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Subject[PATCH v3 6/7] selftests: Test the new RISC-V hwprobe interface
Date
This adds a test for the recently added RISC-V interface for probing
hardware capabilities. It happens to be the first selftest we have for
RISC-V, so I've added some infrastructure for those as well. The build
stuff looks pretty straight-forward, but there's also a tiny C library
to avoid coupling this to any userspace implementation.

Co-developed-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@rivosinc.com>
Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@rivosinc.com>
Signed-off-by: Evan Green <evan@rivosinc.com>

---

(no changes since v2)

Changes in v2:
- Updated the selftests to the new API and added some more.
- Fixed indentation, comments in .S, and general checkpatch complaints.


---
tools/testing/selftests/Makefile | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/riscv/Makefile | 58 ++++++++++++
.../testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/Makefile | 10 +++
.../testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/hwprobe.c | 89 +++++++++++++++++++
.../selftests/riscv/hwprobe/sys_hwprobe.S | 12 +++
5 files changed, 170 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/riscv/Makefile
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/Makefile
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/hwprobe.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/sys_hwprobe.S

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
index 41b649452560..a599ef726310 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ TARGETS += pstore
TARGETS += ptrace
TARGETS += openat2
TARGETS += resctrl
+TARGETS += riscv
TARGETS += rlimits
TARGETS += rseq
TARGETS += rtc
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..32a72902d045
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+# Originally tools/testing/arm64/Makefile
+
+# When ARCH not overridden for crosscompiling, lookup machine
+ARCH ?= $(shell uname -m 2>/dev/null || echo not)
+
+ifneq (,$(filter $(ARCH),riscv))
+RISCV_SUBTARGETS ?= hwprobe
+else
+RISCV_SUBTARGETS :=
+endif
+
+CFLAGS := -Wall -O2 -g
+
+# A proper top_srcdir is needed by KSFT(lib.mk)
+top_srcdir = $(realpath ../../../../)
+
+# Additional include paths needed by kselftest.h and local headers
+CFLAGS += -I$(top_srcdir)/tools/testing/selftests/
+
+CFLAGS += $(KHDR_INCLUDES)
+
+export CFLAGS
+export top_srcdir
+
+all:
+ @for DIR in $(RISCV_SUBTARGETS); do \
+ BUILD_TARGET=$(OUTPUT)/$$DIR; \
+ mkdir -p $$BUILD_TARGET; \
+ $(MAKE) OUTPUT=$$BUILD_TARGET -C $$DIR $@; \
+ done
+
+install: all
+ @for DIR in $(RISCV_SUBTARGETS); do \
+ BUILD_TARGET=$(OUTPUT)/$$DIR; \
+ $(MAKE) OUTPUT=$$BUILD_TARGET -C $$DIR $@; \
+ done
+
+run_tests: all
+ @for DIR in $(RISCV_SUBTARGETS); do \
+ BUILD_TARGET=$(OUTPUT)/$$DIR; \
+ $(MAKE) OUTPUT=$$BUILD_TARGET -C $$DIR $@; \
+ done
+
+# Avoid any output on non riscv on emit_tests
+emit_tests: all
+ @for DIR in $(RISCV_SUBTARGETS); do \
+ BUILD_TARGET=$(OUTPUT)/$$DIR; \
+ $(MAKE) OUTPUT=$$BUILD_TARGET -C $$DIR $@; \
+ done
+
+clean:
+ @for DIR in $(RISCV_SUBTARGETS); do \
+ BUILD_TARGET=$(OUTPUT)/$$DIR; \
+ $(MAKE) OUTPUT=$$BUILD_TARGET -C $$DIR $@; \
+ done
+
+.PHONY: all clean install run_tests emit_tests
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ebdbb3c22e54
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+# Copyright (C) 2021 ARM Limited
+# Originally tools/testing/arm64/abi/Makefile
+
+TEST_GEN_PROGS := hwprobe
+
+include ../../lib.mk
+
+$(OUTPUT)/hwprobe: hwprobe.c sys_hwprobe.S
+ $(CC) -o$@ $(CFLAGS) $(LDFLAGS) $^
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/hwprobe.c b/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/hwprobe.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ddfb61de2938
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/hwprobe.c
@@ -0,0 +1,89 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+#include <asm/hwprobe.h>
+
+/*
+ * Rather than relying on having a new enough libc to define this, just do it
+ * ourselves. This way we don't need to be coupled to a new-enough libc to
+ * contain the call.
+ */
+long riscv_hwprobe(struct riscv_hwprobe *pairs, long pair_count,
+ long cpu_count, unsigned long *cpus, unsigned long flags);
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ struct riscv_hwprobe pairs[8];
+ unsigned long cpus;
+ long out;
+
+ /* Fake the CPU_SET ops. */
+ cpus = -1;
+
+ /*
+ * Just run a basic test: pass enough pairs to get up to the base
+ * behavior, and then check to make sure it's sane.
+ */
+ for (long i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ pairs[i].key = i;
+ out = riscv_hwprobe(pairs, 8, 1, &cpus, 0);
+ if (out != 0)
+ return -1;
+ for (long i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
+ /* Fail if the kernel claims not to recognize a base key. */
+ if ((i < 4) && (pairs[i].key != i))
+ return -2;
+
+ if (pairs[i].key != RISCV_HWPROBE_KEY_BASE_BEHAVIOR)
+ continue;
+
+ if (pairs[i].value & RISCV_HWPROBE_BASE_BEHAVIOR_IMA)
+ continue;
+
+ return -3;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * This should also work with a NULL CPU set, but should not work
+ * with an improperly supplied CPU set.
+ */
+ out = riscv_hwprobe(pairs, 8, 0, 0, 0);
+ if (out != 0)
+ return -4;
+
+ out = riscv_hwprobe(pairs, 8, 0, &cpus, 0);
+ if (out == 0)
+ return -5;
+
+ out = riscv_hwprobe(pairs, 8, 1, 0, 0);
+ if (out == 0)
+ return -6;
+
+ /*
+ * Check that keys work by providing one that we know exists, and
+ * checking to make sure the resultig pair is what we asked for.
+ */
+ pairs[0].key = RISCV_HWPROBE_KEY_BASE_BEHAVIOR;
+ out = riscv_hwprobe(pairs, 1, 1, &cpus, 0);
+ if (out != 0)
+ return -7;
+ if (pairs[0].key != RISCV_HWPROBE_KEY_BASE_BEHAVIOR)
+ return -8;
+
+ /*
+ * Check that an unknown key gets overwritten with -1,
+ * but doesn't block elements after it.
+ */
+ pairs[0].key = 0x5555;
+ pairs[1].key = 1;
+ pairs[1].value = 0xAAAA;
+ out = riscv_hwprobe(pairs, 2, 0, 0, 0);
+ if (out != 0)
+ return -9;
+
+ if (pairs[0].key != -1)
+ return -10;
+
+ if ((pairs[1].key != 1) || (pairs[1].value == 0xAAAA))
+ return -11;
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/sys_hwprobe.S b/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/sys_hwprobe.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ed8d28863b27
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/riscv/hwprobe/sys_hwprobe.S
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (C) 2022 Rivos, Inc */
+
+.text
+.global riscv_hwprobe
+riscv_hwprobe:
+ # Put __NR_riscv_hwprobe in the syscall number register, then just shim
+ # back the kernel's return. This doesn't do any sort of errno
+ # handling, the caller can deal with it.
+ li a7, 258
+ ecall
+ ret
--
2.25.1
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