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SubjectRe: [PATCHv13 05/16] x86/uaccess: Provide untagged_addr() and remove tags before address check
On Tue, Dec 27, 2022 at 11:10:31AM -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Mon, Dec 26, 2022 at 7:08 PM Kirill A. Shutemov
> <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> >
> > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
> > @@ -21,6 +22,37 @@ static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void);
> > # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ()
> > #endif
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>
> I think this should be CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING or something like that.
>
> This is not a "64 vs 32-bit feature". This is something else.
>
> Even if you then were to select it unconditionally for 64-bit kernels
> (but why would you?) it reads better if the #ifdef's make sense.

I hoped to get away without a new option. It leads to more ifdeffery, but
well...

> > +#define __untagged_addr(mm, addr) ({ \
> > + u64 __addr = (__force u64)(addr); \
> > + s64 sign = (s64)__addr >> 63; \
> > + __addr &= READ_ONCE((mm)->context.untag_mask) | sign; \
>
> Now the READ_ONCE() doesn't make much sense. There shouldn't be any
> data races on that thing.

True. Removed.

> Plus:
>
> > +#define untagged_addr(addr) __untagged_addr(current->mm, addr)
>
> I think this should at least allow caching it in 'current' without the
> mm indirection.
>
> In fact, it might be even better off as a per-cpu variable.
>
> Because it is now in somewhat crititcal code sections:
>
> > -#define get_user(x,ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_get_user_call(get_user,x,ptr); })
> > +#define get_user(x,ptr) \
> > +({ \
> > + might_fault(); \
> > + do_get_user_call(get_user,x,untagged_ptr(ptr)); \
> > +})
>
> This is disgusting and wrong.
>
> The whole reason we do do_get_user_call() as a function call is
> because we *don't* want to do this kind of stuff at the call sites. We
> used to inline it all, but with all the clac/stac and access_ok
> checks, it all just ended up ballooning so much that it was much
> better to make it a special function call with particular calling
> conventions.
>
> That untagged_ptr() should be done in that asm function, not in every call site.
>
> Now, the sad part is that we got *rid* of all this kind of crap not
> that long ago when Christoph cleaned up the old legacy set_fs() mess,
> and we were able to make the task limit be a constant (ok, be _two_
> constants, depending on LA57). So we'd have to re-introduce that nasty
> "look up task size dynamically". See commit 47058bb54b57 ("x86: remove
> address space overrides using set_fs()") for the removal that would
> have to be re-instated.
>
> But see above about "maybe it should be a per-cpu variable" - and
> making that ALTERNATIVE th8ing even nastier.

I made it a per-cpu variable (outside struct tlb_state to be visible in
modules). __get/put_user_X() now have a single instruction to untag the
address and it is gated by X86_FEATURE_LAM.

Seems reasonable to me.

BTW, am I blind or we have no infrastructure to hookup static branches
from assembly?

I would be a better fit than ALTERNATIVE here. It would allow to defer
overhead until the first user of the feature.

Is there any fundamental reason for this or just no demand?

> Another alternative mght be to *only* test the sign bit in the
> get_user/put_user functions, and just take the fault instead. Right
> now we warn about non-canonical addresses because it implies somebody
> might have missed an access_ok(), but we'd just mark those
> get_user/put_user accesses special.
>
> That would get this all entirely off the critical path. Most other
> address masking is for relatively rare things (ie mmap/munmap), but
> the user accesses are hot.
>
> Hmm?

Below is fixup that suppose to address your concerns. I will also extend
selftests to cover get/put_user().

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 3604074a878b..211869aa618d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -2290,6 +2290,17 @@ config RANDOMIZE_MEMORY_PHYSICAL_PADDING

If unsure, leave at the default value.

