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Subject[PATCH v12 2/4] trace/objtrace: Get the value of the object
Date
Using objtrace trigger to get the value of the object which from the kernel
function parameter.

Syntax:
objtrace:add:obj[,offset][:type][:count][if <filter>]

Usage:
# echo 'p bio_add_page arg1=$arg1' > ./kprobe_events
# gdb vmlinux
(gdb) p &(((struct bio *)0)->bi_iter.bi_size)
$1 = (unsigned int *) 0x28
# echo 'objtrace:add:arg1,0x28:u32:1 if comm == "cat"' > ./events/kprobes/ \
p_bio_add_page_0/trigger
# cat /test.txt

Signed-off-by: Jeff Xie <xiehuan09@gmail.com>
---
kernel/trace/trace.c | 2 +-
kernel/trace/trace_entries.h | 5 +-
kernel/trace/trace_object.c | 191 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
kernel/trace/trace_output.c | 6 +-
4 files changed, 185 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 7074ad8bc1a0..37f5cbfa5347 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -5628,7 +5628,7 @@ static const char readme_msg[] =
"\t disable_hist:<system>:<event>\n"
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_OBJECT
- "\t objtrace:add:obj[:count][if <filter>]\n"
+ "\t objtrace:add:obj[,offset][:type][:count][if <filter>]\n"
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
"\t\t stacktrace\n"
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_entries.h b/kernel/trace/trace_entries.h
index bb120d9498a9..2407c45a568c 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_entries.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_entries.h
@@ -413,8 +413,9 @@ FTRACE_ENTRY(object, trace_object_entry,
__field( unsigned long, ip )
__field( unsigned long, parent_ip )
__field( unsigned long, object )
+ __field( unsigned long, value )
),

- F_printk(" %ps <-- %ps object:%lx\n",
- (void *)__entry->ip, (void *)__entry->parent_ip, __entry->object)
+ F_printk(" %ps <-- %ps object:%lx value:%lx\n", (void *)__entry->ip,
+ (void *)__entry->parent_ip, __entry->object, __entry->value)
);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_object.c b/kernel/trace/trace_object.c
index 19ec4b1c0186..849beb29b10e 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_object.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_object.c
@@ -16,8 +16,14 @@ static const int max_args_num = 6;
static void exit_trace_object(struct trace_array *tr);
static int init_trace_object(struct trace_array *tr);

+/*
+ * get the offset from the special object and
+ * the type size of the value
+ */
struct object_instance {
void *obj;
+ int obj_offset;
+ int obj_value_type_size;
struct trace_array *tr;
};

@@ -25,9 +31,23 @@ struct object_instance {
struct objtrace_trigger_data {
struct ftrace_event_field *field;
char objtrace_cmd[OBJTRACE_CMD_LEN];
+ int obj_offset;
+ int obj_value_type_size;
struct trace_array *tr;
};

+/* get the type size for the special object */
+struct objtrace_fetch_type {
+ char *name;
+ int type_size;
+};
+
+enum objattr {
+ OBJ_OFFSET,
+ OBJ_VAL_TYPE_SIZE,
+ MAX_OBJ_ATTR
+};
+
/* objtrace data with fops and objtrace_instances */
struct objtrace_data {
struct list_head head;
@@ -67,6 +87,35 @@ static bool object_exist(void *obj, struct trace_array *tr)
return false;
}

+static int get_object_attr(void *obj, int objattr,
+ struct trace_array *tr, int *result)
+{
+ int i, max;
+ struct objtrace_data *obj_data;
+
+ obj_data = get_obj_data(tr);
+ if (!obj_data)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ max = READ_ONCE(obj_data->num_traced_obj);
+ smp_rmb();
+ for (i = 0; i < max; i++) {
+ if (obj_data->traced_obj[i].obj == obj) {
+ switch (objattr) {
+ case OBJ_OFFSET:
+ *result = obj_data->traced_obj[i].obj_offset;
+ return 0;
+ case OBJ_VAL_TYPE_SIZE:
+ *result = obj_data->traced_obj[i].obj_value_type_size;
+ return 0;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
static bool object_empty(struct trace_array *tr)
{
struct objtrace_data *obj_data;
@@ -78,7 +127,8 @@ static bool object_empty(struct trace_array *tr)
return !READ_ONCE(obj_data->num_traced_obj);
}

