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SubjectRE: [PATCH v4 01/34] lib/printbuf: New data structure for printing strings
Date
From: Kent Overstreet
> Sent: 20 June 2022 01:42
>
> This adds printbufs: a printbuf points to a char * buffer and knows the
> size of the output buffer as well as the current output position.
>
> Future patches will be adding more features to printbuf, but initially
> printbufs are targeted at refactoring and improving our existing code in
> lib/vsprintf.c - so this initial printbuf patch has the features
> required for that.
>
> Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <kent.overstreet@gmail.com>
> Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
> ---
> include/linux/printbuf.h | 122 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 122 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 include/linux/printbuf.h
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/printbuf.h b/include/linux/printbuf.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..8186c447ca
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/printbuf.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1+ */
> +/* Copyright (C) 2022 Kent Overstreet */
> +
> +#ifndef _LINUX_PRINTBUF_H
> +#define _LINUX_PRINTBUF_H
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/string.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * Printbufs: String buffer for outputting (printing) to, for vsnprintf
> + */
> +
> +struct printbuf {
> + char *buf;
> + unsigned size;
> + unsigned pos;

No naked unsigneds.

> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Returns size remaining of output buffer:
> + */
> +static inline unsigned printbuf_remaining_size(struct printbuf *out)
> +{
> + return out->pos < out->size ? out->size - out->pos : 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Returns number of characters we can print to the output buffer - i.e.
> + * excluding the terminating nul:
> + */
> +static inline unsigned printbuf_remaining(struct printbuf *out)
> +{
> + return out->pos < out->size ? out->size - out->pos - 1 : 0;
> +}

Those two are so similar mistakes will be make.
You can also just return negatives when the buffer has overlowed
and get the callers to test < or <= as required.

I also wonder it is necessary to count the total length
when the buffer isn't long enough?
Unless there is a real pressing need for it I'd not bother.
Setting pos == size (after writing the '\0') allows
overflow be detected without most of the dangers.

> +
> +static inline unsigned printbuf_written(struct printbuf *out)
> +{
> + return min(out->pos, out->size);

That excludes the '\0' for short buffers but includes
it for overlong ones.

> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Returns true if output was truncated:
> + */
> +static inline bool printbuf_overflowed(struct printbuf *out)
> +{
> + return out->pos >= out->size;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void printbuf_nul_terminate(struct printbuf *out)
> +{
> + if (out->pos < out->size)
> + out->buf[out->pos] = 0;
> + else if (out->size)
> + out->buf[out->size - 1] = 0;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void __prt_char(struct printbuf *out, char c)
> +{
> + if (printbuf_remaining(out))
> + out->buf[out->pos] = c;

At this point it is (should be) always safe to add the '\0'.
Doing so would save the extra conditionals later on.

> + out->pos++;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void prt_char(struct printbuf *out, char c)
> +{
> + __prt_char(out, c);
> + printbuf_nul_terminate(out);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void __prt_chars(struct printbuf *out, char c, unsigned n)
> +{
> + unsigned i, can_print = min(n, printbuf_remaining(out));
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < can_print; i++)
> + out->buf[out->pos++] = c;
> + out->pos += n - can_print;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void prt_chars(struct printbuf *out, char c, unsigned n)
> +{
> + __prt_chars(out, c, n);
> + printbuf_nul_terminate(out);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void prt_bytes(struct printbuf *out, const void *b, unsigned n)
> +{
> + unsigned i, can_print = min(n, printbuf_remaining(out));
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < can_print; i++)
> + out->buf[out->pos++] = ((char *) b)[i];
> + out->pos += n - can_print;
> +
> + printbuf_nul_terminate(out);

jeepers - that can be written so much better.
Something like:
unsigned int i, pos = out->pos;
int space = pos - out->size - 1;
char *tgt = out->buf + pos;
const char *src = b;
out->pos = pos + n;

if (space <= 0)
return;
if (n > space)
n = space;

for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
tgt[i] = src[i];
tgt[1] = 0;

> +}
> +
> +static inline void prt_str(struct printbuf *out, const char *str)
> +{
> + prt_bytes(out, str, strlen(str));

Do you really need to call strlen() and then process
the buffer byte by byte?

David

> +}
> +
> +static inline void prt_hex_byte(struct printbuf *out, u8 byte)
> +{
> + __prt_char(out, hex_asc_hi(byte));
> + __prt_char(out, hex_asc_lo(byte));
> + printbuf_nul_terminate(out);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void prt_hex_byte_upper(struct printbuf *out, u8 byte)
> +{
> + __prt_char(out, hex_asc_upper_hi(byte));
> + __prt_char(out, hex_asc_upper_lo(byte));
> + printbuf_nul_terminate(out);
> +}
> +
> +#define PRINTBUF_EXTERN(_buf, _size) \
> +((struct printbuf) { \
> + .buf = _buf, \
> + .size = _size, \
> +})
> +
> +#endif /* _LINUX_PRINTBUF_H */
> --
> 2.36.1

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