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SubjectRe: [linus:master] [mm, slub] 0af8489b02: kernel_BUG_at_include/linux/mm.h
From
On 12/31/22 16:26, kernel test robot wrote:
>
> Greeting,
>
> FYI, we noticed kernel_BUG_at_include/linux/mm.h due to commit (built with gcc-11):
>
> commit: 0af8489b0216fa1dd83e264bef8063f2632633d7 ("mm, slub: remove percpu slabs with CONFIG_SLUB_TINY")
> https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git master
>
> [test failed on linux-next/master c76083fac3bae1a87ae3d005b5cb1cbc761e31d5]
>
> in testcase: rcutorture
> version:
> with following parameters:
>
> runtime: 300s
> test: default
> torture_type: tasks-tracing
>
> test-description: rcutorture is rcutorture kernel module load/unload test.
> test-url: https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/RCU/torture.txt
>
>
> on test machine: qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -cpu SandyBridge -smp 2 -m 16G
>
> caused below changes (please refer to attached dmesg/kmsg for entire log/backtrace):

Looking at the full dump:

> [ 25.780445][ T214] page:e660911a refcount:0 mapcount:0 mapping:00000000 index:0xedaeef00 pfn:0x2daee
> [ 25.781618][ T214] page:0946d53a refcount:0 mapcount:0 mapping:00000000 index:0x0 pfn:0x2daec

OK, so we started dumping one page but then immediately went dumping
another. This means page_dump() tripped on itself.

Why did we dump the first page? The callback is

> [ 25.812675][ T214] dump_page+0x2a/0xc0
> [ 25.813025][ T214] ? _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x16/0x30
> [ 25.813492][ T214] folio_flags+0x23/0x70
> [ 25.813945][ T214] get_partial_node+0x89/0x290

We walk the partial list, and for a struct slab we check
pfmemalloc_match() thus slab_test_pfmemalloc() thus folio_test_active(),
which will do folio_flags(). That has two VM_BUG... checks but one requires
n > 0 which wouldn't be true here, so it has to be:
VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page);

So page with pfn pfn:0x2daee is supposed to be a folio head of order 0 or
order 1 (probably), not larger due to the pfn. But it's a tail page, oops.
We start dumping it, but also create a folio of that, and then trip on
!folio_test_large(folio), because we try to evaluate folio_entire_mapcount()
in __dump_page(), which has that check.
So we start dumping the folio page, and that has pfn:0x2daec. Which means
the page pfn:0x2daee was tail with compound_head pointing to 0x2daec. So
0x2daec was order-2 at some point, with pfn:0x2daee being a 3rd tail page of 4.

> [ 25.782360][ T214] flags: 0x0(zone=0)
> [ 25.782705][ T214] raw: 00000000 e764d494 e6f205b4 00000000 00000000 00020000 ffffffff 00000000
> [ 25.783445][ T214] raw: 00000000 00000000
> [ 25.783809][ T214] page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(!folio_test_large(folio))
> [ 25.784455][ T214] page_owner tracks the page as freed
> [ 25.785164][ T214] page last allocated via order 1, migratetype Unmovable, gfp_mask 0xd20c0(__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_NORETRY|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC), pid 208, tgid 208 (systemd-udevd), ts 25780391126, free_ts 25780421356
> [ 25.786859][ T214] post_alloc_hook+0x1fa/0x280
> [ 25.787266][ T214] get_page_from_freelist+0x226/0x310
> [ 25.787723][ T214] __alloc_pages+0xdd/0x360
> [ 25.788114][ T214] alloc_slab_page+0x12d/0x200
> [ 25.788517][ T214] allocate_slab+0x6a/0x350
> [ 25.788900][ T214] new_slab+0x48/0xc0
> [ 25.789258][ T214] __slab_alloc_node+0xfb/0x270
> [ 25.789749][ T214] kmem_cache_alloc+0x8f/0x4e0
> [ 25.790154][ T214] getname_flags+0x33/0x2f0
> [ 25.790538][ T214] getname+0x1a/0x30
> [ 25.790881][ T214] do_sys_openat2+0xa5/0x1f0
> [ 25.791278][ T214] do_sys_open+0x8e/0xe0
> [ 25.791636][ T214] __ia32_sys_openat+0x2b/0x40
> [ 25.792040][ T214] __do_fast_syscall_32+0x72/0xd0
> [ 25.792486][ T214] do_fast_syscall_32+0x32/0x70
> [ 25.792899][ T214] do_SYSENTER_32+0x15/0x20
> [ 25.793307][ T214] page last free stack trace:
> [ 25.793701][ T214] free_pcp_prepare+0x34f/0x940
> [ 25.794123][ T214] free_unref_page_prepare+0x29/0x210
> [ 25.794577][ T214] free_unref_page+0x3a/0x3b0
> [ 25.794988][ T214] __free_pages+0x187/0x1f0
> [ 25.795378][ T214] __free_slab+0x1fd/0x350
> [ 25.795842][ T214] free_slab+0x22/0x70
> [ 25.796233][ T214] free_to_partial_list+0x125/0x260
> [ 25.796761][ T214] do_slab_free+0x30/0x70
> [ 25.801249][ T214] kmem_cache_free+0x171/0x1e0
> [ 25.801686][ T214] putname+0x9f/0xf0
> [ 25.802023][ T214] do_sys_openat2+0xe2/0x1f0
> [ 25.802411][ T214] do_sys_open+0x8e/0xe0
> [ 25.802781][ T214] __ia32_sys_openat+0x2b/0x40
> [ 25.803192][ T214] __do_fast_syscall_32+0x72/0xd0
> [ 25.803613][ T214] do_fast_syscall_32+0x32/0x70
> [ 25.804027][ T214] do_SYSENTER_32+0x15/0x20

