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Subject[PATCHv13 03/16] x86/mm: Handle LAM on context switch
Date
Linear Address Masking mode for userspace pointers encoded in CR3 bits.
The mode is selected per-process and stored in mm_context_t.

switch_mm_irqs_off() now respects selected LAM mode and constructs CR3
accordingly.

The active LAM mode gets recorded in the tlb_state.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Tested-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h | 3 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 24 ++++++++++++++
arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h | 34 +++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/mm/tlb.c | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++---------
4 files changed, 98 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h
index efa3eaee522c..9a046aacad8d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h
@@ -40,6 +40,9 @@ typedef struct {

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
unsigned long flags;
+
+ /* Active LAM mode: X86_CR3_LAM_U48 or X86_CR3_LAM_U57 or 0 (disabled) */
+ unsigned long lam_cr3_mask;
#endif

struct mutex lock;
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 53ef591a6166..464cca41d20a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -91,6 +91,29 @@ static inline void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next)
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+static inline unsigned long mm_lam_cr3_mask(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ return READ_ONCE(mm->context.lam_cr3_mask);
+}
+
+static inline void dup_lam(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ mm->context.lam_cr3_mask = oldmm->context.lam_cr3_mask;
+}
+
+#else
+
+static inline unsigned long mm_lam_cr3_mask(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void dup_lam(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
#define enter_lazy_tlb enter_lazy_tlb
extern void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk);

@@ -168,6 +191,7 @@ static inline int arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
arch_dup_pkeys(oldmm, mm);
paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm);
+ dup_lam(oldmm, mm);
return ldt_dup_context(oldmm, mm);
}

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
index cda3118f3b27..662598dea937 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -101,6 +101,16 @@ struct tlb_state {
*/
bool invalidate_other;

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ /*
+ * Active LAM mode.
+ *
+ * X86_CR3_LAM_U57/U48 shifted right by X86_CR3_LAM_U57_BIT or 0 if LAM
+ * disabled.
+ */
+ u8 lam;
+#endif
+
/*
* Mask that contains TLB_NR_DYN_ASIDS+1 bits to indicate
* the corresponding user PCID needs a flush next time we
@@ -357,6 +367,30 @@ static inline bool huge_pmd_needs_flush(pmd_t oldpmd, pmd_t newpmd)
}
#define huge_pmd_needs_flush huge_pmd_needs_flush

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+static inline unsigned long tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask(void)
+{
+ unsigned long lam = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.lam);
+
+ return lam << X86_CR3_LAM_U57_BIT;
+}
+
+static inline void set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(unsigned long mask)
+{
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.lam, mask >> X86_CR3_LAM_U57_BIT);
+}
+
+#else
+
+static inline unsigned long tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(u64 mask)
+{
+}
+#endif
#endif /* !MODULE */

static inline void __native_tlb_flush_global(unsigned long cr4)
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
index c1e31e9a85d7..9d1e7a5f141c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
@@ -154,26 +154,30 @@ static inline u16 user_pcid(u16 asid)
return ret;
}

-static inline unsigned long build_cr3(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid)
+static inline unsigned long build_cr3(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid, unsigned long lam)
{
+ unsigned long cr3 = __sme_pa(pgd) | lam;
+
if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID)) {
- return __sme_pa(pgd) | kern_pcid(asid);
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(asid > MAX_ASID_AVAILABLE);
+ cr3 |= kern_pcid(asid);
} else {
VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(asid != 0);
- return __sme_pa(pgd);
}
+
+ return cr3;
}

-static inline unsigned long build_cr3_noflush(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid)
+static inline unsigned long build_cr3_noflush(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid,
+ unsigned long lam)
{
- VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(asid > MAX_ASID_AVAILABLE);
/*
* Use boot_cpu_has() instead of this_cpu_has() as this function
* might be called during early boot. This should work even after
* boot because all CPU's the have same capabilities:
*/
VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID));
- return __sme_pa(pgd) | kern_pcid(asid) | CR3_NOFLUSH;
+ return build_cr3(pgd, asid, lam) | CR3_NOFLUSH;
}

/*
@@ -274,15 +278,16 @@ static inline void invalidate_user_asid(u16 asid)
(unsigned long *)this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_tlbstate.user_pcid_flush_mask));
}

