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Subject[PATCH v4 14/34] vsprintf: Start consolidating printf_spec handling
Date
printf_spec is right now something of a mess - it's a grab-bag of state
that's interpreted inconsistently by different code, and it's scattered
throughout vsprintf.c.

We'd like to get it out of the pretty-printers, and have it be solely
the responsibility of vsprintf()/vpr_buf(), the code that parses and
handles format strings.

Most of the code that uses printf_spec is only using it for a minimum &
maximum field width - that can be done at the toplevel by checking how
much we just printed, and padding or truncating it as necessary. This
patch takes those "simple" uses of printf_spec and moves them as far up
the call stack as possible.

This patch also renames some helpers and creates new ones that don't
take printf_spec:
- do_width_precision: new helper that handles with/precision of
printf_spec
- error_string -> error_string_spec
- check_pointer -> check_pointer_spec
- string -> string_spec

Next patches will be reducing/eliminating uses of the *_spec versions.

Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <kent.overstreet@gmail.com>
---
lib/vsprintf.c | 248 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
1 file changed, 141 insertions(+), 107 deletions(-)

diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
index e65115f90f..feaca085cd 100644
--- a/lib/vsprintf.c
+++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
@@ -617,6 +617,19 @@ void widen_string(struct printbuf *out, int n,
prt_chars(out, ' ', spaces);
}

+static void do_width_precision(struct printbuf *out, unsigned prev_pos,
+ struct printf_spec spec)
+{
+ unsigned n = out->pos - prev_pos;
+
+ if (n > spec.precision) {
+ out->pos -= n - spec.precision;
+ n = spec.precision;
+ }
+
+ widen_string(out, n, spec);
+}
+
/* Handle string from a well known address. */
static void string_nocheck(struct printbuf *out,
const char *s,
@@ -649,7 +662,7 @@ static void err_ptr(struct printbuf *out, void *ptr,
}

/* Be careful: error messages must fit into the given buffer. */
-static void error_string(struct printbuf *out, const char *s,
+static void error_string_spec(struct printbuf *out, const char *s,
struct printf_spec spec)
{
/*
@@ -679,7 +692,7 @@ static const char *check_pointer_msg(const void *ptr)
return NULL;
}

-static int check_pointer(struct printbuf *out,
+static int check_pointer_spec(struct printbuf *out,
const void *ptr,
struct printf_spec spec)
{
@@ -687,7 +700,7 @@ static int check_pointer(struct printbuf *out,

err_msg = check_pointer_msg(ptr);
if (err_msg) {
- error_string(out, err_msg, spec);
+ error_string_spec(out, err_msg, spec);
return -EFAULT;
}

@@ -695,16 +708,47 @@ static int check_pointer(struct printbuf *out,
}

static noinline_for_stack
-void string(struct printbuf *out,
+void string_spec(struct printbuf *out,
const char *s,
struct printf_spec spec)
{
- if (check_pointer(out, s, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, s, spec))
return;

string_nocheck(out, s, spec);
}

+static void error_string(struct printbuf *out, const char *s)
+{
+ /*
+ * Hard limit to avoid a completely insane messages. It actually
+ * works pretty well because most error messages are in
+ * the many pointer format modifiers.
+ */
+ prt_bytes(out, s, min(strlen(s), 2 * sizeof(void *)));
+}
+
+static int check_pointer(struct printbuf *out, const void *ptr)
+{
+ const char *err_msg;
+
+ err_msg = check_pointer_msg(ptr);
+ if (err_msg) {
+ error_string(out, err_msg);
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void string(struct printbuf *out, const char *s)
+{
+ if (check_pointer(out, s))
+ return;
+
+ prt_str(out, s);
+}
+
static void pointer_string(struct printbuf *out,
const void *ptr,
struct printf_spec spec)
@@ -830,7 +874,7 @@ static void ptr_to_id(struct printbuf *out,
if (ret) {
spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr);
/* string length must be less than default_width */
- return error_string(out, str, spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, str, spec);
}

pointer_string(out, (const void *)hashval, spec);
@@ -871,7 +915,7 @@ void restricted_pointer(struct printbuf *out,
if (in_irq() || in_serving_softirq() || in_nmi()) {
if (spec.field_width == -1)
spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr);
- return error_string(out, "pK-error", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "pK-error", spec);
}

