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Subject[PATCH net-next v5 2/9] xen-netback: Change TX path from grant copy to mapping
Date
This patch changes the grant copy on the TX patch to grant mapping

v2:
- delete branch for handling fragmented packets fit PKT_PROT_LEN sized first
request
- mark the effect of using ballooned pages in a comment
- place setting of skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY right
before netif_receive_skb, and mark the importance of it
- grab dealloc_lock before __napi_complete to avoid contention with the
callback's napi_schedule
- handle fragmented packets where first request < PKT_PROT_LEN
- fix up error path when checksum_setup failed
- check before teardown for pending grants, and start complain if they are
there after 10 second

v3:
- delete a surplus checking from tx_action
- remove stray line
- squash xenvif_idx_unmap changes into the first patch
- init spinlocks
- call map hypercall directly instead of gnttab_map_refs()
- fix unmapping timeout in xenvif_free()

v4:
- fix indentations and comments
- handle errors of set_phys_to_machine
- go back to gnttab_map_refs instead of direct hypercall. Now we rely on the
modified API

v5:
- BUG_ON(vif->dealloc_task) in xenvif_connect
- use 'task' in xenvif_connect for thread creation
- proper return value if alloc_xenballooned_pages fails
- BUG in xenvif_tx_check_gop if stale handle found

Signed-off-by: Zoltan Kiss <zoltan.kiss@citrix.com>
---
drivers/net/xen-netback/interface.c | 63 ++++++++-
drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c | 254 ++++++++++++++---------------------
2 files changed, 160 insertions(+), 157 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/xen-netback/interface.c b/drivers/net/xen-netback/interface.c
index f0f0c3d..b3daae2 100644
--- a/drivers/net/xen-netback/interface.c
+++ b/drivers/net/xen-netback/interface.c
@@ -122,7 +122,9 @@ static int xenvif_start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
BUG_ON(skb->dev != dev);

/* Drop the packet if vif is not ready */
- if (vif->task == NULL || !xenvif_schedulable(vif))
+ if (vif->task == NULL ||
+ vif->dealloc_task == NULL ||
+ !xenvif_schedulable(vif))
goto drop;

/* At best we'll need one slot for the header and one for each
@@ -344,8 +346,26 @@ struct xenvif *xenvif_alloc(struct device *parent, domid_t domid,
vif->pending_prod = MAX_PENDING_REQS;
for (i = 0; i < MAX_PENDING_REQS; i++)
vif->pending_ring[i] = i;
- for (i = 0; i < MAX_PENDING_REQS; i++)
- vif->mmap_pages[i] = NULL;
+ spin_lock_init(&vif->dealloc_lock);
+ spin_lock_init(&vif->response_lock);
+ /* If ballooning is disabled, this will consume real memory, so you
+ * better enable it. The long term solution would be to use just a
+ * bunch of valid page descriptors, without dependency on ballooning
+ */
+ err = alloc_xenballooned_pages(MAX_PENDING_REQS,
+ vif->mmap_pages,
+ false);
+ if (err) {
+ netdev_err(dev, "Could not reserve mmap_pages\n");
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ }
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_PENDING_REQS; i++) {
+ vif->pending_tx_info[i].callback_struct = (struct ubuf_info)
+ { .callback = xenvif_zerocopy_callback,
+ .ctx = NULL,
+ .desc = i };
+ vif->grant_tx_handle[i] = NETBACK_INVALID_HANDLE;
+ }

/*
* Initialise a dummy MAC address. We choose the numerically
@@ -383,12 +403,14 @@ int xenvif_connect(struct xenvif *vif, unsigned long tx_ring_ref,

BUG_ON(vif->tx_irq);
BUG_ON(vif->task);
+ BUG_ON(vif->dealloc_task);

err = xenvif_map_frontend_rings(vif, tx_ring_ref, rx_ring_ref);
if (err < 0)
goto err;

init_waitqueue_head(&vif->wq);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&vif->dealloc_wq);

if (tx_evtchn == rx_evtchn) {
/* feature-split-event-channels == 0 */
@@ -432,6 +454,18 @@ int xenvif_connect(struct xenvif *vif, unsigned long tx_ring_ref,

vif->task = task;

