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Subject[PATCH v12 4/4] trace/objtrace: Add documentation for objtrace
Date
Added documentation explaining how to use objtrace trigger to get the value
of the object.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Xie <xiehuan09@gmail.com>
---
Documentation/trace/events.rst | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 83 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/events.rst b/Documentation/trace/events.rst
index c47f381d0c00..0dc475160133 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/events.rst
+++ b/Documentation/trace/events.rst
@@ -546,6 +546,89 @@ The following commands are supported:

See Documentation/trace/histogram.rst for details and examples.

+- objtrace
+
+ This command provides a way to get the value of any object, The object
+ can be obtained from the dynamic event(kprobe_event/uprobe_event) or the
+ static event(tracepoint).
+
+ Usage:
+ When using the kprobe event, only need to set the objtrace(a new trigger),
+ we can get the value of the object. The object is from the setting of the
+ kprobe event.
+
+ For example:
+ For the function bio_add_page():
+
+ int bio_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page,
+ unsigned int len, unsigned int offset)
+
+ Firstly, we can set the base of the object, thus the first string "arg1"
+ stands for the value of the first parameter of this function bio_add_gage(),
+
+ # echo 'p bio_add_page arg1=$arg1' > ./kprobe_events
+
+ Secondly, we can get the value dynamically based on above object.
+
+ find the offset of the bi_size in struct bio:
+ $ gdb vmlinux
+ (gdb) p &(((struct bio *)0)->bi_iter.bi_size)
+ $1 = (unsigned int *) 0x28
+
+ # echo 'objtrace:add:arg1,0x28:u32:1 if comm == "cat"' > ./events/kprobes/ \
+ p_bio_add_page_0/trigger
+
+ # cd /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/
+ # echo 'p bio_add_page arg1=$arg1' > ./kprobe_events
+ # echo 'objtrace:add:arg1,0x28:u32:1 if comm == "cat"' > ./events/kprobes/p_bio_add_page_0/trigger
+
+ # du -sh /test.txt
+ 12.0K /test.txt
+
+ # cat /test.txt > /dev/null
+ # cat ./trace
+ # tracer: nop
+ #
+ # entries-in-buffer/entries-written: 128/128 #P:4
+ #
+ # _-----=> irqs-off/BH-disabled
+ # / _----=> need-resched
+ # | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
+ # || / _--=> preempt-depth
+ # ||| / _-=> migrate-disable
+ # |||| / delay
+ # TASK-PID CPU# ||||| TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
+ # | | | ||||| | |
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602243: __bio_try_merge_page <-bio_add_page object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602244: __bio_add_page <-bio_add_page object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ cat-117 [002] ...2. 1.602244: bio_add_page <-ext4_mpage_readpages object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x1000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602245: __bio_try_merge_page <-bio_add_page object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x1000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602245: __bio_add_page <-bio_add_page object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x1000
+ cat-117 [002] ...2. 1.602245: bio_add_page <-ext4_mpage_readpages object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x2000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602245: __bio_try_merge_page <-bio_add_page object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x2000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602245: __bio_add_page <-bio_add_page object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x2000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602245: submit_bio <-ext4_mpage_readpages object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602245: submit_bio_noacct <-ext4_mpage_readpages object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602246: __submit_bio <-submit_bio_noacct object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602246: submit_bio_checks <-__submit_bio object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602246: __cond_resched <-submit_bio_checks object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602246: should_fail_bio <-submit_bio_checks object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602246: blk_mq_submit_bio <-submit_bio_noacct object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602246: blk_attempt_plug_merge <-blk_mq_submit_bio object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602246: blk_mq_sched_bio_merge <-blk_mq_submit_bio object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602247: __rcu_read_lock <-blk_mq_submit_bio object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602247: __rcu_read_unlock <-blk_mq_submit_bio object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ cat-117 [002] ...1. 1.602247: __blk_mq_alloc_requests <-blk_mq_submit_bio object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x3000
+ <idle>-0 [002] d..3. 1.602298: bio_endio <-blk_update_request object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ <idle>-0 [002] d..3. 1.602298: mpage_end_io <-blk_update_request object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ <idle>-0 [002] d..3. 1.602298: __read_end_io <-blk_update_request object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ <idle>-0 [002] d..3. 1.602300: bio_put <-blk_update_request object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ <idle>-0 [002] d..3. 1.602300: bio_free <-blk_update_request object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ <idle>-0 [002] d..3. 1.602300: mempool_free <-blk_update_request object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ <idle>-0 [002] d..3. 1.602300: mempool_free_slab <-blk_update_request object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ <idle>-0 [002] d..3. 1.602300: kmem_cache_free <-blk_update_request object:0xffff88811bee4000 value:0x0
+ ...
+
7. In-kernel trace event API
============================

--
2.25.1
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