/*
@@ -901,14 +945,12 @@ void restricted_pointer(struct printbuf *out,
}

static noinline_for_stack
-void dentry_name(struct printbuf *out,
- const struct dentry *d, struct printf_spec spec,
+void dentry_name(struct printbuf *out, const struct dentry *d,
const char *fmt)
{
- const char *array[4], *s;
+ const char *array[4];
const struct dentry *p;
- int depth;
- int i, n;
+ int i, depth;

switch (fmt[1]) {
case '2': case '3': case '4':
@@ -920,7 +962,7 @@ void dentry_name(struct printbuf *out,

rcu_read_lock();
for (i = 0; i < depth; i++, d = p) {
- if (check_pointer(out, d, spec)) {
+ if (check_pointer(out, d)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
return;
}
@@ -934,56 +976,46 @@ void dentry_name(struct printbuf *out,
break;
}
}
- s = array[--i];
- for (n = 0; n != spec.precision; n++) {
- char c = *s++;
- if (!c) {
- if (!i)
- break;
- c = '/';
- s = array[--i];
- }
- prt_char(out, c);
+ while (1) {
+ prt_str(out, array[--i]);
+ if (!i)
+ break;
+ prt_char(out, '/');
}
rcu_read_unlock();
-
- widen_string(out, n, spec);
}

static noinline_for_stack
-void file_dentry_name(struct printbuf *out,
- const struct file *f,
- struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
+void file_dentry_name(struct printbuf *out, const struct file *f,
+ const char *fmt)
{
- if (check_pointer(out, f, spec))
+ if (check_pointer(out, f))
return;

- return dentry_name(out, f->f_path.dentry, spec, fmt);
+ return dentry_name(out, f->f_path.dentry, fmt);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
static noinline_for_stack
-void bdev_name(struct printbuf *out,
- struct block_device *bdev,
- struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
+void bdev_name(struct printbuf *out, struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct gendisk *hd;

- if (check_pointer(out, bdev, spec))
+ if (check_pointer(out, bdev))
return;

hd = bdev->bd_disk;
- string(out, hd->disk_name, spec);
+ string(out, hd->disk_name);
if (bdev->bd_partno) {
if (isdigit(hd->disk_name[strlen(hd->disk_name)-1]))
prt_char(out, 'p');
- number(out, bdev->bd_partno, spec);
+ prt_u64(out, bdev->bd_partno);
}
}
#endif

static noinline_for_stack
void symbol_string(struct printbuf *out, void *ptr,
- struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
+ const char *fmt)
{
unsigned long value;
#ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
@@ -1006,17 +1038,12 @@ void symbol_string(struct printbuf *out, void *ptr,
else
sprint_symbol_no_offset(sym, value);

- string_nocheck(out, sym, spec);
+ prt_str(out, sym);
#else
special_hex_number(out, value, sizeof(void *));
#endif
}

-static const struct printf_spec default_str_spec = {
- .field_width = -1,
- .precision = -1,
-};
-
static const struct printf_spec default_flag_spec = {
.base = 16,
.precision = -1,
@@ -1075,7 +1102,7 @@ void resource_string(struct printbuf *out, struct resource *res,
int decode = (fmt[0] == 'R') ? 1 : 0;
const struct printf_spec *specp;

- if (check_pointer(out, res, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, res, spec))
return;

prt_char(&sym, '[');
@@ -1139,7 +1166,7 @@ void hex_string(struct printbuf *out, u8 *addr,
/* nothing to print */
return;

- if (check_pointer(out, addr, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, addr, spec))
return;

switch (fmt[1]) {
@@ -1180,7 +1207,7 @@ void bitmap_string(struct printbuf *out, unsigned long *bitmap,
int i, chunksz;
bool first = true;

- if (check_pointer(out, bitmap, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, bitmap, spec))
return;

/* reused to print numbers */
@@ -1219,7 +1246,7 @@ void bitmap_list_string(struct printbuf *out, unsigned long *bitmap,
bool first = true;
int rbot, rtop;