+config ADDRESS_MASKING
+ bool "Linear Address Masking support"
+ depends on X86_64
+ help
+ Linear Address Masking (LAM) modifies the checking that is applied
+ to 64-bit linear addresses, allowing software to use of the
+ untranslated address bits for metadata.
+
+ The capability can be used for efficient address sanitizers (ASAN)
+ implementation and for optimizations in JITs.
+
config HOTPLUG_CPU
def_bool y
depends on SMP
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
index c44b56f7ffba..66be8acabe92 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
@@ -99,6 +99,12 @@
# define DISABLE_TDX_GUEST (1 << (X86_FEATURE_TDX_GUEST & 31))
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
+# define DISABLE_LAM 0
+#else
+# define DISABLE_LAM (1 << (X86_FEATURE_LAM & 31))
+#endif
+
/*
* Make sure to add features to the correct mask
*/
@@ -115,7 +121,7 @@
#define DISABLED_MASK10 0
#define DISABLED_MASK11 (DISABLE_RETPOLINE|DISABLE_RETHUNK|DISABLE_UNRET| \
DISABLE_CALL_DEPTH_TRACKING)
-#define DISABLED_MASK12 0
+#define DISABLED_MASK12 (DISABLE_LAM)
#define DISABLED_MASK13 0
#define DISABLED_MASK14 0
#define DISABLED_MASK15 0
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h
index 90d20679e4d7..0da5c227f490 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu.h
@@ -44,7 +44,9 @@ typedef struct {

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
unsigned long flags;
+#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
/* Active LAM mode: X86_CR3_LAM_U48 or X86_CR3_LAM_U57 or 0 (disabled) */
unsigned long lam_cr3_mask;

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 4bc95c35cbd3..6ffc42dfd59d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ static inline void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next)
}
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
static inline unsigned long mm_lam_cr3_mask(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
return READ_ONCE(mm->context.lam_cr3_mask);
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
index 662598dea937..75bfaa421030 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
#ifndef _ASM_X86_TLBFLUSH_H
#define _ASM_X86_TLBFLUSH_H

-#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <asm/invpcid.h>
#include <asm/pti.h>
#include <asm/processor-flags.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>

void __flush_tlb_all(void);

@@ -53,6 +54,15 @@ static inline void cr4_clear_bits(unsigned long mask)
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(u64, tlbstate_untag_mask);
+
+static inline u64 current_untag_mask(void)
+{
+ return this_cpu_read(tlbstate_untag_mask);
+}
+#endif
+
#ifndef MODULE
/*
* 6 because 6 should be plenty and struct tlb_state will fit in two cache
@@ -101,7 +111,7 @@ struct tlb_state {
*/
bool invalidate_other;

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
/*
* Active LAM mode.
*
@@ -367,27 +377,29 @@ static inline bool huge_pmd_needs_flush(pmd_t oldpmd, pmd_t newpmd)
}
#define huge_pmd_needs_flush huge_pmd_needs_flush

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-static inline unsigned long tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask(void)
+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
+static inline u64 tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask(void)
{
- unsigned long lam = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.lam);
+ u64 lam = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.lam);

return lam << X86_CR3_LAM_U57_BIT;
}

-static inline void set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(unsigned long mask)
+static inline void set_tlbstate_lam_mode(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
- this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.lam, mask >> X86_CR3_LAM_U57_BIT);
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.lam,
+ mm->context.lam_cr3_mask >> X86_CR3_LAM_U57_BIT);
+ this_cpu_write(tlbstate_untag_mask, mm->context.untag_mask);
}

#else

-static inline unsigned long tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask(void)
+static inline u64 tlbstate_lam_cr3_mask(void)
{
return 0;
}

-static inline void set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(u64 mask)
+static inline void set_tlbstate_lam_mode(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
}
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
index 1d931c7f6741..730649175191 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/smap.h>
#include <asm/extable.h>
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP
static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void);
@@ -22,7 +23,7 @@ static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void);
# define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ()
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(tagged_addr_key);

