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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 10/26] gunyah: vm_mgr: Introduce basic VM Manager
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On 2/21/2023 2:46 AM, Srinivas Kandagatla wrote:
>
>
> On 14/02/2023 21:23, Elliot Berman wrote:
>>
>> Gunyah VM manager is a kernel moduel which exposes an interface to
>> Gunyah userspace to load, run, and interact with other Gunyah virtual
>> machines. The interface is a character device at /dev/gunyah.
>>
>> Add a basic VM manager driver. Upcoming patches will add more ioctls
>> into this driver.
>>
>> Co-developed-by: Prakruthi Deepak Heragu <quic_pheragu@quicinc.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Prakruthi Deepak Heragu <quic_pheragu@quicinc.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Elliot Berman <quic_eberman@quicinc.com>
>> ---
>>   .../userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst      |   1 +
>>   drivers/virt/gunyah/Makefile                  |   2 +-
>>   drivers/virt/gunyah/rsc_mgr.c                 |  37 +++++-
>>   drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.c                  | 118 ++++++++++++++++++
>>   drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.h                  |  22 ++++
>>   include/uapi/linux/gunyah.h                   |  23 ++++
>>   6 files changed, 201 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>   create mode 100644 drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.c
>>   create mode 100644 drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.h
>>   create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/gunyah.h
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
>> b/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
>> index 0a1882e296ae..2513324ae7be 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
>> +++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
>> @@ -137,6 +137,7 @@ Code  Seq#    Include
>> File                                           Comments
>>   'F'   DD     video/sstfb.h
>> conflict!
>>   'G'   00-3F  drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grulib.h
>> conflict!
>>   'G'   00-0F  xen/gntalloc.h, xen/gntdev.h
>> conflict!
>> +'G'   00-0f  linux/gunyah.h
>> conflict!
>>   'H'   00-7F  linux/hiddev.h
>> conflict!
>>   'H'   00-0F  linux/hidraw.h
>> conflict!
>>   'H'   01     linux/mei.h
>> conflict!
>> diff --git a/drivers/virt/gunyah/Makefile b/drivers/virt/gunyah/Makefile
>> index de29769f2f3f..03951cf82023 100644
>> --- a/drivers/virt/gunyah/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/virt/gunyah/Makefile
>> @@ -2,5 +2,5 @@
>>   obj-$(CONFIG_GUNYAH) += gunyah.o
>> -gunyah_rsc_mgr-y += rsc_mgr.o rsc_mgr_rpc.o
>> +gunyah_rsc_mgr-y += rsc_mgr.o rsc_mgr_rpc.o vm_mgr.o
>>   obj-$(CONFIG_GUNYAH) += gunyah_rsc_mgr.o
>> diff --git a/drivers/virt/gunyah/rsc_mgr.c
>> b/drivers/virt/gunyah/rsc_mgr.c
>> index 2a47139873a8..73c5a6b7cbbc 100644
>> --- a/drivers/virt/gunyah/rsc_mgr.c
>> +++ b/drivers/virt/gunyah/rsc_mgr.c
>> @@ -16,8 +16,10 @@
>>   #include <linux/completion.h>
>>   #include <linux/gunyah_rsc_mgr.h>
>>   #include <linux/platform_device.h>
>> +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
>>   #include "rsc_mgr.h"
>> +#include "vm_mgr.h"
>>   #define RM_RPC_API_VERSION_MASK        GENMASK(3, 0)
>>   #define RM_RPC_HEADER_WORDS_MASK    GENMASK(7, 4)
>> @@ -103,6 +105,8 @@ struct gh_rm {
>>       struct kmem_cache *cache;
>>       struct mutex send_lock;
>>       struct blocking_notifier_head nh;
>> +
>> +    struct miscdevice miscdev;
>>   };
>>   static struct gh_rm_connection *gh_rm_alloc_connection(__le32
>> msg_id, u8 type)
>> @@ -509,6 +513,21 @@ void put_gh_rm(struct gh_rm *rm)
>>   }
>>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_gh_rm);
>> +static long gh_dev_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
>> unsigned long arg)
>> +{
>> +    struct miscdevice *miscdev = filp->private_data;
>> +    struct gh_rm *rm = container_of(miscdev, struct gh_rm, miscdev);
>> +
