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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 7/8] media: i2c: add DS90UB913 driver
From
On 08/01/2023 06:06, Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> Hi Tomi,
>
> Thank you for the patch.
>
> On Thu, Jan 05, 2023 at 04:03:06PM +0200, Tomi Valkeinen wrote:
>> Add driver for TI DS90UB913 FPD-Link III Serializer.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Tomi Valkeinen <tomi.valkeinen@ideasonboard.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig | 13 +
>> drivers/media/i2c/Makefile | 2 +-
>> drivers/media/i2c/ds90ub913.c | 871 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 3 files changed, 885 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> create mode 100644 drivers/media/i2c/ds90ub913.c
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig b/drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig
>> index f95a54454e17..eb312d6e9cf6 100644
>> --- a/drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig
>> @@ -1601,6 +1601,19 @@ endmenu
>>
>> menu "Video serializers and deserializers"
>>
>> +config VIDEO_DS90UB913
>> + tristate "TI DS90UB913 Serializer"
>> + depends on OF && I2C && VIDEO_DEV
>> + select MEDIA_CONTROLLER
>> + select VIDEO_V4L2_SUBDEV_API
>> + select V4L2_FWNODE
>> + select REGMAP_I2C
>> + select OF_GPIO
>> + select I2C_ATR
>
> Maybe alphabetical order ?

Sure.

>> + help
>> + Device driver for the Texas Instruments DS90UB913
>> + FPD-Link III Serializer.
>> +
>> config VIDEO_DS90UB960
>> tristate "TI DS90UB960 Deserializer"
>> depends on OF && I2C && VIDEO_DEV
>> diff --git a/drivers/media/i2c/Makefile b/drivers/media/i2c/Makefile
>> index 2735b00437bb..c4875ec8c3b9 100644
>> --- a/drivers/media/i2c/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/media/i2c/Makefile
>> @@ -142,5 +142,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_VPX3220) += vpx3220.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_VS6624) += vs6624.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_WM8739) += wm8739.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_WM8775) += wm8775.o
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_DS90UB913) += ds90ub913.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_DS90UB960) += ds90ub960.o
>> -
>
> Don't add the blank line in 6/8 if you remove it here :-)

Okay =).

>> diff --git a/drivers/media/i2c/ds90ub913.c b/drivers/media/i2c/ds90ub913.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..0a60afb09cd3
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/media/i2c/ds90ub913.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,871 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>> +/*
>> + * Driver for the Texas Instruments DS90UB913 video serializer
>> + *
>> + * Based on a driver from Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (c) 2019 Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>
>> + * Copyright (c) 2022 Tomi Valkeinen <tomi.valkeinen@ideasonboard.com>
>
> Happy new year :-)

Again? Time flies...

