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Subject[PATCH 0/8] migrate_pages(): batch TLB flushing
From: "Huang, Ying" <>

Now, migrate_pages() migrate folios one by one, like the fake code as

for each folio
flush TLB
restore map

If multiple folios are passed to migrate_pages(), there are
opportunities to batch the TLB flushing and copying. That is, we can
change the code to something as follows,

for each folio
for each folio
flush TLB
for each folio
for each folio
restore map

The total number of TLB flushing IPI can be reduced considerably. And
we may use some hardware accelerator such as DSA to accelerate the
folio copying.

So in this patch, we refactor the migrate_pages() implementation and
implement the TLB flushing batching. Base on this, hardware
accelerated folio copying can be implemented.

If too many folios are passed to migrate_pages(), in the naive batched
implementation, we may unmap too many folios at the same time. The
possibility for a task to wait for the migrated folios to be mapped
again increases. So the latency may be hurt. To deal with this
issue, the max number of folios be unmapped in batch is restricted to
no more than HPAGE_PMD_NR in the unit of page. That is, the influence
is at the same level of THP migration.

We use the following test to measure the performance impact of the

On a 2-socket Intel server,

- Run pmbench memory accessing benchmark

- Run `migratepages` to migrate pages of pmbench between node 0 and
node 1 back and forth.

With the patch, the TLB flushing IPI reduces 99.1% during the test and
the number of pages migrated successfully per second increases 291.7%.

This patchset is based on mm-unstable.


from rfc to v1:

- Rebased on v6.2-rc1

- Fix the deadlock issue caused by locking multiple pages synchronously
per Alistair's comments. Thanks!

- Fix the autonumabench panic per Rao's comments and fix. Thanks!

- Other minor fixes per comments. Thanks!

Best Regards,
Huang, Ying

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