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Subject[PATCH net-next] tuntap: introduce tx skb ring
Date
We used to queue tx packets in sk_receive_queue, this is less
efficient since it requires spinlocks to synchronize between producer
and consumer.

This patch tries to address this by using circular buffer which allows
lockless synchronization. This is done by switching from
sk_receive_queue to a tx skb ring with a new flag IFF_TX_RING and when
this is set:

- store pointer to skb in circular buffer in tun_net_xmit(), and read
it from the circular buffer in tun_do_read().
- introduce a new proto_ops peek which could be implemented by
specific socket which does not use sk_receive_queue.
- store skb length in circular buffer too, and implement a lockless
peek for tuntap.
- change vhost_net to use proto_ops->peek() instead
- new spinlocks were introduced to synchronize among producers (and so
did for consumers).

Pktgen test shows about 9% improvement on guest receiving pps:

Before: ~1480000pps
After : ~1610000pps

(I'm not sure noblocking read is still needed, so it was not included
in this patch)
Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
---
---
drivers/net/tun.c | 157 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
drivers/vhost/net.c | 16 ++++-
include/linux/net.h | 1 +
include/uapi/linux/if_tun.h | 1 +
4 files changed, 165 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/tun.c b/drivers/net/tun.c
index 425e983..6001ece 100644
--- a/drivers/net/tun.c
+++ b/drivers/net/tun.c
@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
+#include <linux/circ_buf.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>

@@ -130,6 +131,8 @@ struct tap_filter {
#define MAX_TAP_FLOWS 4096

#define TUN_FLOW_EXPIRE (3 * HZ)
+#define TUN_RING_SIZE 256
+#define TUN_RING_MASK (TUN_RING_SIZE - 1)

struct tun_pcpu_stats {
u64 rx_packets;
@@ -142,6 +145,11 @@ struct tun_pcpu_stats {
u32 rx_frame_errors;
};

+struct tun_desc {
+ struct sk_buff *skb;
+ int len; /* Cached skb len for peeking */
+};
+
/* A tun_file connects an open character device to a tuntap netdevice. It
* also contains all socket related structures (except sock_fprog and tap_filter)
* to serve as one transmit queue for tuntap device. The sock_fprog and
@@ -167,6 +175,13 @@ struct tun_file {
};
struct list_head next;
struct tun_struct *detached;
+ /* reader lock */
+ spinlock_t rlock;
+ unsigned long tail;
+ struct tun_desc tx_descs[TUN_RING_SIZE];
+ /* writer lock */
+ spinlock_t wlock;
+ unsigned long head;
};

struct tun_flow_entry {
@@ -515,7 +530,27 @@ static struct tun_struct *tun_enable_queue(struct tun_file *tfile)

static void tun_queue_purge(struct tun_file *tfile)
{
+ unsigned long head, tail;
+ struct tun_desc *desc;
+ struct sk_buff *skb;
skb_queue_purge(&tfile->sk.sk_receive_queue);
+ spin_lock(&tfile->rlock);
+
+ head = ACCESS_ONCE(tfile->head);
+ tail = tfile->tail;
+
+ /* read tail before reading descriptor at tail */
+ smp_rmb();
+
+ while (CIRC_CNT(head, tail, TUN_RING_SIZE) >= 1) {
+ desc = &tfile->tx_descs[tail];
+ skb = desc->skb;
+ kfree_skb(skb);
+ tail = (tail + 1) & TUN_RING_MASK;
+ /* read descriptor before incrementing tail. */
+ smp_store_release(&tfile->tail, tail & TUN_RING_MASK);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&tfile->rlock);
skb_queue_purge(&tfile->sk.sk_error_queue);
}

@@ -824,6 +859,7 @@ static netdev_tx_t tun_net_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
int txq = skb->queue_mapping;
struct tun_file *tfile;
u32 numqueues = 0;
+ unsigned long flags;

rcu_read_lock();
tfile = rcu_dereference(tun->tfiles[txq]);
@@ -888,8 +924,35 @@ static netdev_tx_t tun_net_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)

nf_reset(skb);

