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Subject[PATCH v3 07/14] RISC-V: KVM: Add skeleton support for perf
Date
This patch only adds barebore structure of perf implementation. Most of
the function returns zero at this point and will be implemented
fully in the future.

Signed-off-by: Atish Patra <atishp@rivosinc.com>
---
arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 3 +
arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_vcpu_pmu.h | 76 ++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/kvm/Makefile | 1 +
arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu.c | 5 +
arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu_pmu.c | 145 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 230 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_vcpu_pmu.h
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu_pmu.c

diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index 93f43a3..f9874b4 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <asm/kvm_vcpu_insn.h>
#include <asm/kvm_vcpu_sbi.h>
#include <asm/kvm_vcpu_timer.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_vcpu_pmu.h>

#define KVM_MAX_VCPUS 1024

@@ -228,6 +229,8 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {

/* Don't run the VCPU (blocked) */
bool pause;
+
+ struct kvm_pmu pmu;
};

static inline void kvm_arch_hardware_unsetup(void) {}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_vcpu_pmu.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_vcpu_pmu.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f43a43
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kvm_vcpu_pmu.h
@@ -0,0 +1,76 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2023 Rivos Inc
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ * Atish Patra <atishp@rivosinc.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef __KVM_VCPU_RISCV_PMU_H
+#define __KVM_VCPU_RISCV_PMU_H
+
+#include <linux/perf/riscv_pmu.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_vcpu_sbi.h>
+#include <asm/sbi.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RISCV_PMU_SBI
+#define RISCV_KVM_MAX_FW_CTRS 32
+#define RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS 64
+
+/* Per virtual pmu counter data */
+struct kvm_pmc {
+ u8 idx;
+ struct perf_event *perf_event;
+ uint64_t counter_val;
+ union sbi_pmu_ctr_info cinfo;
+ /* Event monitoring status */
+ bool started;
+};
+
+/* PMU data structure per vcpu */
+struct kvm_pmu {
+ struct kvm_pmc pmc[RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS];
+ /* Number of the virtual firmware counters available */
+ int num_fw_ctrs;
+ /* Number of the virtual hardware counters available */
+ int num_hw_ctrs;
+ /* A flag to indicate that pmu initialization is done */
+ bool init_done;
+ /* Bit map of all the virtual counter used */
+ DECLARE_BITMAP(pmc_in_use, RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS);
+};
+
+#define vcpu_to_pmu(vcpu) (&(vcpu)->arch.pmu)
+#define pmu_to_vcpu(pmu) (container_of((pmu), struct kvm_vcpu, arch.pmu))
+
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_num_ctrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata);
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_info(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cidx,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata);
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_start(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long ctr_base,
+ unsigned long ctr_mask, unsigned long flag, uint64_t ival,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata);
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_stop(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long ctr_base,
+ unsigned long ctr_mask, unsigned long flag,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata);
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_cfg_match(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long ctr_base,
+ unsigned long ctr_mask, unsigned long flag,
+ unsigned long eidx, uint64_t evtdata,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata);
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_read(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cidx,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata);
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+void kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_deinit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+void kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+
+#else
+struct kvm_pmu {
+};
+
+static inline int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+static inline void kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_deinit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) {}
+static inline void kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) {}
+#endif /* CONFIG_RISCV_PMU_SBI */
+#endif /* !__KVM_VCPU_RISCV_PMU_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kvm/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kvm/Makefile
index 019df920..5de1053 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/kvm/Makefile
@@ -25,3 +25,4 @@ kvm-y += vcpu_sbi_base.o
kvm-y += vcpu_sbi_replace.o
kvm-y += vcpu_sbi_hsm.o
kvm-y += vcpu_timer.o
+kvm-$(CONFIG_RISCV_PMU_SBI) += vcpu_pmu.o
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu.c b/arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu.c
index 7c08567..b746f21 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu.c
@@ -137,6 +137,7 @@ static void kvm_riscv_reset_vcpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)

WRITE_ONCE(vcpu->arch.irqs_pending, 0);
WRITE_ONCE(vcpu->arch.irqs_pending_mask, 0);
+ kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_reset(vcpu);

vcpu->arch.hfence_head = 0;
vcpu->arch.hfence_tail = 0;
@@ -194,6 +195,9 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_create(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
/* Setup VCPU timer */
kvm_riscv_vcpu_timer_init(vcpu);

+ /* setup performance monitoring */
+ kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_init(vcpu);
+
/* Reset VCPU */
kvm_riscv_reset_vcpu(vcpu);

