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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ARM: Ensure that NEON code always compiles with Clang
On Sat, 15 Dec 2018, Nathan Chancellor wrote:

> While building arm32 allyesconfig, I ran into the following errors:
>
> arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c:17:2: error: You should compile this file with
> '-mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon'
>
> In file included from lib/raid6/neon1.c:27:
> /home/nathan/cbl/prebuilt/lib/clang/8.0.0/include/arm_neon.h:28:2:
> error: "NEON support not enabled"
>
> Building V=1 showed NEON_FLAGS getting passed along to Clang but
> __ARM_NEON__ was not getting defined. Ultimately, it boils down to Clang
> only defining __ARM_NEON__ when targeting armv7, rather than armv6k,
> which is the '-march' value for allyesconfig.
>
> From lib/Basic/Targets/ARM.cpp in the Clang source:
>
> // This only gets set when Neon instructions are actually available, unlike
> // the VFP define, hence the soft float and arch check. This is subtly
> // different from gcc, we follow the intent which was that it should be set
> // when Neon instructions are actually available.
> if ((FPU & NeonFPU) && !SoftFloat && ArchVersion >= 7) {
> Builder.defineMacro("__ARM_NEON", "1");
> Builder.defineMacro("__ARM_NEON__");
> // current AArch32 NEON implementations do not support double-precision
> // floating-point even when it is present in VFP.
> Builder.defineMacro("__ARM_NEON_FP",
> "0x" + Twine::utohexstr(HW_FP & ~HW_FP_DP));
> }
>
> Ard Biesheuvel recommended explicitly adding '-march=armv7-a' at the
> beginning of the NEON_FLAGS definitions so that __ARM_NEON__ always gets
> definined by Clang. This doesn't functionally change anything because
> that code will only run where NEON is supported, which is implicitly
> armv7.
>
> Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/287
> Suggested-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>

Did you test that this doesn't create issues with gcc e.g. complaints
from the linker that objects have incompatible architecture
specifications or similar annoyance? This already happened in the past
but I forget the exact scenario. If you already did, or after you do
validate with gcc as well, then you may add:

Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>



> ---
> Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt | 4 ++--
> arch/arm/lib/Makefile | 2 +-
> arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c | 2 +-
> lib/raid6/Makefile | 2 +-
> 4 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt b/Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt
> index 525452726d31..b9e060c5b61e 100644
> --- a/Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/arm/kernel_mode_neon.txt
> @@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ TL;DR summary
> * Use only NEON instructions, or VFP instructions that don't rely on support
> code
> * Isolate your NEON code in a separate compilation unit, and compile it with
> - '-mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=softfp'
> + '-march=armv7-a -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=softfp'
> * Put kernel_neon_begin() and kernel_neon_end() calls around the calls into your
> NEON code
> * Don't sleep in your NEON code, and be aware that it will be executed with
> @@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ instructions appearing in unexpected places if no special care is taken.
> Therefore, the recommended and only supported way of using NEON/VFP in the
> kernel is by adhering to the following rules:
> * isolate the NEON code in a separate compilation unit and compile it with
> - '-mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=softfp';
> + '-march=armv7-a -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=softfp';
> * issue the calls to kernel_neon_begin(), kernel_neon_end() as well as the calls
> into the unit containing the NEON code from a compilation unit which is *not*
> built with the GCC flag '-mfpu=neon' set.
> diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/Makefile b/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
> index ad25fd1872c7..0bff0176db2c 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm/lib/Makefile
> @@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ $(obj)/csumpartialcopy.o: $(obj)/csumpartialcopygeneric.S
> $(obj)/csumpartialcopyuser.o: $(obj)/csumpartialcopygeneric.S
>
> ifeq ($(CONFIG_KERNEL_MODE_NEON),y)
> - NEON_FLAGS := -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon
> + NEON_FLAGS := -march=armv7-a -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon
> CFLAGS_xor-neon.o += $(NEON_FLAGS)
> obj-$(CONFIG_XOR_BLOCKS) += xor-neon.o
> endif
> diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c b/arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c
> index a6741a895189..4600b62d845f 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/lib/xor-neon.c
> @@ -14,7 +14,7 @@
> MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>
> #ifndef __ARM_NEON__
> -#error You should compile this file with '-mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon'
> +#error You should compile this file with '-march=armv7-a -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon'
> #endif
>
> /*
> diff --git a/lib/raid6/Makefile b/lib/raid6/Makefile
> index 2f8b61dfd9b0..bfec7c87c61e 100644
> --- a/lib/raid6/Makefile
> +++ b/lib/raid6/Makefile
> @@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ endif
> ifeq ($(CONFIG_KERNEL_MODE_NEON),y)
> NEON_FLAGS := -ffreestanding
> ifeq ($(ARCH),arm)
> -NEON_FLAGS += -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon
> +NEON_FLAGS += -march=armv7-a -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon
> endif
> CFLAGS_recov_neon_inner.o += $(NEON_FLAGS)
> ifeq ($(ARCH),arm64)
> --
> 2.20.1
>
>

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