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Subject[PATCH v3 13/68] fscache: Implement cookie-level access helpers
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Add a number of helper functions to manage access to a cookie, pinning the
cache object in place for the duration to prevent cache withdrawal from
removing it:

(1) void fscache_init_access_gate(struct fscache_cookie *cookie);

This function initialises the access count when a cache binds to a
cookie. An extra ref is taken on the access count to prevent wakeups
while the cache is active. We're only interested in the wakeup when a
cookie is being withdrawn and we're waiting for it to quiesce - at
which point the counter will be decremented before the wait.

The FSCACHE_COOKIE_NACC_ELEVATED flag is set on the cookie to keep
track of the extra ref in order to handle a race between
relinquishment and withdrawal both trying to drop the extra ref.

(2) bool fscache_begin_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
enum fscache_access_trace why);

This function attempts to begin access upon a cookie, pinning it in
place if it's cached. If successful, it returns true and leaves a the
access count incremented.

(3) void fscache_end_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
enum fscache_access_trace why);

This function drops the access count obtained by (2), permitting
object withdrawal to take place when it reaches zero.

A tracepoint is provided to track changes to the access counter on a
cookie.

Changes
=======
ver #2:
- Don't hold n_accesses elevated whilst cache is bound to a cookie, but
rather add a flag that prevents the state machine from being queued when
n_accesses reaches 0.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/163819595085.215744.1706073049250505427.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk/ # v1
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/163906895313.143852.10141619544149102193.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk/ # v2
---

fs/fscache/cookie.c | 98 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/fscache/internal.h | 3 +
fs/fscache/main.c | 1
include/linux/fscache-cache.h | 2 +
include/trace/events/fscache.h | 29 ++++++++++++
5 files changed, 133 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/fscache/cookie.c b/fs/fscache/cookie.c
index 438b0098aa73..04d2127bd354 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/cookie.c
+++ b/fs/fscache/cookie.c
@@ -62,6 +62,104 @@ static void fscache_free_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
kmem_cache_free(fscache_cookie_jar, cookie);
}

+/*
+ * Initialise the access gate on a cookie by setting a flag to prevent the
+ * state machine from being queued when the access counter transitions to 0.
+ * We're only interested in this when we withdraw caching services from the
+ * cookie.
+ */
+static void fscache_init_access_gate(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+ int n_accesses;
+
+ n_accesses = atomic_read(&cookie->n_accesses);
+ trace_fscache_access(cookie->debug_id, refcount_read(&cookie->ref),
+ n_accesses, fscache_access_cache_pin);
+ set_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_NO_ACCESS_WAKE, &cookie->flags);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_end_cookie_access - Unpin a cache at the end of an access.
+ * @cookie: A data file cookie
+ * @why: An indication of the circumstances of the access for tracing
+ *
+ * Unpin a cache cookie after we've accessed it and bring a deferred
+ * relinquishment or withdrawal state into effect.
+ *
+ * The @why indicator is provided for tracing purposes.
+ */
+void fscache_end_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+ int n_accesses;
+
+ smp_mb__before_atomic();
+ n_accesses = atomic_dec_return(&cookie->n_accesses);
+ trace_fscache_access(cookie->debug_id, refcount_read(&cookie->ref),
+ n_accesses, why);
+ if (n_accesses == 0 &&
+ !test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_NO_ACCESS_WAKE, &cookie->flags)) {
+ // PLACEHOLDER: Need to poke the state machine
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_end_cookie_access);
+
+/*
+ * Pin the cache behind a cookie so that we can access it.
+ */
+static void __fscache_begin_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+ int n_accesses;
+
+ n_accesses = atomic_inc_return(&cookie->n_accesses);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* (Future) read state after is-caching.
+ * Reread n_accesses after is-caching
+ */
+ trace_fscache_access(cookie->debug_id, refcount_read(&cookie->ref),
+ n_accesses, why);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_begin_cookie_access - Pin a cache so data can be accessed
+ * @cookie: A data file cookie
+ * @why: An indication of the circumstances of the access for tracing
+ *
+ * Attempt to pin the cache to prevent it from going away whilst we're
+ * accessing data and returns true if successful. This works as follows:
+ *
+ * (1) If the cookie is not being cached (ie. FSCACHE_COOKIE_IS_CACHING is not
+ * set), we return false to indicate access was not permitted.
+ *
+ * (2) If the cookie is being cached, we increment its n_accesses count and
+ * then recheck the IS_CACHING flag, ending the access if it got cleared.
+ *
+ * (3) When we end the access, we decrement the cookie's n_accesses and wake
+ * up the any waiters if it reaches 0.
+ *
+ * (4) Whilst the cookie is actively being cached, its n_accesses is kept
+ * artificially incremented to prevent wakeups from happening.
+ *
+ * (5) When the cache is taken offline or if the cookie is culled, the flag is
+ * cleared to prevent new accesses, the cookie's n_accesses is decremented
+ * and we wait for it to become 0.
+ *
+ * The @why indicator are merely provided for tracing purposes.
+ */
+bool fscache_begin_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why)
+{
+ if (!test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_IS_CACHING, &cookie->flags))
+ return false;
+ __fscache_begin_cookie_access(cookie, why);
+ if (!test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_IS_CACHING, &cookie->flags) ||
+ !fscache_cache_is_live(cookie->volume->cache)) {
+ fscache_end_cookie_access(cookie, fscache_access_unlive);
+ return false;
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
static inline void wake_up_cookie_state(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
{
/* Use a barrier to ensure that waiters see the state variable
diff --git a/fs/fscache/internal.h b/fs/fscache/internal.h
index 91a4ea08ec0b..e0d8ef212e82 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/internal.h
+++ b/fs/fscache/internal.h
@@ -59,6 +59,9 @@ extern struct kmem_cache *fscache_cookie_jar;
extern const struct seq_operations fscache_cookies_seq_ops;