- if (check_pointer(out, bitmap, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, bitmap, spec))
return ;

for_each_set_bitrange(rbot, rtop, bitmap, nr_bits) {
@@ -1246,7 +1273,7 @@ void mac_address_string(struct printbuf *out, u8 *addr,
char separator;
bool reversed = false;

- if (check_pointer(out, addr, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, addr, spec))
return;

switch (fmt[1]) {
@@ -1547,7 +1574,7 @@ void ip_addr_string(struct printbuf *out, const void *ptr,
{
char *err_fmt_msg;

- if (check_pointer(out, ptr, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, ptr, spec))
return;

switch (fmt[1]) {
@@ -1568,12 +1595,12 @@ void ip_addr_string(struct printbuf *out, const void *ptr,
case AF_INET6:
return ip6_addr_string_sa(out, &sa->v6, spec, fmt);
default:
- return error_string(out, "(einval)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(einval)", spec);
}}
}

err_fmt_msg = fmt[0] == 'i' ? "(%pi?)" : "(%pI?)";
- return error_string(out, err_fmt_msg, spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, err_fmt_msg, spec);
}

static noinline_for_stack
@@ -1588,7 +1615,7 @@ void escaped_string(struct printbuf *out, u8 *addr,
if (spec.field_width == 0)
return; /* nothing to print */

- if (check_pointer(out, addr, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, addr, spec))
return;

do {
@@ -1633,7 +1660,7 @@ static void va_format(struct printbuf *out,
{
va_list va;

- if (check_pointer(out, va_fmt, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, va_fmt, spec))
return;

va_copy(va, *va_fmt->va);
@@ -1642,16 +1669,13 @@ static void va_format(struct printbuf *out,
}

static noinline_for_stack
-void uuid_string(struct printbuf *out, const u8 *addr,
- struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
+void uuid_string(struct printbuf *out, const u8 *addr, const char *fmt)
{
- char uuid_buf[UUID_STRING_LEN + 1];
- struct printbuf uuid = PRINTBUF_EXTERN(uuid_buf, sizeof(uuid_buf));
int i;
const u8 *index = uuid_index;
bool uc = false;

- if (check_pointer(out, addr, spec))
+ if (check_pointer(out, addr))
return;

switch (*(++fmt)) {
@@ -1668,30 +1692,28 @@ void uuid_string(struct printbuf *out, const u8 *addr,

for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
if (uc)
- prt_hex_byte_upper(&uuid, addr[index[i]]);
+ prt_hex_byte_upper(out, addr[index[i]]);
else
- prt_hex_byte(&uuid, addr[index[i]]);
+ prt_hex_byte(out, addr[index[i]]);
switch (i) {
case 3:
case 5:
case 7:
case 9:
- prt_char(&uuid, '-');
+ prt_char(out, '-');
break;
}
}
-
- string_nocheck(out, uuid_buf, spec);
}

static noinline_for_stack
void netdev_bits(struct printbuf *out, const void *addr,
- struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
+ const char *fmt)
{
unsigned long long num;
int size;

- if (check_pointer(out, addr, spec))
+ if (check_pointer(out, addr))
return;

switch (fmt[1]) {
@@ -1701,7 +1723,7 @@ void netdev_bits(struct printbuf *out, const void *addr,
special_hex_number(out, num, size);
break;
default:
- error_string(out, "(%pN?)", spec);
+ error_string(out, "(%pN?)");
break;
}
}
@@ -1716,9 +1738,9 @@ void fourcc_string(struct printbuf *out, const u32 *fourcc,
u32 orig, val;

if (fmt[1] != 'c' || fmt[2] != 'c')
- return error_string(out, "(%p4?)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(%p4?)", spec);

- if (check_pointer(out, fourcc, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, fourcc, spec))
return;

orig = get_unaligned(fourcc);
@@ -1739,17 +1761,17 @@ void fourcc_string(struct printbuf *out, const u32 *fourcc,
special_hex_number(&output, orig, sizeof(u32));
prt_char(&output, ')');

- string(out, output_buf, spec);
+ string_spec(out, output_buf, spec);
}

static noinline_for_stack
void address_val(struct printbuf *out, const void *addr,
- struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
+ const char *fmt)
{
unsigned long long num;
int size;

