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Subject[PATCH v10 7/9] KVM: Update lpage info when private/shared memory are mixed
Date
A large page with mixed private/shared subpages can't be mapped as large
page since its sub private/shared pages are from different memory
backends and may also treated by architecture differently. When
private/shared memory are mixed in a large page, the current lpage_info
is not sufficient to decide whether the page can be mapped as large page
or not and additional private/shared mixed information is needed.

Tracking this 'mixed' information with the current 'count' like
disallow_lpage is a bit challenge so reserve a bit in 'disallow_lpage'
to indicate a large page has mixed private/share subpages and update
this 'mixed' bit whenever the memory attribute is changed between
private and shared.

Signed-off-by: Chao Peng <chao.p.peng@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 8 ++
arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c | 134 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 2 +
include/linux/kvm_host.h | 19 +++++
virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 9 ++-
5 files changed, 169 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index 283cbb83d6ae..7772ab37ac89 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
#include <asm/hyperv-tlfs.h>

#define __KVM_HAVE_ARCH_VCPU_DEBUGFS
+#define __KVM_HAVE_ARCH_SET_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES

#define KVM_MAX_VCPUS 1024

@@ -1011,6 +1012,13 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
#endif
};

+/*
+ * Use a bit in disallow_lpage to indicate private/shared pages mixed at the
+ * level. The remaining bits are used as a reference count.
+ */
+#define KVM_LPAGE_PRIVATE_SHARED_MIXED (1U << 31)
+#define KVM_LPAGE_COUNT_MAX ((1U << 31) - 1)
+
struct kvm_lpage_info {
int disallow_lpage;
};
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
index e2c70b5afa3e..2190fd8c95c0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
@@ -763,11 +763,16 @@ static void update_gfn_disallow_lpage_count(const struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
{
struct kvm_lpage_info *linfo;
int i;
+ int disallow_count;

for (i = PG_LEVEL_2M; i <= KVM_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL; ++i) {
linfo = lpage_info_slot(gfn, slot, i);
+
+ disallow_count = linfo->disallow_lpage & KVM_LPAGE_COUNT_MAX;
+ WARN_ON(disallow_count + count < 0 ||
+ disallow_count > KVM_LPAGE_COUNT_MAX - count);
+
linfo->disallow_lpage += count;
- WARN_ON(linfo->disallow_lpage < 0);
}
}

