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Subject[tip:perf/core] perf/x86/intel: Use the PEBS auto reload mechanism when possible
Commit-ID:  851559e35fd5ab637783ba395e55edd50f761229
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/851559e35fd5ab637783ba395e55edd50f761229
Author: Yan, Zheng <zheng.z.yan@intel.com>
AuthorDate: Wed, 6 May 2015 15:33:47 -0400
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Sun, 7 Jun 2015 16:08:35 +0200

perf/x86/intel: Use the PEBS auto reload mechanism when possible

When a fixed period is specified, this patch makes perf use the PEBS
auto reload mechanism. This makes normal profiling faster, because
it avoids one costly MSR write in the PMI handler.

However, the reset value will be loaded by hardware assist. There is a
small delay compared to the previous non-auto-reload mechanism. The
delay time is arbitrary, but very small. The assist cost is 400-800
cycles, assuming common cases with everything cached. The minimum period
the patch currently uses is 10000. In that extreme case it can be ~10%
if cycles are used.

Signed-off-by: Yan, Zheng <zheng.z.yan@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kan Liang <kan.liang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: acme@infradead.org
Cc: eranian@google.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1430940834-8964-2-git-send-email-kan.liang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c | 15 +++++++++------
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c | 8 ++++++--
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c | 7 +++++++
4 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c
index dbe3328..9560d0f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c
@@ -1094,13 +1094,16 @@ int x86_perf_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event)

per_cpu(pmc_prev_left[idx], smp_processor_id()) = left;

- /*
- * The hw event starts counting from this event offset,
- * mark it to be able to extra future deltas:
- */
- local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, (u64)-left);
+ if (!(hwc->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD) ||
+ local64_read(&hwc->prev_count) != (u64)-left) {
+ /*
+ * The hw event starts counting from this event offset,
+ * mark it to be able to extra future deltas:
+ */
+ local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, (u64)-left);

- wrmsrl(hwc->event_base, (u64)(-left) & x86_pmu.cntval_mask);
+ wrmsrl(hwc->event_base, (u64)(-left) & x86_pmu.cntval_mask);
+ }

/*
* Due to erratum on certan cpu we need
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
index 89e6cd6..7a3f0fd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
@@ -75,6 +75,7 @@ struct event_constraint {
#define PERF_X86_EVENT_DYNAMIC 0x0080 /* dynamic alloc'd constraint */
#define PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED 0x0100 /* grant rdpmc permission */
#define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL_ACCT 0x0200 /* accounted EXCL event */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD 0x0400 /* use PEBS auto-reload */


struct amd_nb {
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
index 74f19d9..1762893 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
@@ -2260,8 +2260,12 @@ static int intel_pmu_hw_config(struct perf_event *event)
if (ret)
return ret;

- if (event->attr.precise_ip && x86_pmu.pebs_aliases)
- x86_pmu.pebs_aliases(event);
+ if (event->attr.precise_ip) {
+ if (!event->attr.freq)
+ event->hw.flags |= PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD;
+ if (x86_pmu.pebs_aliases)
+ x86_pmu.pebs_aliases(event);
+ }

if (needs_branch_stack(event)) {
ret = intel_pmu_setup_lbr_filter(event);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c
index 7f73b35..4802d5d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c
@@ -688,6 +688,7 @@ void intel_pmu_pebs_enable(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
+ struct debug_store *ds = cpuc->ds;

hwc->config &= ~ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_INT;

@@ -697,6 +698,12 @@ void intel_pmu_pebs_enable(struct perf_event *event)
cpuc->pebs_enabled |= 1ULL << (hwc->idx + 32);
else if (event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST)
cpuc->pebs_enabled |= 1ULL << 63;
+
+ /* Use auto-reload if possible to save a MSR write in the PMI */
+ if (hwc->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD) {
+ ds->pebs_event_reset[hwc->idx] =
+ (u64)(-hwc->sample_period) & x86_pmu.cntval_mask;
+ }
}

void intel_pmu_pebs_disable(struct perf_event *event)

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