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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 01/18] fat: Fix iocharset=utf8 mount option
On Tuesday 10 January 2023 18:17:05 OGAWA Hirofumi wrote:
> Pali Rohár <pali@kernel.org> writes:
>
> > Currently iocharset=utf8 mount option is broken and error is printed to
> > dmesg when it is used. To use UTF-8 as iocharset, it is required to use
> > utf8=1 mount option.
> >
> > Fix iocharset=utf8 mount option to use be equivalent to the utf8=1 mount
> > option and remove printing error from dmesg.
>
> [...]
>
> > -
> > - There is also an option of doing UTF-8 translations
> > - with the utf8 option.
> > -
> > -.. note:: ``iocharset=utf8`` is not recommended. If unsure, you should consider
> > - the utf8 option instead.
> > + **utf8** is supported too and recommended to use.
> >
> > **utf8=<bool>**
> > - UTF-8 is the filesystem safe version of Unicode that
> > - is used by the console. It can be enabled or disabled
> > - for the filesystem with this option.
> > - If 'uni_xlate' gets set, UTF-8 gets disabled.
> > - By default, FAT_DEFAULT_UTF8 setting is used.
> > + Alias for ``iocharset=utf8`` mount option.
> >
> > **uni_xlate=<bool>**
> > Translate unhandled Unicode characters to special
> > diff --git a/fs/fat/Kconfig b/fs/fat/Kconfig
> > index 238cc55f84c4..e98aaa3bb55b 100644
> > --- a/fs/fat/Kconfig
> > +++ b/fs/fat/Kconfig
> > @@ -93,29 +93,12 @@ config FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET
> > like FAT to use. It should probably match the character set
> > that most of your FAT filesystems use, and can be overridden
> > with the "iocharset" mount option for FAT filesystems.
> > - Note that "utf8" is not recommended for FAT filesystems.
> > - If unsure, you shouldn't set "utf8" here - select the next option
> > - instead if you would like to use UTF-8 encoded file names by default.
> > + "utf8" is supported too and recommended to use.
>
> This patch fixes the issue of utf-8 partially only. I think we can't
> still recommend only partially working one.

With this patch FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET=utf8 is same what was
FAT_DEFAULT_UTF8=y without this patch. And option FAT_DEFAULT_UTF8 was
recommended in description before "select the next option instead if you
would like to use UTF-8 encoded file names by default."

> [...]
>
> > - opts->utf8 = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_UTF8) && is_vfat;
> > -
> > if (!options)
> > goto out;
> >
> > @@ -1318,10 +1316,14 @@ static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options, int is_vfat,
> > | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
> > break;
> > case Opt_utf8_no: /* 0 or no or false */
> > - opts->utf8 = 0;
> > + fat_reset_iocharset(opts);
>
> This changes the behavior of "iocharset=iso8859-1,utf8=no" for
> example. Do we need this user visible change here?

Ok, I agree, we do not want to change iocharset when
"iocharset=iso8859-1,utf8=no" was specified. It should stay on
iso8859-1.

> > break;
> > case Opt_utf8_yes: /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
> > - opts->utf8 = 1;
> > + fat_reset_iocharset(opts);
> > + iocharset = kstrdup("utf8", GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!iocharset)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > + opts->iocharset = iocharset;
> > break;
> > case Opt_uni_xl_no: /* 0 or no or false */
> > opts->unicode_xlate = 0;
> > @@ -1359,18 +1361,11 @@ static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options, int is_vfat,
> > }
> >
> > out:
> > - /* UTF-8 doesn't provide FAT semantics */
> > - if (!strcmp(opts->iocharset, "utf8")) {
> > - fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "utf8 is not a recommended IO charset"
> > - " for FAT filesystems, filesystem will be "
> > - "case sensitive!");
> > - }
> > + opts->utf8 = !strcmp(opts->iocharset, "utf8") && is_vfat;
>
> Still broken, so I think we still need the warning here (would be
> tweaked warning).

There was no warning before for utf8=1. And with this patch
iocharset=utf8 should have same behavior as what was utf8=1 before this
patch.

So if we should show some warning for utf8=1 then it is somehow not
related to this patch and it should be done separately, possible also to
the current codebase and before this patch.

> > /* If user doesn't specify allow_utime, it's initialized from dmask. */
> > if (opts->allow_utime == (unsigned short)-1)
> > opts->allow_utime = ~opts->fs_dmask & (S_IWGRP | S_IWOTH);
> > - if (opts->unicode_xlate)
> > - opts->utf8 = 0;
>
> unicode_xlate option is exclusive with utf8, need to adjust
> somewhere. (with this patch, unicode_xlate and utf8 will shows by
> show_options())

Ok, seems that there is more work to handle unicode_xlate option
correctly.

> > + else if (utf8)
> > + return fat_utf8_strnicmp(name->name, str, alen);
> > + else
> > + return nls_strnicmp(t, name->name, str, alen);
> > }
>
> Not strong opinion though, maybe we better to consolidate this to a
> (inline) function? (FWIW, it may be better to refactor to provide some
> filename functions to hide the detail of handling nls/utf8)

This looks like an another cleanup / improvement which can be done. I'm
not sure if it is a good idea to put into this patch series (it is
already big).

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