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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] memblock,arm64: Expand the static memblock memory table
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On 6/13/22 11:33, Zhouguanghui wrote:
> 在 2022/6/7 14:43, Anshuman Khandual 写道:
>> Hello Zhou,
>>
>> On 5/27/22 14:48, Zhou Guanghui wrote:
>>> In a system using HBM, a multi-bit ECC error occurs, and the BIOS
>>> will mark the corresponding area (for example, 2 MB) as unusable.
>>> When the system restarts next time, these areas are not reported
>>> or reported as EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY. Both cases lead to an increase
>>> in the number of memblocks, whereas EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY leads to a
>>> larger number of memblocks.
>>>
>>> For example, if the EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY type is reported:
>>> ...
>>> memory[0x92] [0x0000200834a00000-0x0000200835bfffff], 0x0000000001200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x0
>>> memory[0x93] [0x0000200835c00000-0x0000200835dfffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x4
>>> memory[0x94] [0x0000200835e00000-0x00002008367fffff], 0x0000000000a00000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x0
>>> memory[0x95] [0x0000200836800000-0x00002008369fffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x4
>>> memory[0x96] [0x0000200836a00000-0x0000200837bfffff], 0x0000000001200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x0
>>> memory[0x97] [0x0000200837c00000-0x0000200837dfffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x4
>>> memory[0x98] [0x0000200837e00000-0x000020087fffffff], 0x0000000048200000 bytes on node 7 flags: 0x0
>>> memory[0x99] [0x0000200880000000-0x0000200bcfffffff], 0x0000000350000000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x0
>>> memory[0x9a] [0x0000200bd0000000-0x0000200bd01fffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x4
>>> memory[0x9b] [0x0000200bd0200000-0x0000200bd07fffff], 0x0000000000600000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x0
>>> memory[0x9c] [0x0000200bd0800000-0x0000200bd09fffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x4
>>> memory[0x9d] [0x0000200bd0a00000-0x0000200fcfffffff], 0x00000003ff600000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x0
>>> memory[0x9e] [0x0000200fd0000000-0x0000200fd01fffff], 0x0000000000200000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x4
>>> memory[0x9f] [0x0000200fd0200000-0x0000200fffffffff], 0x000000002fe00000 bytes on node 6 flags: 0x0
>>> ...
>>
>> Although this patch did not mention about a real world system requiring
>> this support, as been reported on the thread, Ampere Altra does seem to
>> get benefited. Regardless, it's always better to describe platform test
>> scenarios in more detail.
>>
>
> I encountered this scenario on Huawei Ascend ARM64 SoC.

Please do mention that in the commit message.

>
>>>
>>> The EFI memory map is parsed to construct the memblock arrays before
>>> the memblock arrays can be resized. As the result, memory regions
>>> beyond INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS are lost.
>>>
>>> Allow overriding memblock.memory array size with architecture defined
>>> INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS and make arm64 to set
>>> INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS to 1024 when CONFIG_EFI is enabled.
>>
>> Right, but first this needs to mention that INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS
>> (new macro) is being added to replace INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS, representing
>> max memory regions in the memblock. Platform override comes afterwards.
>>
>
> Add a paragraph before the description,like this?
>
> Add a new macro INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGTIONS to replace
> INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGTIONS to define the size of the static memblock.memory
> array.

Right.

>
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Zhou Guanghui <zhouguanghui1@huawei.com>
>>> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
>>> ---
>>> arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h | 9 +++++++++
>>> mm/memblock.c | 14 +++++++++-----
>>> 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
>>> index 0af70d9abede..eda61c0389c4 100644
>>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
>>> @@ -364,6 +364,15 @@ void dump_mem_limit(void);
>>> # define INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS + NR_CPUS + 1)
>>> #endif
>>>
>>> +/*
>>> + * memory regions which marked with flag MEMBLOCK_NOMAP may divide a continuous
>>> + * memory block into multiple parts. As a result, the number of memory regions
>>> + * is large.
>>> + */
>>
>> As mentioned in the previous version's thread,
>>
>> This comment needs be more specific about this increased static array size, being
>> applicable ONLY for MEMBLOCK_NOMAP regions on EFI system with EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY
>> tagging/flag support.
>>
>
> EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY is only one type of the MEMBLOCK_NOMAP region, as
> shown in the is_usable_memory function. However, However, I currently
> have too many memblocks due to this flag.

Okay, but adding EFI_UNUSABLE_MEMORY context in that comment will be helpful.

>
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
>>> +#define INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS 1024
>>
>> Although 1024 seems adequate as compared to 128 memory regions in the memblock to
>> handle such error scenarios, but a co-relation with INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS would
>> be preferred similar to when INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS gets overridden. This
>> avoid a precedence when random numbers could get assigned in other archs later on.
>>
>> $git grep INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS arch/
>> arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h:# define INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS + NR_CPUS + 1)
>> arch/loongarch/include/asm/sparsemem.h:#define INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS + NR_CPUS)
>>
>> Something like
>>
>> #define INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS * 8)
>>
>
> I don't think this is necessary because INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS is not
> configurable. The newly added INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS macro is
> customized for each platform.

Even an existing macro INIT_MEMBLOCK_RESERVED_REGIONS still depends on
INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS (arm64, loongarch) ? The point being, although
INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS is not configurable, it still does provide enough
base value, as compared to defining a random number in platforms which
will override INIT_MEMBLOCK_MEMORY_REGIONS. What is your concern in
making it dependent on INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS ?

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