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Subject[GIT PULL] memblock: fix release of deferred pages in memblock_free_late()
Hi Linus,

The following changes since commit fa81ab49bbe4e1ce756581c970486de0ddb14309:

memblock: Fix doc for memblock_phys_free (2023-01-04 12:31:22 +0200)

are available in the Git repository at:

https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rppt/memblock tags/fixes-2023-01-14

for you to fetch changes up to 115d9d77bb0f9152c60b6e8646369fa7f6167593:

mm: Always release pages to the buddy allocator in memblock_free_late(). (2023-01-08 18:49:33 +0200)

----------------------------------------------------------------
memblock: always release pages to the buddy allocator in memblock_free_late()

If CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT is enabled, memblock_free_pages()
only releases pages to the buddy allocator if they are not in the
deferred range. This is correct for free pages (as defined by
for_each_free_mem_pfn_range_in_zone()) because free pages in the
deferred range will be initialized and released as part of the deferred
init process. memblock_free_pages() is called by memblock_free_late(),
which is used to free reserved ranges after memblock_free_all() has
run. All pages in reserved ranges have been initialized at that point,
and accordingly, those pages are not touched by the deferred init
process. This means that currently, if the pages that
memblock_free_late() intends to release are in the deferred range, they
will never be released to the buddy allocator. They will forever be
reserved.

In addition, memblock_free_pages() calls kmsan_memblock_free_pages(),
which is also correct for free pages but is not correct for reserved
pages. KMSAN metadata for reserved pages is initialized by
kmsan_init_shadow(), which runs shortly before memblock_free_all().

For both of these reasons, memblock_free_pages() should only be called
for free pages, and memblock_free_late() should call __free_pages_core()
directly instead.

One case where this issue can occur in the wild is EFI boot on
x86_64. The x86 EFI code reserves all EFI boot services memory ranges
via memblock_reserve() and frees them later via memblock_free_late()
(efi_reserve_boot_services() and efi_free_boot_services(),
respectively). If any of those ranges happens to fall within the
deferred init range, the pages will not be released and that memory will
be unavailable.

For example, on an Amazon EC2 t3.micro VM (1 GB) booting via EFI:

v6.2-rc2:
Node 0, zone DMA
spanned 4095
present 3999
managed 3840
Node 0, zone DMA32
spanned 246652
present 245868
managed 178867

v6.2-rc2 + patch:
Node 0, zone DMA
spanned 4095
present 3999
managed 3840
Node 0, zone DMA32
spanned 246652
present 245868
managed 222816 # +43,949 pages

----------------------------------------------------------------
Aaron Thompson (1):
mm: Always release pages to the buddy allocator in memblock_free_late().

mm/memblock.c | 8 +++++++-
tools/testing/memblock/internal.h | 4 ++++
2 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
--
Sincerely yours,
Mike.

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