- if (check_pointer(out, addr, spec))
+ if (check_pointer(out, addr))
return;

switch (fmt[1]) {
@@ -1800,7 +1822,7 @@ void rtc_str(struct printbuf *out, const struct rtc_time *tm,
bool found = true;
int count = 2;

- if (check_pointer(out, tm, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, tm, spec))
return;

switch (fmt[count]) {
@@ -1870,7 +1892,7 @@ void time_and_date(struct printbuf *out,
case 'T':
return time64_str(out, *(const time64_t *)ptr, spec, fmt);
default:
- return error_string(out, "(%pt?)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(%pt?)", spec);
}
}

@@ -1879,16 +1901,16 @@ void clock(struct printbuf *out, struct clk *clk,
struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
{
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_CLK))
- return error_string(out, "(%pC?)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(%pC?)", spec);

- if (check_pointer(out, clk, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, clk, spec))
return;

switch (fmt[1]) {
case 'n':
default:
#ifdef CONFIG_COMMON_CLK
- return string(out, __clk_get_name(clk), spec);
+ return string_spec(out, __clk_get_name(clk), spec);
#else
return ptr_to_id(out, clk, spec);
#endif
@@ -1906,7 +1928,7 @@ void format_flags(struct printbuf *out, unsigned long flags,
if ((flags & mask) != mask)
continue;

- string(out, names->name, default_str_spec);
+ string(out, names->name);

flags &= ~mask;
if (flags)
@@ -1964,7 +1986,7 @@ void format_page_flags(struct printbuf *out, unsigned long flags)
if (append)
prt_char(out, '|');

- string(out, pff[i].name, default_str_spec);
+ string(out, pff[i].name);
prt_char(out, '=');
number(out, (flags >> pff[i].shift) & pff[i].mask, *pff[i].spec);

@@ -1980,7 +2002,7 @@ void flags_string(struct printbuf *out, void *flags_ptr,
unsigned long flags;
const struct trace_print_flags *names;

- if (check_pointer(out, flags_ptr, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, flags_ptr, spec))
return;

switch (fmt[1]) {
@@ -1995,7 +2017,7 @@ void flags_string(struct printbuf *out, void *flags_ptr,
names = gfpflag_names;
break;
default:
- return error_string(out, "(%pG?)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(%pG?)", spec);
}

return format_flags(out, flags, names);
@@ -2012,10 +2034,8 @@ void fwnode_full_name_string(struct printbuf *out,
struct fwnode_handle *__fwnode =
fwnode_get_nth_parent(fwnode, depth);

- string(out, fwnode_get_name_prefix(__fwnode),
- default_str_spec);
- string(out, fwnode_get_name(__fwnode),
- default_str_spec);
+ string(out, fwnode_get_name_prefix(__fwnode));
+ string(out, fwnode_get_name(__fwnode));

fwnode_handle_put(__fwnode);
}
@@ -2036,12 +2056,12 @@ void device_node_string(struct printbuf *out, struct device_node *dn,
str_spec.field_width = -1;

if (fmt[0] != 'F')
- return error_string(out, "(%pO?)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(%pO?)", spec);

if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF))
- return error_string(out, "(%pOF?)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(%pOF?)", spec);

- if (check_pointer(out, dn, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, dn, spec))
return;

/* simple case without anything any more format specifiers */
@@ -2062,7 +2082,7 @@ void device_node_string(struct printbuf *out, struct device_node *dn,
p = fwnode_get_name(of_fwnode_handle(dn));
precision = str_spec.precision;
str_spec.precision = strchrnul(p, '@') - p;
- string(out, p, str_spec);
+ string_spec(out, p, str_spec);
str_spec.precision = precision;
break;
case 'p': /* phandle */
@@ -2072,7 +2092,7 @@ void device_node_string(struct printbuf *out, struct device_node *dn,
p = fwnode_get_name(of_fwnode_handle(dn));
if (!p[1])
p = "/";
- string(out, p, str_spec);
+ string_spec(out, p, str_spec);
break;
case 'F': /* flags */
tbuf[0] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_DYNAMIC) ? 'D' : '-';
@@ -2082,18 +2102,18 @@ void device_node_string(struct printbuf *out, struct device_node *dn,
tbuf[4] = 0;
string_nocheck(out, tbuf, str_spec);
break;
- case 'c': /* major compatible string */
+ case 'c': /* major compatible string_spec */
ret = of_property_read_string(dn, "compatible", &p);
if (!ret)
- string(out, p, str_spec);
+ string_spec(out, p, str_spec);
break;
- case 'C': /* full compatible string */
+ case 'C': /* full compatible string_spec */
has_mult = false;
of_property_for_each_string(dn, "compatible", prop, p) {
if (has_mult)
string_nocheck(out, ",", str_spec);
string_nocheck(out, "\"", str_spec);
- string(out, p, str_spec);
+ string_spec(out, p, str_spec);
string_nocheck(out, "\"", str_spec);

