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Subject[PATCH] bpf: Fix panic due to wrong pageattr of im->image
In the scenario where livepatch and kretfunc coexist, the pageattr of
im->image is rox after arch_prepare_bpf_trampoline in
bpf_trampoline_update, and then modify_fentry or register_fentry returns
-EAGAIN from bpf_tramp_ftrace_ops_func, the BPF_TRAMP_F_ORIG_STACK flag
will be configured, and arch_prepare_bpf_trampoline will be re-executed.

At this time, because the pageattr of im->image is rox,
arch_prepare_bpf_trampoline will read and write im->image, which causes
a fault. as follows:

insmod livepatch-sample.ko # samples/livepatch/livepatch-sample.c
bpftrace -e 'kretfunc:cmdline_proc_show {}'

BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: ffffffffa0206000
PGD 322d067 P4D 322d067 PUD 322e063 PMD 1297e067 PTE d428061
Oops: 0003 [#1] PREEMPT SMP PTI
CPU: 2 PID: 270 Comm: bpftrace Tainted: G E K 6.1.0 #5
RIP: 0010:arch_prepare_bpf_trampoline+0xed/0x8c0
RSP: 0018:ffffc90001083ad8 EFLAGS: 00010202
RAX: ffffffffa0206000 RBX: 0000000000000020 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: ffffffffa0206001 RSI: ffffffffa0206000 RDI: 0000000000000030
RBP: ffffc90001083b70 R08: 0000000000000066 R09: ffff88800f51b400
R10: 000000002e72c6e5 R11: 00000000d0a15080 R12: ffff8880110a68c8
R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff88800f51b400 R15: ffffffff814fec10
FS: 00007f87bc0dc780(0000) GS:ffff88803e600000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: ffffffffa0206000 CR3: 0000000010b70000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
Call Trace:

With this patch, when modify_fentry or register_fentry returns -EAGAIN
from bpf_tramp_ftrace_ops_func, the pageattr of im->image will be reset
to nx+rw.

Fixes: 00963a2e75a8 ("bpf: Support bpf_trampoline on functions with IPMODIFY (e.g. livepatch)")
Signed-off-by: Chuang Wang <>
kernel/bpf/trampoline.c | 4 ++++
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/trampoline.c b/kernel/bpf/trampoline.c
index 11f5ec0b8016..d0ed7d6f5eec 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/trampoline.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/trampoline.c
@@ -488,6 +488,10 @@ static int bpf_trampoline_update(struct bpf_trampoline *tr, bool lock_direct_mut
/* reset fops->func and fops->trampoline for re-register */
tr->fops->func = NULL;
tr->fops->trampoline = 0;
+ /* reset im->image memory attr for arch_prepare_bpf_trampoline */
+ set_memory_nx((long)im->image, 1);
+ set_memory_rw((long)im->image, 1);
goto again;
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