lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2023]   [Jan]   [31]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH] iio: dht11: Read bit stream from IRQ on falling edges only
On 2023-01-30 21:22, Jonathan Cameron wrote:
> On Sun, 29 Jan 2023 19:05:23 +0100
> Andreas Feldner <pelzi@flying-snail.de> wrote:
>
>> Currently, IRQs for both falling and raising edges of the GPIO
>> line connected to the DHT11 device are requested. However, the
>> low states do not carry information, it is possible to determine
>> 0 and 1 bits from the timing of two adjacent falling edges as
>> well.

This probably is true, but it wasn't obvious from reading the data
sheet, how constant the low times actually are. Back then the idea
also was, to use the low times to do recovery from line noise etc.
In the end the driver works reliably without, so we could make
this change.

However aside from the DHT11 there are also a number of different
chips sold as DHT22. I tried to get as many of them as possible
and made extensive tests to ensure they all work properly and
with different timer resolutions.

It would be quite an effort to replicate this for your new
algorithm. However, if you want to pursue this, the first step
would be to prove (probably by calculation), that no matter the
timer resolution (ie some systems have 32kHz timers only) the
new algorithm doesn't lead to decoding ambiguity in cases where
the current algorithm is unambiguous.

>> Doing so does no longer requires to read the GPIO line value
>> within the IRQ handler, plus halves the number of IRQs to be
>> handled at all.

This seems like a really small benefit. And we would lose the
low state timings in debug output, which I personally find quite
convenient. Unless there is data, that this change actually improves
something for somebody, I'd reject it.

Also if we ever are to support shared interrupts, we will need to
read the line value anyway.

>> Signed-off-by: Andreas Feldner <pelzi@flying-snail.de>
>
> +CC Harald Not been that many years since Harald replied, so address
> may still be good.

Thanks for including me in the discussion.

best regards,
Harald

>> ---
>> drivers/iio/humidity/dht11.c | 28 +++++++++++-----------------
>> 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/humidity/dht11.c
>> b/drivers/iio/humidity/dht11.c
>> index c97e25448772..d1cd053c5dd4 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/humidity/dht11.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/humidity/dht11.c
>> @@ -30,13 +30,13 @@
>>
>> #define DHT11_DATA_VALID_TIME 2000000000 /* 2s in ns */
>>
>> -#define DHT11_EDGES_PREAMBLE 2
>> +#define DHT11_EDGES_PREAMBLE 1
>> #define DHT11_BITS_PER_READ 40
>> /*
>> * Note that when reading the sensor actually 84 edges are detected,
>> but
>> * since the last edge is not significant, we only store 83:
>> */
>> -#define DHT11_EDGES_PER_READ (2 * DHT11_BITS_PER_READ + \
>> +#define DHT11_EDGES_PER_READ (DHT11_BITS_PER_READ + \
>> DHT11_EDGES_PREAMBLE + 1)
>>
>> /*
>> @@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
>> * 1-bit: 68-75uS -- typically 70uS (AM2302)
>> * The acutal timings also depend on the properties of the cable,
>> with
>> * longer cables typically making pulses shorter.
>> + * Low time is constant 50uS.
>> *
>> * Our decoding depends on the time resolution of the system:
>> * timeres > 34uS ... don't know what a 1-tick pulse is
>> @@ -63,7 +64,8 @@
>> #define DHT11_START_TRANSMISSION_MIN 18000 /* us */
>> #define DHT11_START_TRANSMISSION_MAX 20000 /* us */
>> #define DHT11_MIN_TIMERES 34000 /* ns */
>> -#define DHT11_THRESHOLD 49000 /* ns */
>> +#define DHT11_LOW 50000 /* ns */
>> +#define DHT11_THRESHOLD (49000 + DHT11_LOW) /* ns */
>> #define DHT11_AMBIG_LOW 23000 /* ns */
>> #define DHT11_AMBIG_HIGH 30000 /* ns */
>>
>> @@ -83,7 +85,7 @@ struct dht11 {
>>
>> /* num_edges: -1 means "no transmission in progress" */
>> int num_edges;
>> - struct {s64 ts; int value; } edges[DHT11_EDGES_PER_READ];
>> + struct {s64 ts; } edges[DHT11_EDGES_PER_READ];
>> };
>>
>> #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG
>> @@ -99,7 +101,7 @@ static void dht11_edges_print(struct dht11 *dht11)
>> for (i = 1; i < dht11->num_edges; ++i) {
>> dev_dbg(dht11->dev, "%d: %lld ns %s\n", i,
>> dht11->edges[i].ts - dht11->edges[i - 1].ts,
>> - dht11->edges[i - 1].value ? "high" : "low");
>> + "falling");
>> }
>> }
>> #endif /* CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG */
>> @@ -125,14 +127,8 @@ static int dht11_decode(struct dht11 *dht11, int
>> offset)
>> unsigned char temp_int, temp_dec, hum_int, hum_dec, checksum;
>>
>> for (i = 0; i < DHT11_BITS_PER_READ; ++i) {
>> - t = dht11->edges[offset + 2 * i + 2].ts -
>> - dht11->edges[offset + 2 * i + 1].ts;
>> - if (!dht11->edges[offset + 2 * i + 1].value) {
>> - dev_dbg(dht11->dev,
>> - "lost synchronisation at edge %d\n",
>> - offset + 2 * i + 1);
>> - return -EIO;
>> - }
>> + t = dht11->edges[offset + i + 1].ts -
>> + dht11->edges[offset + i].ts;
>> bits[i] = t > DHT11_THRESHOLD;
>> }
>>
>> @@ -174,9 +170,7 @@ static irqreturn_t dht11_handle_irq(int irq, void
>> *data)
>> struct dht11 *dht11 = iio_priv(iio);
>>
>> if (dht11->num_edges < DHT11_EDGES_PER_READ && dht11->num_edges >=
>> 0) {
>> - dht11->edges[dht11->num_edges].ts = ktime_get_boottime_ns();
>> - dht11->edges[dht11->num_edges++].value =
>> - gpiod_get_value(dht11->gpiod);
>> + dht11->edges[dht11->num_edges++].ts = ktime_get_boottime_ns();
>>
>> if (dht11->num_edges >= DHT11_EDGES_PER_READ)
>> complete(&dht11->completion);
>> @@ -224,7 +218,7 @@ static int dht11_read_raw(struct iio_dev *iio_dev,
>> goto err;
>>
>> ret = request_irq(dht11->irq, dht11_handle_irq,
>> - IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING | IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING,
>> + IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING,
>> iio_dev->name, iio_dev);
>> if (ret)
>> goto err;

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2023-03-27 00:03    [W:0.083 / U:1.684 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site