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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/6] bitops: let optimize out non-atomic bitops on compile-time constants
On Mon, Jun 06, 2022 at 01:49:01PM +0200, Alexander Lobakin wrote:
> While I was working on converting some structure fields from a fixed
> type to a bitmap, I started observing code size increase not only in
> places where the code works with the converted structure fields, but
> also where the converted vars were on the stack. That said, the
> following code:
>
> DECLARE_BITMAP(foo, BITS_PER_LONG) = { }; // -> unsigned long foo[1];
> unsigned long bar = BIT(BAR_BIT);
> unsigned long baz = 0;
>
> __set_bit(FOO_BIT, foo);
> baz |= BIT(BAZ_BIT);
>
> BUILD_BUG_ON(!__builtin_constant_p(test_bit(FOO_BIT, foo));
> BUILD_BUG_ON(!__builtin_constant_p(bar & BAR_BIT));
> BUILD_BUG_ON(!__builtin_constant_p(baz & BAZ_BIT));
>
> triggers the first assertion on x86_64, which means that the
> compiler is unable to evaluate it to a compile-time initializer
> when the architecture-specific bitop is used even if it's obvious.
> I found that this is due to that many architecture-specific
> non-atomic bitop implementations use inline asm or other hacks which
> are faster or more robust when working with "real" variables (i.e.
> fields from the structures etc.), but the compilers have no clue how
> to optimize them out when called on compile-time constants.
>
> So, in order to let the compiler optimize out such cases, expand the
> test_bit() and __*_bit() definitions with a compile-time condition
> check, so that they will pick the generic C non-atomic bitop
> implementations when all of the arguments passed are compile-time
> constants, which means that the result will be a compile-time
> constant as well and the compiler will produce more efficient and
> simple code in 100% cases (no changes when there's at least one
> non-compile-time-constant argument).
> The condition itself:
>
> if (
> __builtin_constant_p(nr) && /* <- bit position is constant */
> __builtin_constant_p(!!addr) && /* <- compiler knows bitmap addr is
> always either NULL or not */
> addr && /* <- bitmap addr is not NULL */
> __builtin_constant_p(*addr) /* <- compiler knows the value of
> the target bitmap */
> )
> /* then pick the generic C variant
> else
> /* old code path, arch-specific
>
> I also tried __is_constexpr() as suggested by Andy, but it was
> always returning 0 ('not a constant') for the 2,3 and 4th
> conditions.
>
> The savings on x86_64 with LLVM are insane (.text):
>
> $ scripts/bloat-o-meter -c vmlinux.{base,test}
> add/remove: 72/75 grow/shrink: 182/518 up/down: 53925/-137810 (-83885)

FWIW, I gave this series a spin on arm64 with GCC 11.1.0 and LLVM 14.0.0. Using
defconfig and v5.19-rc1 as a baseline, and we get about half that difference
with LLVM (and ~1/20th when using GCC):

% ./scripts/bloat-o-meter -t vmlinux-llvm-baseline vmlinux-llvm-bitops
add/remove: 21/11 grow/shrink: 620/651 up/down: 12060/-15824 (-3764)
...
Total: Before=16874812, After=16871048, chg -0.02%

% ./scripts/bloat-o-meter -t vmlinux-gcc-baseline vmlinux-gcc-bitops
add/remove: 92/29 grow/shrink: 933/2766 up/down: 39340/-82580 (-43240)
...
Total: Before=16337480, After=16294240, chg -0.26%

The vmlinux files are correspondingly smaller:

% ls -al vmlinux-*
-rwxr-xr-x 1 mark mark 44262216 Jun 6 13:58 vmlinux-gcc-baseline
-rwxr-xr-x 1 mark mark 44265240 Jun 6 14:01 vmlinux-gcc-bitops
-rwxr-xr-x 1 mark mark 43573760 Jun 6 14:07 vmlinux-llvm-baseline
-rwxr-xr-x 1 mark mark 43572560 Jun 6 14:11 vmlinux-llvm-bitops

... though due to padding and alignment, the resulting Image is the same size:

% ls -al Image*
-rw-r--r-- 1 mark mark 36311552 Jun 6 13:58 Image-gcc-baseline
-rw-r--r-- 1 mark mark 36311552 Jun 6 14:01 Image-gcc-bitops
-rwxr-xr-x 1 mark mark 31218176 Jun 6 14:07 Image-llvm-baseline
-rwxr-xr-x 1 mark mark 31218176 Jun 6 14:11 Image-llvm-bitops

(as an aside, I need to go look at why the GCC Image is 5MB larger!).

Overall this looks like a nice cleanup/rework; I'll take a look over the
remaining patches in a bit.

Thanks,
Mark.

>
> $ scripts/bloat-o-meter -c vmlinux.{base,mod}
> add/remove: 7/1 grow/shrink: 1/19 up/down: 1135/-4082 (-2947)
>
> $ scripts/bloat-o-meter -c vmlinux.{base,all}
> add/remove: 79/76 grow/shrink: 184/537 up/down: 55076/-141892 (-86816)
>
> And the following:
>
> DECLARE_BITMAP(flags, __IP_TUNNEL_FLAG_NUM) = { };
> __be16 flags;
>
> __set_bit(IP_TUNNEL_CSUM_BIT, flags);
>
> tun_flags = cpu_to_be16(*flags & U16_MAX);
>
> if (test_bit(IP_TUNNEL_VTI_BIT, flags))
> tun_flags |= VTI_ISVTI;
>
> BUILD_BUG_ON(!__builtin_constant_p(tun_flags));
>
> doesn't blow up anymore.
>
> The series has been in intel-next for a while with no reported issues.
> Also available on my open GH[0].
>
> [0] https://github.com/alobakin/linux/commits/bitops
>
> Alexander Lobakin (6):
> ia64, processor: fix -Wincompatible-pointer-types in ia64_get_irr()
> bitops: always define asm-generic non-atomic bitops
> bitops: define gen_test_bit() the same way as the rest of functions
> bitops: unify non-atomic bitops prototypes across architectures
> bitops: wrap non-atomic bitops with a transparent macro
> bitops: let optimize out non-atomic bitops on compile-time constants
>
> arch/alpha/include/asm/bitops.h | 28 ++--
> arch/hexagon/include/asm/bitops.h | 23 ++--
> arch/ia64/include/asm/bitops.h | 40 +++---
> arch/ia64/include/asm/processor.h | 2 +-
> arch/m68k/include/asm/bitops.h | 47 +++++--
> arch/sh/include/asm/bitops-op32.h | 32 +++--
> arch/sparc/include/asm/bitops_32.h | 18 +--
> arch/sparc/lib/atomic32.c | 12 +-
> .../asm-generic/bitops/generic-non-atomic.h | 128 ++++++++++++++++++
> .../bitops/instrumented-non-atomic.h | 35 +++--
> include/asm-generic/bitops/non-atomic.h | 123 ++---------------
> include/linux/bitops.h | 45 ++++++
> tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/non-atomic.h | 34 +++--
> tools/include/linux/bitops.h | 16 +++
> 14 files changed, 363 insertions(+), 220 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 include/asm-generic/bitops/generic-non-atomic.h
>
> base-commit: f2906aa863381afb0015a9eb7fefad885d4e5a56
> --
> 2.36.1
>

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