>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
>> +#include <linux/clk.h>
>> +#include <linux/delay.h>
>> +#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
>> +#include <linux/i2c-atr.h>
>> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/of.h>
>> +#include <linux/of_graph.h>
>> +#include <linux/regmap.h>
>> +
>> +#include <media/i2c/ds90ub9xx.h>
>> +#include <media/v4l2-subdev.h>
>> +
>> +#define UB913_PAD_SINK 0
>> +#define UB913_PAD_SOURCE 1
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * UB913 has 4 gpios, but gpios 3 and 4 are reserved for external oscillator
>> + * mode. Thus we only support 2 gpios for now.
>> + */
>> +#define UB913_NUM_GPIOS 2
>> +
>> +#define UB913_REG_RESET_CTL 0x01
>> +#define UB913_REG_RESET_CTL_DIGITAL_RESET_1 BIT(1)
>> +#define UB913_REG_RESET_CTL_DIGITAL_RESET_0 BIT(0)
>> +
>> +#define UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG 0x03
>> +#define UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG_CRC_ERR_RESET BIT(5)
>> +#define UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG_PCLK_RISING BIT(0)
>> +
>> +#define UB913_REG_MODE_SEL 0x05
>> +#define UB913_REG_MODE_SEL_MODE_UP_TO_DATE BIT(4)
>> +#define UB913_REG_MODE_SEL_MODE_OVERRIDE BIT(5)
>> +
>> +#define UB913_REG_CRC_ERRORS_LSB 0x0a
>> +#define UB913_REG_CRC_ERRORS_MSB 0x0b
>> +
>> +#define UB913_REG_GENERAL_STATUS 0x0c
>> +
>> +#define UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG(n) (0x0d + (n))
>> +#define UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_ENABLE(n) BIT(0 + (n) * 4)
>> +#define UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_DIR_INPUT(n) BIT(1 + (n) * 4)
>> +#define UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_REMOTE_EN(n) BIT(2 + (n) * 4)
>> +#define UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_OUT_VAL(n) BIT(3 + (n) * 4)
>> +#define UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_MASK(n) (0xf << ((n) * 4))
>> +
>> +#define UB913_REG_SCL_HIGH_TIME 0x11
>> +#define UB913_REG_SCL_LOW_TIME 0x12
>> +
>> +#define UB913_REG_PLL_OVR 0x35
>> +
>> +struct ub913_data {
>> + struct i2c_client *client;
>> + struct regmap *regmap;
>> + struct clk *clkin;
>> +
>> + struct gpio_chip gpio_chip;
>> + char gpio_chip_name[64];
>> +
>> + struct v4l2_subdev sd;
>> + struct media_pad pads[2];
>> +
>> + struct v4l2_async_notifier notifier;
>> +
>> + struct v4l2_subdev *source_sd;
>> +
>> + u64 enabled_source_streams;
>> +
>> + struct device_node *tx_ep_np;
>> +
>> + struct clk_hw *clkout_clk_hw;
>> +
>> + struct ds90ub9xx_platform_data *plat_data;
>> +
>> + u32 pclk_polarity;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static inline struct ub913_data *sd_to_ub913(struct v4l2_subdev *sd)
>> +{
>> + return container_of(sd, struct ub913_data, sd);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_read(const struct ub913_data *priv, u8 reg, u8 *val)
>> +{
>> + unsigned int v;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + ret = regmap_read(priv->regmap, reg, &v);
>> + if (ret < 0) {
>> + dev_err(&priv->client->dev,
>> + "Cannot read register 0x%02x: %d!\n", reg, ret);
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + *val = v;
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_write(const struct ub913_data *priv, u8 reg, u8 val)
>> +{
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + ret = regmap_write(priv->regmap, reg, val);
>> + if (ret < 0)
>> + dev_err(&priv->client->dev,
>> + "Cannot write register 0x%02x: %d!\n", reg, ret);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * GPIO chip
>> + */
>> +static int ub913_gpio_get_direction(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset)
>> +{
>> + return GPIO_LINE_DIRECTION_OUT;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_gpio_direction_out(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset,
>> + int value)
>> +{
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
>> + unsigned int reg_idx;
>> + unsigned int field_idx;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + reg_idx = offset / 2;
>> + field_idx = offset % 2;
>
> You could initialize those two variables when declaring them, up to you.

Ok.

>> +
>> + ret = regmap_update_bits(
>> + priv->regmap, UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG(reg_idx),
>> + UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_MASK(field_idx),
>> + UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_ENABLE(field_idx) |
>> + (value ? UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_OUT_VAL(field_idx) : 0));
>> +
>> + return ret;
>
> No need for a ret variable, you can write
>
> return regmap_update_bits(priv->regmap, UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG(reg_idx),
> UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_MASK(field_idx),
> UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_ENABLE(field_idx) |
> (value ? UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG_OUT_VAL(field_idx) : 0));

Yep.

>> +}
>> +
>> +static void ub913_gpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset, int value)
>> +{
>> + ub913_gpio_direction_out(gc, offset, value);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_gpio_of_xlate(struct gpio_chip *gc,
>> + const struct of_phandle_args *gpiospec,
>> + u32 *flags)
>> +{
>> + if (flags)
>> + *flags = gpiospec->args[1];
>> +
>> + return gpiospec->args[0];
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_gpiochip_probe(struct ub913_data *priv)
>> +{
>> + struct device *dev = &priv->client->dev;
>> + struct gpio_chip *gc = &priv->gpio_chip;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + /* Initialize GPIOs 0 and 1 to local control, tri-state */
>> + ub913_write(priv, UB913_REG_GPIO_CFG(0), 0);
>> +
>> + scnprintf(priv->gpio_chip_name, sizeof(priv->gpio_chip_name), "%s",
>> + dev_name(dev));
>
> I think you can use strscpy().

