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Subject[PATCH 11/32] aio: Make aio_put_req() lockless
Date
Freeing a kiocb needed to touch the kioctx for three things:

* Pull it off the reqs_active list
* Decrementing reqs_active
* Issuing a wakeup, if the kioctx was in the process of being freed.

This patch moves these to aio_complete(), for a couple reasons:

* aio_complete() already has to issue the wakeup, so if we drop the
kioctx refcount before aio_complete does its wakeup we don't have to
do it twice.
* aio_complete currently has to take the kioctx lock, so it makes sense
for it to pull the kiocb off the reqs_active list too.
* A later patch is going to change reqs_active to include unreaped
completions - this will mean allocating a kiocb doesn't have to look
at the ringbuffer. So taking the decrement of reqs_active out of
kiocb_free() is useful prep work for that patch.

This doesn't really affect cancellation, since existing (usb) code that
implements a cancel function still calls aio_complete() - we just have
to make sure that aio_complete does the necessary teardown for cancelled
kiocbs.

It does affect code paths where we free kiocbs that were never
submitted; they need to decrement reqs_active and pull the kiocb off the
reqs_active list. This occurs in two places: kiocb_batch_free(), which
is going away in a later patch, and the error path in io_submit_one.

Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com>
---
fs/aio.c | 85 +++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------------
include/linux/aio.h | 4 +--
2 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 54 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/aio.c b/fs/aio.c
index db6cb02..37eac67 100644
--- a/fs/aio.c
+++ b/fs/aio.c
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ struct kioctx {

spinlock_t ctx_lock;

- int reqs_active;
+ atomic_t reqs_active;
struct list_head active_reqs; /* used for cancellation */

/* sys_io_setup currently limits this to an unsigned int */
@@ -247,7 +247,7 @@ static void ctx_rcu_free(struct rcu_head *head)
static void __put_ioctx(struct kioctx *ctx)
{
unsigned nr_events = ctx->max_reqs;
- BUG_ON(ctx->reqs_active);
+ BUG_ON(atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_active));

aio_free_ring(ctx);
if (nr_events) {
@@ -281,7 +281,7 @@ static int kiocb_cancel(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb *kiocb,
cancel = kiocb->ki_cancel;
kiocbSetCancelled(kiocb);
if (cancel) {
- kiocb->ki_users++;
+ atomic_inc(&kiocb->ki_users);
spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);

memset(res, 0, sizeof(*res));
@@ -380,12 +380,12 @@ static void kill_ctx(struct kioctx *ctx)
kiocb_cancel(ctx, req, &res);
}

- if (!ctx->reqs_active)
+ if (!atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_active))
goto out;

add_wait_queue(&ctx->wait, &wait);
set_task_state(tsk, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
- while (ctx->reqs_active) {
+ while (atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_active)) {
spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
io_schedule();
set_task_state(tsk, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
@@ -403,9 +403,9 @@ out:
*/
ssize_t wait_on_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *iocb)
{
- while (iocb->ki_users) {
+ while (atomic_read(&iocb->ki_users)) {
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
- if (!iocb->ki_users)
+ if (!atomic_read(&iocb->ki_users))
break;
io_schedule();
}
@@ -435,7 +435,7 @@ void exit_aio(struct mm_struct *mm)
printk(KERN_DEBUG
"exit_aio:ioctx still alive: %d %d %d\n",
atomic_read(&ctx->users), ctx->dead,
- ctx->reqs_active);
+ atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_active));
/*
* We don't need to bother with munmap() here -
* exit_mmap(mm) is coming and it'll unmap everything.
@@ -450,11 +450,11 @@ void exit_aio(struct mm_struct *mm)
}

/* aio_get_req
- * Allocate a slot for an aio request. Increments the users count
+ * Allocate a slot for an aio request. Increments the ki_users count
* of the kioctx so that the kioctx stays around until all requests are
* complete. Returns NULL if no requests are free.
*
- * Returns with kiocb->users set to 2. The io submit code path holds
+ * Returns with kiocb->ki_users set to 2. The io submit code path holds
* an extra reference while submitting the i/o.
* This prevents races between the aio code path referencing the
* req (after submitting it) and aio_complete() freeing the req.
@@ -468,7 +468,7 @@ static struct kiocb *__aio_get_req(struct kioctx *ctx)
return NULL;

req->ki_flags = 0;
- req->ki_users = 2;
+ atomic_set(&req->ki_users, 2);
req->ki_key = 0;
req->ki_ctx = ctx;
req->ki_cancel = NULL;
@@ -509,9 +509,9 @@ static void kiocb_batch_free(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb_batch *batch)
list_del(&req->ki_batch);
list_del(&req->ki_list);
kmem_cache_free(kiocb_cachep, req);
- ctx->reqs_active--;
+ atomic_dec(&ctx->reqs_active);
}
- if (unlikely(!ctx->reqs_active && ctx->dead))
+ if (unlikely(!atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_active) && ctx->dead))
wake_up_all(&ctx->wait);
spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
}
@@ -542,7 +542,7 @@ static int kiocb_batch_refill(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb_batch *batch)
spin_lock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
ring = kmap_atomic(ctx->ring_info.ring_pages[0]);