-static void set_trace_object(void *obj, struct trace_array *tr)
+static void set_trace_object(void *obj, int obj_offset,
+ int obj_value_type_size, struct trace_array *tr)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct object_instance *obj_ins;
@@ -103,6 +153,8 @@ static void set_trace_object(void *obj, struct trace_array *tr)
}
obj_ins = &obj_data->traced_obj[READ_ONCE(obj_data->num_traced_obj)];
obj_ins->obj = obj;
+ obj_ins->obj_value_type_size = obj_value_type_size;
+ obj_ins->obj_offset = obj_offset;
obj_ins->tr = tr;
/* make sure the num_traced_obj update always appears after traced_obj update */
smp_wmb();
@@ -112,7 +164,7 @@ static void set_trace_object(void *obj, struct trace_array *tr)
}

static void submit_trace_object(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
- unsigned long object, struct trace_array *tr)
+ unsigned long object, unsigned long value, struct trace_array *tr)
{

struct trace_buffer *buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer;
@@ -129,10 +181,43 @@ static void submit_trace_object(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
entry->ip = ip;
entry->parent_ip = parent_ip;
entry->object = object;
+ entry->value = value;

trace_buffer_unlock_commit(tr, buffer, event, trace_ctx);
}

+static inline long get_object_value(unsigned long *val, void *obj, int type_size)
+{
+ char tmp[sizeof(u64)];
+ long ret = 0;
+
+ ret = copy_from_kernel_nofault(tmp, obj, sizeof(tmp));
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ switch (type_size) {
+ case 1: {
+ *val = (unsigned long)*(u8 *)tmp;
+ break;
+ }
+ case 2: {
+ *val = (unsigned long)*(u16 *)tmp;
+ break;
+ }
+ case 4: {
+ *val = (unsigned long)*(u32 *)tmp;
+ break;
+ }
+ case 8: {
+ *val = (unsigned long)*(u64 *)tmp;
+ break;
+ }
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static void
trace_object_events_call(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
struct ftrace_ops *op, struct ftrace_regs *fregs)
@@ -140,7 +225,8 @@ trace_object_events_call(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
struct pt_regs *pt_regs = ftrace_get_regs(fregs);
struct trace_array *tr = op->private;
struct trace_array_cpu *data;
- unsigned long obj;
+ int ret, val_type_size, obj_offset;
+ unsigned long obj, val;
long disabled;
int cpu, n;

@@ -154,8 +240,21 @@ trace_object_events_call(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
goto out;
for (n = 0; n < max_args_num; n++) {
obj = regs_get_kernel_argument(pt_regs, n);
- if (object_exist((void *)obj, tr))
- submit_trace_object(ip, parent_ip, obj, tr);
+ if (object_exist((void *)obj, tr)) {
+ ret = get_object_attr((void *)obj, OBJ_OFFSET,
+ tr, &obj_offset);
+ if (unlikely(ret) < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = get_object_attr((void *)obj, OBJ_VAL_TYPE_SIZE,
+ tr, &val_type_size);
+ if (unlikely(ret) < 0)
+ goto out;
+ if (get_object_value(&val, (void *)(obj + obj_offset),
+ val_type_size))
+ continue;
+
+ submit_trace_object(ip, parent_ip, obj, val, tr);
+ }
/* The parameters of a function may match multiple objects */
}
}
@@ -176,9 +275,27 @@ trace_object_trigger(struct event_trigger_data *data,

field = obj_data->field;
memcpy(&obj, rec + field->offset, sizeof(obj));
- set_trace_object(obj, tr);
+ /* set the offset from the special object and the type size of the value*/
+ set_trace_object(obj, obj_data->obj_offset,
+ obj_data->obj_value_type_size, tr);
}

+static const struct objtrace_fetch_type objtrace_fetch_types[] = {
+ {"u8", 1},
+ {"s8", 1},
+ {"x8", 1},
+ {"u16", 2},
+ {"s16", 2},
+ {"x16", 2},
+ {"u32", 4},
+ {"s32", 4},
+ {"x32", 4},
+ {"u64", 8},
+ {"s64", 8},
+ {"x64", 8},
+ {NULL, 0},
+};
+
static void
trace_object_trigger_free(struct event_trigger_data *data)
{
@@ -213,14 +330,25 @@ static int
event_trigger_print(const char *name, struct seq_file *m,
void *data, char *filter_str, void *objtrace_data)
{
+ int i;
long count = (long)data;
struct objtrace_trigger_data *obj_data = objtrace_data;
+ const char *value_type_name;

seq_puts(m, name);

seq_printf(m, ":%s", obj_data->objtrace_cmd);
seq_printf(m, ":%s", obj_data->field->name);
+ if (obj_data->obj_offset)
+ seq_printf(m, ",0x%x", obj_data->obj_offset);

