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Subject[PATCH 3/6] kbuild: rust_is_available: add check for `bindgen` invocation
`scripts/` calls `bindgen` with a special
header in order to check whether the `libclang` version in use
is suitable.

However, the invocation itself may fail if, for instance, `bindgen`
cannot locate `libclang`. This is fine for Kconfig (since the
script will still fail and therefore disable Rust as it should),
but it is pretty confusing for users of the `rustavailable` target
given the error will be unrelated:

./scripts/ 21: arithmetic expression: expecting primary: "100000 * + 100 * + "
make: *** [Makefile:1816: rustavailable] Error 2

Instead, run the `bindgen` invocation independently in a previous
step, saving its output and return code. If it fails, then show
the user a proper error message. Otherwise, continue as usual
with the saved output.

Since the previous patch we show a reference to the docs, and
the docs now explain how `bindgen` looks for `libclang`,
thus the error message can leverage the documentation, avoiding
duplication here (and making users aware of the setup guide in
the documentation).

Reported-by: Nick Desaulniers <>
Reported-by: fvalenduc (@fvalenduc)
Reported-by: Alexandru Radovici <>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <>
scripts/ | 23 ++++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/scripts/ b/scripts/
index c907cf881c2c..cd87729ca3bf 100755
--- a/scripts/
+++ b/scripts/
@@ -108,8 +108,29 @@ if [ "$rust_bindings_generator_cversion" -gt "$rust_bindings_generator_min_cvers

# Check that the `libclang` used by the Rust bindings generator is suitable.
+# In order to do that, first invoke `bindgen` to get the `libclang` version
+# found by `bindgen`. This step may already fail if, for instance, `libclang`
+# is not found, thus inform the user in such a case.
+set +e
+bindgen_libclang_output=$(LC_ALL=C "$BINDGEN" $(dirname $0)/rust_is_available_bindgen_libclang.h 2>&1 >/dev/null)
+set -e
+if [ $bindgen_libclang_code -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo >&2 "***"
+ echo >&2 "*** Running '$BINDGEN' to check the libclang version (used by the Rust"
+ echo >&2 "*** bindings generator) failed with code $bindgen_libclang_code. This may be caused by"
+ echo >&2 "*** a failure to locate libclang. See output and docs below for details:"
+ echo >&2 "***"
+ echo >&2 "$bindgen_libclang_output"
+ echo >&2 "***"
+ exit 1
+# `bindgen` returned successfully, thus use the output to check that the version
+# of the `libclang` found by the Rust bindings generator is suitable.
bindgen_libclang_version=$( \
- LC_ALL=C "$BINDGEN" $(dirname $0)/rust_is_available_bindgen_libclang.h 2>&1 >/dev/null \
+ echo "$bindgen_libclang_output" \
| grep -F 'clang version ' \
| grep -oE '[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+' \
| head -n 1 \
 \ /
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