+struct user_pt_regs {
+ /* GPR */
+ unsigned long r0;
+ unsigned long r1;
+ unsigned long r2;
+ unsigned long r3;
+ unsigned long r4;
+ unsigned long r5;
+ unsigned long r6;
+ unsigned long r7;
+ unsigned long r8;
+ unsigned long r9;
+ unsigned long r10;
+ unsigned long r11;
+ union {
+ unsigned long r12;
+ unsigned long sp;
+ };
+ union {
+ unsigned long r13;
+ unsigned long tp;
+ };
+ union {
+ unsigned long r14;
+ unsigned long fp;
+ };
+ unsigned long r15;
+ unsigned long r16;
+ unsigned long r17;
+ unsigned long r18;
+ unsigned long r19;
+ unsigned long r20;
+ unsigned long r21;
+ unsigned long r22;
+ unsigned long r23;
+ unsigned long r24;
+ unsigned long r25;
+ unsigned long r26;
+ unsigned long r27;
+ unsigned long r28;
+ unsigned long r29;
+ unsigned long r30;
+ unsigned long r31;
+ unsigned long r32;
+ unsigned long r33;
+ unsigned long r34;
+ unsigned long r35;
+ unsigned long r36;
+ unsigned long r37;
+ unsigned long r38;
+ unsigned long r39;
+ unsigned long r40;
+ unsigned long r41;
+ unsigned long r42;
+ unsigned long r43;
+ unsigned long r44;
+ unsigned long r45;
+ unsigned long r46;
+ unsigned long r47;
+ unsigned long r48;
+ unsigned long r49;
+ unsigned long r50;
+ unsigned long r51;
+ unsigned long r52;
+ unsigned long r53;
+ unsigned long r54;
+ unsigned long r55;
+ unsigned long r56;
+ unsigned long r57;
+ unsigned long r58;
+ unsigned long r59;
+ unsigned long r60;
+ unsigned long r61;
+ unsigned long r62;
+ unsigned long r63;
+
+ /* SFR */
+ unsigned long lc;
+ unsigned long le;
+ unsigned long ls;
+ unsigned long ra;
+
+ unsigned long cs;
+ unsigned long spc;
+};
+
+/* TCA registers structure exposed to user */
+struct user_tca_regs {
+ struct {
+ __u64 x;
+ __u64 y;
+ __u64 z;
+ __u64 t;
+ } regs[48];
+};
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_KVX_PTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/kvx/kernel/process.c b/arch/kvx/kernel/process.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f9ba2571e279
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/kernel/process.c
@@ -0,0 +1,212 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ * Guillaume Thouvenin
+ * Marius Gligor
+ * Yann Sionneau
+ */
+
+#include <linux/elf.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/sched/debug.h>
+#include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
+#include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h>
+
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR)
+#include <linux/stackprotector.h>
+unsigned long __stack_chk_guard __read_mostly;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__stack_chk_guard);
+#endif
+
+#define SCALL_NUM_EXIT "0xfff"
+
+void arch_cpu_idle(void)
+{
+ wait_for_interrupt();
+ local_irq_enable();
+}
+
+void show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+
+ int in_kernel = 1;
+ unsigned short i, reg_offset;
+ void *ptr;
+
+ show_regs_print_info(KERN_DEFAULT);
+
+ if (user_mode(regs))
+ in_kernel = 0;
+
+ pr_info("\nmode: %s\n"
+ " PC: %016llx PS: %016llx\n"
+ " CS: %016llx RA: %016llx\n"
+ " LS: %016llx LE: %016llx\n"
+ " LC: %016llx\n\n",
+ in_kernel ? "kernel" : "user",
+ regs->spc, regs->sps,
+ regs->cs, regs->ra, regs->ls, regs->le, regs->lc);
+
+ /* GPR */
+ ptr = regs;
+ ptr += offsetof(struct pt_regs, r0);
+ reg_offset = offsetof(struct pt_regs, r1) -
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r0);
+
+ /**
+ * Display all the 64 GPRs assuming they are ordered correctly
+ * in the pt_regs struct...