extern void fscache_print_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie, char prefix);
+extern bool fscache_begin_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why);
+
static inline void fscache_see_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
enum fscache_cookie_trace where)
{
diff --git a/fs/fscache/main.c b/fs/fscache/main.c
index 6cab5d99ba4c..dad85fd84f6f 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/main.c
+++ b/fs/fscache/main.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(fscache_debug,

EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(fscache_access_cache);
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(fscache_access_volume);
+EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(fscache_access);

struct workqueue_struct *fscache_wq;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_wq);
diff --git a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
index fbbd8a2afe12..66624407ba84 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
@@ -61,6 +61,8 @@ extern struct fscache_cookie *fscache_get_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
enum fscache_cookie_trace where);
extern void fscache_put_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
enum fscache_cookie_trace where);
+extern void fscache_end_cookie_access(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why);
extern void fscache_set_cookie_state(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
enum fscache_cookie_state state);

diff --git a/include/trace/events/fscache.h b/include/trace/events/fscache.h
index 4f40cfa52469..b1a962adfd16 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/fscache.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/fscache.h
@@ -279,6 +279,35 @@ TRACE_EVENT(fscache_access_volume,
__entry->n_accesses)
);

+TRACE_EVENT(fscache_access,
+ TP_PROTO(unsigned int cookie_debug_id,
+ int ref,
+ int n_accesses,
+ enum fscache_access_trace why),
+
+ TP_ARGS(cookie_debug_id, ref, n_accesses, why),
+
+ TP_STRUCT__entry(
+ __field(unsigned int, cookie )
+ __field(int, ref )
+ __field(int, n_accesses )
+ __field(enum fscache_access_trace, why )
+ ),
+
+ TP_fast_assign(
+ __entry->cookie = cookie_debug_id;
+ __entry->ref = ref;
+ __entry->n_accesses = n_accesses;
+ __entry->why = why;
+ ),
+
+ TP_printk("c=%08x %s r=%d a=%d",
+ __entry->cookie,
+ __print_symbolic(__entry->why, fscache_access_traces),
+ __entry->ref,
+ __entry->n_accesses)
+ );
+
TRACE_EVENT(fscache_acquire,
TP_PROTO(struct fscache_cookie *cookie),


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