-static void load_new_mm_cr3(pgd_t *pgdir, u16 new_asid, bool need_flush)
+static void load_new_mm_cr3(pgd_t *pgdir, u16 new_asid, unsigned long lam,
+ bool need_flush)
{
unsigned long new_mm_cr3;

if (need_flush) {
invalidate_user_asid(new_asid);
- new_mm_cr3 = build_cr3(pgdir, new_asid);
+ new_mm_cr3 = build_cr3(pgdir, new_asid, lam);
} else {
- new_mm_cr3 = build_cr3_noflush(pgdir, new_asid);
+ new_mm_cr3 = build_cr3_noflush(pgdir, new_asid, lam);
}

/*
@@ -491,6 +496,7 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
{
struct mm_struct *real_prev = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm);
u16 prev_asid = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid);
+ unsigned long new_lam = mm_lam_cr3_mask(next);
bool was_lazy = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate_shared.is_lazy);
unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id();
u64 next_tlb_gen;
@@ -520,7 +526,8 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
* isn't free.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(__read_cr3() != build_cr3(real_prev->pgd, prev_asid))) {
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(__read_cr3() != build_cr3(real_prev->pgd, prev_asid,
+ tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask()))) {
/*
* If we were to BUG here, we'd be very likely to kill
* the system so hard that we don't see the call trace.
@@ -552,9 +559,15 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
* instruction.
*/
if (real_prev == next) {
+ /* Not actually switching mm's */
VM_WARN_ON(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[prev_asid].ctx_id) !=
next->context.ctx_id);

+ /*
+ * If this races with another thread that enables lam, 'new_lam'
+ * might not match tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask().
+ */
+
/*
* Even in lazy TLB mode, the CPU should stay set in the
* mm_cpumask. The TLB shootdown code can figure out from
@@ -622,15 +635,16 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
barrier();
}

+ set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(new_lam);
if (need_flush) {
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[new_asid].ctx_id, next->context.ctx_id);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[new_asid].tlb_gen, next_tlb_gen);
- load_new_mm_cr3(next->pgd, new_asid, true);
+ load_new_mm_cr3(next->pgd, new_asid, new_lam, true);

trace_tlb_flush(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, TLB_FLUSH_ALL);
} else {
/* The new ASID is already up to date. */
- load_new_mm_cr3(next->pgd, new_asid, false);
+ load_new_mm_cr3(next->pgd, new_asid, new_lam, false);

trace_tlb_flush(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, 0);
}
@@ -691,6 +705,10 @@ void initialize_tlbstate_and_flush(void)
/* Assert that CR3 already references the right mm. */
WARN_ON((cr3 & CR3_ADDR_MASK) != __pa(mm->pgd));

+ /* LAM expected to be disabled */
+ WARN_ON(cr3 & (X86_CR3_LAM_U48 | X86_CR3_LAM_U57));
+ WARN_ON(mm_lam_cr3_mask(mm));
+
/*
* Assert that CR4.PCIDE is set if needed. (CR4.PCIDE initialization
* doesn't work like other CR4 bits because it can only be set from
@@ -699,8 +717,8 @@ void initialize_tlbstate_and_flush(void)
WARN_ON(boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID) &&
!(cr4_read_shadow() & X86_CR4_PCIDE));

- /* Force ASID 0 and force a TLB flush. */
- write_cr3(build_cr3(mm->pgd, 0));
+ /* Disable LAM, force ASID 0 and force a TLB flush. */
+ write_cr3(build_cr3(mm->pgd, 0, 0));

/* Reinitialize tlbstate. */
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.last_user_mm_spec, LAST_USER_MM_INIT);
@@ -708,6 +726,7 @@ void initialize_tlbstate_and_flush(void)
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.next_asid, 1);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[0].ctx_id, mm->context.ctx_id);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[0].tlb_gen, tlb_gen);
+ set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(0);

for (i = 1; i < TLB_NR_DYN_ASIDS; i++)
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[i].ctx_id, 0);
@@ -1071,8 +1090,10 @@ void flush_tlb_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
*/
unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void)
{
- unsigned long cr3 = build_cr3(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm)->pgd,
- this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid));
+ unsigned long cr3 =
+ build_cr3(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm)->pgd,
+ this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid),
+ tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask());

/* For now, be very restrictive about when this can be called. */
VM_WARN_ON(in_nmi() || preemptible());
--
2.38.2
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