+ task = kthread_create(xenvif_dealloc_kthread,
+ (void *)vif,
+ "%s-dealloc",
+ vif->dev->name);
+ if (IS_ERR(task)) {
+ pr_warn("Could not allocate kthread for %s\n", vif->dev->name);
+ err = PTR_ERR(task);
+ goto err_rx_unbind;
+ }
+
+ vif->dealloc_task = task;
+
rtnl_lock();
if (!vif->can_sg && vif->dev->mtu > ETH_DATA_LEN)
dev_set_mtu(vif->dev, ETH_DATA_LEN);
@@ -442,6 +476,7 @@ int xenvif_connect(struct xenvif *vif, unsigned long tx_ring_ref,
rtnl_unlock();

wake_up_process(vif->task);
+ wake_up_process(vif->dealloc_task);

return 0;

@@ -479,6 +514,11 @@ void xenvif_disconnect(struct xenvif *vif)
vif->task = NULL;
}

+ if (vif->dealloc_task) {
+ kthread_stop(vif->dealloc_task);
+ vif->dealloc_task = NULL;
+ }
+
if (vif->tx_irq) {
if (vif->tx_irq == vif->rx_irq)
unbind_from_irqhandler(vif->tx_irq, vif);
@@ -494,6 +534,23 @@ void xenvif_disconnect(struct xenvif *vif)

void xenvif_free(struct xenvif *vif)
{
+ int i, unmap_timeout = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_PENDING_REQS; ++i) {
+ if (vif->grant_tx_handle[i] != NETBACK_INVALID_HANDLE) {
+ unmap_timeout++;
+ schedule_timeout(msecs_to_jiffies(1000));
+ if (unmap_timeout > 9 &&
+ net_ratelimit())
+ netdev_err(vif->dev,
+ "Page still granted! Index: %x\n",
+ i);
+ i = -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ free_xenballooned_pages(MAX_PENDING_REQS, vif->mmap_pages);
+
netif_napi_del(&vif->napi);

unregister_netdev(vif->dev);
diff --git a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
index 195602f..747b428 100644
--- a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
+++ b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
@@ -646,9 +646,12 @@ static void xenvif_tx_err(struct xenvif *vif,
struct xen_netif_tx_request *txp, RING_IDX end)
{
RING_IDX cons = vif->tx.req_cons;
+ unsigned long flags;

do {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&vif->response_lock, flags);
make_tx_response(vif, txp, XEN_NETIF_RSP_ERROR);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vif->response_lock, flags);
if (cons == end)
break;
txp = RING_GET_REQUEST(&vif->tx, cons++);
@@ -787,10 +790,10 @@ static inline void xenvif_tx_create_gop(struct xenvif *vif,
sizeof(*txp));
}

-static struct gnttab_copy *xenvif_get_requests(struct xenvif *vif,
- struct sk_buff *skb,
- struct xen_netif_tx_request *txp,
- struct gnttab_copy *gop)
+static struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *xenvif_get_requests(struct xenvif *vif,
+ struct sk_buff *skb,
+ struct xen_netif_tx_request *txp,
+ struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *gop)
{
struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb);
skb_frag_t *frags = shinfo->frags;
@@ -811,83 +814,12 @@ static struct gnttab_copy *xenvif_get_requests(struct xenvif *vif,
/* Skip first skb fragment if it is on same page as header fragment. */
start = (frag_get_pending_idx(&shinfo->frags[0]) == pending_idx);

- /* Coalesce tx requests, at this point the packet passed in
- * should be <= 64K. Any packets larger than 64K have been
- * handled in xenvif_count_requests().
- */
- for (shinfo->nr_frags = slot = start; slot < nr_slots;
- shinfo->nr_frags++) {
- struct pending_tx_info *pending_tx_info =
- vif->pending_tx_info;
-
- page = alloc_page(GFP_ATOMIC|__GFP_COLD);
- if (!page)
- goto err;
-
- dst_offset = 0;
- first = NULL;
- while (dst_offset < PAGE_SIZE && slot < nr_slots) {
- gop->flags = GNTCOPY_source_gref;
-
- gop->source.u.ref = txp->gref;
- gop->source.domid = vif->domid;
- gop->source.offset = txp->offset;
-
- gop->dest.domid = DOMID_SELF;
-
- gop->dest.offset = dst_offset;
- gop->dest.u.gmfn = virt_to_mfn(page_address(page));
-
- if (dst_offset + txp->size > PAGE_SIZE) {
- /* This page can only merge a portion
- * of tx request. Do not increment any
- * pointer / counter here. The txp
- * will be dealt with in future
- * rounds, eventually hitting the
- * `else` branch.
- */
- gop->len = PAGE_SIZE - dst_offset;
- txp->offset += gop->len;
- txp->size -= gop->len;
- dst_offset += gop->len; /* quit loop */
- } else {
- /* This tx request can be merged in the page */
- gop->len = txp->size;
- dst_offset += gop->len;
-
+ for (shinfo->nr_frags = start; shinfo->nr_frags < nr_slots;
+ shinfo->nr_frags++, txp++, gop++) {
index = pending_index(vif->pending_cons++);
-
pending_idx = vif->pending_ring[index];
-
- memcpy(&pending_tx_info[pending_idx].req, txp,
- sizeof(*txp));
-
- /* Poison these fields, corresponding
- * fields for head tx req will be set
- * to correct values after the loop.
- */
- vif->mmap_pages[pending_idx] = (void *)(~0UL);
- pending_tx_info[pending_idx].head =
- INVALID_PENDING_RING_IDX;
-
- if (!first) {
- first = &pending_tx_info[pending_idx];
- start_idx = index;
- head_idx = pending_idx;
- }
-
- txp++;
- slot++;
- }
-
- gop++;
- }
-
- first->req.offset = 0;
- first->req.size = dst_offset;
- first->head = start_idx;
- vif->mmap_pages[head_idx] = page;
- frag_set_pending_idx(&frags[shinfo->nr_frags], head_idx);
+ xenvif_tx_create_gop(vif, pending_idx, txp, gop);
+ frag_set_pending_idx(&frags[shinfo->nr_frags], pending_idx);
}