has_mult = true;
@@ -2118,16 +2138,16 @@ void fwnode_string(struct printbuf *out,
str_spec.field_width = -1;

if (*fmt != 'w')
- return error_string(out, "(%pf?)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(%pf?)", spec);

- if (check_pointer(out, fwnode, spec))
+ if (check_pointer_spec(out, fwnode, spec))
return;

fmt++;

switch (*fmt) {
case 'P': /* name */
- string(out, fwnode_get_name(fwnode), str_spec);
+ string_spec(out, fwnode_get_name(fwnode), str_spec);
break;
case 'f': /* full_name */
default:
@@ -2294,13 +2314,16 @@ static noinline_for_stack
void pointer(struct printbuf *out, const char *fmt,
void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec)
{
+ unsigned prev_pos = out->pos;
+
switch (*fmt) {
case 'S':
case 's':
ptr = dereference_symbol_descriptor(ptr);
fallthrough;
case 'B':
- return symbol_string(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
+ symbol_string(out, ptr, fmt);
+ return do_width_precision(out, prev_pos, spec);
case 'R':
case 'r':
return resource_string(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
@@ -2331,28 +2354,34 @@ void pointer(struct printbuf *out, const char *fmt,
case 'E':
return escaped_string(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
case 'U':
- return uuid_string(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
+ uuid_string(out, ptr, fmt);
+ return do_width_precision(out, prev_pos, spec);
case 'V':
return va_format(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
case 'K':
return restricted_pointer(out, ptr, spec);
case 'N':
- return netdev_bits(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
+ netdev_bits(out, ptr, fmt);
+ return do_width_precision(out, prev_pos, spec);
case '4':
return fourcc_string(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
case 'a':
- return address_val(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
+ address_val(out, ptr, fmt);
+ return do_width_precision(out, prev_pos, spec);
case 'd':
- return dentry_name(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
+ dentry_name(out, ptr, fmt);
+ return do_width_precision(out, prev_pos, spec);
case 't':
return time_and_date(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
case 'C':
return clock(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
case 'D':
- return file_dentry_name(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
+ file_dentry_name(out, ptr, fmt);
+ return do_width_precision(out, prev_pos, spec);
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
case 'g':
- return bdev_name(out, ptr, spec, fmt);
+ bdev_name(out, ptr);
+ return do_width_precision(out, prev_pos, spec);
#endif

case 'G':
@@ -2372,9 +2401,9 @@ void pointer(struct printbuf *out, const char *fmt,
case 'k':
switch (fmt[1]) {
case 's':
- return string(out, ptr, spec);
+ return string_spec(out, ptr, spec);
default:
- return error_string(out, "(einval)", spec);
+ return error_string_spec(out, "(einval)", spec);
}
default:
return default_pointer(out, ptr, spec);
@@ -2704,7 +2733,12 @@ void prt_vprintf(struct printbuf *out, const char *fmt, va_list args)
break;

case FORMAT_TYPE_STR:
- string(out, va_arg(args, char *), spec);
+ /*
+ * we can't use string() then do_width_precision
+ * afterwards: people use the field width for passing
+ * non nul terminated strings
+ */
+ string_spec(out, va_arg(args, char *), spec);
break;

case FORMAT_TYPE_PTR:
@@ -3199,7 +3233,7 @@ void prt_bstrprintf(struct printbuf *out, const char *fmt, const u32 *bin_buf)
case FORMAT_TYPE_STR: {
const char *str_arg = args;
args += strlen(str_arg) + 1;
- string(out, (char *)str_arg, spec);
+ string_spec(out, (char *)str_arg, spec);
break;
}

--
2.36.1
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