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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/4] media: platform: Add Renesas RZ/G2L MIPI CSI-2 receiver driver
Hi Laurent,

Thank you for the review.

On Tue, Aug 30, 2022 at 1:28 AM Laurent Pinchart
<laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Prabhakar,
>
> Thank you for the patch.
>
> On Mon, Aug 01, 2022 at 10:47:17PM +0100, Lad Prabhakar wrote:
> > Add MIPI CSI-2 receiver driver for Renesas RZ/G2L. The MIPI
> > CSI-2 is part of the CRU module found on RZ/G2L family.
> >
> > Based on a patch in the BSP by Hien Huynh
> > <hien.huynh.px@renesas.com>
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Lad Prabhakar <prabhakar.mahadev-lad.rj@bp.renesas.com>
> > ---
> > RFC v2 -> v1
> > * Fixed initialization sequence of DPHY and link
> > * Exported DPHY and link initialization functions so that the
> > CRU core driver can initialize the CRU and CSI2 as per the HW manual.
> >
> > RFC v1 -> RFC v2
> > * new patch (split up as new driver compared to v1)
> > ---
> > drivers/media/platform/renesas/Kconfig | 1 +
> > drivers/media/platform/renesas/Makefile | 1 +
> > .../media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Kconfig | 17 +
> > .../media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Makefile | 3 +
> > .../platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.c | 702 ++++++++++++++++++
> > .../platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.h | 49 ++
> > 6 files changed, 773 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Kconfig
> > create mode 100644 drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Makefile
> > create mode 100644 drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.c
> > create mode 100644 drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.h
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/renesas/Kconfig b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/Kconfig
> > index 9fd90672ea2d..ed788e991f74 100644
> > --- a/drivers/media/platform/renesas/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/Kconfig
> > @@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ config VIDEO_SH_VOU
> > Support for the Video Output Unit (VOU) on SuperH SoCs.
> >
> > source "drivers/media/platform/renesas/rcar-vin/Kconfig"
> > +source "drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Kconfig"
> >
> > # Mem2mem drivers
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/renesas/Makefile b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/Makefile
> > index 3ec226ef5fd2..55854e868887 100644
> > --- a/drivers/media/platform/renesas/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/Makefile
> > @@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
> > #
> >
> > obj-y += rcar-vin/
> > +obj-y += rzg2l-cru/
> > obj-y += vsp1/
> >
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_RCAR_DRIF) += rcar_drif.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Kconfig b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Kconfig
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..150bf16f167c
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Kconfig
> > @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +
> > +config VIDEO_RZG2L_CSI2
> > + tristate "RZ/G2L MIPI CSI-2 Receiver"
> > + depends on V4L_PLATFORM_DRIVERS
> > + depends on VIDEO_DEV && OF
> > + depends on ARCH_RENESAS || COMPILE_TEST
> > + select MEDIA_CONTROLLER
> > + select VIDEO_V4L2_SUBDEV_API
> > + select RESET_CONTROLLER
> > + select V4L2_FWNODE
>
> Please order these alphabetically.
>
Ok, I will sort them.