BUG_ON(shinfo->nr_frags > MAX_SKB_FRAGS);
@@ -909,9 +841,9 @@ err:

static int xenvif_tx_check_gop(struct xenvif *vif,
struct sk_buff *skb,
- struct gnttab_copy **gopp)
+ struct gnttab_map_grant_ref **gopp)
{
- struct gnttab_copy *gop = *gopp;
+ struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *gop = *gopp;
u16 pending_idx = *((u16 *)skb->data);
struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb);
struct pending_tx_info *tx_info;
@@ -923,6 +855,17 @@ static int xenvif_tx_check_gop(struct xenvif *vif,
err = gop->status;
if (unlikely(err))
xenvif_idx_release(vif, pending_idx, XEN_NETIF_RSP_ERROR);
+ else {
+ if (vif->grant_tx_handle[pending_idx] !=
+ NETBACK_INVALID_HANDLE) {
+ netdev_err(vif->dev,
+ "Stale mapped handle! pending_idx %x handle %x\n",
+ pending_idx,
+ vif->grant_tx_handle[pending_idx]);
+ BUG();
+ }
+ vif->grant_tx_handle[pending_idx] = gop->handle;
+ }

/* Skip first skb fragment if it is on same page as header fragment. */
start = (frag_get_pending_idx(&shinfo->frags[0]) == pending_idx);
@@ -936,18 +879,24 @@ static int xenvif_tx_check_gop(struct xenvif *vif,
head = tx_info->head;

/* Check error status: if okay then remember grant handle. */
- do {
newerr = (++gop)->status;
- if (newerr)
- break;
- peek = vif->pending_ring[pending_index(++head)];
- } while (!pending_tx_is_head(vif, peek));

if (likely(!newerr)) {
+ if (vif->grant_tx_handle[pending_idx] !=
+ NETBACK_INVALID_HANDLE) {
+ netdev_err(vif->dev,
+ "Stale mapped handle! pending_idx %x handle %x\n",
+ pending_idx,
+ vif->grant_tx_handle[pending_idx]);
+ BUG();
+ }
+ vif->grant_tx_handle[pending_idx] = gop->handle;
/* Had a previous error? Invalidate this fragment. */
- if (unlikely(err))
+ if (unlikely(err)) {
+ xenvif_idx_unmap(vif, pending_idx);
xenvif_idx_release(vif, pending_idx,
XEN_NETIF_RSP_OKAY);
+ }
continue;
}

@@ -960,9 +909,11 @@ static int xenvif_tx_check_gop(struct xenvif *vif,

/* First error: invalidate header and preceding fragments. */
pending_idx = *((u16 *)skb->data);
+ xenvif_idx_unmap(vif, pending_idx);
xenvif_idx_release(vif, pending_idx, XEN_NETIF_RSP_OKAY);
for (j = start; j < i; j++) {
pending_idx = frag_get_pending_idx(&shinfo->frags[j]);
+ xenvif_idx_unmap(vif, pending_idx);
xenvif_idx_release(vif, pending_idx,
XEN_NETIF_RSP_OKAY);
}
@@ -975,7 +926,9 @@ static int xenvif_tx_check_gop(struct xenvif *vif,
return err;
}