Yep.

>> +
>> + gc->label = priv->gpio_chip_name;
>> + gc->parent = dev;
>> + gc->owner = THIS_MODULE;
>> + gc->base = -1;
>> + gc->can_sleep = 1;
>
> can_sleep is a bool,
>
> gc->can_sleep = true;

Right.

>> + gc->ngpio = UB913_NUM_GPIOS;
>> + gc->get_direction = ub913_gpio_get_direction;
>> + gc->direction_output = ub913_gpio_direction_out;
>> + gc->set = ub913_gpio_set;
>> + gc->of_xlate = ub913_gpio_of_xlate;
>> + gc->of_node = priv->client->dev.of_node;
>> + gc->of_gpio_n_cells = 2;
>> +
>> + ret = gpiochip_add_data(gc, priv);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to add GPIOs: %d\n", ret);
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void ub913_gpiochip_remove(struct ub913_data *priv)
>> +{
>> + gpiochip_remove(&priv->gpio_chip);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct regmap_config ub913_regmap_config = {
>> + .name = "ds90ub913",
>> + .reg_bits = 8,
>> + .val_bits = 8,
>> + .reg_format_endian = REGMAP_ENDIAN_DEFAULT,
>> + .val_format_endian = REGMAP_ENDIAN_DEFAULT,
>> +};
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * V4L2
>> + */
>> +
>> +static int ub913_enable_streams(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_state *state, u32 pad,
>> + u64 streams_mask)
>> +{
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = sd_to_ub913(sd);
>> + struct media_pad *remote_pad;
>> + u64 sink_streams;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + if (streams_mask & priv->enabled_source_streams)
>> + return -EALREADY;
>
> I may recall incorrectly, but doesn't the subdev core already prevent
> this from happening ?

Indeed, it nowadays does.

We store the streaming enabled/disabled status per stream in
v4l2_subdev_stream_config, but I don't think there's an easy way for a
subdev driver to check if streaming in general is enabled. So I'll still
keep the priv->enabled_source_streams variable here. This is probably
something we might add to the core, although I it probably depends on
the driver whether it's interested in "is the device streaming" versus
"is this pad streaming".

>> +
>> + sink_streams = v4l2_subdev_state_xlate_streams(
>> + state, UB913_PAD_SOURCE, UB913_PAD_SINK, &streams_mask);
>> +
>> + remote_pad = media_pad_remote_pad_first(&priv->pads[UB913_PAD_SINK]);
>
> As the remote pad should never change, how about caching it in the
> ub913_data structrue at probe time and using it here and in other
> functions below ? You already cache the source subdev.

Yes, good idea, that allows me to drop multiple lines.

>> +
>> + ret = v4l2_subdev_enable_streams(priv->source_sd, remote_pad->index,
>> + sink_streams);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + priv->enabled_source_streams |= streams_mask;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_disable_streams(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_state *state, u32 pad,
>> + u64 streams_mask)
>> +{
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = sd_to_ub913(sd);
>> + struct media_pad *remote_pad;
>> + int ret;
>> + u64 sink_streams;
>
> Swap ret and sink_streams.

Yep.