@@ -216,6 +220,7 @@ void kvm_arch_vcpu_destroy(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
/* Cleanup VCPU timer */
kvm_riscv_vcpu_timer_deinit(vcpu);

+ kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_deinit(vcpu);
/* Free unused pages pre-allocated for G-stage page table mappings */
kvm_mmu_free_memory_cache(&vcpu->arch.mmu_page_cache);
}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu_pmu.c b/arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu_pmu.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d3fd551
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kvm/vcpu_pmu.c
@@ -0,0 +1,145 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2023 Rivos Inc
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ * Atish Patra <atishp@rivosinc.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
+#include <linux/perf/riscv_pmu.h>
+#include <asm/csr.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_vcpu_sbi.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_vcpu_pmu.h>
+#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
+
+#define kvm_pmu_num_counters(pmu) ((pmu)->num_hw_ctrs + (pmu)->num_fw_ctrs)
+
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_num_ctrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata)
+{
+ struct kvm_pmu *kvpmu = vcpu_to_pmu(vcpu);
+
+ edata->out_val = kvm_pmu_num_counters(kvpmu);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_info(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cidx,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata)
+{
+ struct kvm_pmu *kvpmu = vcpu_to_pmu(vcpu);
+
+ if (cidx > RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS || cidx == 1) {
+ edata->err_val = SBI_ERR_INVALID_PARAM;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ edata->out_val = kvpmu->pmc[cidx].cinfo.value;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_start(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long ctr_base,
+ unsigned long ctr_mask, unsigned long flag, uint64_t ival,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata)
+{
+ /* TODO */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_stop(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long ctr_base,
+ unsigned long ctr_mask, unsigned long flag,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata)
+{
+ /* TODO */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_cfg_match(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long ctr_base,
+ unsigned long ctr_mask, unsigned long flag,
+ unsigned long eidx, uint64_t evtdata,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata)
+{
+ /* TODO */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_ctr_read(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cidx,
+ struct kvm_vcpu_sbi_ext_data *edata)
+{
+ /* TODO */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ int i = 0, num_fw_ctrs, ret, num_hw_ctrs = 0, hpm_width = 0;
+ struct kvm_pmu *kvpmu = vcpu_to_pmu(vcpu);
+ struct kvm_pmc *pmc;
+
+ ret = riscv_pmu_get_hpm_info(&hpm_width, &num_hw_ctrs);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (!hpm_width || !num_hw_ctrs) {
+ pr_err("Cannot initialize VCPU with NULL hpmcounter width or number of counters\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if ((num_hw_ctrs + RISCV_KVM_MAX_FW_CTRS) > RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS) {
+ pr_warn("Limiting fw counters as hw & fw counters exceed maximum counters\n");
+ num_fw_ctrs = RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS - num_hw_ctrs;
+ } else
+ num_fw_ctrs = RISCV_KVM_MAX_FW_CTRS;
+
+ kvpmu->num_hw_ctrs = num_hw_ctrs;
+ kvpmu->num_fw_ctrs = num_fw_ctrs;
+
+ /*
+ * There is no correlation between the logical hardware counter and virtual counters.
+ * However, we need to encode a hpmcounter CSR in the counter info field so that
+ * KVM can trap n emulate the read. This works well in the migration use case as
+ * KVM doesn't care if the actual hpmcounter is available in the hardware or not.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < kvm_pmu_num_counters(kvpmu); i++) {
+ /* TIME CSR shouldn't be read from perf interface */
+ if (i == 1)
+ continue;
+ pmc = &kvpmu->pmc[i];
+ pmc->idx = i;
+ if (i < kvpmu->num_hw_ctrs) {
+ kvpmu->pmc[i].cinfo.type = SBI_PMU_CTR_TYPE_HW;
+ if (i < 3)
+ /* CY, IR counters */
+ kvpmu->pmc[i].cinfo.width = 63;
+ else
+ kvpmu->pmc[i].cinfo.width = hpm_width;
+ /*
+ * The CSR number doesn't have any relation with the logical
+ * hardware counters. The CSR numbers are encoded sequentially
+ * to avoid maintaining a map between the virtual counter
+ * and CSR number.
+ */
+ pmc->cinfo.csr = CSR_CYCLE + i;
+ } else {
+ pmc->cinfo.type = SBI_PMU_CTR_TYPE_FW;
+ pmc->cinfo.width = BITS_PER_LONG - 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ kvpmu->init_done = true;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_deinit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ /* TODO */
+}
+
+void kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ kvm_riscv_vcpu_pmu_deinit(vcpu);
+}
--
2.25.1
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