> > + help
> > + Support for Renesas RZ/G2L (and alike SoC's) MIPI CSI-2
> > + Receiver driver.
> > +
> > + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> > + module will be called rzg2l-csi2.
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Makefile b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Makefile
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..91ea97a944e6
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/Makefile
> > @@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
> > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_RZG2L_CSI2) += rzg2l-csi2.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.c b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..252e33ddb6e8
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,702 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +/*
> > + * Driver for Renesas RZ/G2L MIPI CSI-2 Receiver
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2022 Renesas Electronics Corp.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/clk.h>
> > +#include <linux/delay.h>
> > +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > +#include <linux/io.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/of.h>
> > +#include <linux/of_device.h>
> > +#include <linux/of_graph.h>
> > +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> > +#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> > +#include <linux/reset.h>
> > +#include <linux/sys_soc.h>
> > +#include <linux/units.h>
> > +
> > +#include <media/v4l2-ctrls.h>
> > +#include <media/v4l2-device.h>
> > +#include <media/v4l2-fwnode.h>
> > +#include <media/v4l2-mc.h>
> > +#include <media/v4l2-subdev.h>
> > +
> > +#include "rzg2l-csi2.h"
> > +
> > +/* LINK registers */
> > +/* Module Configuration Register */
> > +#define CSI2nMCG 0x0
> > +#define CSI2nMCG_SDLN GENMASK(11, 8)
> > +
> > +/* Module Control Register 0 */
> > +#define CSI2nMCT0 0x10
> > +#define CSI2nMCT0_VDLN(x) ((x) << 0)
> > +
> > +/* Module Control Register 2 */
> > +#define CSI2nMCT2 0x18
> > +#define CSI2nMCT2_FRRSKW(x) ((x) << 16)
> > +#define CSI2nMCT2_FRRCLK(x) ((x) << 0)
> > +
> > +/* Module Control Register 3 */
> > +#define CSI2nMCT3 0x1c
> > +#define CSI2nMCT3_RXEN BIT(0)
> > +
> > +/* Reset Control Register */
> > +#define CSI2nRTCT 0x28
> > +#define CSI2nRTCT_VSRST BIT(0)
> > +
> > +/* Reset Status Register */
> > +#define CSI2nRTST 0x2c
> > +#define CSI2nRTST_VSRSTS BIT(0)
> > +
> > +/* Receive Data Type Enable Low Register */
> > +#define CSI2nDTEL 0x60
> > +
> > +/* Receive Data Type Enable High Register */
> > +#define CSI2nDTEH 0x64
> > +
> > +/* Power Management Status Register */
> > +#define CSI2nPMST 0x200
> > +
> > +/* Power Management Status Clear Register */
> > +#define CSI2nPMSC 0x204
> > +
> > +/* DPHY registers */
> > +/* D-PHY Control Register 0 */
> > +#define CSIDPHYCTRL0 0x400
> > +#define CSIDPHYCTRL0_EN_LDO1200 BIT(1)
> > +#define CSIDPHYCTRL0_EN_BGR BIT(0)
> > +
> > +/* D-PHY Timing Register 0 */
> > +#define CSIDPHYTIM0 0x404
> > +#define CSIDPHYTIM0_TCLK_MISS(x) ((x) << 24)
> > +#define CSIDPHYTIM0_T_INIT(x) ((x) << 0)
> > +
> > +/* D-PHY Timing Register 1 */
> > +#define CSIDPHYTIM1 0x408
> > +#define CSIDPHYTIM1_THS_PREPARE(x) ((x) << 24)
> > +#define CSIDPHYTIM1_TCLK_PREPARE(x) ((x) << 16)
> > +#define CSIDPHYTIM1_THS_SETTLE(x) ((x) << 8)
> > +#define CSIDPHYTIM1_TCLK_SETTLE(x) ((x) << 0)
> > +
> > +/* D-PHY Skew Adjustment Function */
> > +#define CSIDPHYSKW0 0x460
> > +#define CSIDPHYSKW0_UTIL_DL0_SKW_ADJ(x) ((x) & 0x3)
> > +#define CSIDPHYSKW0_UTIL_DL1_SKW_ADJ(x) (((x) & 0x3) << 4)
> > +#define CSIDPHYSKW0_UTIL_DL2_SKW_ADJ(x) (((x) & 0x3) << 8)
> > +#define CSIDPHYSKW0_UTIL_DL3_SKW_ADJ(x) (((x) & 0x3) << 12)
> > +#define CSIDPHYSKW0_DEFAULT_SKW CSIDPHYSKW0_UTIL_DL0_SKW_ADJ(1) | \
> > + CSIDPHYSKW0_UTIL_DL1_SKW_ADJ(1) | \
> > + CSIDPHYSKW0_UTIL_DL2_SKW_ADJ(1) | \
> > + CSIDPHYSKW0_UTIL_DL3_SKW_ADJ(1)
> > +
> > +#define VSRSTS_RETRIES 20
> > +
> > +struct timings {
>
> Such a generic name risks creating conflicts later. Could you name the
> structure rzg2l_csi2_timings ? Same for the dphy_timings enum.
>
Agreed, I will rename it.

> > + u32 t_init;
> > + u32 tclk_miss;
> > + u32 tclk_settle;
> > + u32 ths_settle;
> > + u32 tclk_prepare;
> > + u32 ths_prepare;
> > +};
> > +
> > +enum dphy_timings {
> > + TRANSMISSION_RATE_80_MBPS = 0,
> > + TRANSMISSION_RATE_125_MBPS,
> > + TRANSMISSION_RATE_250_MBPS,
> > + TRANSMISSION_RATE_360_MBPS,
> > + TRANSMISSION_RATE_360_PLUS_MBPS,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct timings global_timings[] = {
>
> And there, rzg2l_csi2_global_timings.
>
OK.