>> +
>> + if ((streams_mask & priv->enabled_source_streams) != streams_mask)
>> + return -EALREADY;
>> +
>> + sink_streams = v4l2_subdev_state_xlate_streams(
>> + state, UB913_PAD_SOURCE, UB913_PAD_SINK, &streams_mask);
>> +
>> + remote_pad = media_pad_remote_pad_first(&priv->pads[UB913_PAD_SINK]);
>> +
>> + ret = v4l2_subdev_disable_streams(priv->source_sd, remote_pad->index,
>> + sink_streams);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + priv->enabled_source_streams &= ~streams_mask;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int _ub913_set_routing(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_state *state,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_krouting *routing)
>> +{
>> + static const struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt format = {
>> + .width = 640,
>> + .height = 480,
>> + .code = MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_2X8,
>> + .field = V4L2_FIELD_NONE,
>> + .colorspace = V4L2_COLORSPACE_SRGB,
>> + .ycbcr_enc = V4L2_YCBCR_ENC_601,
>> + .quantization = V4L2_QUANTIZATION_LIM_RANGE,
>> + .xfer_func = V4L2_XFER_FUNC_SRGB,
>> + };
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Note: we can only support up to V4L2_FRAME_DESC_ENTRY_MAX, until
>> + * frame desc is made dynamically allocated.
>> + */
>> +
>> + if (routing->num_routes > V4L2_FRAME_DESC_ENTRY_MAX)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + ret = v4l2_subdev_routing_validate(sd, routing,
>> + V4L2_SUBDEV_ROUTING_ONLY_1_TO_1);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + ret = v4l2_subdev_set_routing_with_fmt(sd, state, routing, &format);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_set_routing(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_state *state,
>> + enum v4l2_subdev_format_whence which,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_krouting *routing)
>> +{
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = sd_to_ub913(sd);
>> +
>> + if (which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE && priv->enabled_source_streams)
>> + return -EBUSY;
>> +
>> + return _ub913_set_routing(sd, state, routing);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_get_source_frame_desc(struct ub913_data *priv,
>> + struct v4l2_mbus_frame_desc *desc)
>> +{
>> + struct media_pad *pad;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + pad = media_pad_remote_pad_first(&priv->pads[UB913_PAD_SINK]);
>> + if (!pad)
>> + return -EPIPE;
>> +
>> + ret = v4l2_subdev_call(priv->source_sd, pad, get_frame_desc, pad->index,
>> + desc);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_get_frame_desc(struct v4l2_subdev *sd, unsigned int pad,
>> + struct v4l2_mbus_frame_desc *fd)
>> +{
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = sd_to_ub913(sd);
>> + const struct v4l2_subdev_krouting *routing;
>> + struct v4l2_mbus_frame_desc source_fd;
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_route *route;
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_state *state;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + if (pad != UB913_PAD_SOURCE)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_get_source_frame_desc(priv, &source_fd);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + state = v4l2_subdev_lock_and_get_active_state(sd);
>> +
>> + routing = &state->routing;
>> +
>> + memset(fd, 0, sizeof(*fd));
>> +
>> + fd->type = V4L2_MBUS_FRAME_DESC_TYPE_PARALLEL;
>
> These two lines can be moved up, before locking the state.

Ok.

>> +
>> + for_each_active_route(routing, route) {
>> + unsigned int i;
>> +
>> + if (route->source_pad != pad)
>> + continue;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < source_fd.num_entries; ++i)
>
> Curly braces.

Ok.

>> + if (source_fd.entry[i].stream == route->sink_stream)
>> + break;
>> +
>> + if (i == source_fd.num_entries) {
>> + dev_err(&priv->client->dev,
>> + "Failed to find stream from source frame desc\n");
>> + ret = -EPIPE;
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + fd->entry[fd->num_entries].stream = route->source_stream;
>> + fd->entry[fd->num_entries].flags = source_fd.entry[i].flags;
>> + fd->entry[fd->num_entries].length = source_fd.entry[i].length;
>> + fd->entry[fd->num_entries].pixelcode =
>> + source_fd.entry[i].pixelcode;
>> +
>> + fd->num_entries++;
>
> Looks like we'll need helpers to simplify implementation of
> .get_frame_desc(). Not a candidate for this series.
>
>> + }
>> +
>> +out:
>> + v4l2_subdev_unlock_state(state);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_set_fmt(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_state *state,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_format *format)
>> +{
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = sd_to_ub913(sd);
>> + struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *fmt;
>> +
>> + if (format->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE &&
>> + priv->enabled_source_streams)
>> + return -EBUSY;
>> +
>> + /* No transcoding, source and sink formats must match. */
>> + if (format->pad == UB913_PAD_SOURCE)
>> + return v4l2_subdev_get_fmt(sd, state, format);
>> +
>> + /* Set sink format */
>> + fmt = v4l2_subdev_state_get_stream_format(state, format->pad,
>> + format->stream);
>> + if (!fmt)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + *fmt = format->format;
>> +
>> + /* Propagate to source format */
>> + fmt = v4l2_subdev_state_get_opposite_stream_format(state, format->pad,
>> + format->stream);
>> + if (!fmt)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + *fmt = format->format;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_init_cfg(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_state *state)
>> +{
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_route routes[] = {
>> + {
>> + .sink_pad = UB913_PAD_SINK,
>> + .sink_stream = 0,
>> + .source_pad = UB913_PAD_SOURCE,
>> + .source_stream = 0,
>> + .flags = V4L2_SUBDEV_ROUTE_FL_ACTIVE,
>> + },
>> + };
>> +
>> + struct v4l2_subdev_krouting routing = {
>> + .num_routes = ARRAY_SIZE(routes),
>> + .routes = routes,
>> + };
>> +
>> + return _ub913_set_routing(sd, state, &routing);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_log_status(struct v4l2_subdev *sd)
>> +{
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = sd_to_ub913(sd);
>> + struct device *dev = &priv->client->dev;
>> + u8 v, v1, v2;
>> +
>> + ub913_read(priv, UB913_REG_MODE_SEL, &v);
>> + dev_info(dev, "MODE_SEL %#x\n", v);
>
> %#02x ? Same below.