>> +    return gh_dev_vm_mgr_ioctl(rm, cmd, arg);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct file_operations gh_dev_fops = {
>> +    .owner        = THIS_MODULE,
>> +    .unlocked_ioctl    = gh_dev_ioctl,
>> +    .compat_ioctl    = compat_ptr_ioctl,
>> +    .llseek        = noop_llseek,
>> +};
>> +
>>   static int gh_msgq_platform_probe_direction(struct platform_device
>> *pdev,
>>                       bool tx, int idx, struct gunyah_resource *ghrsc)
>>   {
>> @@ -567,7 +586,22 @@ static int gh_rm_drv_probe(struct platform_device
>> *pdev)
>>       rm->msgq_client.rx_callback = gh_rm_msgq_rx_data;
>>       rm->msgq_client.tx_done = gh_rm_msgq_tx_done;
>> -    return gh_msgq_init(&pdev->dev, &rm->msgq, &rm->msgq_client,
>> &rm->tx_ghrsc, &rm->rx_ghrsc);
>> +    ret = gh_msgq_init(&pdev->dev, &rm->msgq, &rm->msgq_client,
>> &rm->tx_ghrsc, &rm->rx_ghrsc);
>> +    if (ret)
>> +        goto err_cache;
>> +
>> +    rm->miscdev.name = "gunyah";
>> +    rm->miscdev.minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR;
>> +    rm->miscdev.fops = &gh_dev_fops;
>> +
>> +    ret = misc_register(&rm->miscdev);
>> +    if (ret)
>> +        goto err_msgq;
>> +
>> +    return 0;
>> +err_msgq:
>> +    mbox_free_channel(gh_msgq_chan(&rm->msgq));
>> +    gh_msgq_remove(&rm->msgq);
>>   err_cache:
>>       kmem_cache_destroy(rm->cache);
>>       return ret;
>> @@ -577,6 +611,7 @@ static int gh_rm_drv_remove(struct platform_device
>> *pdev)
>>   {
>>       struct gh_rm *rm = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
>> +    misc_deregister(&rm->miscdev);
>>       mbox_free_channel(gh_msgq_chan(&rm->msgq));
>>       gh_msgq_remove(&rm->msgq);
>>       kmem_cache_destroy(rm->cache);
>> diff --git a/drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.c b/drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..fd890a57172e
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,118 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
>> +/*
>> + * Copyright (c) 2022-2023 Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. All
>> rights reserved.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#define pr_fmt(fmt) "gh_vm_mgr: " fmt
>> +
>> +#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
>> +#include <linux/file.h>
>> +#include <linux/gunyah_rsc_mgr.h>
>> +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +
>> +#include <uapi/linux/gunyah.h>
>> +
>> +#include "vm_mgr.h"
>> +
>> +static void gh_vm_free(struct work_struct *work)
>> +{
>> +    struct gh_vm *ghvm = container_of(work, struct gh_vm, free_work);
>> +    int ret;
>> +
>> +    ret = gh_rm_dealloc_vmid(ghvm->rm, ghvm->vmid);
>> +    if (ret)
>> +        pr_warn("Failed to deallocate vmid: %d\n", ret);
>> +
>> +    put_gh_rm(ghvm->rm);
>> +    kfree(ghvm);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static __must_check struct gh_vm *gh_vm_alloc(struct gh_rm *rm)
>> +{
>> +    struct gh_vm *ghvm;
>> +    int vmid;
>> +
>> +    vmid = gh_rm_alloc_vmid(rm, 0);
>> +    if (vmid < 0)
>> +        return ERR_PTR(vmid);
>> +
>> +    ghvm = kzalloc(sizeof(*ghvm), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +    if (!ghvm) {
>> +        gh_rm_dealloc_vmid(rm, vmid);
>> +        return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> +    }
>> +
>> +    get_gh_rm(rm);
>> +
>> +    ghvm->vmid = vmid;
>> +    ghvm->rm = rm;
>> +
>> +    INIT_WORK(&ghvm->free_work, gh_vm_free);
>> +
>> +    return ghvm;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int gh_vm_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
>> +{
>> +    struct gh_vm *ghvm = filp->private_data;
>> +
>> +    /* VM will be reset and make RM calls which can interruptible sleep.
>> +     * Defer to a work so this thread can receive signal.
>> +     */
>> +    schedule_work(&ghvm->free_work);
>> +    return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct file_operations gh_vm_fops = {
>> +    .release = gh_vm_release,
>
>> +    .compat_ioctl    = compat_ptr_ioctl,
>
> This line should go with the patch that adds real ioctl
>

