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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/5] rust: types: introduce `ForeignOwnable`
On Thu, 19 Jan 2023 14:40:33 -0300
Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@gmail.com> wrote:

> It was originally called `PointerWrapper`. It is used to convert
> a Rust object to a pointer representation (void *) that can be
> stored on the C side, used, and eventually returned to Rust.
>
> Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@gmail.com>
> ---
> rust/kernel/lib.rs | 1 +
> rust/kernel/types.rs | 54 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 55 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/rust/kernel/lib.rs b/rust/kernel/lib.rs
> index e0b0e953907d..223564f9f0cc 100644
> --- a/rust/kernel/lib.rs
> +++ b/rust/kernel/lib.rs
> @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
> #![feature(coerce_unsized)]
> #![feature(core_ffi_c)]
> #![feature(dispatch_from_dyn)]
> +#![feature(generic_associated_types)]
> #![feature(receiver_trait)]
> #![feature(unsize)]
>
> diff --git a/rust/kernel/types.rs b/rust/kernel/types.rs
> index f0ad4472292d..5475f6163002 100644
> --- a/rust/kernel/types.rs
> +++ b/rust/kernel/types.rs
> @@ -9,6 +9,60 @@ use core::{
> ops::{Deref, DerefMut},
> };
>
> +/// Used to transfer ownership to and from foreign (non-Rust) languages.
> +///
> +/// Ownership is transferred from Rust to a foreign language by calling [`Self::into_foreign`] and
> +/// later may be transferred back to Rust by calling [`Self::from_foreign`].
> +///
> +/// This trait is meant to be used in cases when Rust objects are stored in C objects and
> +/// eventually "freed" back to Rust.
> +pub trait ForeignOwnable {
> + /// Type of values borrowed between calls to [`ForeignOwnable::into_foreign`] and
> + /// [`ForeignOwnable::from_foreign`].
> + type Borrowed<'a>;
> +
> + /// Converts a Rust-owned object to a foreign-owned one.
> + ///
> + /// The foreign representation is a pointer to void.
> + fn into_foreign(self) -> *const core::ffi::c_void;
> +
> + /// Borrows a foreign-owned object.
> + ///
> + /// # Safety
> + ///
> + /// `ptr` must have been returned by a previous call to [`ForeignOwnable::into_foreign`] for
> + /// which a previous matching [`ForeignOwnable::from_foreign`] hasn't been called yet.
> + /// Additionally, all instances (if any) of values returned by [`ForeignOwnable::borrow_mut`]
> + /// for this object must have been dropped.
> + unsafe fn borrow<'a>(ptr: *const core::ffi::c_void) -> Self::Borrowed<'a>;
> +
> + /// Mutably borrows a foreign-owned object.
> + ///
> + /// # Safety
> + ///
> + /// `ptr` must have been returned by a previous call to [`ForeignOwnable::into_foreign`] for
> + /// which a previous matching [`ForeignOwnable::from_foreign`] hasn't been called yet.
> + /// Additionally, all instances (if any) of values returned by [`ForeignOwnable::borrow`] and
> + /// [`ForeignOwnable::borrow_mut`] for this object must have been dropped.
> + unsafe fn borrow_mut<T: ForeignOwnable>(ptr: *const core::ffi::c_void) -> ScopeGuard<T, fn(T)> {

I feel that this should could its own guard (maybe `PointerGuard`?) to
be more semantically meaningful than a `ScopeGuard`.

> + // SAFETY: The safety requirements ensure that `ptr` came from a previous call to
> + // `into_foreign`.
> + ScopeGuard::new_with_data(unsafe { T::from_foreign(ptr) }, |d| {
> + d.into_foreign();
> + })
> + }
> +
> + /// Converts a foreign-owned object back to a Rust-owned one.
> + ///
> + /// # Safety
> + ///
> + /// `ptr` must have been returned by a previous call to [`ForeignOwnable::into_foreign`] for
> + /// which a previous matching [`ForeignOwnable::from_foreign`] hasn't been called yet.
> + /// Additionally, all instances (if any) of values returned by [`ForeignOwnable::borrow`] and
> + /// [`ForeignOwnable::borrow_mut`] for this object must have been dropped.
> + unsafe fn from_foreign(ptr: *const core::ffi::c_void) -> Self;
> +}
> +
> /// Runs a cleanup function/closure when dropped.
> ///
> /// The [`ScopeGuard::dismiss`] function prevents the cleanup function from running.

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