Ok.

>> +
>> + ub913_read(priv, UB913_REG_CRC_ERRORS_LSB, &v1);
>> + ub913_read(priv, UB913_REG_CRC_ERRORS_MSB, &v2);
>
> Looks racy, but if it's for debugging only, I suppose it's fine.

Well, nothing we can do about that in SW. In any case, I think for the
user the value is either "none", "just a few", "a lot", so maybe the
racyness doesn't matter.

>> + dev_info(dev, "CRC errors %u\n", v1 | (v2 << 8));
>> +
>> + ub913_read(priv, UB913_REG_GENERAL_STATUS, &v);
>> + dev_info(dev, "GENERAL_STATUS %#x\n", v);
>> +
>> + ub913_read(priv, UB913_REG_PLL_OVR, &v);
>> + dev_info(dev, "PLL_OVR %#x\n", v);
>> +
>> + /* clear CRC errors */
>> + ub913_read(priv, UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG, &v);
>> + ub913_write(priv, UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG, v | UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG_CRC_ERR_RESET);
>
> Line wrap.

Ok.

>> + ub913_write(priv, UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG, v);
>
> Move this just after reading the number of CRC errors to avoid dropping
> some errors.

Ok.

>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct v4l2_subdev_core_ops ub913_subdev_core_ops = {
>> + .log_status = ub913_log_status,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct v4l2_subdev_pad_ops ub913_pad_ops = {
>> + .enable_streams = ub913_enable_streams,
>> + .disable_streams = ub913_disable_streams,
>> + .set_routing = ub913_set_routing,
>> + .get_frame_desc = ub913_get_frame_desc,
>> + .get_fmt = v4l2_subdev_get_fmt,
>> + .set_fmt = ub913_set_fmt,
>> + .init_cfg = ub913_init_cfg,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct v4l2_subdev_ops ub913_subdev_ops = {
>> + .core = &ub913_subdev_core_ops,
>> + .pad = &ub913_pad_ops,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct media_entity_operations ub913_entity_ops = {
>> + .link_validate = v4l2_subdev_link_validate,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int ub913_notify_bound(struct v4l2_async_notifier *notifier,
>> + struct v4l2_subdev *source_subdev,
>> + struct v4l2_async_subdev *asd)
>> +{
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = sd_to_ub913(notifier->sd);
>> + struct device *dev = &priv->client->dev;
>> + unsigned int src_pad;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + ret = media_entity_get_fwnode_pad(&source_subdev->entity,
>> + source_subdev->fwnode,
>> + MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE);
>> + if (ret < 0) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to find pad for %s\n",
>> + source_subdev->name);
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + priv->source_sd = source_subdev;
>> + src_pad = ret;
>> +
>> + ret = media_create_pad_link(&source_subdev->entity, src_pad,
>> + &priv->sd.entity, UB913_PAD_SINK,
>> + MEDIA_LNK_FL_ENABLED |
>> + MEDIA_LNK_FL_IMMUTABLE);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Unable to link %s:%u -> %s:0\n",
>> + source_subdev->name, src_pad, priv->sd.name);
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct v4l2_async_notifier_operations ub913_notify_ops = {
>> + .bound = ub913_notify_bound,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int ub913_v4l2_notifier_register(struct ub913_data *priv)
>> +{
>> + struct device *dev = &priv->client->dev;
>> + struct v4l2_async_subdev *asd;
