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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH V3 16/16] x86/sev: Fix interrupt exit code paths from #HV exception
On Sat, 21 Jan 2023 21:46:06 -0500
Tianyu Lan <ltykernel@gmail.com> wrote:

> From: Ashish Kalra <ashish.kalra@amd.com>
>
> Add checks in interrupt exit code paths in case of returns
> to user mode to check if currently executing the #HV handler
> then don't follow the irqentry_exit_to_user_mode path as
> that can potentially cause the #HV handler to be
> preempted and rescheduled on another CPU. Rescheduled #HV
> handler on another cpu will cause interrupts to be handled
> on a different cpu than the injected one, causing
> invalid EOIs and missed/lost guest interrupts and
> corresponding hangs and/or per-cpu IRQs handled on
> non-intended cpu.
>

Why doesn't this problem happen in #VC handler? As #VC handler doesn't have
this special handling.

> Signed-off-by: Ashish Kalra <ashish.kalra@amd.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kernel/sev.c | 30 +++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 96 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h
> index 652fea10d377..45b47132be7c 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h
> @@ -13,6 +13,10 @@
>
> #include <asm/irq_stack.h>
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
> +noinstr void irqentry_exit_hv_cond(struct pt_regs *regs, irqentry_state_t state);
> +#endif
> +
> /**
> * DECLARE_IDTENTRY - Declare functions for simple IDT entry points
> * No error code pushed by hardware
> @@ -176,6 +180,7 @@ __visible noinstr void func(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code)
> #define DECLARE_IDTENTRY_IRQ(vector, func) \
> DECLARE_IDTENTRY_ERRORCODE(vector, func)
>
> +#ifndef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
> /**
> * DEFINE_IDTENTRY_IRQ - Emit code for device interrupt IDT entry points
> * @func: Function name of the entry point
> @@ -205,6 +210,26 @@ __visible noinstr void func(struct pt_regs *regs, \
> } \
> \
> static noinline void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 vector)
> +#else
> +
> +#define DEFINE_IDTENTRY_IRQ(func) \
> +static void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 vector); \
> + \
> +__visible noinstr void func(struct pt_regs *regs, \
> + unsigned long error_code) \
> +{ \
> + irqentry_state_t state = irqentry_enter(regs); \
> + u32 vector = (u32)(u8)error_code; \
> + \
> + instrumentation_begin(); \
> + kvm_set_cpu_l1tf_flush_l1d(); \
> + run_irq_on_irqstack_cond(__##func, regs, vector); \
> + instrumentation_end(); \
> + irqentry_exit_hv_cond(regs, state); \
> +} \
> + \
> +static noinline void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 vector)
> +#endif
>
> /**
> * DECLARE_IDTENTRY_SYSVEC - Declare functions for system vector entry points
> @@ -221,6 +246,7 @@ static noinline void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 vector)
> #define DECLARE_IDTENTRY_SYSVEC(vector, func) \
> DECLARE_IDTENTRY(vector, func)
>
> +#ifndef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
> /**
> * DEFINE_IDTENTRY_SYSVEC - Emit code for system vector IDT entry points
> * @func: Function name of the entry point
> @@ -245,6 +271,26 @@ __visible noinstr void func(struct pt_regs *regs) \
> } \
> \
> static noinline void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +#else
> +
> +#define DEFINE_IDTENTRY_SYSVEC(func) \
> +static void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs); \
> + \
> +__visible noinstr void func(struct pt_regs *regs) \
> +{ \
> + irqentry_state_t state = irqentry_enter(regs); \
> + \
> + instrumentation_begin(); \
> + kvm_set_cpu_l1tf_flush_l1d(); \
> + run_sysvec_on_irqstack_cond(__##func, regs); \
> + instrumentation_end(); \
> + irqentry_exit_hv_cond(regs, state); \
> +} \
> + \
> +static noinline void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifndef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
>
> /**
> * DEFINE_IDTENTRY_SYSVEC_SIMPLE - Emit code for simple system vector IDT
> @@ -274,6 +320,26 @@ __visible noinstr void func(struct pt_regs *regs) \
> } \
> \
> static __always_inline void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +#else
> +
> +#define DEFINE_IDTENTRY_SYSVEC_SIMPLE(func) \
> +static __always_inline void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs); \
> + \
> +__visible noinstr void func(struct pt_regs *regs) \
> +{ \
> + irqentry_state_t state = irqentry_enter(regs); \
> + \
> + instrumentation_begin(); \
> + __irq_enter_raw(); \
> + kvm_set_cpu_l1tf_flush_l1d(); \
> + __##func(regs); \
> + __irq_exit_raw(); \
> + instrumentation_end(); \
> + irqentry_exit_hv_cond(regs, state); \
> +} \
> + \
> +static __always_inline void __##func(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +#endif
>
> /**
> * DECLARE_IDTENTRY_XENCB - Declare functions for XEN HV callback entry point
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/sev.c b/arch/x86/kernel/sev.c
> index b1a98c2a52f8..23f15e95838b 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/sev.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/sev.c
> @@ -147,6 +147,10 @@ struct sev_hv_doorbell_page {
>
> struct sev_snp_runtime_data {
> struct sev_hv_doorbell_page hv_doorbell_page;
> + /*
> + * Indication that we are currently handling #HV events.
> + */
> + bool hv_handling_events;
> };
>
> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct sev_snp_runtime_data*, snp_runtime_data);
> @@ -200,6 +204,8 @@ static void do_exc_hv(struct pt_regs *regs)
> union hv_pending_events pending_events;
> u8 vector;
>
> + this_cpu_read(snp_runtime_data)->hv_handling_events = true;
> +
> while (sev_hv_pending()) {
> pending_events.events = xchg(
> &sev_snp_current_doorbell_page()->pending_events.events,
> @@ -234,6 +240,8 @@ static void do_exc_hv(struct pt_regs *regs)
> common_interrupt(regs, pending_events.vector);
> }
> }
> +
> + this_cpu_read(snp_runtime_data)->hv_handling_events = false;
> }
>
> static __always_inline bool on_vc_stack(struct pt_regs *regs)
> @@ -2529,3 +2537,25 @@ static int __init snp_init_platform_device(void)
> return 0;
> }
> device_initcall(snp_init_platform_device);
> +
> +noinstr void irqentry_exit_hv_cond(struct pt_regs *regs, irqentry_state_t state)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Check whether this returns to user mode, if so and if
> + * we are currently executing the #HV handler then we don't
> + * want to follow the irqentry_exit_to_user_mode path as
> + * that can potentially cause the #HV handler to be
> + * preempted and rescheduled on another CPU. Rescheduled #HV
> + * handler on another cpu will cause interrupts to be handled
> + * on a different cpu than the injected one, causing
> + * invalid EOIs and missed/lost guest interrupts and
> + * corresponding hangs and/or per-cpu IRQs handled on
> + * non-intended cpu.
> + */
> + if (user_mode(regs) &&
> + this_cpu_read(snp_runtime_data)->hv_handling_events)
> + return;
> +
> + /* follow normal interrupt return/exit path */
> + irqentry_exit(regs, state);
> +}

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