Yet the page owner info tells us, 0x2daee was most recently used as order-1,
and now it seems to be (based on the raw struct page dump) sitting on a pcplist.

So the events leading up to this could be something like:

- 0x2daee is order-1 slab folio of the inode cache, sitting on the partial list
- despite being on partial list, it's freed ???
- somebody else allocates order-2 page 0x2daec and uses it for whatever,
then frees it
- 0x2daec is reallocated as order-1 slab from names_cache, then freed
- we try to allocate from the slab page 0x2daee and trip on the PageTail

Except, the freeing of order-2 page would have reset the PageTail and
compound_head in 0x2daec, so this is even more complicated or involves some
extra race?

In any case, this is something a debug_pagealloc kernel could have a chance
of catching earlier. Would it be possible to enable CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
and DEBUG_PAGEALLOC_ENABLE_DEFAULT additionally to the rest of the
configuration, and repeat the test?

Separately we should also make the __dump_page() more resilient.

Thanks,
Vlastimil

> [ 25.804432][ T214] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [ 25.804917][ T214] kernel BUG at include/linux/mm.h:825!
> [ 25.805402][ T214] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
> [ 25.805820][ T214] CPU: 0 PID: 214 Comm: udevadm Tainted: G S 6.1.0-rc2-00014-g0af8489b0216 #2 1c4d7707ec0ce574ed62a77e82a8580202758048
> [ 25.806944][ T214] EIP: __dump_page.cold+0x282/0x369
> [ 25.807376][ T214] Code: ff ff 83 05 e8 5d bb c5 01 ba 4c c4 2f c4 89 f8 83 15 ec 5d bb c5 00 e8 f2 92 ed fd 83 05 f8 5d bb c5 01 83 15 fc 5d bb c5 00 <0f> 0b 83 05 00 5e bb c5 01 b8 ac 85 a3 c4 83 15 04 5e bb c5 00 e8
> [ 25.808960][ T214] EAX: 00000000 EBX: e764d530 ECX: 00000003 EDX: 4108888f
> [ 25.809578][ T214] ESI: e764d4e0 EDI: e764d4e0 EBP: ed89db3c ESP: ed89db00
> [ 25.810168][ T214] DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 0033 SS: 0068 EFLAGS: 00210046
> [ 25.810803][ T214] CR0: 80050033 CR2: 00616abc CR3: 2d878000 CR4: 000406d0
> [ 25.811407][ T214] DR0: 00000000 DR1: 00000000 DR2: 00000000 DR3: 00000000
> [ 25.811999][ T214] DR6: fffe0ff0 DR7: 00000400
> [ 25.812390][ T214] Call Trace:
> [ 25.812675][ T214] dump_page+0x2a/0xc0
> [ 25.813025][ T214] ? _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x16/0x30
> [ 25.813492][ T214] folio_flags+0x23/0x70
> [ 25.813945][ T214] get_partial_node+0x89/0x290
> [ 25.814357][ T214] __slab_alloc_node+0xbb/0x270
> [ 25.814860][ T214] kmem_cache_alloc_lru+0x8d/0x4e0
> [ 25.815289][ T214] ? __lock_release+0x3ec/0x410
> [ 25.815697][ T214] ? iget_locked+0x78/0x310
> [ 25.816096][ T214] alloc_inode+0x93/0x150
> [ 25.816469][ T214] iget_locked+0xdd/0x310
> [ 25.816829][ T214] ? lock_is_held_type+0x80/0xf0
> [ 25.817264][ T214] kernfs_get_inode+0x24/0xb0
> [ 25.817670][ T214] kernfs_iop_lookup+0xb5/0x1a0
> [ 25.818087][ T214] __lookup_slow+0xd9/0x2a0
> [ 25.818479][ T214] lookup_slow+0x50/0x90
