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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/6] bitops: define gen_test_bit() the same way as the rest of functions
On Mon, Jun 06, 2022 at 01:49PM +0200, Alexander Lobakin wrote:
> Currently, the generic test_bit() function is defined as a one-liner
> and in case with constant bitmaps the compiler is unable to optimize
> it to a constant. At the same time, gen_test_and_*_bit() are being
> optimized pretty good.
> Define gen_test_bit() the same way as they are defined.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Lobakin <alexandr.lobakin@intel.com>
> ---
> include/asm-generic/bitops/generic-non-atomic.h | 6 +++++-
> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/asm-generic/bitops/generic-non-atomic.h b/include/asm-generic/bitops/generic-non-atomic.h
> index 7a60adfa6e7d..202d8a3b40e1 100644
> --- a/include/asm-generic/bitops/generic-non-atomic.h
> +++ b/include/asm-generic/bitops/generic-non-atomic.h
> @@ -118,7 +118,11 @@ gen___test_and_change_bit(unsigned int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
> static __always_inline int
> gen_test_bit(unsigned int nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr)
> {
> - return 1UL & (addr[BIT_WORD(nr)] >> (nr & (BITS_PER_LONG-1)));
> + const unsigned long *p = (const unsigned long *)addr + BIT_WORD(nr);
> + unsigned long mask = BIT_MASK(nr);
> + unsigned long val = *p;
> +
> + return !!(val & mask);

Unfortunately this makes the dereference of 'addr' non-volatile, and
effectively weakens test_bit() to the point where I'd no longer consider
it atomic. Per atomic_bitops.txt, test_bit() is atomic.

The generic version has been using a volatile access to make it atomic
(akin to generic READ_ONCE() casting to volatile). The volatile is also
the reason the compiler can't optimize much, because volatile forces a
real memory access.

Yes, confusingly, test_bit() lives in non-atomic.h, and this had caused
confusion before, but the decision was made that moving it will cause
headaches for ppc so it was left alone:
https://lore.kernel.org/all/87a78xgu8o.fsf@dja-thinkpad.axtens.net/T/#u

As for how to make test_bit() more compiler-optimization friendly, I'm
guessing that test_bit() needs some special casing where even the
generic arch_test_bit() is different from the gen_test_bit().
gen_test_bit() should probably assert that whatever it is called with
can actually be evaluated at compile-time so it is never accidentally
used otherwise.

I would also propose adding a comment close to the deref that test_bit()
is atomic and the deref needs to remain volatile, so future people will
not try to do the same optimization.

Thanks,
-- Marco

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