-static void xenvif_fill_frags(struct xenvif *vif, struct sk_buff *skb)
+static void xenvif_fill_frags(struct xenvif *vif,
+ struct sk_buff *skb,
+ u16 prev_pending_idx)
{
struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb);
int nr_frags = shinfo->nr_frags;
@@ -989,6 +942,17 @@ static void xenvif_fill_frags(struct xenvif *vif, struct sk_buff *skb)

pending_idx = frag_get_pending_idx(frag);

+ /* If this is not the first frag, chain it to the previous*/
+ if (unlikely(prev_pending_idx == INVALID_PENDING_IDX))
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg =
+ &vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx].callback_struct;
+ else if (likely(pending_idx != prev_pending_idx))
+ vif->pending_tx_info[prev_pending_idx].callback_struct.ctx =
+ &(vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx].callback_struct);
+
+ vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx].callback_struct.ctx = NULL;
+ prev_pending_idx = pending_idx;
+
txp = &vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx].req;
page = virt_to_page(idx_to_kaddr(vif, pending_idx));
__skb_fill_page_desc(skb, i, page, txp->offset, txp->size);
@@ -996,10 +960,15 @@ static void xenvif_fill_frags(struct xenvif *vif, struct sk_buff *skb)
skb->data_len += txp->size;
skb->truesize += txp->size;

- /* Take an extra reference to offset xenvif_idx_release */
+ /* Take an extra reference to offset network stack's put_page */
get_page(vif->mmap_pages[pending_idx]);
- xenvif_idx_release(vif, pending_idx, XEN_NETIF_RSP_OKAY);
}
+ /* FIXME: __skb_fill_page_desc set this to true because page->pfmemalloc
+ * overlaps with "index", and "mapping" is not set. I think mapping
+ * should be set. If delivered to local stack, it would drop this
+ * skb in sk_filter unless the socket has the right to use it.
+ */
+ skb->pfmemalloc = false;
}

static int xenvif_get_extras(struct xenvif *vif,
@@ -1372,7 +1341,7 @@ static bool tx_credit_exceeded(struct xenvif *vif, unsigned size)

static unsigned xenvif_tx_build_gops(struct xenvif *vif, int budget)
{
- struct gnttab_copy *gop = vif->tx_copy_ops, *request_gop;
+ struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *gop = vif->tx_map_ops, *request_gop;
struct sk_buff *skb;
int ret;

@@ -1480,30 +1449,10 @@ static unsigned xenvif_tx_build_gops(struct xenvif *vif, int budget)
}
}

- /* XXX could copy straight to head */
- page = xenvif_alloc_page(vif, pending_idx);
- if (!page) {
- kfree_skb(skb);
- xenvif_tx_err(vif, &txreq, idx);
- break;
- }
-
- gop->source.u.ref = txreq.gref;
- gop->source.domid = vif->domid;
- gop->source.offset = txreq.offset;
-
- gop->dest.u.gmfn = virt_to_mfn(page_address(page));
- gop->dest.domid = DOMID_SELF;
- gop->dest.offset = txreq.offset;
-
- gop->len = txreq.size;
- gop->flags = GNTCOPY_source_gref;
+ xenvif_tx_create_gop(vif, pending_idx, &txreq, gop);

gop++;

- memcpy(&vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx].req,
- &txreq, sizeof(txreq));
- vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx].head = index;
*((u16 *)skb->data) = pending_idx;

__skb_put(skb, data_len);
@@ -1532,17 +1481,17 @@ static unsigned xenvif_tx_build_gops(struct xenvif *vif, int budget)

vif->tx.req_cons = idx;

- if ((gop-vif->tx_copy_ops) >= ARRAY_SIZE(vif->tx_copy_ops))
+ if ((gop-vif->tx_map_ops) >= ARRAY_SIZE(vif->tx_map_ops))
break;
}

- return gop - vif->tx_copy_ops;
+ return gop - vif->tx_map_ops;
}


static int xenvif_tx_submit(struct xenvif *vif)
{
- struct gnttab_copy *gop = vif->tx_copy_ops;
+ struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *gop = vif->tx_map_ops;
struct sk_buff *skb;
int work_done = 0;

