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SubjectRe: [PATCH RESEND] ARM: Ensure that NEON code always compiles with Clang
On 26.01.2019 05:01, Nathan Chancellor wrote:
> While building arm32 allyesconfig, I ran into the following errors:
>
> arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c:17:2: error: You should compile this file with
> '-mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon'
>
> In file included from lib/raid6/neon1.c:27:
> /home/nathan/cbl/prebuilt/lib/clang/8.0.0/include/arm_neon.h:28:2:
> error: "NEON support not enabled"
>
> Building V=1 showed NEON_FLAGS getting passed along to Clang but
> __ARM_NEON__ was not getting defined. Ultimately, it boils down to Clang
> only defining __ARM_NEON__ when targeting armv7, rather than armv6k,
> which is the '-march' value for allyesconfig.
>
>>From lib/Basic/Targets/ARM.cpp in the Clang source:
>
> // This only gets set when Neon instructions are actually available, unlike
> // the VFP define, hence the soft float and arch check. This is subtly
> // different from gcc, we follow the intent which was that it should be set
> // when Neon instructions are actually available.
> if ((FPU & NeonFPU) && !SoftFloat && ArchVersion >= 7) {
> Builder.defineMacro("__ARM_NEON", "1");
> Builder.defineMacro("__ARM_NEON__");
> // current AArch32 NEON implementations do not support double-precision
> // floating-point even when it is present in VFP.
> Builder.defineMacro("__ARM_NEON_FP",
> "0x" + Twine::utohexstr(HW_FP & ~HW_FP_DP));
> }
>
> Ard Biesheuvel recommended explicitly adding '-march=armv7-a' at the
> beginning of the NEON_FLAGS definitions so that __ARM_NEON__ always gets
> definined by Clang. This doesn't functionally change anything because
> that code will only run where NEON is supported, which is implicitly
> armv7.
>
> Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/287
> Suggested-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
> Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
> ---
>
> Resending with Nicolas's ack and Nick's review, to give others a chance
> to pitch in with review/testing before submitting it to the patch
> system (specifically Stefan, sorry I should have included you in the
> previous posting).

No worries.

Looks good to me.

Reviewed-by: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>

--
Stefan

>
> With this patch and:
> * A tip of tree LLVM build (I used apt.llvm.org)
> * Clang GCOV support:
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190122233749.42220-1-trong@android.com/
> * Two minor hacks for unrelated issues that are still being worked through:
> *
> https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nathanchance/patches/c313b2fa0efb/linux/build-hax/0003-DO-NOT-UPSTREAM-ARM-Don-t-select-HAVE_FUNCTION_TRACE.patch
> (see https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/35)
> *
> https://gist.githubusercontent.com/nathanchance/b2f5a4015abade1a41e78d5fc3235c5b/raw/744321882ab05511331f26896bad7c9f0056a6a5/gistfile1.txt
> (see https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/325)
>
> I can build and link a little endian allyesconfig ARM kernel. This
> patch alone works with GCC 8.2.0 and binutils 2.31.1.
>
> Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt | 4 ++--
> arch/arm/lib/Makefile | 2 +-
> arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c | 2 +-
> lib/raid6/Makefile | 2 +-
> 4 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt
> b/Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt
> index 525452726d31..b9e060c5b61e 100644
> --- a/Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt
> @@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ TL;DR summary
> * Use only NEON instructions, or VFP instructions that don't rely on support
> code
> * Isolate your NEON code in a separate compilation unit, and compile it with
> - '-mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=softfp'
> + '-march=armv7-a -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=softfp'
> * Put kernel_neon_begin() and kernel_neon_end() calls around the
> calls into your
> NEON code
> * Don't sleep in your NEON code, and be aware that it will be executed with
> @@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ instructions appearing in unexpected places if no
> special care is taken.
> Therefore, the recommended and only supported way of using NEON/VFP in the
> kernel is by adhering to the following rules:
> * isolate the NEON code in a separate compilation unit and compile it with
> - '-mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=softfp';
> + '-march=armv7-a -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=softfp';
> * issue the calls to kernel_neon_begin(), kernel_neon_end() as well
> as the calls
> into the unit containing the NEON code from a compilation unit which is *not*
> built with the GCC flag '-mfpu=neon' set.
> diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/Makefile b/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
> index ad25fd1872c7..0bff0176db2c 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
> @@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ $(obj)/csumpartialcopy.o: $(obj)/csumpartialcopygeneric.S
> $(obj)/csumpartialcopyuser.o: $(obj)/csumpartialcopygeneric.S
>
> ifeq ($(CONFIG_KERNEL_MODE_NEON),y)
> - NEON_FLAGS := -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon
> + NEON_FLAGS := -march=armv7-a -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon
> CFLAGS_xor-neon.o += $(NEON_FLAGS)
> obj-$(CONFIG_XOR_BLOCKS) += xor-neon.o
> endif
> diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c b/arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c
> index 2c40aeab3eaa..c691b901092f 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c
> @@ -14,7 +14,7 @@
> MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>
> #ifndef __ARM_NEON__
> -#error You should compile this file with '-mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon'
> +#error You should compile this file with '-march=armv7-a
> -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon'
> #endif
>
> /*
> diff --git a/lib/raid6/Makefile b/lib/raid6/Makefile
> index 4e90d443d1b0..e723eacf7868 100644
> --- a/lib/raid6/Makefile
> +++ b/lib/raid6/Makefile
> @@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ endif
> ifeq ($(CONFIG_KERNEL_MODE_NEON),y)
> NEON_FLAGS := -ffreestanding
> ifeq ($(ARCH),arm)
> -NEON_FLAGS += -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon
> +NEON_FLAGS += -march=armv7-a -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon
> endif
> CFLAGS_recov_neon_inner.o += $(NEON_FLAGS)
> ifeq ($(ARCH),arm64)

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