- /* Enqueue packet */
- skb_queue_tail(&tfile->socket.sk->sk_receive_queue, skb);
+ if (tun->flags & IFF_TX_RING) {
+ unsigned long head, tail;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&tfile->wlock, flags);
+
+ head = tfile->head;
+ tail = ACCESS_ONCE(tfile->tail);
+
+ if (CIRC_SPACE(head, tail, TUN_RING_SIZE) >= 1) {
+ struct tun_desc *desc = &tfile->tx_descs[head];
+
+ desc->skb = skb;
+ desc->len = skb->len;
+ if (skb_vlan_tag_present(skb))
+ desc->len += VLAN_HLEN;
+
+ /* read descriptor before incrementing head. */
+ smp_store_release(&tfile->head,
+ (head + 1) & TUN_RING_MASK);
+ } else {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tfile->wlock, flags);
+ goto drop;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tfile->wlock, flags);
+ } else {
+ /* Enqueue packet */
+ skb_queue_tail(&tfile->socket.sk->sk_receive_queue, skb);
+ }

/* Notify and wake up reader process */
if (tfile->flags & TUN_FASYNC)
@@ -1085,6 +1148,13 @@ static void tun_net_init(struct net_device *dev)
}
}

+static bool tun_queue_not_empty(struct tun_file *tfile)
+{
+ struct sock *sk = tfile->socket.sk;
+
+ return (!skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_receive_queue) ||
+ ACCESS_ONCE(tfile->head) != ACCESS_ONCE(tfile->tail));
+}
/* Character device part */

/* Poll */
@@ -1104,7 +1174,7 @@ static unsigned int tun_chr_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)

poll_wait(file, sk_sleep(sk), wait);

- if (!skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_receive_queue))
+ if (tun_queue_not_empty(tfile))
mask |= POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;

if (sock_writeable(sk) ||
@@ -1494,11 +1564,36 @@ static ssize_t tun_do_read(struct tun_struct *tun, struct tun_file *tfile,
if (tun->dev->reg_state != NETREG_REGISTERED)
return -EIO;

- /* Read frames from queue */
- skb = __skb_recv_datagram(tfile->socket.sk, noblock ? MSG_DONTWAIT : 0,
- &peeked, &off, &err);
- if (!skb)
- return err;
+ if (tun->flags & IFF_TX_RING) {
+ unsigned long head, tail;
+ struct tun_desc *desc;
+
+ spin_lock(&tfile->rlock);
+ head = ACCESS_ONCE(tfile->head);
+ tail = tfile->tail;
+
+ if (CIRC_CNT(head, tail, TUN_RING_SIZE) >= 1) {
+ /* read tail before reading descriptor at tail */
+ smp_rmb();
+ desc = &tfile->tx_descs[tail];
+ skb = desc->skb;
+ /* read descriptor before incrementing tail. */
+ smp_store_release(&tfile->tail,
+ (tail + 1) & TUN_RING_MASK);
+ } else {
+ spin_unlock(&tfile->rlock);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&tfile->rlock);
+ } else {
+ /* Read frames from queue */
+ skb = __skb_recv_datagram(tfile->socket.sk,
+ noblock ? MSG_DONTWAIT : 0,
+ &peeked, &off, &err);
+ if (!skb)
+ return err;
+ }

ret = tun_put_user(tun, tfile, skb, to);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
@@ -1629,8 +1724,47 @@ out:
return ret;
}

