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Subject[PATCH v8 04/11] tracing/user_events: Fixup enable faults asyncly
Date
When events are enabled within the various tracing facilities, such as
ftrace/perf, the event_mutex is held. As events are enabled pages are
accessed. We do not want page faults to occur under this lock. Instead
queue the fault to a workqueue to be handled in a process context safe
way without the lock.

The enable address is marked faulting while the async fault-in occurs.
This ensures that we don't attempt to fault-in more than is necessary.
Once the page has been faulted in, an address write is re-attempted.
If the page couldn't fault-in, then we wait until the next time the
event is enabled to prevent any potential infinite loops.

Signed-off-by: Beau Belgrave <beaub@linux.microsoft.com>
---
kernel/trace/trace_events_user.c | 120 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 114 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_events_user.c b/kernel/trace/trace_events_user.c
index 553a82ee7aeb..86bda1660536 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_events_user.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_events_user.c
@@ -99,9 +99,23 @@ struct user_event_enabler {
/* Bits 0-5 are for the bit to update upon enable/disable (0-63 allowed) */
#define ENABLE_VAL_BIT_MASK 0x3F

+/* Bit 6 is for faulting status of enablement */
+#define ENABLE_VAL_FAULTING_BIT 6
+
/* Only duplicate the bit value */
#define ENABLE_VAL_DUP_MASK ENABLE_VAL_BIT_MASK

+#define ENABLE_BITOPS(e) ((unsigned long *)&(e)->values)
+
+/* Used for asynchronous faulting in of pages */
+struct user_event_enabler_fault {
+ struct work_struct work;
+ struct user_event_mm *mm;
+ struct user_event_enabler *enabler;
+};
+
+static struct kmem_cache *fault_cache;
+
/* Global list of memory descriptors using user_events */
static LIST_HEAD(user_event_mms);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(user_event_mms_lock);
@@ -263,7 +277,85 @@ static int user_event_mm_fault_in(struct user_event_mm *mm, unsigned long uaddr)
}

static int user_event_enabler_write(struct user_event_mm *mm,
- struct user_event_enabler *enabler)
+ struct user_event_enabler *enabler,
+ bool fixup_fault);
+
+static void user_event_enabler_fault_fixup(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct user_event_enabler_fault *fault = container_of(
+ work, struct user_event_enabler_fault, work);
+ struct user_event_enabler *enabler = fault->enabler;
+ struct user_event_mm *mm = fault->mm;
+ unsigned long uaddr = enabler->addr;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = user_event_mm_fault_in(mm, uaddr);
+
+ if (ret && ret != -ENOENT) {
+ struct user_event *user = enabler->event;
+
+ pr_warn("user_events: Fault for mm: 0x%pK @ 0x%llx event: %s\n",
+ mm->mm, (unsigned long long)uaddr, EVENT_NAME(user));
+ }
+
+ /* Prevent state changes from racing */
+ mutex_lock(&event_mutex);
+
+ /*
+ * If we managed to get the page, re-issue the write. We do not
+ * want to get into a possible infinite loop, which is why we only
+ * attempt again directly if the page came in. If we couldn't get
+ * the page here, then we will try again the next time the event is
+ * enabled/disabled.
+ */
+ clear_bit(ENABLE_VAL_FAULTING_BIT, ENABLE_BITOPS(enabler));
+
+ if (!ret) {
+ mmap_read_lock(mm->mm);
+ user_event_enabler_write(mm, enabler, true);
+ mmap_read_unlock(mm->mm);
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&event_mutex);
+
+ /* In all cases we no longer need the mm or fault */
+ user_event_mm_put(mm);
+ kmem_cache_free(fault_cache, fault);
+}
+
+static bool user_event_enabler_queue_fault(struct user_event_mm *mm,
+ struct user_event_enabler *enabler)
+{
+ struct user_event_enabler_fault *fault;
+
+ fault = kmem_cache_zalloc(fault_cache, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN);
+
+ if (!fault)
+ return false;
+
+ INIT_WORK(&fault->work, user_event_enabler_fault_fixup);
+ fault->mm = user_event_mm_get(mm);
+ fault->enabler = enabler;
+
+ /* Don't try to queue in again while we have a pending fault */
+ set_bit(ENABLE_VAL_FAULTING_BIT, ENABLE_BITOPS(enabler));
+
+ if (!schedule_work(&fault->work)) {
+ /* Allow another attempt later */
+ clear_bit(ENABLE_VAL_FAULTING_BIT, ENABLE_BITOPS(enabler));
+
+ user_event_mm_put(mm);
+ kmem_cache_free(fault_cache, fault);
+
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int user_event_enabler_write(struct user_event_mm *mm,
+ struct user_event_enabler *enabler,
+ bool fixup_fault)
{
unsigned long uaddr = enabler->addr;
unsigned long *ptr;
@@ -278,11 +370,19 @@ static int user_event_enabler_write(struct user_event_mm *mm,
if (refcount_read(&mm->tasks) == 0)
return -ENOENT;

+ if (unlikely(test_bit(ENABLE_VAL_FAULTING_BIT, ENABLE_BITOPS(enabler))))
+ return -EBUSY;
+
ret = pin_user_pages_remote(mm->mm, uaddr, 1, FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_NOFAULT,
&page, NULL, NULL);

- if (ret <= 0) {
- pr_warn("user_events: Enable write failed\n");
+ if (unlikely(ret <= 0)) {
+ if (!fixup_fault)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (!user_event_enabler_queue_fault(mm, enabler))
+ pr_warn("user_events: Unable to queue fault handler\n");
+
return -EFAULT;
}

@@ -314,7 +414,7 @@ static void user_event_enabler_update(struct user_event *user)

list_for_each_entry_rcu(enabler, &mm->enablers, link)
if (enabler->event == user)
- user_event_enabler_write(mm, enabler);
+ user_event_enabler_write(mm, enabler, true);

rcu_read_unlock();
mmap_read_unlock(mm->mm);
@@ -562,7 +662,7 @@ static struct user_event_enabler

/* Attempt to reflect the current state within the process */
mmap_read_lock(user_mm->mm);
- *write_result = user_event_enabler_write(user_mm, enabler);
+ *write_result = user_event_enabler_write(user_mm, enabler, false);
mmap_read_unlock(user_mm->mm);

/*
@@ -2201,16 +2301,24 @@ static int __init trace_events_user_init(void)
{
int ret;

+ fault_cache = KMEM_CACHE(user_event_enabler_fault, 0);
+
+ if (!fault_cache)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
init_group = user_event_group_create(&init_user_ns);

- if (!init_group)
+ if (!init_group) {
+ kmem_cache_destroy(fault_cache);
return -ENOMEM;
+ }

ret = create_user_tracefs();

if (ret) {
pr_warn("user_events could not register with tracefs\n");
user_event_group_destroy(init_group);
+ kmem_cache_destroy(fault_cache);
init_group = NULL;
return ret;
}
--
2.25.1
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