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Subject[PATCH v3 12/68] fscache: Implement volume-level access helpers
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Add a pair of helper functions to manage access to a volume, pinning the
volume in place for the duration to prevent cache withdrawal from removing
it:

bool fscache_begin_volume_access(struct fscache_volume *volume,
enum fscache_access_trace why);
void fscache_end_volume_access(struct fscache_volume *volume,
enum fscache_access_trace why);

The way the access gate on the volume works/will work is:

(1) If the cache tests as not live (state is not FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_ACTIVE),
then we return false to indicate access was not permitted.

(2) If the cache tests as live, then we increment the volume's n_accesses
count and then recheck the cache liveness, ending the access if it
ceased to be live.

(3) When we end the access, we decrement the volume's n_accesses and wake
up the any waiters if it reaches 0.

(4) Whilst the cache is caching, the volume's n_accesses is kept
artificially incremented to prevent wakeups from happening.

(5) When the cache is taken offline, the state is changed to prevent new
accesses, the volume's n_accesses is decremented and we wait for it to
become 0.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/163819594158.215744.8285859817391683254.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk/ # v1
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/163906894315.143852.5454793807544710479.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk/ # v2
---

fs/fscache/internal.h | 3 +
fs/fscache/main.c | 1
fs/fscache/volume.c | 84 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/fscache-cache.h | 4 ++
include/trace/events/fscache.h | 34 ++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 126 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/fscache/internal.h b/fs/fscache/internal.h
index be29816b37ef..91a4ea08ec0b 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/internal.h
+++ b/fs/fscache/internal.h
@@ -130,6 +130,9 @@ struct fscache_volume *fscache_get_volume(struct fscache_volume *volume,
enum fscache_volume_trace where);
void fscache_put_volume(struct fscache_volume *volume,
enum fscache_volume_trace where);
+bool fscache_begin_volume_access(struct fscache_volume *volume,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why);
void fscache_create_volume(struct fscache_volume *volume, bool wait);


diff --git a/fs/fscache/main.c b/fs/fscache/main.c
index 876f4bee5840..6cab5d99ba4c 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/main.c
+++ b/fs/fscache/main.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(fscache_debug,
"FS-Cache debugging mask");

EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(fscache_access_cache);
+EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(fscache_access_volume);

struct workqueue_struct *fscache_wq;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_wq);
diff --git a/fs/fscache/volume.c b/fs/fscache/volume.c
index 630894fefd02..20497f0f10bb 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/volume.c
+++ b/fs/fscache/volume.c
@@ -33,6 +33,90 @@ static void fscache_see_volume(struct fscache_volume *volume,
trace_fscache_volume(volume->debug_id, ref, where);
}

