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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 03/13] selftests/vm/userfaultfd: wake after copy failure
On Sat, Nov 28, 2020 at 04:45:38PM -0800, Nadav Amit wrote:
> From: Nadav Amit <>
> When userfaultfd copy-ioctl fails since the PTE already exists, an
> -EEXIST error is returned and the faulting thread is not woken. The
> current userfaultfd test does not wake the faulting thread in such case.
> The assumption is presumably that another thread set the PTE through
> copy/wp ioctl and would wake the faulting thread or that alternatively
> the fault handler would realize there is no need to "must_wait" and
> continue. This is not necessarily true.
> There is an assumption that the "must_wait" tests in handle_userfault()
> are sufficient to provide definitive answer whether the offending PTE is
> populated or not. However, userfaultfd_must_wait() test is lockless.
> Consequently, concurrent calls to ptep_modify_prot_start(), for
> instance, can clear the PTE and can cause userfaultfd_must_wait()
> to wrongly assume it is not populated and a wait is needed.

Yes userfaultfd_must_wait() is lockless, however my understanding is that we'll
enqueue before reading the page table, which seems to me that we'll always get
notified even the race happens. Should apply to either UFFDIO_WRITEPROTECT or
UFFDIO_COPY, iiuc, as long as we follow the order of (1) modify pgtable (2)
wake sleeping threads. Then it also means that when must_wait() returned true,
it should always get waked up when fault resolved.

Taking UFFDIO_COPY as example, even if UFFDIO_COPY happen right before
must_wait() calls:

worker thread uffd thread
------------- -----------

lockless walk page table
fill in the hole
wake up threads
(this will wake up worker thread too?)
(which may return immediately?)

While here fault_pending_wqh is lock protected. I just feel like there's some
other reason to cause the thread to stall. Or did I miss something?


Peter Xu

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