/*
@@ -31,31 +32,24 @@ DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(tagged_addr_key);
* Magic with the 'sign' allows to untag userspace pointer without any branches
* while leaving kernel addresses intact.
*/
-#define __untagged_addr(mm, addr) ({ \
+#define __untagged_addr(untag_mask, addr) ({ \
u64 __addr = (__force u64)(addr); \
if (static_branch_likely(&tagged_addr_key)) { \
s64 sign = (s64)__addr >> 63; \
- u64 mask = READ_ONCE((mm)->context.untag_mask); \
- __addr &= mask | sign; \
+ __addr &= untag_mask | sign; \
} \
(__force __typeof__(addr))__addr; \
})

-#define untagged_addr(addr) __untagged_addr(current->mm, addr)
+#define untagged_addr(addr) __untagged_addr(current_untag_mask(), addr)

#define untagged_addr_remote(mm, addr) ({ \
mmap_assert_locked(mm); \
- __untagged_addr(mm, addr); \
+ __untagged_addr((mm)->context.untag_mask, addr); \
})

-#define untagged_ptr(ptr) ({ \
- u64 __ptrval = (__force u64)(ptr); \
- __ptrval = untagged_addr(__ptrval); \
- (__force __typeof__(ptr))__ptrval; \
-})
#else
-#define untagged_addr(addr) (addr)
-#define untagged_ptr(ptr) (ptr)
+#define untagged_addr(addr) (addr)
#endif

/**
@@ -167,7 +161,7 @@ extern int __get_user_bad(void);
#define get_user(x,ptr) \
({ \
might_fault(); \
- do_get_user_call(get_user,x,untagged_ptr(ptr)); \
+ do_get_user_call(get_user,x,ptr); \
})

/**
@@ -270,7 +264,7 @@ extern void __put_user_nocheck_8(void);
*/
#define put_user(x, ptr) ({ \
might_fault(); \
- do_put_user_call(put_user,x,untagged_ptr(ptr)); \
+ do_put_user_call(put_user,x,ptr); \
})

/**
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
index add85615d5ae..1f61e3a13b4f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
@@ -743,6 +743,7 @@ static long prctl_map_vdso(const struct vdso_image *image, unsigned long addr)
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(tagged_addr_key);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tagged_addr_key);

@@ -775,7 +776,7 @@ static int prctl_enable_tagged_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long nr_bits)
}

write_cr3(__read_cr3() | mm->context.lam_cr3_mask);
- set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(mm->context.lam_cr3_mask);
+ set_tlbstate_lam_mode(mm);
set_bit(MM_CONTEXT_LOCK_LAM, &mm->context.flags);

mmap_write_unlock(mm);
@@ -783,6 +784,7 @@ static int prctl_enable_tagged_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long nr_bits)
static_branch_enable(&tagged_addr_key);
return 0;
}
+#endif

long do_arch_prctl_64(struct task_struct *task, int option, unsigned long arg2)
{
@@ -871,6 +873,7 @@ long do_arch_prctl_64(struct task_struct *task, int option, unsigned long arg2)
case ARCH_MAP_VDSO_64:
return prctl_map_vdso(&vdso_image_64, arg2);
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
case ARCH_GET_UNTAG_MASK:
return put_user(task->mm->context.untag_mask,
(unsigned long __user *)arg2);
@@ -884,6 +887,7 @@ long do_arch_prctl_64(struct task_struct *task, int option, unsigned long arg2)
return put_user(0, (unsigned long __user *)arg2);
else
return put_user(LAM_U57_BITS, (unsigned long __user *)arg2);
+#endif
default:
ret = -EINVAL;
break;
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/getuser.S b/arch/x86/lib/getuser.S
index b70d98d79a9d..22e92236e8f6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/getuser.S
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/getuser.S
@@ -35,6 +35,13 @@
#include <asm/smap.h>
#include <asm/export.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
+#define UNTAG_ADDR \
+ ALTERNATIVE "", __stringify(and PER_CPU_VAR(tlbstate_untag_mask), %rax), X86_FEATURE_LAM
+#else
+#define UNTAG_ADDR
+#endif
+
#define ASM_BARRIER_NOSPEC ALTERNATIVE "", "lfence", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
@@ -48,6 +55,7 @@