Done.

>> +    .llseek = noop_llseek,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static long gh_dev_ioctl_create_vm(struct gh_rm *rm, unsigned long arg)
> Not sure what is the gain of this multiple levels of redirection.
>
> How about
>
> long gh_dev_create_vm(struct gh_rm *rm, unsigned long arg)
> {
> ...
> }
>
> and rsc_mgr just call it as part of its ioctl call
>
> static long gh_dev_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned
> long arg)
> {
>     struct miscdevice *miscdev = filp->private_data;
>     struct gh_rm *rm = container_of(miscdev, struct gh_rm, miscdev);
>
>     switch (cmd) {
>     case GH_CREATE_VM:
>         return gh_dev_create_vm(rm, arg);
>     default:
>         return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
>     }
> }
>

I'm anticipating we will add further /dev/gunyah ioctls and I thought it
would be cleaner to have all that in vm_mgr.c itself.

>
>> +{
>> +    struct gh_vm *ghvm;
>> +    struct file *file;
>> +    int fd, err;
>> +
>> +    /* arg reserved for future use. */
>> +    if (arg)
>> +        return -EINVAL;
>
> The only code path I see here is via GH_CREATE_VM ioctl which obviously
> does not take any arguments, so if you are thinking of using the
> argument for architecture-specific VM flags.  Then this needs to be
> properly done by making the ABI aware of this.

It is documented in Patch 17 (Document Gunyah VM Manager)

+GH_CREATE_VM
+~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Creates a Gunyah VM. The argument is reserved for future use and must be 0.

>
> As you mentioned zero value arg imply an "unauthenticated VM" type, but
> this was not properly encoded in the userspace ABI. Why not make it
> future compatible. How about adding arguments to GH_CREATE_VM and pass
> the required information correctly.
> Note that once the ABI is accepted then you will not be able to change
> it, other than adding a new one.
>

Does this means adding #define GH_VM_DEFAULT_ARG 0 ? I am not sure yet
what arguments to add here.

The ABI can add new "long" values to GH_CREATE_VM and that wouldn't
break compatibility with old kernels; old kernels reject it as -EINVAL.

>> +
>> +    ghvm = gh_vm_alloc(rm);
>> +    if (IS_ERR(ghvm))
>> +        return PTR_ERR(ghvm);
>> +
>> +    fd = get_unused_fd_flags(O_CLOEXEC);
>> +    if (fd < 0) {
>> +        err = fd;
>> +        goto err_destroy_vm;
>> +    }
>> +
>> +    file = anon_inode_getfile("gunyah-vm", &gh_vm_fops, ghvm, O_RDWR);
>> +    if (IS_ERR(file)) {
>> +        err = PTR_ERR(file);
>> +        goto err_put_fd;
>> +    }
>> +
>> +    fd_install(fd, file);
>> +
>> +    return fd;
>> +
>> +err_put_fd:
>> +    put_unused_fd(fd);
>> +err_destroy_vm:
>> +    kfree(ghvm);
>> +    return err;
>> +}
>> +
>> +long gh_dev_vm_mgr_ioctl(struct gh_rm *rm, unsigned int cmd, unsigned
>> long arg)
>> +{
>> +    switch (cmd) {
>> +    case GH_CREATE_VM:
>> +        return gh_dev_ioctl_create_vm(rm, arg);
>> +    default:
>> +        return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
>> +    }
>> +}
>> diff --git a/drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.h b/drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..76954da706e9
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/virt/gunyah/vm_mgr.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
>> +/*
>> + * Copyright (c) 2022-2023 Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. All
>> rights reserved.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#ifndef _GH_PRIV_VM_MGR_H
>> +#define _GH_PRIV_VM_MGR_H
>> +
>> +#include <linux/gunyah_rsc_mgr.h>
>> +
>> +#include <uapi/linux/gunyah.h>
>> +
>> +long gh_dev_vm_mgr_ioctl(struct gh_rm *rm, unsigned int cmd, unsigned
>> long arg);
>> +
>> +struct gh_vm {
>> +    u16 vmid;
>> +    struct gh_rm *rm;
>> +
>> +    struct work_struct free_work;
>> +};
>> +
>> +#endif
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/gunyah.h b/include/uapi/linux/gunyah.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..10ba32d2b0a6
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/gunyah.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only WITH Linux-syscall-note */
>> +/*
>> + * Copyright (c) 2022-2023 Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. All
>> rights reserved.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_GUNYAH
>> +#define _UAPI_LINUX_GUNYAH
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Userspace interface for /dev/gunyah - gunyah based virtual machine
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/types.h>
>> +#include <linux/ioctl.h>
>> +
>> +#define GH_IOCTL_TYPE            'G'
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * ioctls for /dev/gunyah fds:
>> + */
>> +#define GH_CREATE_VM            _IO(GH_IOCTL_TYPE, 0x0) /* Returns a
>> Gunyah VM fd */
> Can HLOS forcefully destroy a VM?
> If so should we have a corresponding DESTROY IOCTL?

It can forcefully destroy unauthenticated and protected virtual
machines. I don't have a userspace usecase for a DESTROY ioctl yet,
maybe this can be added later? By the way, the VM is forcefully
destroyed when VM refcount is dropped to 0 (close(vm_fd) and any other
relevant file descriptors).

- Elliot

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