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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 9/9] KVM: Enable and expose KVM_MEM_PRIVATE
From
Chao Peng <chao.p.peng@linux.intel.com> writes:

> Register/unregister private memslot to fd-based memory backing store
> restrictedmem and implement the callbacks for restrictedmem_notifier:
> - invalidate_start()/invalidate_end() to zap the existing memory
> mappings in the KVM page table.
> - error() to request KVM_REQ_MEMORY_MCE and later exit to userspace
> with KVM_EXIT_SHUTDOWN.

> Expose KVM_MEM_PRIVATE for memslot and KVM_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PRIVATE for
> KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES to userspace but either are
> controlled by kvm_arch_has_private_mem() which should be rewritten by
> architecture code.

Could we perhaps rename KVM_MEM_PRIVATE to KVM_MEM_PROTECTED, to be in
line with KVM_X86_PROTECTED_VM?

I feel that a memslot that has the KVM_MEM_PRIVATE flag need not always
be private; It can sometimes be providing memory that is shared and
also accessible from the host.

KVM_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PRIVATE is fine as-is because this flag is set when
the guest memory is meant to be backed by private memory.

KVM_MEMORY_EXIT_FLAG_PRIVATE is also okay because the flag is used to
indicate when the memory error is caused by a private access (as opposed
to a shared access).

kvm_slot_can_be_private() could perhaps be renamed kvm_is_protected_slot()?


> Co-developed-by: Yu Zhang <yu.c.zhang@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Yu Zhang <yu.c.zhang@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Chao Peng <chao.p.peng@linux.intel.com>
> Reviewed-by: Fuad Tabba <tabba@google.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 13 +++
> include/linux/kvm_host.h | 3 +
> virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 179 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 4 files changed, 191 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 7772ab37ac89..27ef31133352 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -114,6 +114,7 @@
> KVM_ARCH_REQ_FLAGS(31, KVM_REQUEST_WAIT | KVM_REQUEST_NO_WAKEUP)
> #define KVM_REQ_HV_TLB_FLUSH \
> KVM_ARCH_REQ_FLAGS(32, KVM_REQUEST_WAIT | KVM_REQUEST_NO_WAKEUP)
> +#define KVM_REQ_MEMORY_MCE KVM_ARCH_REQ(33)

> #define CR0_RESERVED_BITS \
> (~(unsigned long)(X86_CR0_PE | X86_CR0_MP | X86_CR0_EM | X86_CR0_TS \
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 5aefcff614d2..c67e22f3e2ee 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -6587,6 +6587,13 @@ int kvm_arch_pm_notifier(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned
> long state)
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_PM_NOTIFIER */

> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_RESTRICTED_MEM
> +void kvm_arch_memory_mce(struct kvm *kvm)
> +{
> + kvm_make_all_cpus_request(kvm, KVM_REQ_MEMORY_MCE);
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> static int kvm_vm_ioctl_get_clock(struct kvm *kvm, void __user *argp)
> {
> struct kvm_clock_data data = { 0 };
> @@ -10357,6 +10364,12 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu
> *vcpu)

> if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_UPDATE_CPU_DIRTY_LOGGING, vcpu))
> static_call(kvm_x86_update_cpu_dirty_logging)(vcpu);
> +
> + if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_MEMORY_MCE, vcpu)) {
> + vcpu->run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_SHUTDOWN;
> + r = 0;
> + goto out;
> + }
> }

> if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_EVENT, vcpu) || req_int_win ||
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> index 153842bb33df..f032d878e034 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> @@ -590,6 +590,7 @@ struct kvm_memory_slot {
> struct file *restricted_file;
> loff_t restricted_offset;
> struct restrictedmem_notifier notifier;
> + struct kvm *kvm;
> };

> static inline bool kvm_slot_can_be_private(const struct kvm_memory_slot
> *slot)
> @@ -2363,6 +2364,8 @@ static inline int kvm_restricted_mem_get_pfn(struct
> kvm_memory_slot *slot,
> *pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
> return ret;
> }
> +
> +void kvm_arch_memory_mce(struct kvm *kvm);
> #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_RESTRICTED_MEM */

> #endif
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> index e107afea32f0..ac835fc77273 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> @@ -936,6 +936,121 @@ static int kvm_init_mmu_notifier(struct kvm *kvm)

> #endif /* CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER && KVM_ARCH_WANT_MMU_NOTIFIER */

> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_RESTRICTED_MEM
> +static bool restrictedmem_range_is_valid(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
> + pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end,
> + gfn_t *gfn_start, gfn_t *gfn_end)
> +{
> + unsigned long base_pgoff = slot->restricted_offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +
> + if (start > base_pgoff)
> + *gfn_start = slot->base_gfn + start - base_pgoff;
> + else
> + *gfn_start = slot->base_gfn;
> +
> + if (end < base_pgoff + slot->npages)
> + *gfn_end = slot->base_gfn + end - base_pgoff;
> + else
> + *gfn_end = slot->base_gfn + slot->npages;
> +
> + if (*gfn_start >= *gfn_end)
> + return false;
> +
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> +static void kvm_restrictedmem_invalidate_begin(struct
> restrictedmem_notifier *notifier,
> + pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end)
> +{
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot = container_of(notifier,
> + struct kvm_memory_slot,
> + notifier);
> + struct kvm *kvm = slot->kvm;
> + gfn_t gfn_start, gfn_end;
> + struct kvm_gfn_range gfn_range;
> + int idx;
> +
> + if (!restrictedmem_range_is_valid(slot, start, end,
> + &gfn_start, &gfn_end))
> + return;
> +
> + gfn_range.start = gfn_start;
> + gfn_range.end = gfn_end;
> + gfn_range.slot = slot;
> + gfn_range.pte = __pte(0);
> + gfn_range.may_block = true;
> +
> + idx = srcu_read_lock(&kvm->srcu);
> + KVM_MMU_LOCK(kvm);
> +
> + kvm_mmu_invalidate_begin(kvm);
> + kvm_mmu_invalidate_range_add(kvm, gfn_start, gfn_end);
> + if (kvm_unmap_gfn_range(kvm, &gfn_range))
> + kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
> +
> + KVM_MMU_UNLOCK(kvm);
> + srcu_read_unlock(&kvm->srcu, idx);
> +}
> +
> +static void kvm_restrictedmem_invalidate_end(struct
> restrictedmem_notifier *notifier,
> + pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end)
> +{
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot = container_of(notifier,
> + struct kvm_memory_slot,
> + notifier);
> + struct kvm *kvm = slot->kvm;
> + gfn_t gfn_start, gfn_end;
> +
> + if (!restrictedmem_range_is_valid(slot, start, end,
> + &gfn_start, &gfn_end))
> + return;
> +
> + KVM_MMU_LOCK(kvm);
> + kvm_mmu_invalidate_end(kvm);
> + KVM_MMU_UNLOCK(kvm);
> +}
> +
> +static void kvm_restrictedmem_error(struct restrictedmem_notifier
> *notifier,
> + pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end)
> +{
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot = container_of(notifier,
> + struct kvm_memory_slot,
> + notifier);
> + kvm_arch_memory_mce(slot->kvm);
> +}
> +
> +static struct restrictedmem_notifier_ops kvm_restrictedmem_notifier_ops
> = {
> + .invalidate_start = kvm_restrictedmem_invalidate_begin,
> + .invalidate_end = kvm_restrictedmem_invalidate_end,
> + .error = kvm_restrictedmem_error,
> +};
> +
> +static inline void kvm_restrictedmem_register(struct kvm_memory_slot
> *slot)
> +{
> + slot->notifier.ops = &kvm_restrictedmem_notifier_ops;
> + restrictedmem_register_notifier(slot->restricted_file, &slot->notifier);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void kvm_restrictedmem_unregister(struct kvm_memory_slot
> *slot)
> +{
> + restrictedmem_unregister_notifier(slot->restricted_file,
> + &slot->notifier);
> +}
> +
> +#else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_RESTRICTED_MEM */
> +
> +static inline void kvm_restrictedmem_register(struct kvm_memory_slot
> *slot)
> +{
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void kvm_restrictedmem_unregister(struct kvm_memory_slot
> *slot)
> +{
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> +}
> +
> +#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_RESTRICTED_MEM */
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_PM_NOTIFIER
> static int kvm_pm_notifier_call(struct notifier_block *bl,
> unsigned long state,
> @@ -980,6 +1095,11 @@ static void kvm_destroy_dirty_bitmap(struct
> kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
> /* This does not remove the slot from struct kvm_memslots data
> structures */
> static void kvm_free_memslot(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot
> *slot)
> {
> + if (slot->flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE) {
> + kvm_restrictedmem_unregister(slot);
> + fput(slot->restricted_file);
> + }
> +
> kvm_destroy_dirty_bitmap(slot);

> kvm_arch_free_memslot(kvm, slot);
> @@ -1551,10 +1671,14 @@ static void kvm_replace_memslot(struct kvm *kvm,
> }
> }

> -static int check_memory_region_flags(const struct kvm_user_mem_region
> *mem)
> +static int check_memory_region_flags(struct kvm *kvm,
> + const struct kvm_user_mem_region *mem)
> {
> u32 valid_flags = KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES;