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < GPR_COUNT; i += 2) {
+ pr_info(" R%d: %016llx R%d: %016llx\n",
+ i, *(uint64_t *)ptr,
+ i + 1, *(uint64_t *)(ptr + reg_offset));
+ ptr += reg_offset * 2;
+ }
+
+ pr_info("\n\n");
+}
+
+/**
+ * Prepare a thread to return to userspace
+ */
+void start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned long pc, unsigned long sp)
+{
+ /* Remove MMUP bit (user is not privilege in current virtual space) */
+ u64 clear_bit = KVX_SFR_PS_MMUP_MASK | KVX_SFR_PS_SME_MASK |
+ KVX_SFR_PS_SMR_MASK;
+ regs->spc = pc;
+ regs->sp = sp;
+ regs->sps = kvx_sfr_get(PS);
+
+ regs->sps &= ~clear_bit;
+
+ /* Set privilege level to +1 (relative) */
+ regs->sps &= ~KVX_SFR_PS_PL_MASK;
+ regs->sps |= (1 << KVX_SFR_PS_PL_SHIFT);
+}
+
+int copy_thread(struct task_struct *p, const struct kernel_clone_args *args)
+{
+ struct pt_regs *regs, *childregs = task_pt_regs(p);
+ unsigned long clone_flags = args->flags;
+ unsigned long usp = args->stack;
+ unsigned long tls = args->tls;
+
+ /* p->thread holds context to be restored by __switch_to() */
+ if (unlikely(args->fn)) {
+ /* Kernel thread */
+ memset(childregs, 0, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
+
+ p->thread.ctx_switch.r20 = (uint64_t)args->fn; /* fn */
+ p->thread.ctx_switch.r21 = (uint64_t)args->fn_arg;
+ p->thread.ctx_switch.ra =
+ (unsigned long) ret_from_kernel_thread;
+ } else {
+ regs = current_pt_regs();
+
+ /* Copy current process registers */
+ *childregs = *regs;
+
+ /* Store tracing status in r20 to avoid computing it
+ * in assembly
+ */
+ p->thread.ctx_switch.r20 =
+ task_thread_info(p)->flags & _TIF_SYSCALL_WORK;
+ p->thread.ctx_switch.ra = (unsigned long) ret_from_fork;
+
+ childregs->r0 = 0; /* Return value of fork() */
+ /* Set stack pointer if any */
+ if (usp)
+ childregs->sp = usp;
+
+ /* Set a new TLS ? */
+ if (clone_flags & CLONE_SETTLS)
+ childregs->r13 = tls;
+ }
+ p->thread.kernel_sp =
+ (unsigned long) (task_stack_page(p) + THREAD_SIZE);
+ p->thread.ctx_switch.sp = (unsigned long) childregs;
+
+ clear_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(p);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void release_thread(struct task_struct *dead_task)
+{
+}
+
+void flush_thread(void)
+{
+ /* This function should clear the values of the floating point
+ * registers and debug registers saved in the TSS segment.
+ */
+
+ flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(current);
+}
+
+/* Fill in the fpu structure for a core dump. */
+int dump_fpu(struct pt_regs *regs, elf_fpregset_t *fpu)
+{
+ /*
+ * On kvx, FPU uses standard registers + $cs which is a common register
+ * also needed for non-fpu execution, so there is no additional
+ * register to dump.
+ */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static bool find_wchan(unsigned long pc, void *arg)
+{
+ unsigned long *p = arg;
+
+ /*
+ * If the pc is in a scheduler function (waiting), then, this is the
+ * address where the process is currently stuck. Note that scheduler
+ * functions also include lock functions. This functions are
+ * materialized using annotation to put them is special text sections.
+ */
+ if (!in_sched_functions(pc)) {
+ *p = pc;
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * __get_wchan is called to obtain "schedule()" caller function address.
+ */
+unsigned long __get_wchan(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ unsigned long pc = 0;
+ struct stackframe frame;
+
+ /*
+ * We need to obtain the task stack since we don't want the stack to
+ * move under our feet.