@@ -6986,3 +6991,130 @@ void kvm_mmu_pre_destroy_vm(struct kvm *kvm)
if (kvm->arch.nx_huge_page_recovery_thread)
kthread_stop(kvm->arch.nx_huge_page_recovery_thread);
}
+
+static bool linfo_is_mixed(struct kvm_lpage_info *linfo)
+{
+ return linfo->disallow_lpage & KVM_LPAGE_PRIVATE_SHARED_MIXED;
+}
+
+static void linfo_set_mixed(gfn_t gfn, struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
+ int level, bool mixed)
+{
+ struct kvm_lpage_info *linfo = lpage_info_slot(gfn, slot, level);
+
+ if (mixed)
+ linfo->disallow_lpage |= KVM_LPAGE_PRIVATE_SHARED_MIXED;
+ else
+ linfo->disallow_lpage &= ~KVM_LPAGE_PRIVATE_SHARED_MIXED;
+}
+
+static bool is_expected_attr_entry(void *entry, unsigned long expected_attrs)
+{
+ bool expect_private = expected_attrs & KVM_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PRIVATE;
+
+ if (xa_to_value(entry) & KVM_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PRIVATE) {
+ if (!expect_private)
+ return false;
+ } else if (expect_private)
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static bool mem_attrs_mixed_2m(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long attrs,
+ gfn_t start, gfn_t end)
+{
+ XA_STATE(xas, &kvm->mem_attr_array, start);
+ gfn_t gfn = start;
+ void *entry;
+ bool mixed = false;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ entry = xas_load(&xas);
+ while (gfn < end) {
+ if (xas_retry(&xas, entry))
+ continue;
+
+ KVM_BUG_ON(gfn != xas.xa_index, kvm);
+
+ if (!is_expected_attr_entry(entry, attrs)) {
+ mixed = true;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ entry = xas_next(&xas);
+ gfn++;
+ }
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return mixed;
+}
+
+static bool mem_attrs_mixed(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
+ int level, unsigned long attrs,
+ gfn_t start, gfn_t end)
+{
+ unsigned long gfn;
+
+ if (level == PG_LEVEL_2M)
+ return mem_attrs_mixed_2m(kvm, attrs, start, end);
+
+ for (gfn = start; gfn < end; gfn += KVM_PAGES_PER_HPAGE(level - 1))
+ if (linfo_is_mixed(lpage_info_slot(gfn, slot, level - 1)) ||
+ !is_expected_attr_entry(xa_load(&kvm->mem_attr_array, gfn),
+ attrs))
+ return true;
+ return false;
+}
+
+static void kvm_update_lpage_private_shared_mixed(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
+ unsigned long attrs,
+ gfn_t start, gfn_t end)
+{
+ unsigned long pages, mask;
+ gfn_t gfn, gfn_end, first, last;
+ int level;
+ bool mixed;
+
+ /*
+ * The sequence matters here: we set the higher level basing on the
+ * lower level's scanning result.
+ */
+ for (level = PG_LEVEL_2M; level <= KVM_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL; level++) {
+ pages = KVM_PAGES_PER_HPAGE(level);
+ mask = ~(pages - 1);
+ first = start & mask;
+ last = (end - 1) & mask;
+
+ /*
+ * We only need to scan the head and tail page, for middle pages
+ * we know they will not be mixed.
+ */
+ gfn = max(first, slot->base_gfn);
+ gfn_end = min(first + pages, slot->base_gfn + slot->npages);
+ mixed = mem_attrs_mixed(kvm, slot, level, attrs, gfn, gfn_end);
+ linfo_set_mixed(gfn, slot, level, mixed);
+
+ if (first == last)
+ return;
+
+ for (gfn = first + pages; gfn < last; gfn += pages)
+ linfo_set_mixed(gfn, slot, level, false);
+
+ gfn = last;
+ gfn_end = min(last + pages, slot->base_gfn + slot->npages);
+ mixed = mem_attrs_mixed(kvm, slot, level, attrs, gfn, gfn_end);
+ linfo_set_mixed(gfn, slot, level, mixed);
+ }
+}
+
+void kvm_arch_set_memory_attributes(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
+ unsigned long attrs,
+ gfn_t start, gfn_t end)
+{
+ if (kvm_slot_can_be_private(slot))
+ kvm_update_lpage_private_shared_mixed(kvm, slot, attrs,
+ start, end);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 9a07380f8d3c..5aefcff614d2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -12362,6 +12362,8 @@ static int kvm_alloc_memslot_metadata(struct kvm *kvm,
if ((slot->base_gfn + npages) & (KVM_PAGES_PER_HPAGE(level) - 1))
linfo[lpages - 1].disallow_lpage = 1;
ugfn = slot->userspace_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if (kvm_slot_can_be_private(slot))
+ ugfn |= slot->restricted_offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
/*
* If the gfn and userspace address are not aligned wrt each
* other, disable large page support for this slot.
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
index 3331c0c92838..25099c94e770 100644
--- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
+++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
@@ -592,6 +592,11 @@ struct kvm_memory_slot {
struct restrictedmem_notifier notifier;
};

+static inline bool kvm_slot_can_be_private(const struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
+{
+ return slot && (slot->flags & KVM_MEM_PRIVATE);
+}
+
static inline bool kvm_slot_dirty_track_enabled(const struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
{
return slot->flags & KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES;
@@ -2316,4 +2321,18 @@ static inline void kvm_account_pgtable_pages(void *virt, int nr)
/* Max number of entries allowed for each kvm dirty ring */
#define KVM_DIRTY_RING_MAX_ENTRIES 65536

+#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_ARCH_SET_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES
+void kvm_arch_set_memory_attributes(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
+ unsigned long attrs,
+ gfn_t start, gfn_t end);
+#else
+static inline void kvm_arch_set_memory_attributes(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
+ unsigned long attrs,
+ gfn_t start, gfn_t end)
+{
+}
+#endif /* __KVM_HAVE_ARCH_SET_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES */
+
#endif
diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
index 4e1e1e113bf0..e107afea32f0 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
@@ -2354,7 +2354,8 @@ static u64 kvm_supported_mem_attributes(struct kvm *kvm)
return 0;
}

-static void kvm_unmap_mem_range(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t start, gfn_t end)
+static void kvm_unmap_mem_range(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t start, gfn_t end,
+ unsigned long attrs)
{
struct kvm_gfn_range gfn_range;
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
@@ -2378,6 +2379,10 @@ static void kvm_unmap_mem_range(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t start, gfn_t end)
gfn_range.slot = slot;

r |= kvm_unmap_gfn_range(kvm, &gfn_range);
+
+ kvm_arch_set_memory_attributes(kvm, slot, attrs,
+ gfn_range.start,
+ gfn_range.end);
}
}

@@ -2427,7 +2432,7 @@ static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_mem_attributes(struct kvm *kvm,
idx = srcu_read_lock(&kvm->srcu);
KVM_MMU_LOCK(kvm);
if (i > start)
- kvm_unmap_mem_range(kvm, start, i);
+ kvm_unmap_mem_range(kvm, start, i, attrs->attributes);
kvm_mmu_invalidate_end(kvm);
KVM_MMU_UNLOCK(kvm);
srcu_read_unlock(&kvm->srcu, idx);
--
2.25.1
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