.text
SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_1)
+ UNTAG_ADDR
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(0)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user
@@ -62,6 +70,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_END(__get_user_1)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__get_user_1)

SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_2)
+ UNTAG_ADDR
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(1)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user
@@ -76,6 +85,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_END(__get_user_2)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__get_user_2)

SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_4)
+ UNTAG_ADDR
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(3)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user
@@ -91,6 +101,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__get_user_4)

SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_8)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ UNTAG_ADDR
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(7)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/putuser.S b/arch/x86/lib/putuser.S
index 32125224fcca..9e0276c553a8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/putuser.S
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/putuser.S
@@ -33,6 +33,13 @@
* as they get called from within inline assembly.
*/

+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
+#define UNTAG_ADDR \
+ ALTERNATIVE "", __stringify(and PER_CPU_VAR(tlbstate_untag_mask), %rcx), X86_FEATURE_LAM
+#else
+#define UNTAG_ADDR
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
#define LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(n) \
ALTERNATIVE __stringify(mov $((1 << 47) - 4096 - (n)),%rbx), \
@@ -44,6 +51,7 @@

.text
SYM_FUNC_START(__put_user_1)
+ UNTAG_ADDR
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(0)
cmp %_ASM_BX,%_ASM_CX
jae .Lbad_put_user
@@ -66,6 +74,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_END(__put_user_nocheck_1)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__put_user_nocheck_1)

SYM_FUNC_START(__put_user_2)
+ UNTAG_ADDR
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(1)
cmp %_ASM_BX,%_ASM_CX
jae .Lbad_put_user
@@ -88,6 +97,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_END(__put_user_nocheck_2)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__put_user_nocheck_2)

SYM_FUNC_START(__put_user_4)
+ UNTAG_ADDR
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(3)
cmp %_ASM_BX,%_ASM_CX
jae .Lbad_put_user
@@ -110,6 +120,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_END(__put_user_nocheck_4)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__put_user_nocheck_4)

SYM_FUNC_START(__put_user_8)
+ UNTAG_ADDR
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(7)
cmp %_ASM_BX,%_ASM_CX
jae .Lbad_put_user
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init.c b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
index d3987359d441..be5c7d1c0265 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
@@ -1044,6 +1044,11 @@ __visible DEFINE_PER_CPU_ALIGNED(struct tlb_state, cpu_tlbstate) = {
.cr4 = ~0UL, /* fail hard if we screw up cr4 shadow initialization */
};

+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_MASKING
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, tlbstate_untag_mask);
+EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(tlbstate_untag_mask);
+#endif
+
void update_cache_mode_entry(unsigned entry, enum page_cache_mode cache)
{
/* entry 0 MUST be WB (hardwired to speed up translations) */
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
index 9d1e7a5f141c..8c330a6d0ece 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
@@ -635,7 +635,7 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
barrier();
}

- set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(new_lam);
+ set_tlbstate_lam_mode(next);
if (need_flush) {
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[new_asid].ctx_id, next->context.ctx_id);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[new_asid].tlb_gen, next_tlb_gen);
@@ -726,7 +726,7 @@ void initialize_tlbstate_and_flush(void)
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.next_asid, 1);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[0].ctx_id, mm->context.ctx_id);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[0].tlb_gen, tlb_gen);
- set_tlbstate_cr3_lam_mask(0);
+ set_tlbstate_lam_mode(mm);

for (i = 1; i < TLB_NR_DYN_ASIDS; i++)
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[i].ctx_id, 0);
--
Kiryl Shutsemau / Kirill A. Shutemov
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