> > + [TRANSMISSION_RATE_80_MBPS] = {
> > + .t_init = 79801,
> > + .tclk_miss = 4,
> > + .tclk_settle = 23,
> > + .ths_settle = 31,
> > + .tclk_prepare = 10,
> > + .ths_prepare = 19,
> > + },
> > + [TRANSMISSION_RATE_125_MBPS] = {
> > + .t_init = 79801,
> > + .tclk_miss = 4,
> > + .tclk_settle = 23,
> > + .ths_settle = 28,
> > + .tclk_prepare = 10,
> > + .ths_prepare = 19,
> > + },
> > + [TRANSMISSION_RATE_250_MBPS] = {
> > + .t_init = 79801,
> > + .tclk_miss = 4,
> > + .tclk_settle = 23,
> > + .ths_settle = 22,
> > + .tclk_prepare = 10,
> > + .ths_prepare = 16,
> > + },
> > + [TRANSMISSION_RATE_360_MBPS] = {
> > + .t_init = 79801,
> > + .tclk_miss = 4,
> > + .tclk_settle = 18,
> > + .ths_settle = 19,
> > + .tclk_prepare = 10,
> > + .ths_prepare = 10,
> > + },
> > + [TRANSMISSION_RATE_360_PLUS_MBPS] = {
> > + .t_init = 79801,
> > + .tclk_miss = 4,
> > + .tclk_settle = 18,
> > + .ths_settle = 18,
> > + .tclk_prepare = 10,
> > + .ths_prepare = 10,
> > + },
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct rzg2l_csi2_format {
> > + u32 code;
> > + unsigned int datatype;
> > + unsigned int bpp;
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct rzg2l_csi2_format rzg2l_csi2_formats[] = {
> > + { .code = MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_1X16, .datatype = 0x1e, .bpp = 16 },
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct rzg2l_csi2_format *rzg2l_csi2_code_to_fmt(unsigned int code)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(rzg2l_csi2_formats); i++)
> > + if (rzg2l_csi2_formats[i].code == code)
> > + return &rzg2l_csi2_formats[i];
> > +
> > + return NULL;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline struct rzg2l_csi2 *notifier_to_csi2(struct v4l2_async_notifier *n)
> > +{
> > + return container_of(n, struct rzg2l_csi2, notifier);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u32 rzg2l_csi2_read(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2, unsigned int reg)
> > +{
> > + return ioread32(csi2->base + reg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void rzg2l_csi2_write(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2, unsigned int reg,
> > + u32 data)
> > +{
> > + iowrite32(data, csi2->base + reg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void rzg2l_csi2_set(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2, unsigned int reg, u32 set)
> > +{
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, reg, rzg2l_csi2_read(csi2, reg) | set);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void rzg2l_csi2_clr(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2, unsigned int reg, u32 clr)
> > +{
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, reg, rzg2l_csi2_read(csi2, reg) & ~clr);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_calc_mbps(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2)
> > +{
> > + const struct rzg2l_csi2_format *format;
> > + struct v4l2_subdev *source;
> > + struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl;
> > + u64 mbps;
> > +
> > + if (!csi2->remote)
> > + return -ENODEV;
>
> Can this happen, given that the remote field is set in the bound()
> handler ?
>
Agreed, the check can be dropped.

> > +
> > + source = csi2->remote;
> > +
> > + /* Read the pixel rate control from remote. */
> > + ctrl = v4l2_ctrl_find(source->ctrl_handler, V4L2_CID_PIXEL_RATE);
> > + if (!ctrl) {
> > + dev_err(csi2->dev, "no pixel rate control in subdev %s\n",
> > + source->name);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + format = rzg2l_csi2_code_to_fmt(csi2->mf.code);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Calculate hsfreq in Mbps
> > + * hsfreq = (pixel_rate * bits_per_sample) / number_of_lanes
> > + */
> > + mbps = v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl_int64(ctrl) * format->bpp;
> > + do_div(mbps, csi2->lanes * 1000000);
> > +
> > + return mbps;
> > +}
> > +
> > +int rzg2l_csi2_cmn_rstb_deassert(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2)
> > +{
> > + return reset_control_deassert(csi2->rstc);
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rzg2l_csi2_cmn_rstb_deassert);
>
> I don't think you need to export this, or the
> rzg2l_csi2_mipi_link_setting() function. They're called by the CRU
> driver just before or after calling the .s_stream() operation, so you
> can move the calls there.
>
OK, I will drop the export symbols.