> [ 25.818847][ T214] walk_component+0x19c/0x2c0
> [ 25.819244][ T214] path_lookupat+0xa3/0x270
> [ 25.819627][ T214] path_openat+0x307/0x3e0
> [ 25.820007][ T214] do_filp_open+0x7c/0x130
> [ 25.820409][ T214] do_sys_openat2+0x113/0x1f0
> [ 25.820807][ T214] do_sys_open+0x8e/0xe0
> [ 25.821211][ T214] __ia32_sys_openat+0x2b/0x40
> [ 25.821622][ T214] __do_fast_syscall_32+0x72/0xd0
> [ 25.822057][ T214] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xa2/0x110
> [ 25.822480][ T214] ? __fput+0x19f/0x390
> [ 25.822842][ T214] ? lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare+0x242/0x400
> [ 25.823346][ T214] ? syscall_exit_to_user_mode+0x5f/0x90
> [ 25.823823][ T214] ? __do_fast_syscall_32+0x7c/0xd0
> [ 25.824259][ T214] ? lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare+0x242/0x400
> [ 25.824767][ T214] ? syscall_exit_to_user_mode+0x5f/0x90
> [ 25.825254][ T214] ? __do_fast_syscall_32+0x7c/0xd0
> [ 25.825696][ T214] ? __do_fast_syscall_32+0x7c/0xd0
> [ 25.826155][ T214] ? syscall_exit_to_user_mode+0x5f/0x90
> [ 25.826627][ T214] ? __do_fast_syscall_32+0x7c/0xd0
> [ 25.827056][ T214] ? __do_fast_syscall_32+0x7c/0xd0
> [ 25.827486][ T214] ? __do_fast_syscall_32+0x7c/0xd0
> [ 25.827929][ T214] ? irqentry_exit_to_user_mode+0x23/0x30
> [ 25.828423][ T214] ? irqentry_exit+0x7f/0xc0
> [ 25.828812][ T214] do_fast_syscall_32+0x32/0x70
> [ 25.829223][ T214] do_SYSENTER_32+0x15/0x20
> [ 25.829589][ T214] entry_SYSENTER_32+0xa2/0xfb
> [ 25.830003][ T214] EIP: 0xb7f8c549
> [ 25.830330][ T214] Code: 03 74 c0 01 10 05 03 74 b8 01 10 06 03 74 b4 01 10 07 03 74 b0 01 10 08 03 74 d8 01 00 00 00 00 00 51 52 55 89 e5 0f 34 cd 80 <5d> 5a 59 c3 90 90 90 90 8d 76 00 58 b8 77 00 00 00 cd 80 90 8d 76
> [ 25.831929][ T214] EAX: ffffffda EBX: 00000006 ECX: 006142a1 EDX: 002a8000
> [ 25.832522][ T214] ESI: 00000000 EDI: 00000001 EBP: 00614024 ESP: bff3c4a0
> [ 25.833123][ T214] DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 0000 GS: 0033 SS: 007b EFLAGS: 00200246
> [ 25.833738][ T214] Modules linked in:
> [ 25.834062][ T214] ---[ end trace 0000000000000000 ]---
> [ 25.834522][ T214] EIP: __dump_page.cold+0x282/0x369
> [ 25.834960][ T214] Code: ff ff 83 05 e8 5d bb c5 01 ba 4c c4 2f c4 89 f8 83 15 ec 5d bb c5 00 e8 f2 92 ed fd 83 05 f8 5d bb c5 01 83 15 fc 5d bb c5 00 <0f> 0b 83 05 00 5e bb c5 01 b8 ac 85 a3 c4 83 15 04 5e bb c5 00 e8
> [ 25.836574][ T214] EAX: 00000000 EBX: e764d530 ECX: 00000003 EDX: 4108888f
> [ 25.837183][ T214] ESI: e764d4e0 EDI: e764d4e0 EBP: ed89db3c ESP: ed89db00
> [ 25.837772][ T214] DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 0033 SS: 0068 EFLAGS: 00210046
> [ 25.838414][ T214] CR0: 80050033 CR2: 00616abc CR3: 2d878000 CR4: 000406d0
> [ 25.839011][ T214] DR0: 00000000 DR1: 00000000 DR2: 00000000 DR3: 00000000
> [ 25.839597][ T214] DR6: fffe0ff0 DR7: 00000400
> [ 25.839995][ T214] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
> [ 25.840554][ T214] Kernel Offset: disabled


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