>> + struct device_node *ep_node;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + ep_node = of_graph_get_endpoint_by_regs(dev->of_node, 0, 0);
>> + if (!ep_node) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "No graph endpoint\n");
>> + return -ENODEV;
>> + }
>> +
>> + v4l2_async_nf_init(&priv->notifier);
>> +
>> + asd = v4l2_async_nf_add_fwnode_remote(&priv->notifier,
>> + of_fwnode_handle(ep_node),
>> + struct v4l2_async_subdev);
>> +
>> + of_node_put(ep_node);
>> +
>> + if (IS_ERR(asd)) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to add subdev: %ld", PTR_ERR(asd));
>> + v4l2_async_nf_cleanup(&priv->notifier);
>> + return PTR_ERR(asd);
>> + }
>> +
>> + priv->notifier.ops = &ub913_notify_ops;
>> +
>> + ret = v4l2_async_subdev_nf_register(&priv->sd, &priv->notifier);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to register subdev_notifier");
>> + v4l2_async_nf_cleanup(&priv->notifier);
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void ub913_v4l2_nf_unregister(struct ub913_data *priv)
>> +{
>> + v4l2_async_nf_unregister(&priv->notifier);
>> + v4l2_async_nf_cleanup(&priv->notifier);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_register_clkout(struct ub913_data *priv)
>> +{
>> + struct device *dev = &priv->client->dev;
>> + const char *name;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "ds90ub913.%s.clk_out", dev_name(dev));
>
> if (!name)
> return -ENOMEM;

Oops...

>> +
>> + priv->clkout_clk_hw = devm_clk_hw_register_fixed_factor(dev, name,
>> + __clk_get_name(priv->clkin), 0, 1, 2);
>> +
>> + kfree(name);
>> +
>> + if (IS_ERR(priv->clkout_clk_hw))
>> + return dev_err_probe(dev, PTR_ERR(priv->clkout_clk_hw),
>> + "Cannot register clkout hw\n");
>> +
>> + ret = devm_of_clk_add_hw_provider(dev, of_clk_hw_simple_get,
>> + priv->clkout_clk_hw);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return dev_err_probe(dev, ret,
>> + "Cannot add OF clock provider\n");
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_i2c_master_init(struct ub913_data *priv)
>> +{
>> + /* i2c fast mode */
>> + u32 scl_high = 600 + 300; /* high period + rise time, ns */
>> + u32 scl_low = 1300 + 300; /* low period + fall time, ns */
>> + unsigned long ref;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + ref = clk_get_rate(priv->clkin) / 2;
>> +
>> + scl_high = div64_u64((u64)scl_high * ref, 1000000000);
>> + scl_low = div64_u64((u64)scl_low * ref, 1000000000);
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_write(priv, UB913_REG_SCL_HIGH_TIME, scl_high);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_write(priv, UB913_REG_SCL_LOW_TIME, scl_low);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_add_i2c_adapter(struct ub913_data *priv)
>> +{
>> + struct device *dev = &priv->client->dev;
>> + struct fwnode_handle *i2c_handle;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + i2c_handle = device_get_named_child_node(dev, "i2c");
>> + if (!i2c_handle)
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + ret = i2c_atr_add_adapter(priv->plat_data->atr, priv->plat_data->port,
>> + i2c_handle);
>> +
>> + fwnode_handle_put(i2c_handle);
>> +
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_parse_dt(struct ub913_data *priv)
>> +{
>> + struct device_node *np = priv->client->dev.of_node;
>> + struct device *dev = &priv->client->dev;
>> + int ret;
>> + struct device_node *ep_np;
>
> Swap ret and ep_np.

Ok.