+ for (i = 0; objtrace_fetch_types[i].name; i++) {
+ if (objtrace_fetch_types[i].type_size == obj_data->obj_value_type_size) {
+ value_type_name = objtrace_fetch_types[i].name;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ seq_printf(m, ":%s", value_type_name);
if (count == -1)
seq_puts(m, ":unlimited");
else
@@ -303,16 +431,18 @@ event_object_trigger_parse(struct event_command *cmd_ops,
struct event_trigger_data *trigger_data;
struct objtrace_trigger_data *obj_data;
struct ftrace_event_field *field;
- char *objtrace_cmd, *arg;
- char *param, *filter;
- int ret;
+ char *objtrace_cmd, *obj;
+ char *param, *filter, *str, *type;
+ int ret, i, def_type_size, obj_value_type_size = 0;
+ char *tmp_saved_param;
+ long offset = 0;
bool remove;

remove = event_trigger_check_remove(glob);

/*
* separate the param and the filter:
- * objtrace:add:OBJ[:COUNT] [if filter]
+ * objtrace:add:OBJ[,OFFS][:TYPE][:COUNT] [if filter]
*/
ret = event_trigger_separate_filter(param_and_filter, &param, &filter, true);
if (ret)
@@ -324,11 +454,44 @@ event_object_trigger_parse(struct event_command *cmd_ops,
return -EINVAL;
}

- arg = strsep(&param, ":");
- if (!arg)
+ obj = strsep(&param, ":");
+ if (!obj)
return -EINVAL;

- field = trace_find_event_field(file->event_call, arg);
+ str = strchr(obj, ',');
+ if (!str)
+ offset = 0;
+ else {
+ *str++ = '\0';
+ ret = kstrtol(str, 0, &offset);
+ if (ret)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ def_type_size = sizeof(void *);
+ if (!param) {
+ obj_value_type_size = def_type_size;
+ goto skip_get_type;
+ }
+ tmp_saved_param = param;
+ type = strsep(&param, ":");
+ if (!type)
+ obj_value_type_size = def_type_size;
+ /* if this is the trigger count */
+ else if (isdigit(type[0])) {
+ obj_value_type_size = def_type_size;
+ param = tmp_saved_param;
+ } else {
+ for (i = 0; objtrace_fetch_types[i].name; i++) {
+ if (strcmp(objtrace_fetch_types[i].name, type) == 0) {
+ obj_value_type_size = objtrace_fetch_types[i].type_size;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ if (!obj_value_type_size)
+ return -EINVAL;
+skip_get_type:
+ field = trace_find_event_field(file->event_call, obj);
if (!field)
return -EINVAL;

@@ -345,6 +508,8 @@ event_object_trigger_parse(struct event_command *cmd_ops,
return -ENOMEM;

obj_data->field = field;
+ obj_data->obj_offset = offset;
+ obj_data->obj_value_type_size = obj_value_type_size;
obj_data->tr = file->tr;
snprintf(obj_data->objtrace_cmd, OBJTRACE_CMD_LEN, objtrace_cmd);

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_output.c b/kernel/trace/trace_output.c
index 34ff7b4dc521..a45871b52dcc 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_output.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_output.c
@@ -1561,6 +1561,7 @@ static enum print_line_t trace_object_print(struct trace_iterator *iter, int fla
trace_assign_type(field, iter->ent);
print_fn_trace(s, field->ip, field->parent_ip, flags);
trace_seq_printf(s, " object:0x%lx", field->object);
+ trace_seq_printf(s, " value:0x%lx", field->value);
trace_seq_putc(s, '\n');

return trace_handle_return(s);
@@ -1573,9 +1574,8 @@ static enum print_line_t trace_object_raw(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags

trace_assign_type(field, iter->ent);

- trace_seq_printf(&iter->seq, "%lx %lx\n",
- field->ip,
- field->parent_ip);
+ trace_seq_printf(&iter->seq, "%lx %lx %lx %lx\n", field->ip,
+ field->parent_ip, field->object, field->value);

return trace_handle_return(&iter->seq);
}
--
2.25.1
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