> > +
> > +/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > + * DPHY setting
> > + */
> > +
> > +int rzg2l_csi2_dphy_setting(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2, bool on)
> > +{
> > + int lanes, mbps;
> > +
> > + dev_dbg(csi2->dev, "Input size (%ux%u%c)\n",
> > + csi2->mf.width, csi2->mf.height,
> > + csi2->mf.field == V4L2_FIELD_NONE ? 'p' : 'i');
> > +
> > + /* Checking the maximum lanes support for CSI-2 module */
> > + lanes = (rzg2l_csi2_read(csi2, CSI2nMCG) & CSI2nMCG_SDLN) >> 8;
> > + if (lanes < csi2->lanes) {
> > + dev_err(csi2->dev,
> > + "Failed to support %d data lanes\n", csi2->lanes);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
>
> You should read and validate the number of lanes at probe time.
>
Agreed, I will move this check in probe.

> > +
> > + mbps = rzg2l_csi2_calc_mbps(csi2);
> > + if (mbps < 0)
> > + return mbps;
> > +
> > + csi2->hsfreq = mbps;
>
> This is only needed in the (on) branch.
>
Agreed.

> > +
> > + if (on) {
>
> The two branches share no code. Split them in two separate functions.
>
OK, Ill split it into two separate functions.

> > + struct timings dphy_timing;
>
> Make this a const pointer.
>
Agreed.

> > + u32 dphytim0, dphytim1;
> > +
> > + /* Set DPHY timing parameters */
> > + if (csi2->hsfreq <= 80)
> > + dphy_timing = global_timings[TRANSMISSION_RATE_80_MBPS];
> > + else if (csi2->hsfreq <= 125)
> > + dphy_timing = global_timings[TRANSMISSION_RATE_125_MBPS];
> > + else if (csi2->hsfreq <= 250)
> > + dphy_timing = global_timings[TRANSMISSION_RATE_250_MBPS];
> > + else if (csi2->hsfreq <= 360)
> > + dphy_timing = global_timings[TRANSMISSION_RATE_360_MBPS];
> > + else if (csi2->hsfreq <= 1500)
> > + dphy_timing = global_timings[TRANSMISSION_RATE_360_PLUS_MBPS];
> > + else
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + /* Set D-PHY timing parameters */
> > + dphytim0 = CSIDPHYTIM0_TCLK_MISS(dphy_timing.tclk_miss) |
> > + CSIDPHYTIM0_T_INIT(dphy_timing.t_init);
> > + dphytim1 = CSIDPHYTIM1_THS_PREPARE(dphy_timing.ths_prepare) |
> > + CSIDPHYTIM1_TCLK_PREPARE(dphy_timing.tclk_prepare) |
> > + CSIDPHYTIM1_THS_SETTLE(dphy_timing.ths_settle) |
> > + CSIDPHYTIM1_TCLK_SETTLE(dphy_timing.tclk_settle);
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSIDPHYTIM0, dphytim0);
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSIDPHYTIM1, dphytim1);
> > +
> > + /* Enable D-PHY power control 0 */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSIDPHYSKW0, CSIDPHYSKW0_DEFAULT_SKW);
> > +
> > + /* Set the EN_BGR bit */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_set(csi2, CSIDPHYCTRL0, CSIDPHYCTRL0_EN_BGR);
> > +
> > + /* Delay 20us to be stable */
> > + usleep_range(20, 40);
> > +
> > + /* Enable D-PHY power control 1 */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_set(csi2, CSIDPHYCTRL0, CSIDPHYCTRL0_EN_LDO1200);
> > +
> > + /* Delay 10us to be stable */
> > + usleep_range(10, 20);
> > +
> > + /* Start supplying the internal clock for the D-PHY block */
> > + pm_runtime_get_sync(csi2->dev);
>
> Missing error handling (and use pm_runtime_resume_and_get() to make that
> easier). But it doesn't seem quite right, you're not supposed to resume
> the device after writing register, but before.
>
> > + } else {
> > + /* Reset the CRU (D-PHY) */
> > + reset_control_assert(csi2->rstc);
> > +
> > + /* Stop the D-PHY clock */
> > + pm_runtime_put(csi2->dev);
>
> Same here, that should to after the register writes.
>
> > +
> > + /* Cancel the EN_LDO1200 register setting */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_clr(csi2, CSIDPHYCTRL0, CSIDPHYCTRL0_EN_LDO1200);
> > +
> > + /* Cancel the EN_BGR register setting */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_clr(csi2, CSIDPHYCTRL0, CSIDPHYCTRL0_EN_BGR);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rzg2l_csi2_dphy_setting);
>
> Would it be a problem to also move this call to .s_stream() to avoid
> direct calls from the CRU driver ?
>
Yes it causes a problem, the CSI and CRU setup is as per the sequence
mentioned in the HW manual. If I move this to .stream() callback I
sometimes see no buffers being captured on the CSI part.