+ */
+ if (!try_get_task_stack(p))
+ return 0;
+
+ start_stackframe(&frame, thread_saved_reg(p, fp),
+ thread_saved_reg(p, ra));
+ walk_stackframe(p, &frame, find_wchan, &pc);
+
+ put_task_stack(p);
+
+ return pc;
+}
+
diff --git a/arch/kvx/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/kvx/kernel/ptrace.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..46096a3ab3e4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -0,0 +1,461 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * derived from arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Marius Gligor
+ * Clement Leger
+ */
+
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/audit.h>
+#include <linux/irqflags.h>
+#include <linux/thread_info.h>
+#include <linux/context_tracking.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/signal.h>
+#include <linux/regset.h>
+#include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h>
+
+#include <asm/dame.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/syscall.h>
+#include <asm/break_hook.h>
+#include <asm/debug.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
+
+#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
+#include <trace/events/syscalls.h>
+
+#define HW_PT_CMD_GET_CAPS 0
+#define HW_PT_CMD_GET_PT 1
+#define HW_PT_CMD_SET_RESERVE 0
+#define HW_PT_CMD_SET_ENABLE 1
+
+#define FROM_GDB_CMD_MASK 3
+#define FROM_GDB_HP_TYPE_SHIFT 2
+#define FROM_GDB_HP_TYPE_MASK 4
+#define FROM_GDB_WP_TYPE_SHIFT 3
+#define FROM_GDB_WP_TYPE_MASK 0x18
+#define FROM_GDB_HP_IDX_SHIFT 5
+
+#define hw_pt_cmd(addr) ((addr) & FROM_GDB_CMD_MASK)
+#define hw_pt_is_bkp(addr) ((((addr) & FROM_GDB_HP_TYPE_MASK) >> \
+ FROM_GDB_HP_TYPE_SHIFT) == KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_TYPE)
+#define get_hw_pt_wp_type(addr) ((((addr) & FROM_GDB_WP_TYPE_MASK)) >> \
+ FROM_GDB_WP_TYPE_SHIFT)
+#define get_hw_pt_idx(addr) ((addr) >> FROM_GDB_HP_IDX_SHIFT)
+#define get_hw_pt_addr(data) ((data)[0])
+#define get_hw_pt_len(data) ((data)[1] >> 1)
+#define hw_pt_is_enabled(data) ((data)[1] & 1)
+
+enum kvx_regset {
+ REGSET_GPR,
+#ifdef CONFIG_ENABLE_TCA
+ REGSET_TCA,
+#endif
+};
+
+static void compute_ptrace_hw_pt_rsp(uint64_t *data, struct perf_event *bp)
+{
+ data[0] = bp->attr.bp_addr;
+ data[1] = bp->attr.bp_len >> 1;
+ if (!bp->attr.disabled)
+ data[1] |= 1;
+}
+
+void ptrace_disable(struct task_struct *child)
+{
+ /* nothing to do */
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT
+static void ptrace_hw_pt_triggered(struct perf_event *bp,
+ struct perf_sample_data *data,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int i, id = 0;
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *bkpt = counter_arch_bp(bp);
+
+ if (bp->attr.bp_type & HW_BREAKPOINT_X) {
+ id = KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_TYPE;
+ for (i = 0; i < KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT; i++)
+ if (current->thread.debug.ptrace_hbp[i] == bp)
+ break;
+ } else {
+ id = KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_TYPE;
+ for (i = 0; i < KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT; i++)
+ if (current->thread.debug.ptrace_hwp[i] == bp)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ id |= i << 1;
+ force_sig_ptrace_errno_trap(id, (void __user *) bkpt->addr);
+}
+
+static struct perf_event *ptrace_hw_pt_create(struct task_struct *tsk, int type)
+{
+ struct perf_event_attr attr;
+
+ ptrace_breakpoint_init(&attr);
+
+ /* Initialise fields to sane defaults. */
+ attr.bp_addr = 0;
+ attr.bp_len = 1;
+ attr.bp_type = type;
+ attr.disabled = 1;
+
+ return register_user_hw_breakpoint(&attr, ptrace_hw_pt_triggered, NULL,
+ tsk);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Address bit 0..1: command id, bit 2: hardware breakpoint (0)
+ * or watchpoint (1), bits 63..3: register number.
