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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/3] iommufd: Add devices_users to track the hw_pagetable usage by device
On Mon, Jan 30, 2023 at 11:02:25AM -0400, Jason Gunthorpe wrote:
> On Sat, Jan 28, 2023 at 01:18:09PM -0800, Nicolin Chen wrote:
> > From: Yi Liu <>
> >
> > Currently, hw_pagetable tracks the attached devices using a device list.
> > When attaching the first device to the kernel-managed hw_pagetable, it
> > should be linked to IOAS. When detaching the last device from this hwpt,
> > the link with IOAS should be removed too. And this first-or-last device
> > check is done with list_empty(hwpt->devices).
> >
> > However, with a nested configuration, when a device is attached to the
> > user-managed stage-1 hw_pagetable, it will be added to this user-managed
> > hwpt's device list instead of the kernel-managed stage-2 hwpt's one. And
> > this breaks the logic for a kernel-managed hw_pagetable link/disconnect
> > to/from IOAS/IOPT. e.g. the stage-2 hw_pagetable would be linked to IOAS
> > multiple times if multiple device is attached, but it will become empty
> > as soon as one device detached.
> Why this seems really weird to say.
> The stage 2 is linked explicitly to the IOAS that drives it's
> map/unmap
> Why is there any implicit activity here? There should be no implicit
> attach of the S2 to an IOAS ever.

I think this is supposed to say the following use case:

Two stage-1 hwpts share the same parent s2_hwpt:

attach device1 to stage-1 hwpt1:
if (list_empty(s1_hwpt1->devices)) // empty; true
iopt_table_add_domain(s2_hwpt->domain); // do once
s1_hwpt1 device list cnt++;

attach device2 to stage-1 hwpt2:
if (list_empty(s1_hwpt2->devices)) // empty; true
iopt_table_add_domain(s2_hwpt->domain); // do again
s1_hwpt2 device list cnt++;

This is because each hwpt has its own device list. To prevent
the duplicated iopt_table_add_domain call, we need to check all
the device list. So this patch adds a shared list among all
relevant hwpts.

I can revise the commit message to make a better sense.


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