> > +
> > +void rzg2l_csi2_mipi_link_setting(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2, bool on)
> > +{
> > + if (on) {
>
> Here too the two branches share no code, split them in two separate
> functions.
>
Ok will do.

> > + unsigned long vclk_rate = csi2->vclk_rate / HZ_PER_MHZ;
> > + u32 frrskw, frrclk, frrskw_coeff, frrclk_coeff;
> > +
> > + /* Select data lanes */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSI2nMCT0, CSI2nMCT0_VDLN(csi2->lanes));
> > +
> > + frrskw_coeff = 3 * vclk_rate * 8;
> > + frrclk_coeff = frrskw_coeff / 2;
> > + frrskw = DIV_ROUND_UP(frrskw_coeff, csi2->hsfreq);
> > + frrclk = DIV_ROUND_UP(frrclk_coeff, csi2->hsfreq);
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSI2nMCT2,
> > + CSI2nMCT2_FRRSKW(frrskw) | CSI2nMCT2_FRRCLK(frrclk));
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Select data type.
> > + * FS, FE, LS, LE, Generic Short Packet Codes 1 to 8,
> > + * Generic Long Packet Data Types 1 to 4 YUV422 8-bit,
> > + * RGB565, RGB888, RAW8 to RAW20, User-defined 8-bit
> > + * data types 1 to 8
> > + */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSI2nDTEL, 0xf778ff0f);
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSI2nDTEH, 0x00ffff1f);
> > +
> > + /* Enable LINK reception */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_set(csi2, CSI2nMCT3, CSI2nMCT3_RXEN);
>
> Would it be an issue to use rzg2l_csi2_write() here ?
>
> > + } else {
> > + unsigned int timeout = VSRSTS_RETRIES;
> > +
> > + /* Stop LINK reception */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_clr(csi2, CSI2nMCT3, CSI2nMCT3_RXEN);
>
> Same here, rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSI2nMCT3, 0);
>
> Same for the other usage of rzg2l_csi2_set() and rzg2l_csi2_clr() above,
> to avoid having to read back the value first.
>
> > +
> > + /* Request a software reset of the LINK Video Pixel Interface */
> > + rzg2l_csi2_write(csi2, CSI2nRTCT, CSI2nRTCT_VSRST);
> > +
> > + /* Make sure CSI2nRTST.VSRSTS bit is cleared */
> > + while (timeout--) {
> > + if (!(rzg2l_csi2_read(csi2, CSI2nRTST) & CSI2nRTST_VSRSTS))
> > + break;
> > + usleep_range(100, 200);
> > + };
> > + }
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rzg2l_csi2_mipi_link_setting);
> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_s_stream(struct v4l2_subdev *sd, int enable)
> > +{
> > + struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2 = sd_to_csi2(sd);
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&csi2->lock);
> > +
> > + if (!csi2->remote) {
> > + ret = -ENODEV;
> > + goto out;
> > + }
>
> I don't think this can happen either.
>
Agreed, I will drop this check.

> > +
> > + if (enable && !csi2->stream_count) {
> > + ret = v4l2_subdev_call(csi2->remote, video, s_stream, 1);
> > + if (ret)
> > + goto out;
> > + } else if (!enable && csi2->stream_count == 1) {
> > + v4l2_subdev_call(csi2->remote, video, s_stream, 0);
> > + }
> > +
> > + csi2->stream_count += enable ? 1 : -1;
>
> Drop stream_count, .s_stream() is not reference-counted.
>
Ok, I'll drop it.