+ * Both PTRACE_GET_HW_PT_REGS and PTRACE_SET_HW_PT_REGS transfer two
+ * 64-bit words: for get capabilities: number of breakpoint (0) and
+ * watchpoints (1), for hardware watchpoint/breakpoint enable: address (0)
+ * and enable + length (1)
+ */
+
+static long ptrace_get_hw_pt_pregs(struct task_struct *child, long addr,
+ long __user *datap)
+{
+ struct perf_event *bp;
+ u64 user_data[2];
+ int cmd = hw_pt_cmd(addr);
+
+ if (cmd == HW_PT_CMD_GET_CAPS) {
+ user_data[0] = KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT;
+ user_data[1] = KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT;
+ } else if (cmd == HW_PT_CMD_GET_PT) {
+ int is_breakpoint = hw_pt_is_bkp(addr);
+ int idx = get_hw_pt_idx(addr);
+
+ if ((is_breakpoint && idx >= KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT) ||
+ (!is_breakpoint && idx >= KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (is_breakpoint)
+ bp = child->thread.debug.ptrace_hbp[idx];
+ else
+ bp = child->thread.debug.ptrace_hwp[idx];
+
+ if (bp) {
+ compute_ptrace_hw_pt_rsp(user_data, bp);
+ } else {
+ user_data[0] = 0;
+ user_data[1] = 0;
+ }
+ } else {
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (copy_to_user(datap, user_data, sizeof(user_data)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long ptrace_set_hw_pt_regs(struct task_struct *child, long addr,
+ long __user *datap)
+{
+ struct perf_event *bp;
+ struct perf_event_attr attr;
+ u64 user_data[2];
+ int is_breakpoint = hw_pt_is_bkp(addr);
+ int idx = get_hw_pt_idx(addr);
+ int cmd = hw_pt_cmd(addr);
+ int bp_type, ret;
+
+ if ((is_breakpoint && idx >= KVX_HW_BREAKPOINT_COUNT) ||
+ (!is_breakpoint && idx >= KVX_HW_WATCHPOINT_COUNT))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(user_data, datap, sizeof(user_data)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (cmd == HW_PT_CMD_SET_RESERVE ||
+ (cmd == HW_PT_CMD_SET_ENABLE && hw_pt_is_enabled(user_data))) {
+ if (is_breakpoint)
+ ret = ptrace_request_hw_breakpoint(idx);
+ else
+ ret = ptrace_request_hw_watchpoint(idx);
+
+ if (cmd == HW_PT_CMD_SET_RESERVE || ret != 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ if (cmd != HW_PT_CMD_SET_ENABLE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (is_breakpoint) {
+ bp = child->thread.debug.ptrace_hbp[idx];
+ bp_type = HW_BREAKPOINT_X;
+ } else {
+ bp = child->thread.debug.ptrace_hwp[idx];
+ bp_type = get_hw_pt_wp_type(addr);
+ if (!bp_type)
+ bp_type = HW_BREAKPOINT_W;
+ }
+
+ if (!bp) {
+ bp = ptrace_hw_pt_create(child, bp_type);
+ if (IS_ERR(bp))
+ return PTR_ERR(bp);
+ if (is_breakpoint)
+ child->thread.debug.ptrace_hbp[idx] = bp;
+ else
+ child->thread.debug.ptrace_hwp[idx] = bp;
+ }
+
+ attr = bp->attr;
+ attr.bp_addr = get_hw_pt_addr(user_data);
+ attr.bp_len = get_hw_pt_len(user_data);
+ attr.bp_type = bp_type;
+ attr.disabled = !hw_pt_is_enabled(user_data);
+
+ return modify_user_hw_breakpoint(bp, &attr);
+}
+#endif
+
+static int kvx_gpr_get(struct task_struct *target,
+ const struct user_regset *regset,
+ struct membuf to)
+{
+ struct user_pt_regs *regs = &task_pt_regs(target)->user_regs;
+
+ return membuf_write(&to, regs, sizeof(*regs));
+}
+
+static int kvx_gpr_set(struct task_struct *target,
+ const struct user_regset *regset,
+ unsigned int pos, unsigned int count,
+ const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf)
+{
+ struct user_pt_regs *regs = &task_pt_regs(target)->user_regs;
+
+ return user_regset_copyin(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, regs, 0, -1);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ENABLE_TCA
+static int kvx_tca_reg_get(struct task_struct *target,
+ const struct user_regset *regset,
+ struct membuf to)
+{
+ struct ctx_switch_regs *ctx_regs = &target->thread.ctx_switch;
+ struct tca_reg *regs = ctx_regs->tca_regs;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!ctx_regs->tca_regs_saved)
+ ret = membuf_zero(&to, sizeof(*regs));
+ else
+ ret = membuf_write(&to, regs, sizeof(*regs));
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int kvx_tca_reg_set(struct task_struct *target,
+ const struct user_regset *regset,
+ unsigned int pos, unsigned int count,
+ const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf)
+{
+ struct ctx_switch_regs *ctx_regs = &target->thread.ctx_switch;
+ struct tca_reg *regs = ctx_regs->tca_regs;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!ctx_regs->tca_regs_saved)
+ ret = user_regset_copyin_ignore(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf,
+ 0, -1);
+ else
+ ret = user_regset_copyin(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, regs,
+ 0, -1);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif
+
+static const struct user_regset kvx_user_regset[] = {
+ [REGSET_GPR] = {
+ .core_note_type = NT_PRSTATUS,
+ .n = ELF_NGREG,
