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Subject[PATCH 0/3] fuse: fix accounting background requests

The feature was added long time ago (commit 08a53cdc...) with the comment:

> A task may have at most one synchronous request allocated. So these requests
> need not be otherwise limited.
> However the number of background requests (release, forget, asynchronous
> reads, interrupted requests) can grow indefinitely. This can be used by a
> malicous user to cause FUSE to allocate arbitrary amounts of unswappable
> kernel memory, denying service.
> For this reason add a limit for the number of background requests, and block
> allocations of new requests until the number goes bellow the limit.

However, the implementation suffers from the following problems:

1. Latency of synchronous requests. As soon as fc->num_background hits the
limit, all allocations are blocked: both for synchronous and background
requests. This is unnecessary - as the comment cited above states, synchronous
requests need not be limited (by fuse). Moreover, sometimes it's very
inconvenient. For example, a dozen of tasks aggressively writing to mmap()-ed
area may block 'ls' for long while (>1min in my experiments).

2. Thundering herd problem. When fc->num_background falls below the limit,
request_end() calls wake_up_all(&fc->blocked_waitq). This wakes up all waiters
while it's not impossible that the first waiter getting new request will
immediately put it to background increasing fc->num_background again.
(experimenting with mmap()-ed writes I observed 2x slowdown as compared with
fuse after applying this patch-set)

The patch-set re-works fuse_get_req (and its callers) to throttle only requests
intended for background processing. Having this done, it becomes possible to
use exclusive wakeups in chained manner: request_end() wakes up a waiter,
the waiter allocates new request and submits it for background processing,
the processing ends in request_end() where another wakeup happens an so on.



Maxim Patlasov (3):
fuse: make request allocations for background processing explicit
fuse: skip blocking on allocations of synchronous requests
fuse: implement exclusive wakeup for blocked_waitq

fs/fuse/cuse.c | 2 +-
fs/fuse/dev.c | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
fs/fuse/file.c | 5 +++--
fs/fuse/fuse_i.h | 3 +++
fs/fuse/inode.c | 1 +
5 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)


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