- avail = aio_ring_avail(&ctx->ring_info, ring) - ctx->reqs_active;
+ avail = aio_ring_avail(&ctx->ring_info, ring) - atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_active);
BUG_ON(avail < 0);
if (avail < allocated) {
/* Trim back the number of requests. */
@@ -557,7 +557,7 @@ static int kiocb_batch_refill(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb_batch *batch)
batch->count -= allocated;
list_for_each_entry(req, &batch->head, ki_batch) {
list_add(&req->ki_list, &ctx->active_reqs);
- ctx->reqs_active++;
+ atomic_inc(&ctx->reqs_active);
}

kunmap_atomic(ring);
@@ -580,10 +580,8 @@ static inline struct kiocb *aio_get_req(struct kioctx *ctx,
return req;
}

-static inline void really_put_req(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb *req)
+static void kiocb_free(struct kiocb *req)
{
- assert_spin_locked(&ctx->ctx_lock);
-
if (req->ki_filp)
fput(req->ki_filp);
if (req->ki_eventfd != NULL)
@@ -593,40 +591,12 @@ static inline void really_put_req(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb *req)
if (req->ki_iovec != &req->ki_inline_vec)
kfree(req->ki_iovec);
kmem_cache_free(kiocb_cachep, req);
- ctx->reqs_active--;
-
- if (unlikely(!ctx->reqs_active && ctx->dead))
- wake_up_all(&ctx->wait);
}

-/* __aio_put_req
- * Returns true if this put was the last user of the request.
- */
-static void __aio_put_req(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb *req)
-{
- assert_spin_locked(&ctx->ctx_lock);
-
- req->ki_users--;
- BUG_ON(req->ki_users < 0);
- if (likely(req->ki_users))
- return;
- list_del(&req->ki_list); /* remove from active_reqs */
- req->ki_cancel = NULL;
- req->ki_retry = NULL;
-
- really_put_req(ctx, req);
-}
-
-/* aio_put_req
- * Returns true if this put was the last user of the kiocb,
- * false if the request is still in use.
- */
void aio_put_req(struct kiocb *req)
{
- struct kioctx *ctx = req->ki_ctx;
- spin_lock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
- __aio_put_req(ctx, req);
- spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&req->ki_users))
+ kiocb_free(req);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(aio_put_req);

@@ -675,9 +645,9 @@ void aio_complete(struct kiocb *iocb, long res, long res2)
* - the sync task helpfully left a reference to itself in the iocb
*/
if (is_sync_kiocb(iocb)) {
- BUG_ON(iocb->ki_users != 1);
+ BUG_ON(atomic_read(&iocb->ki_users) != 1);
iocb->ki_user_data = res;
- iocb->ki_users = 0;
+ atomic_set(&iocb->ki_users, 0);
wake_up_process(iocb->ki_obj.tsk);
return;
}
@@ -692,6 +662,8 @@ void aio_complete(struct kiocb *iocb, long res, long res2)
*/
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->ctx_lock, flags);

+ list_del(&iocb->ki_list); /* remove from active_reqs */
+
/*
* cancelled requests don't get events, userland was given one
* when the event got cancelled.
@@ -738,7 +710,8 @@ void aio_complete(struct kiocb *iocb, long res, long res2)

put_rq:
/* everything turned out well, dispose of the aiocb. */
- __aio_put_req(ctx, iocb);
+ aio_put_req(iocb);
+ atomic_dec(&ctx->reqs_active);

/*
* We have to order our ring_info tail store above and test
@@ -903,7 +876,7 @@ static int read_events(struct kioctx *ctx,
break;
/* Try to only show up in io wait if there are ops
* in flight */
- if (ctx->reqs_active)
+ if (atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_active))
io_schedule();
else
schedule();
@@ -1362,6 +1335,14 @@ static int io_submit_one(struct kioctx *ctx, struct iocb __user *user_iocb,
return 0;

out_put_req:
+ spin_lock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
+ list_del(&req->ki_list);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
+
+ atomic_dec(&ctx->reqs_active);
+ if (unlikely(!atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_active) && ctx->dead))
+ wake_up_all(&ctx->wait);
+
aio_put_req(req); /* drop extra ref to req */
aio_put_req(req); /* drop i/o ref to req */
return ret;
diff --git a/include/linux/aio.h b/include/linux/aio.h
index 7b1eb23..1e728f0 100644
--- a/include/linux/aio.h
+++ b/include/linux/aio.h
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ struct kioctx;
*/
struct kiocb {
unsigned long ki_flags;
- int ki_users;
+ atomic_t ki_users;
unsigned ki_key; /* id of this request */

struct file *ki_filp;
@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb)
static inline void init_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct file *filp)
{
*kiocb = (struct kiocb) {
- .ki_users = 1,
+ .ki_users = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
.ki_key = KIOCB_SYNC_KEY,
.ki_filp = filp,
.ki_obj.tsk = current,
--
1.7.12


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