+ .size = sizeof(elf_greg_t),
+ .align = sizeof(elf_greg_t),
+ .regset_get = &kvx_gpr_get,
+ .set = &kvx_gpr_set,
+ },
+#ifdef CONFIG_ENABLE_TCA
+ [REGSET_TCA] = {
+ .core_note_type = NT_KVX_TCA,
+ .n = TCA_REG_COUNT,
+ .size = sizeof(struct tca_reg),
+ .align = sizeof(struct tca_reg),
+ .regset_get = &kvx_tca_reg_get,
+ .set = &kvx_tca_reg_set,
+ },
+#endif
+};
+
+static const struct user_regset_view user_kvx_view = {
+ .name = "kvx",
+ .e_machine = EM_KVX,
+ .regsets = kvx_user_regset,
+ .n = ARRAY_SIZE(kvx_user_regset)
+};
+
+const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ return &user_kvx_view;
+}
+
+long arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, long request,
+ unsigned long addr, unsigned long data)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long __user *datap = (unsigned long __user *) data;
+
+ switch (request) {
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT
+ case PTRACE_GET_HW_PT_REGS:
+ ret = ptrace_get_hw_pt_pregs(child, addr, datap);
+ break;
+ case PTRACE_SET_HW_PT_REGS:
+ ret = ptrace_set_hw_pt_regs(child, addr, datap);
+ break;
+#endif
+ default:
+ ret = ptrace_request(child, request, addr, data);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allows PTRACE_SYSCALL to work. These are called from entry.S in
+ * {handle,ret_from}_syscall.
+ */
+int do_syscall_trace_enter(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long syscall)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTEXT_TRACKING_USER
+ user_exit_callable();
+#endif
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE))
+ ret = ptrace_report_syscall_entry(regs);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT))
+ trace_sys_enter(regs, syscall_get_nr(current, regs));
+#endif
+
+ audit_syscall_entry(syscall, regs->r0, regs->r1, regs->r2, regs->r3);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+void do_syscall_trace_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE))
+ ptrace_report_syscall_exit(regs, 0);
+
+ audit_syscall_exit(regs);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT))
+ trace_sys_exit(regs, regs_return_value(regs));
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTEXT_TRACKING_USER
+ user_enter_callable();
+#endif
+}
+
+static int kvx_bkpt_handler(struct break_hook *brk_hook, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ /* Unexpected breakpoint */
+ if (!(current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED))
+ return BREAK_HOOK_ERROR;
+
+ /* deliver the signal to userspace */
+ force_sig_fault(SIGTRAP, TRAP_BRKPT, (void __user *) regs->spc);
+
+ return BREAK_HOOK_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static void kvx_stepi(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ /* deliver the signal to userspace */
+ force_sig_fault(SIGTRAP, TRAP_TRACE, (void __user *) regs->spc);
+}
+
+void user_enable_single_step(struct task_struct *child)
+{
+ struct pt_regs *regs = task_pt_regs(child);
+
+ enable_single_step(regs);
+}
+
+void user_disable_single_step(struct task_struct *child)
+{
+ struct pt_regs *regs = task_pt_regs(child);
+
+ disable_single_step(regs);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Main debug handler called by the _debug_handler routine in entry.S
+ * This handler will perform the required action
+ * @es: Exception Syndrome register value
+ * @ea: Exception Address register
+ * @regs: pointer to registers saved when enter debug
+ */
+int ptrace_debug_handler(u64 ea, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int debug_cause = debug_dc(regs->es);
+
+ switch (debug_cause) {
+ case DEBUG_CAUSE_STEPI:
+ if (check_hw_watchpoint_stepped(regs))
+ user_disable_single_step(current);
+ else
+ kvx_stepi(regs);
+ break;
+ case DEBUG_CAUSE_BREAKPOINT:
+ check_hw_breakpoint(regs);
+ break;
+ case DEBUG_CAUSE_WATCHPOINT:
+ if (check_hw_watchpoint(regs, ea))
+ user_enable_single_step(current);
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return DEBUG_HOOK_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static struct debug_hook ptrace_debug_hook = {
+ .handler = ptrace_debug_handler,
+ .mode = MODE_USER,
+};
+
+static struct break_hook bkpt_break_hook = {
+ .id = BREAK_CAUSE_BKPT,
+ .handler = kvx_bkpt_handler,
+ .mode = MODE_USER,
+};
+
+static int __init arch_init_breakpoint(void)
+{
+ break_hook_register(&bkpt_break_hook);
+ debug_hook_register(&ptrace_debug_hook);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+postcore_initcall(arch_init_breakpoint);
diff --git a/arch/kvx/kernel/stacktrace.c b/arch/kvx/kernel/stacktrace.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..85d52ba2d082
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/kvx/kernel/stacktrace.c
@@ -0,0 +1,173 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2023 Kalray Inc.