> + if (kvm_arch_has_private_mem(kvm))
> + valid_flags |= KVM_MEM_PRIVATE;
> +
> #ifdef __KVM_HAVE_READONLY_MEM
> valid_flags |= KVM_MEM_READONLY;
> #endif
> @@ -1630,6 +1754,9 @@ static int kvm_prepare_memory_region(struct kvm
> *kvm,
> {
> int r;

> + if (change == KVM_MR_CREATE && new->flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE)
> + kvm_restrictedmem_register(new);
> +
> /*
> * If dirty logging is disabled, nullify the bitmap; the old bitmap
> * will be freed on "commit". If logging is enabled in both old and
> @@ -1658,6 +1785,9 @@ static int kvm_prepare_memory_region(struct kvm
> *kvm,
> if (r && new && new->dirty_bitmap && (!old || !old->dirty_bitmap))
> kvm_destroy_dirty_bitmap(new);

> + if (r && change == KVM_MR_CREATE && new->flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE)
> + kvm_restrictedmem_unregister(new);
> +
> return r;
> }

> @@ -1963,7 +2093,7 @@ int __kvm_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm,
> int as_id, id;
> int r;

> - r = check_memory_region_flags(mem);
> + r = check_memory_region_flags(kvm, mem);
> if (r)
> return r;

> @@ -1982,6 +2112,10 @@ int __kvm_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm,
> !access_ok((void __user *)(unsigned long)mem->userspace_addr,
> mem->memory_size))
> return -EINVAL;
> + if (mem->flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE &&
> + (mem->restricted_offset & (PAGE_SIZE - 1) ||
> + mem->restricted_offset > U64_MAX - mem->memory_size))
> + return -EINVAL;
> if (as_id >= KVM_ADDRESS_SPACE_NUM || id >= KVM_MEM_SLOTS_NUM)
> return -EINVAL;
> if (mem->guest_phys_addr + mem->memory_size < mem->guest_phys_addr)
> @@ -2020,6 +2154,9 @@ int __kvm_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm,
> if ((kvm->nr_memslot_pages + npages) < kvm->nr_memslot_pages)
> return -EINVAL;
> } else { /* Modify an existing slot. */
> + /* Private memslots are immutable, they can only be deleted. */
> + if (mem->flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE)
> + return -EINVAL;
> if ((mem->userspace_addr != old->userspace_addr) ||
> (npages != old->npages) ||
> ((mem->flags ^ old->flags) & KVM_MEM_READONLY))
> @@ -2048,10 +2185,28 @@ int __kvm_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm,
> new->npages = npages;
> new->flags = mem->flags;
> new->userspace_addr = mem->userspace_addr;
> + if (mem->flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE) {
> + new->restricted_file = fget(mem->restricted_fd);
> + if (!new->restricted_file ||
> + !file_is_restrictedmem(new->restricted_file)) {
> + r = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + new->restricted_offset = mem->restricted_offset;
> + }
> +
> + new->kvm = kvm;

> r = kvm_set_memslot(kvm, old, new, change);
> if (r)
> - kfree(new);
> + goto out;
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +out:
> + if (new->restricted_file)
> + fput(new->restricted_file);
> + kfree(new);
> return r;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__kvm_set_memory_region);
> @@ -2351,6 +2506,8 @@ static int kvm_vm_ioctl_clear_dirty_log(struct kvm
> *kvm,
> #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES
> static u64 kvm_supported_mem_attributes(struct kvm *kvm)
> {
> + if (kvm_arch_has_private_mem(kvm))
> + return KVM_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PRIVATE;
> return 0;
> }

> @@ -4822,16 +4979,28 @@ static long kvm_vm_ioctl(struct file *filp,
> }
> case KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION: {
> struct kvm_user_mem_region mem;
> - unsigned long size = sizeof(struct kvm_userspace_memory_region);
> + unsigned int flags_offset = offsetof(typeof(mem), flags);
> + unsigned long size;
> + u32 flags;

> kvm_sanity_check_user_mem_region_alias();

> + memset(&mem, 0, sizeof(mem));
> +
> r = -EFAULT;
> + if (get_user(flags, (u32 __user *)(argp + flags_offset)))
> + goto out;
> +
> + if (flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE)
> + size = sizeof(struct kvm_userspace_memory_region_ext);
> + else
> + size = sizeof(struct kvm_userspace_memory_region);
> +
> if (copy_from_user(&mem, argp, size))
> goto out;

> r = -EINVAL;
> - if (mem.flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE)
> + if ((flags ^ mem.flags) & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE)
> goto out;

> r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_memory_region(kvm, &mem);

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