@@ -1566,12 +1515,17 @@ static int xenvif_tx_submit(struct xenvif *vif)
memcpy(skb->data,
(void *)(idx_to_kaddr(vif, pending_idx)|txp->offset),
data_len);
+ vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx].callback_struct.ctx = NULL;
if (data_len < txp->size) {
/* Append the packet payload as a fragment. */
txp->offset += data_len;
txp->size -= data_len;
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg =
+ &vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx].callback_struct;
} else {
/* Schedule a response immediately. */
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = NULL;
+ xenvif_idx_unmap(vif, pending_idx);
xenvif_idx_release(vif, pending_idx,
XEN_NETIF_RSP_OKAY);
}
@@ -1581,7 +1535,11 @@ static int xenvif_tx_submit(struct xenvif *vif)
else if (txp->flags & XEN_NETTXF_data_validated)
skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;

- xenvif_fill_frags(vif, skb);
+ xenvif_fill_frags(vif,
+ skb,
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg ?
+ pending_idx :
+ INVALID_PENDING_IDX);

if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && skb_headlen(skb) < PKT_PROT_LEN) {
int target = min_t(int, skb->len, PKT_PROT_LEN);
@@ -1595,6 +1553,11 @@ static int xenvif_tx_submit(struct xenvif *vif)
if (checksum_setup(vif, skb)) {
netdev_dbg(vif->dev,
"Can't setup checksum in net_tx_action\n");
+ /* We have to set this flag so the dealloc thread can
+ * send the slots back
+ */
+ if (skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg)
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY;
kfree_skb(skb);
continue;
}
@@ -1620,6 +1583,14 @@ static int xenvif_tx_submit(struct xenvif *vif)

work_done++;

+ /* Set this flag right before netif_receive_skb, otherwise
+ * someone might think this packet already left netback, and
+ * do a skb_copy_ubufs while we are still in control of the
+ * skb. E.g. the __pskb_pull_tail earlier can do such thing.
+ */
+ if (skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg)
+ skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY;
+
netif_receive_skb(skb);
}

@@ -1731,7 +1702,7 @@ static inline void xenvif_tx_dealloc_action(struct xenvif *vif)
int xenvif_tx_action(struct xenvif *vif, int budget)
{
unsigned nr_gops;
- int work_done;
+ int work_done, ret;

if (unlikely(!tx_work_todo(vif)))
return 0;
@@ -1741,7 +1712,8 @@ int xenvif_tx_action(struct xenvif *vif, int budget)
if (nr_gops == 0)
return 0;

- gnttab_batch_copy(vif->tx_copy_ops, nr_gops);
+ ret = gnttab_map_refs(vif->tx_map_ops, vif->pages_to_map, nr_gops);
+ BUG_ON(ret);

work_done = xenvif_tx_submit(vif);

@@ -1752,45 +1724,19 @@ static void xenvif_idx_release(struct xenvif *vif, u16 pending_idx,
u8 status)
{
struct pending_tx_info *pending_tx_info;
- pending_ring_idx_t head;
+ pending_ring_idx_t index;
u16 peek; /* peek into next tx request */
+ unsigned long flags;

- BUG_ON(vif->mmap_pages[pending_idx] == (void *)(~0UL));
-
- /* Already complete? */
- if (vif->mmap_pages[pending_idx] == NULL)
- return;
-
- pending_tx_info = &vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx];
-
- head = pending_tx_info->head;
-
- BUG_ON(!pending_tx_is_head(vif, head));
- BUG_ON(vif->pending_ring[pending_index(head)] != pending_idx);
-
- do {
- pending_ring_idx_t index;
- pending_ring_idx_t idx = pending_index(head);
- u16 info_idx = vif->pending_ring[idx];
-
- pending_tx_info = &vif->pending_tx_info[info_idx];
+ pending_tx_info = &vif->pending_tx_info[pending_idx];
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&vif->response_lock, flags);
make_tx_response(vif, &pending_tx_info->req, status);
-
- /* Setting any number other than
- * INVALID_PENDING_RING_IDX indicates this slot is
- * starting a new packet / ending a previous packet.
- */
- pending_tx_info->head = 0;
-
- index = pending_index(vif->pending_prod++);
- vif->pending_ring[index] = vif->pending_ring[info_idx];
-
- peek = vif->pending_ring[pending_index(++head)];
-
- } while (!pending_tx_is_head(vif, peek));
-
- put_page(vif->mmap_pages[pending_idx]);
- vif->mmap_pages[pending_idx] = NULL;
+ index = pending_index(vif->pending_prod);
+ vif->pending_ring[index] = pending_idx;
+ /* TX shouldn't use the index before we give it back here */
+ mb();
+ vif->pending_prod++;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vif->response_lock, flags);
}

void xenvif_idx_unmap(struct xenvif *vif, u16 pending_idx)

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