+/*
+ * Pin the cache behind a volume so that we can access it.
+ */
+static void __fscache_begin_volume_access(struct fscache_volume *volume,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+ int n_accesses;
+
+ n_accesses = atomic_inc_return(&volume->n_accesses);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic();
+ trace_fscache_access_volume(volume->debug_id, cookie ? cookie->debug_id : 0,
+ refcount_read(&volume->ref),
+ n_accesses, why);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_begin_volume_access - Pin a cache so a volume can be accessed
+ * @volume: The volume cookie
+ * @cookie: A datafile cookie for a tracing reference (or NULL)
+ * @why: An indication of the circumstances of the access for tracing
+ *
+ * Attempt to pin the cache to prevent it from going away whilst we're
+ * accessing a volume and returns true if successful. This works as follows:
+ *
+ * (1) If the cache tests as not live (state is not FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_ACTIVE),
+ * then we return false to indicate access was not permitted.
+ *
+ * (2) If the cache tests as live, then we increment the volume's n_accesses
+ * count and then recheck the cache liveness, ending the access if it
+ * ceased to be live.
+ *
+ * (3) When we end the access, we decrement the volume's n_accesses and wake
+ * up the any waiters if it reaches 0.
+ *
+ * (4) Whilst the cache is caching, the volume's n_accesses is kept
+ * artificially incremented to prevent wakeups from happening.
+ *
+ * (5) When the cache is taken offline, the state is changed to prevent new
+ * accesses, the volume's n_accesses is decremented and we wait for it to
+ * become 0.
+ *
+ * The datafile @cookie and the @why indicator are merely provided for tracing
+ * purposes.
+ */
+bool fscache_begin_volume_access(struct fscache_volume *volume,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+ if (!fscache_cache_is_live(volume->cache))
+ return false;
+ __fscache_begin_volume_access(volume, cookie, why);
+ if (!fscache_cache_is_live(volume->cache)) {
+ fscache_end_volume_access(volume, cookie, fscache_access_unlive);
+ return false;
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_end_volume_access - Unpin a cache at the end of an access.
+ * @volume: The volume cookie
+ * @cookie: A datafile cookie for a tracing reference (or NULL)
+ * @why: An indication of the circumstances of the access for tracing
+ *
+ * Unpin a cache volume after we've accessed it. The datafile @cookie and the
+ * @why indicator are merely provided for tracing purposes.
+ */
+void fscache_end_volume_access(struct fscache_volume *volume,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+ int n_accesses;
+
+ smp_mb__before_atomic();
+ n_accesses = atomic_dec_return(&volume->n_accesses);
+ trace_fscache_access_volume(volume->debug_id, cookie ? cookie->debug_id : 0,
+ refcount_read(&volume->ref),
+ n_accesses, why);
+ if (n_accesses == 0)
+ wake_up_var(&volume->n_accesses);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_end_volume_access);
+
static bool fscache_volume_same(const struct fscache_volume *a,
const struct fscache_volume *b)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
index c4355b888c91..fbbd8a2afe12 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
@@ -53,6 +53,10 @@ extern struct rw_semaphore fscache_addremove_sem;
extern struct fscache_cache *fscache_acquire_cache(const char *name);
extern void fscache_relinquish_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache);

+extern void fscache_end_volume_access(struct fscache_volume *volume,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why);
+
extern struct fscache_cookie *fscache_get_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
enum fscache_cookie_trace where);
extern void fscache_put_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
diff --git a/include/trace/events/fscache.h b/include/trace/events/fscache.h
index 734966bc49e1..4f40cfa52469 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/fscache.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/fscache.h
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ enum fscache_volume_trace {
fscache_volume_put_relinquish,
fscache_volume_see_create_work,
fscache_volume_see_hash_wake,
+ fscache_volume_wait_create_work,
};

enum fscache_cookie_trace {
@@ -245,6 +246,39 @@ TRACE_EVENT(fscache_access_cache,
__entry->n_accesses)
);

+TRACE_EVENT(fscache_access_volume,
+ TP_PROTO(unsigned int volume_debug_id,
+ unsigned int cookie_debug_id,
+ int ref,
+ int n_accesses,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why),
+
+ TP_ARGS(volume_debug_id, cookie_debug_id, ref, n_accesses, why),
+
+ TP_STRUCT__entry(
+ __field(unsigned int, volume )
+ __field(unsigned int, cookie )
+ __field(int, ref )
+ __field(int, n_accesses )
+ __field(enum fscache_access_trace, why )
+ ),
+
+ TP_fast_assign(
+ __entry->volume = volume_debug_id;
+ __entry->cookie = cookie_debug_id;
+ __entry->ref = ref;
+ __entry->n_accesses = n_accesses;
+ __entry->why = why;
+ ),
+
+ TP_printk("V=%08x c=%08x %s r=%d a=%d",
+ __entry->volume,
+ __entry->cookie,
+ __print_symbolic(__entry->why, fscache_access_traces),
+ __entry->ref,
+ __entry->n_accesses)
+ );
+
TRACE_EVENT(fscache_acquire,
TP_PROTO(struct fscache_cookie *cookie),


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