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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/3] sched/uclamp: Set max_spare_cap_cpu even if max_spare_cap is 0
On 02/20/23 18:02, Vincent Guittot wrote:
> On Sat, 11 Feb 2023 at 18:28, Qais Yousef <qyousef@layalina.io> wrote:
> >
> > On 02/07/23 10:45, Vincent Guittot wrote:
> > > On Sun, 5 Feb 2023 at 23:43, Qais Yousef <qyousef@layalina.io> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > When uclamp_max is being used, the util of the task could be higher than
> > > > the spare capacity of the CPU, but due to uclamp_max value we force fit
> > > > it there.
> > > >
> > > > The way the condition for checking for max_spare_cap in
> > > > find_energy_efficient_cpu() was constructed; it ignored any CPU that has
> > > > its spare_cap less than or _equal_ to max_spare_cap. Since we initialize
> > > > max_spare_cap to 0; this lead to never setting max_spare_cap_cpu and
> > > > hence ending up never performing compute_energy() for this cluster and
> > > > missing an opportunity for a better energy efficient placement to honour
> > > > uclamp_max setting.
> > > >
> > > > max_spare_cap = 0;
> > > > cpu_cap = capacity_of(cpu) - task_util(p); // 0 if task_util(p) is high
> > > >
> > > > ...
> > > >
> > > > util_fits_cpu(...); // will return true if uclamp_max forces it to fit
> > > >
> > > > ...
> > > >
> > > > // this logic will fail to update max_spare_cap_cpu if cpu_cap is 0
> > > > if (cpu_cap > max_spare_cap) {
> > > > max_spare_cap = cpu_cap;
> > > > max_spare_cap_cpu = cpu;
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > prev_spare_cap suffers from a similar problem.
> > > >
> > > > Fix the logic by converting the variables into long and treating -1
> > > > value as 'not populated' instead of 0 which is a viable and correct
> > > > spare capacity value.
> > > >
> > > > Fixes: 1d42509e475c ("sched/fair: Make EAS wakeup placement consider uclamp restrictions")
> > > > Signed-off-by: Qais Yousef (Google) <qyousef@layalina.io>
> > > > ---
> > > > kernel/sched/fair.c | 9 ++++-----
> > > > 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > > > index c6c8e7f52935..7a21ee74139f 100644
> > > > --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > > > +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > > > @@ -7382,11 +7382,10 @@ static int find_energy_efficient_cpu(struct task_struct *p, int prev_cpu)
> > > > for (; pd; pd = pd->next) {
> > > > unsigned long util_min = p_util_min, util_max = p_util_max;
> > > > unsigned long cpu_cap, cpu_thermal_cap, util;
> > > > - unsigned long cur_delta, max_spare_cap = 0;
> > > > + long prev_spare_cap = -1, max_spare_cap = -1;
> > > > unsigned long rq_util_min, rq_util_max;
> > > > - unsigned long prev_spare_cap = 0;
> > > > + unsigned long cur_delta, base_energy;
> > > > int max_spare_cap_cpu = -1;
> > > > - unsigned long base_energy;
> > > > int fits, max_fits = -1;
> > > >
> > > > cpumask_and(cpus, perf_domain_span(pd), cpu_online_mask);
> > > > @@ -7461,7 +7460,7 @@ static int find_energy_efficient_cpu(struct task_struct *p, int prev_cpu)
> > > > }
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > - if (max_spare_cap_cpu < 0 && prev_spare_cap == 0)
> > > > + if (max_spare_cap_cpu < 0 && prev_spare_cap < 0)
> > > > continue;
> > > >
> > > > eenv_pd_busy_time(&eenv, cpus, p);
> > > > @@ -7469,7 +7468,7 @@ static int find_energy_efficient_cpu(struct task_struct *p, int prev_cpu)
> > > > base_energy = compute_energy(&eenv, pd, cpus, p, -1);
> > > >
> > > > /* Evaluate the energy impact of using prev_cpu. */
> > > > - if (prev_spare_cap > 0) {
> > > > + if (prev_spare_cap > -1) {
> > > > prev_delta = compute_energy(&eenv, pd, cpus, p,
> > > > prev_cpu);
> > > > /* CPU utilization has changed */
> > >
> > > I think that you also need the change below to make sure that the
> > > signed comparison will be used. I have quickly checked the assembly
> > > code for aarch64 and your patch keeps using unsigned comparison (b.ls)
> > > ((fits == max_fits) && (cpu_cap > max_spare_cap))) {
> > > ffff8000080e4c94: f94067e0 ldr x0, [sp, #200]
> > > ffff8000080e4c98: eb00003f cmp x1, x0
> > > ffff8000080e4c9c: 54ff98a9 b.ls ffff8000080e3fb0
> > > <select_task_rq_fair+0x570> // b.plast
> > >
> > > Whereas the change below make it to use the signed version (b.le)
> > > ((fits == max_fits) && ((long)cpu_cap > max_spare_cap))) {
> > > ffff8000080e4c94: f94067e0 ldr x0, [sp, #200]
> > > ffff8000080e4c98: eb00003f cmp x1, x0
> > > ffff8000080e4c9c: 54ff98ad b.le ffff8000080e3fb0 <select_task_rq_fair+0x570>
> > >
> > > -- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > > +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > > @@ -7522,7 +7522,7 @@ static int find_energy_efficient_cpu(struct
> > > task_struct *p, int prev_cpu)
> > > prev_spare_cap = cpu_cap;
> > > prev_fits = fits;
> > > } else if ((fits > max_fits) ||
> > > - ((fits == max_fits) && (cpu_cap >
> > > max_spare_cap))) {
> > > + ((fits == max_fits) &&
> > > ((long)cpu_cap > max_spare_cap))) {
> > > /*
> > > * Find the CPU with the maximum spare capacity
> > > * among the remaining CPUs in the performance
> >
> > Isn't it better to go back to v1 form then? The inconsistent type paired with
> > the cast isn't getting too ugly for me :(
>
> the cast into a long of the cpu capacity in the condition was a good
> way to fix this unsigned/signed comparison and make is consistent with
> the use of -1 as default value IMO
> ((long)cpu_cap > max_spare_cap)

Fair enough. Our boolean brains differ :-) I'll add the cast.

Do you see the energy calculation issue Dietmar was trying to highlight? As it
stands I only have boolean tweaks to do for v3.


Cheers

--
Qais Yousef

> >
> > I don't think we can convert cpu_cap to long without having to do more work as
> > it is used with 'util'.
> >
> >
> > Cheers
> >
> > --
> > Qais Yousef

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