>> +
>> + if (!np) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "OF: no device tree node!\n");
>> + return -ENOENT;
>> + }
>
> Can this happen ?

Hmm, I'm not sure... Maybe if a board file creates the device? But
probably the case of !np can't happen in any normal use case, so it
should be fine to drop it.

>> +
>> + ep_np = of_graph_get_endpoint_by_regs(np, 0, 0);
>> + if (!ep_np) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "OF: no endpoint\n");
>> + return -ENOENT;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = of_property_read_u32(ep_np, "pclk-sample", &priv->pclk_polarity);
>> +
>> + of_node_put(ep_np);
>> +
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "OF: failed to parse pclk-sample: %d\n", ret);
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ub913_probe(struct i2c_client *client)
>> +{
>> + struct device *dev = &client->dev;
>> + struct ub913_data *priv;
>> + int ret;
>> + u8 v;
>> + bool mode_override;
>> + u8 mode;
>> +
>> + priv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!priv)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + priv->client = client;
>> +
>> + priv->plat_data = dev_get_platdata(&client->dev);
>> + if (!priv->plat_data) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Platform data missing\n");
>> + return -ENODEV;
>> + }
>> +
>> + priv->regmap = devm_regmap_init_i2c(client, &ub913_regmap_config);
>> + if (IS_ERR(priv->regmap)) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to init regmap\n");
>> + return PTR_ERR(priv->regmap);
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* ub913 can also work without ext clock, but that is not supported */
>
> Maybe "not supported by the driver yet." to make it clear it could be
> added ?

Ok.

>> + priv->clkin = devm_clk_get(dev, "clkin");
>> + if (IS_ERR(priv->clkin)) {
>> + ret = PTR_ERR(priv->clkin);
>> + if (ret != -EPROBE_DEFER)
>> + dev_err(dev, "Cannot get CLKIN (%d)", ret);
>
> Use dev_err_probe().

Ok.

>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_parse_dt(priv);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_read(priv, UB913_REG_MODE_SEL, &v);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + if (!(v & UB913_REG_MODE_SEL_MODE_UP_TO_DATE)) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Mode value not stabilized\n");
>> + return -ENODEV;
>> + }
>> +
>> + mode_override = v & UB913_REG_MODE_SEL_MODE_OVERRIDE;
>> + mode = v & 0xf;
>
> A macro for the 0xf would be nice.

Ok.

>> +
>> + dev_dbg(dev, "mode from %s: %#x\n",
>> + mode_override ? "reg" : "deserializer", mode);
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_i2c_master_init(priv);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "i2c master init failed: %d\n", ret);
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_gpiochip_probe(priv);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to init gpiochip\n");
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_register_clkout(priv);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to register clkout\n");
>> + goto err_gpiochip_remove;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ub913_read(priv, UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG, &v);
>> + v &= ~UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG_PCLK_RISING;
>> + v |= priv->pclk_polarity ? UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG_PCLK_RISING : 0;
>> + ub913_write(priv, UB913_REG_GENERAL_CFG, v);
>
> We're completely missing power management, but I suppose that can be
> done later.

Yes. I'm not sure how that would be implemented. The serializer and the
whole camera module depends on the deserializer. In most cases both the
power and the communication comes from the deserializer over the
FPD-Link cable. I'm not sure if there's much the serializer can do alone
wrt. the power management.

Hmm, do we need a full bus structure for the FPD-Link after all, so that
we get power management features? Although that would mean also the
other peripherals on the camera module should somehow be involved, as we
can't turn off the deserializer and the serializer without somehow being
permitted by the other peripherals (like sensor).

> Should this be grouped with the UB913_REG_MODE_SEL check above, and
> maybe moved to a hardware init function ?

Yes, I can try to restructure this a bit. I guess if we add a hw init
function, also the ub913_i2c_master_init() would be called from there.

