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Subject[PATCH v7 0/7] arm64: Add ftrace support
This patchset implements a function tracer on arm64.
There was another implementation from Cavium network, but both of us agreed
to use my patchset as future base. He is supposed to review this code, too.

The only issue that I had some concern on was "fault protection" code
in prepare_ftrace_return(). With discussions with Steven and Tim (as author
of arm ftrace), I removed that code since I'm not quite sure about possibility
of "fault" occurrences in this function.

The code is tested on ARMv8 Fast Model with the following tracers & events:
function tracer with dynamic ftrace
function graph tracer with dynamic ftrace
syscall tracepoint (but only for AArch64 tasks)
irqsoff & preemptirqsoff (which use CALLER_ADDRx)
and also verified with in-kernel tests, FTRACE_SELFTEST, FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST

Prerequisites are:
* "arm64: make a single hook to syscall_trace() for all syscall features" patch
* "arm64: split syscall_trace() into separate functions for enter/exit" patch
* "arm64: Add regs_return_value() in syscall.h" patch
* "arm64: is_compat_task is defined both in asm/compat.h and
linux/compat.h" patch

Please be careful:
* Patch [3/7] gets warnings from checkpatch, but they are based on the
original's coding style.
* Patch [7/7] may conflict with my audit patch because both changes the same
location in syscall_trace_enter/exit(). I expect the functions are called
in this order:
On entry,
* tracehook_report_syscall(ENTER)
* trace_sys_enter()
* audit_syscall_entry()
On exit,
* audit_sysscall_exit()
* trace_sys_exit()
* tracehook_report_syscall(EXIT)

Changes from v6 to v7:
* changed to use gpfx variable instead of defining altmcount in recordmcount.c
* declared return_to_handler using ENTRY/END macros [4/7]
* changed to use u32 instead of int as instruction words, and simplified
ftrace_modify_graph_caller() [5/7]
* simplified arch_trace_is_compat_call() for readability [7/7]
* added the following patch to prerequisite list,
"arm64: is_compat_task is defined both in asm/compat.h and linux/compat.h"
and changed to use linux/compat.h instead of asm/compat.h in asm/ftrace.h
to avoid compile errors against some files (ie. do_mounts.c and etc) if

Changes from v5 to v6:
* changed the order of patches to avoid any bisect error (I have not tried
* added EM_AARCH64 and R_AARCH64_ABS64 definitions in scripts/recordmcount.c
just in case elf.h on host machine doesn't have them. [3/7]
* updated a frame pointer (x29) in _mcount() to make it look like a normal
function [4/7]
* aligned with the patch, "arm64: split syscall_trace() into separate
functions for enter/exit" [7/7]
* defined ARCH_TRACE_IGNORE_COMPAT_SYSCALLS in order not to trace compat
syscalls [7/7]

Chnages from v4 to v5:
* improved the description of stack layout [1/7]
* aligned with the change in "arm64: make a single hook to syscall_trace()
for all syscall features" v3 [5/7]

Changes from v3 to v4:
* removed unnecessary "#ifdef" [1,2/7]
* changed stack depth from 48B to 16B in mcount()/ftrace_caller() (a bug) [1/7]
* changed MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE to AARCH64_INSN_SIZE [1,7/7]
* added a guard againt TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT [5/7]
* corrected the second argument passed to trace_sys_exit() (a bug) [5/7]
* aligned with the change in "arm64: make a single hook to syscall_trace()
for all syscall features" v2 [5/7]

Changes from v2 to v3:
* optimized register usages in asm (by not saving x0, x1, and x2)
* removed "fault protection" code in prepare_ftrace_return()
* rewrote ftrace_modify_code() using "hotpatch" interfaces
* revised descriptions in comments

Changes from v1 to v2:
* splitted one patch into some pieces for easier review
(especially function tracer + dynamic ftrace + CALLER_ADDRx)
* put return_address() in a separate file
* renamed __mcount to _mcount (it was my mistake)
* changed stackframe handling to get parent's frame pointer
* switched to "hotpatch" interfaces from Huawai
* revised descriptions in comments

AKASHI Takahiro (7):
arm64: add __ASSEMBLY__ in asm/insn.h
arm64: Add 'notrace' attribute to unwind_frame() for ftrace
ftrace: Add arm64 support to recordmcount
arm64: Add ftrace support
arm64: ftrace: Add dynamic ftrace support
arm64: ftrace: Add CALLER_ADDRx macros
arm64: ftrace: Add system call tracepoint

arch/arm64/Kconfig | 6 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/ftrace.h | 67 ++++++++++++
arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h | 2 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall.h | 1 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h | 2 +
arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile | 7 +-
arch/arm64/kernel/arm64ksyms.c | 4 +
arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S | 218 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c | 178 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c | 9 ++
arch/arm64/kernel/return_address.c | 55 ++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c | 2 +-
scripts/recordmcount.c | 7 ++
scripts/ | 5 +
14 files changed, 561 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/ftrace.h
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/return_address.c


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