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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 4/7] arm64: Add ftrace support
On Thu, Mar 13, 2014 at 10:13:47AM +0000, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
> This patch implements arm64 specific part to support function tracers,
> such as function (CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER), function_graph
> (CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER) and function profiler
> (CONFIG_FUNCTION_PROFILER).
>
> With 'function' tracer, all the functions in the kernel are traced with
> timestamps in ${sysfs}/tracing/trace. If function_graph tracer is
> specified, call graph is generated.
>
> The kernel must be compiled with -pg option so that _mcount() is inserted
> at the beginning of functions. This function is called on every function's
> entry as long as tracing is enabled.
> In addition, function_graph tracer also needs to be able to probe function's
> exit. ftrace_graph_caller() & return_to_handler do this by faking link
> register's value to intercept function's return path.
>
> More details on architecture specific requirements are described in
> Documentation/trace/ftrace-design.txt.

[...]

> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..0ac31c8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S
> @@ -0,0 +1,175 @@
> +/*
> + * arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2013 Linaro Limited
> + * Author: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> +#include <asm/ftrace.h>
> +#include <asm/insn.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * Gcc with -pg will put the following code in the beginning of each function:
> + * mov x0, x30
> + * bl _mcount
> + * [function's body ...]
> + * "bl _mcount" may be replaced to "bl ftrace_caller" or NOP if dynamic
> + * ftrace is enabled.
> + *
> + * Please note that x0 as an argument will not be used here because we can
> + * get lr(x30) of instrumented function at any time by winding up call stack
> + * as long as the kernel is compiled without -fomit-frame-pointer.
> + * (or CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, this is forced on arm64)
> + *
> + * stack layout after mcount_enter in _mcount():
> + *
> + * current sp/fp => 0:+-----+
> + * in _mcount() | x29 | -> instrumented function's fp
> + * +-----+
> + * | x30 | -> _mcount()'s lr (= instrumented function's pc)
> + * old sp => +16:+-----+
> + * when instrumented | |
> + * function calls | ... |
> + * _mcount() | |
> + * | |
> + * instrumented => +xx:+-----+
> + * function's fp | x29 | -> parent's fp
> + * +-----+
> + * | x30 | -> instrumented function's lr (= parent's pc)
> + * +-----+
> + * | ... |
I guess it's just the diff that's misaligning your ASCII art here?

> +/*
> + * void return_to_handler(void)
> + *
> + * Run ftrace_return_to_handler() before going back to parent.
> + * @fp is checked against the value passed by ftrace_graph_caller()
> + * only when CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_FP_TEST is enabled.
> + */
> + .global return_to_handler
> +return_to_handler:

ENTRY(return_to_handler)

> + str x0, [sp, #-16]!
> + mov x0, x29 // parent's fp
> + bl ftrace_return_to_handler// addr = ftrace_return_to_hander(fp);
> + mov x30, x0 // restore the original return address
> + ldr x0, [sp], #16
> + ret

and an ENDPROC here.

> +#endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER */
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..a559ab8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
> +/*
> + * arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2013 Linaro Limited
> + * Author: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/ftrace.h>
> +#include <linux/swab.h>
> +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> +#include <asm/ftrace.h>
> +#include <asm/insn.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
> +/*
> + * function_graph tracer expects ftrace_return_to_handler() to be called
> + * on the way back to parent. For this purpose, this function is called
> + * in _mcount() or ftrace_caller() to replace return address (*parent) on
> + * the call stack to return_to_handler.
> + *
> + * Note that @frame_pointer is used only for sanity check later.
> + */
> +void prepare_ftrace_return(unsigned long *parent, unsigned long self_addr,
> + unsigned long frame_pointer)
> +{
> + unsigned long return_hooker = (unsigned long)&return_to_handler;
> + unsigned long old;
> + struct ftrace_graph_ent trace;
> + int err;
> +
> + if (unlikely(atomic_read(&current->tracing_graph_pause)))
> + return;
> +
> + /*
> + * Note:
> + * No protection against faulting at *parent, which may be seen
> + * on other archs. It's unlikely on AArch64.
> + */
> + old = *parent;
> + *parent = return_hooker;

return_hook? People might take it personally otherwise ;)

> + trace.func = self_addr;

in kernel/ftrace/ftrace.c there's an smb_wmb() between setting up
tracing_graph_pause and setting the ret_stack with a comment saying:

/* Make sure the tasks see the -1 first: */
Why don't we have a corresponding read-barrier here?

Will


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