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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] memblock,arm64: Expand the static memblock memory table
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Hello Zhou,

On 5/27/22 14:48, Zhou Guanghui wrote:
> In a system using HBM, a multi-bit ECC error occurs, and the BIOS
> will mark the corresponding area (for example, 2 MB) as unusable.
> When the system restarts next time, these areas are not reported
> or reported as EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY. Both cases lead to an increase
> in the number of memblocks, whereas EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY leads to a
> larger number of memblocks.
>
> For example, if the EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY type is reported:
> ...
> memory[0x92] [0x0000200834a00000-0x0000200835bfffff], 0x0000000001200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x0
> memory[0x93] [0x0000200835c00000-0x0000200835dfffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x4
> memory[0x94] [0x0000200835e00000-0x00002008367fffff], 0x0000000000a00000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x0
> memory[0x95] [0x0000200836800000-0x00002008369fffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x4
> memory[0x96] [0x0000200836a00000-0x0000200837bfffff], 0x0000000001200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x0
> memory[0x97] [0x0000200837c00000-0x0000200837dfffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x4
> memory[0x98] [0x0000200837e00000-0x000020087fffffff], 0x0000000048200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x0
> memory[0x99] [0x0000200880000000-0x0000200bcfffffff], 0x0000000350000000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x0
> memory[0x9a] [0x0000200bd0000000-0x0000200bd01fffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x4
> memory[0x9b] [0x0000200bd0200000-0x0000200bd07fffff], 0x0000000000600000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x0
> memory[0x9c] [0x0000200bd0800000-0x0000200bd09fffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x4
> memory[0x9d] [0x0000200bd0a00000-0x0000200fcfffffff], 0x00000003ff600000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x0
> memory[0x9e] [0x0000200fd0000000-0x0000200fd01fffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x4
> memory[0x9f] [0x0000200fd0200000-0x0000200fffffffff], 0x000000002fe00000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x0
> ...

Although this patch did not mention about a real world system requiring
this support, as been reported on the thread, Ampere Altra does seem to
get benefited. Regardless, it's always better to describe platform test
scenarios in more detail.

>
> The EFI memory map is parsed to construct the memblock arrays before
> the memblock arrays can be resized. As the result, memory regions
> beyond INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS are lost.
>
> Allow overriding memblock.memory array size with architecture defined
> INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS and make arm64 to set
> INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS to 1024 when CONFIG_EFI is enabled.

Right, but first this needs to mention that INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS
(new macro) is being added to replace INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS, representing
max memory regions in the memblock. Platform override comes afterwards.

>
> Signed-off-by: Zhou Guanghui <zhouguanghui1@huawei.com>
> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h | 9 +++++++++
> mm/memblock.c | 14 +++++++++-----
> 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
> index 0af70d9abede..eda61c0389c4 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
> @@ -364,6 +364,15 @@ void dump_mem_limit(void);
> # define INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS + NR_CPUS + 1)
> #endif
>
> +/*
> + * memory regions which marked with flag MEMBLOCK_NOMAP may divide a continuous
> + * memory block into multiple parts. As a result, the number of memory regions
> + * is large.
> + */

As mentioned in the previous version's thread,

This comment needs be more specific about this increased static array size, being
applicable ONLY for MEMBLOCK_NOMAP regions on EFI system with EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY
tagging/flag support.

> +#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
> +#define INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS 1024

Although 1024 seems adequate as compared to 128 memory regions in the memblock to
handle such error scenarios, but a co-relation with INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS would
be preferred similar to when INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS gets overridden. This
avoid a precedence when random numbers could get assigned in other archs later on.

$git grep INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS arch/
arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h:# define INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS + NR_CPUS + 1)
arch/loongarch/include/asm/sparsemem.h:#define INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS + NR_CPUS)

Something like

#define INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS * 8)

> +#endif
> +
> #include <asm-generic/memory_model.h>
>
> #endif /* __ASM_MEMORY_H */
> diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
> index e4f03a6e8e56..7c63571a69d7 100644
> --- a/mm/memblock.c
> +++ b/mm/memblock.c
> @@ -29,6 +29,10 @@
> # define INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS
> #endif
>
> +#ifndef INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS
> +#define INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS
> +#endif
> +
> /**
> * DOC: memblock overview
> *
> @@ -55,9 +59,9 @@
> * the allocator metadata. The "memory" and "reserved" types are nicely
> * wrapped with struct memblock. This structure is statically
> * initialized at build time. The region arrays are initially sized to
> - * %INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS for "memory" and %INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS
> - * for "reserved". The region array for "physmem" is initially sized to
> - * %INIT_PHYSMEM_REGIONS.
> + * %INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS for "memory" and
> + * %INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS for "reserved". The region array
> + * for "physmem" is initially sized to %INIT_PHYSMEM_REGIONS.
> * The memblock_allow_resize() enables automatic resizing of the region
> * arrays during addition of new regions. This feature should be used
> * with care so that memory allocated for the region array will not
> @@ -102,7 +106,7 @@ unsigned long min_low_pfn;
> unsigned long max_pfn;
> unsigned long long max_possible_pfn;
>
> -static struct memblock_region memblock_memory_init_regions[INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS] __initdata_memblock;
> +static struct memblock_region memblock_memory_init_regions[INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS] __initdata_memblock;
> static struct memblock_region memblock_reserved_init_regions[INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS] __initdata_memblock;
> #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_PHYS_MAP
> static struct memblock_region memblock_physmem_init_regions[INIT_PHYSMEM_REGIONS];
> @@ -111,7 +115,7 @@ static struct memblock_region memblock_physmem_init_regions[INIT_PHYSMEM_REGIONS
> struct memblock memblock __initdata_memblock = {
> .memory.regions = memblock_memory_init_regions,
> .memory.cnt = 1, /* empty dummy entry */
> - .memory.max = INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS,
> + .memory.max = INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS,
> .memory.name = "memory",
>
> .reserved.regions = memblock_reserved_init_regions,

- Anshuman

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