+static int tun_peek(struct socket *sock, bool exact)
+{
+ struct tun_file *tfile = container_of(sock, struct tun_file, socket);
+ struct sock *sk = sock->sk;
+ struct tun_struct *tun;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!exact)
+ return tun_queue_not_empty(tfile);
+
+ tun = __tun_get(tfile);
+ if (!tun)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (tun->flags & IFF_TX_RING) {
+ unsigned long head = ACCESS_ONCE(tfile->head);
+ unsigned long tail = ACCESS_ONCE(tfile->tail);
+
+ if (head != tail)
+ ret = tfile->tx_descs[tail].len;
+ } else {
+ struct sk_buff *head;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&sk->sk_receive_queue.lock, flags);
+ head = skb_peek(&sk->sk_receive_queue);
+ if (likely(head)) {
+ ret = head->len;
+ if (skb_vlan_tag_present(head))
+ ret += VLAN_HLEN;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sk->sk_receive_queue.lock, flags);
+ }
+
+ tun_put(tun);
+ return ret;
+}
+
/* Ops structure to mimic raw sockets with tun */
static const struct proto_ops tun_socket_ops = {
+ .peek = tun_peek,
.sendmsg = tun_sendmsg,
.recvmsg = tun_recvmsg,
};
@@ -2306,13 +2440,13 @@ static int tun_chr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file * file)
{
struct net *net = current->nsproxy->net_ns;
struct tun_file *tfile;
-
DBG1(KERN_INFO, "tunX: tun_chr_open\n");

tfile = (struct tun_file *)sk_alloc(net, AF_UNSPEC, GFP_KERNEL,
&tun_proto, 0);
if (!tfile)
return -ENOMEM;
+
RCU_INIT_POINTER(tfile->tun, NULL);
tfile->flags = 0;
tfile->ifindex = 0;
@@ -2332,6 +2466,11 @@ static int tun_chr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file * file)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tfile->next);

sock_set_flag(&tfile->sk, SOCK_ZEROCOPY);
+ tfile->head = 0;
+ tfile->tail = 0;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&tfile->rlock);
+ spin_lock_init(&tfile->wlock);

return 0;
}
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/net.c b/drivers/vhost/net.c
index f744eeb..10ff494 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/net.c
+++ b/drivers/vhost/net.c
@@ -455,10 +455,14 @@ out:

static int peek_head_len(struct sock *sk)
{
+ struct socket *sock = sk->sk_socket;
struct sk_buff *head;
int len = 0;
unsigned long flags;

+ if (sock->ops->peek)
+ return sock->ops->peek(sock, true);
+
spin_lock_irqsave(&sk->sk_receive_queue.lock, flags);
head = skb_peek(&sk->sk_receive_queue);
if (likely(head)) {
@@ -471,6 +475,16 @@ static int peek_head_len(struct sock *sk)
return len;
}

+static int sk_has_rx_data(struct sock *sk)
+{
+ struct socket *sock = sk->sk_socket;
+
+ if (sock->ops->peek)
+ return sock->ops->peek(sock, false);
+
+ return skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_receive_queue);
+}
+
static int vhost_net_rx_peek_head_len(struct vhost_net *net, struct sock *sk)
{
struct vhost_net_virtqueue *nvq = &net->vqs[VHOST_NET_VQ_TX];
@@ -487,7 +501,7 @@ static int vhost_net_rx_peek_head_len(struct vhost_net *net, struct sock *sk)
endtime = busy_clock() + vq->busyloop_timeout;

while (vhost_can_busy_poll(&net->dev, endtime) &&
- skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_receive_queue) &&
+ !sk_has_rx_data(sk) &&
vhost_vq_avail_empty(&net->dev, vq))
cpu_relax_lowlatency();

diff --git a/include/linux/net.h b/include/linux/net.h
index 72c1e06..3c4ecd5 100644
--- a/include/linux/net.h
+++ b/include/linux/net.h
@@ -132,6 +132,7 @@ struct module;
struct proto_ops {
int family;
struct module *owner;
+ int (*peek) (struct socket *sock, bool exact);
int (*release) (struct socket *sock);
int (*bind) (struct socket *sock,
struct sockaddr *myaddr,
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/if_tun.h b/include/uapi/linux/if_tun.h
index 3cb5e1d..d64ddc1 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/if_tun.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/if_tun.h
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@
#define IFF_TUN 0x0001
#define IFF_TAP 0x0002
#define IFF_NO_PI 0x1000
+#define IFF_TX_RING 0x0010
/* This flag has no real effect */
#define IFF_ONE_QUEUE 0x2000
#define IFF_VNET_HDR 0x4000
--
2.7.4
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