+ * Author(s): Clement Leger
+ * Vincent Chardon
+ */
+
+#include <linux/context_tracking.h>
+#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+
+#include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+
+#define STACK_SLOT_PER_LINE 4
+#define STACK_MAX_SLOT_PRINT (STACK_SLOT_PER_LINE * 8)
+
+static int notrace unwind_frame(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct stackframe *frame)
+{
+ unsigned long fp = frame->fp;
+
+ /* Frame pointer must be aligned on 8 bytes */
+ if (fp & 0x7)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!task)
+ task = current;
+
+ if (!on_task_stack(task, fp))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ frame->fp = READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(*(unsigned long *)(fp));
+ frame->ra = READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(*(unsigned long *)(fp + 8));
+
+ /*
+ * When starting, we set the frame pointer to 0, hence end of
+ * frame linked list is signal by that
+ */
+ if (!frame->fp)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void notrace walk_stackframe(struct task_struct *task, struct stackframe *frame,
+ bool (*fn)(unsigned long, void *), void *arg)
+{
+ unsigned long addr;
+ int ret;
+
+ while (1) {
+ addr = frame->ra;
+
+ if (fn(addr, arg))
+ break;
+
+ ret = unwind_frame(task, frame);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
+bool append_stack_addr(unsigned long pc, void *arg)
+{
+ struct stack_trace *trace;
+
+ trace = (struct stack_trace *)arg;
+ if (trace->skip == 0) {
+ trace->entries[trace->nr_entries++] = pc;
+ if (trace->nr_entries == trace->max_entries)
+ return true;
+ } else {
+ trace->skip--;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Save stack-backtrace addresses into a stack_trace buffer.
+ */
+void save_stack_trace(struct stack_trace *trace)
+{
+ struct stackframe frame;
+
+ trace->nr_entries = 0;
+ /* We want to skip this function and the caller */
+ trace->skip += 2;
+
+ start_stackframe(&frame, (unsigned long) __builtin_frame_address(0),
+ (unsigned long) save_stack_trace);
+ walk_stackframe(current, &frame, append_stack_addr, trace);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(save_stack_trace);
+#endif /* CONFIG_STACKTRACE */
+
+static bool print_pc(unsigned long pc, void *arg)
+{
+ unsigned long *skip = arg;
+
+ if (*skip == 0)
+ print_ip_sym(KERN_INFO, pc);
+ else
+ (*skip)--;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+void show_stacktrace(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct stackframe frame;
+ unsigned long skip = 0;
+
+ /* Obviously, we can't backtrace on usermode ! */
+ if (regs && user_mode(regs))
+ return;
+
+ if (!task)
+ task = current;
+
+ if (!try_get_task_stack(task))
+ return;
+
+ if (regs) {
+ start_stackframe(&frame, regs->fp, regs->spc);
+ } else if (task == current) {
+ /* Skip current function and caller */
+ skip = 2;
+ start_stackframe(&frame,
+ (unsigned long) __builtin_frame_address(0),
+ (unsigned long) show_stacktrace);
+ } else {
+ /* task blocked in __switch_to */
+ start_stackframe(&frame,
+ thread_saved_reg(task, fp),
+ thread_saved_reg(task, ra));
+ }
+
+ pr_info("Call Trace:\n");
+ walk_stackframe(task, &frame, print_pc, &skip);
+
+ put_task_stack(task);
+}
+
+/*
+ * If show_stack is called with a non-null task, then the task will have been
+ * claimed with try_get_task_stack by the caller. If task is NULL or current
+ * then there is no need to get task stack since it's our current stack...
+ */
+void show_stack(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *sp)
+{
+ int i = 0;
+
+ if (!sp)
+ sp = (unsigned long *) get_current_sp();
+
+ pr_info("Stack dump (@%p):\n", sp);
+ for (i = 0; i < STACK_MAX_SLOT_PRINT; i++) {
+ if (kstack_end(sp))
+ break;
+
+ if (i && (i % STACK_SLOT_PER_LINE) == 0)
+ pr_cont("\n\t");
+
+ pr_cont("%016lx ", *sp++);
+ }
+ pr_cont("\n");
+
+ show_stacktrace(task, NULL);
+}
--
2.37.2




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