>> +
>> + v4l2_i2c_subdev_init(&priv->sd, priv->client, &ub913_subdev_ops);
>> + priv->sd.flags |= V4L2_SUBDEV_FL_HAS_DEVNODE | V4L2_SUBDEV_FL_STREAMS;
>> + priv->sd.entity.function = MEDIA_ENT_F_VID_IF_BRIDGE;
>> + priv->sd.entity.ops = &ub913_entity_ops;
>> +
>> + priv->pads[0].flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SINK;
>> + priv->pads[1].flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE;
>> +
>> + ret = media_entity_pads_init(&priv->sd.entity, 2, priv->pads);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to init pads\n");
>> + goto err_gpiochip_remove;
>> + }
>> +
>> + priv->tx_ep_np = of_graph_get_endpoint_by_regs(dev->of_node, 1, 0);
>> + if (priv->tx_ep_np)
>> + priv->sd.fwnode = of_fwnode_handle(priv->tx_ep_np);
>
> Can we meaningfully continue with tx_ep_np is NULL, or should that be an
> error ?

The matching part of v4l2 is not quite clear to me. I believe I took
this part from some other driver. The driver doesn't need the tx_ep_np,
afaiu this is only to help with the subdev connection matching. Is it
possible the matching could happen some other way than via fwnode?

That said... We require DT, so I think that means the tx_ep_np must be
there. If it's not, something is wrong, and we'd better fail. So, I
think I can handle !tx_ep_np as an error.

>> +
>> + ret = v4l2_subdev_init_finalize(&priv->sd);
>> + if (ret)
>> + goto err_entity_cleanup;
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_v4l2_notifier_register(priv);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "v4l2 subdev notifier register failed: %d\n", ret);
>> + goto err_free_state;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = v4l2_async_register_subdev(&priv->sd);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "v4l2_async_register_subdev error: %d\n", ret);
>> + goto err_unreg_notif;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = ub913_add_i2c_adapter(priv);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to add remote i2c adapter\n");
>> + goto err_unreg_async_subdev;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> +err_unreg_async_subdev:
>> + v4l2_async_unregister_subdev(&priv->sd);
>> +err_unreg_notif:
>> + ub913_v4l2_nf_unregister(priv);
>> +err_free_state:
>
> I'd name this err_subdev_cleanup.

Yep.

>> + v4l2_subdev_cleanup(&priv->sd);
>> +err_entity_cleanup:
>> + if (priv->tx_ep_np)
>> + of_node_put(priv->tx_ep_np);
>
> of_node_put() is a no-op when called with NULL, you can drop the check.
> Same below.

Ok.

>> +
>> + media_entity_cleanup(&priv->sd.entity);
>> +err_gpiochip_remove:
>> + ub913_gpiochip_remove(priv);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void ub913_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
>> +{
>> + struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
>> + struct ub913_data *priv = sd_to_ub913(sd);
>> +
>> + i2c_atr_del_adapter(priv->plat_data->atr,
>> + priv->plat_data->port);
>> +
>> + v4l2_async_unregister_subdev(&priv->sd);
>> +
>> + ub913_v4l2_nf_unregister(priv);
>> +
>> + v4l2_subdev_cleanup(&priv->sd);
>> +
>> + if (priv->tx_ep_np)
>> + of_node_put(priv->tx_ep_np);
>> +
>> + media_entity_cleanup(&priv->sd.entity);
>> +
>> + ub913_gpiochip_remove(priv);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct i2c_device_id ub913_id[] = { { "ds90ub913a-q1", 0 }, {} };
>> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, ub913_id);
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_OF
>
> The driver depends on CONFIG_OF so I would drop this, as well as the
> of_match_ptr().

Ok.

>> +static const struct of_device_id ub913_dt_ids[] = {
>> + { .compatible = "ti,ds90ub913a-q1", },
>> + {}
>> +};
>> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, ub913_dt_ids);
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +static struct i2c_driver ds90ub913_driver = {
>> + .probe_new = ub913_probe,
>> + .remove = ub913_remove,
>> + .id_table = ub913_id,
>> + .driver = {
>> + .name = "ds90ub913a",
>> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
>> + .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(ub913_dt_ids),
>> + },
>> +};
>> +
>> +module_i2c_driver(ds90ub913_driver);
>> +
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Texas Instruments DS90UB913 serializer driver");
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>");
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Tomi Valkeinen <tomi.valkeinen@ideasonboard.com>");
>> +MODULE_IMPORT_NS(I2C_ATR);
>

Tomi

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