> > +out:
> > + mutex_unlock(&csi2->lock);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_set_format(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_state *state,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_format *format)
> > +{
> > + struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2 = sd_to_csi2(sd);
> > + struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *framefmt;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&csi2->lock);
> > +
> > + if (!rzg2l_csi2_code_to_fmt(format->format.code))
> > + format->format.code = rzg2l_csi2_formats[0].code;
> > +
> > + if (format->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE) {
> > + csi2->mf = format->format;
>
> Please use the subdev active state storage to avoid manually storing the
> format. See https://lore.kernel.org/linux-media/20220823005822.13805-3-laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com/
> and in particular
>
> - How the .get_fmt() and .set_fmt() handlers use
> v4l2_subdev_get_pad_format() unconditionally to get the format,
> regardless of whether it's the active or try format.
> - The v4l2_subdev_lock_and_get_active_state() call in .s_stream() to get
> the active state, and access the format from it.
> - You're already calling v4l2_subdev_init_finalize() in probe, good :-)
>
> You'll need to implement .init_cfg(), and you'll be able to drop the
> lock field in rzg2l_csi2.
>
OK, I'll switch to active state storage.

> > + } else {
> > + framefmt = v4l2_subdev_get_try_format(sd, state, 0);
> > + *framefmt = format->format;
> > + }
> > +
> > + mutex_unlock(&csi2->lock);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_get_pad_format(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_state *sd_state,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_format *format)
> > +{
> > + struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2 = sd_to_csi2(sd);
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&csi2->lock);
> > + if (format->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE)
> > + format->format = csi2->mf;
> > + else
> > + format->format = *v4l2_subdev_get_try_format(sd, sd_state, 0);
> > + mutex_unlock(&csi2->lock);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct v4l2_subdev_video_ops rzg2l_csi2_video_ops = {
> > + .s_stream = rzg2l_csi2_s_stream,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct v4l2_subdev_pad_ops rzg2l_csi2_pad_ops = {
> > + .set_fmt = rzg2l_csi2_set_format,
> > + .get_fmt = rzg2l_csi2_get_pad_format,
>
> Missing enum functions for format and sizes, and missing .init_cfg().
>
I'll implement the callbacks.

> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct v4l2_subdev_ops rzg2l_csi2_subdev_ops = {
> > + .video = &rzg2l_csi2_video_ops,
> > + .pad = &rzg2l_csi2_pad_ops,
> > +};
> > +
> > +/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > + * Async handling and registration of subdevices and links.
> > + */
.> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_notify_bound(struct v4l2_async_notifier *notifier,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
> > + struct v4l2_async_subdev *asd)
> > +{
> > + struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2 = notifier_to_csi2(notifier);
> > + int pad;
> > +
> > + pad = media_entity_get_fwnode_pad(&subdev->entity, asd->match.fwnode,
> > + MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE);
> > + if (pad < 0) {
> > + dev_err(csi2->dev, "Failed to find pad for %s\n", subdev->name);
> > + return pad;
> > + }
>
>
> I think you can skip this and just hardcode pad to RZG2L_CSI2_SINK in
> the media_create_pad_link(), there's no other input.
>
OK, I'll drop it and hardcode RZG2L_CSI2_SINK.

> > +
> > + csi2->remote = subdev;
> > +
> > + dev_dbg(csi2->dev, "Bound %s pad: %d\n", subdev->name, pad);
> > +
> > + return media_create_pad_link(&subdev->entity, pad,
> > + &csi2->subdev.entity, 0,
> > + MEDIA_LNK_FL_ENABLED |
> > + MEDIA_LNK_FL_IMMUTABLE);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void rzg2l_csi2_notify_unbind(struct v4l2_async_notifier *notifier,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
> > + struct v4l2_async_subdev *asd)
> > +{
> > + struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2 = notifier_to_csi2(notifier);
> > +
> > + csi2->remote = NULL;
> > +
> > + dev_dbg(csi2->dev, "Unbind %s\n", subdev->name);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct v4l2_async_notifier_operations rzg2l_csi2_notify_ops = {
> > + .bound = rzg2l_csi2_notify_bound,
> > + .unbind = rzg2l_csi2_notify_unbind,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_parse_v4l2(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2,
> > + struct v4l2_fwnode_endpoint *vep)
> > +{
> > + /* Only port 0 endpoint 0 is valid. */
> > + if (vep->base.port || vep->base.id)
> > + return -ENOTCONN;
> > +
> > + if (vep->bus_type != V4L2_MBUS_CSI2_DPHY) {
> > + dev_err(csi2->dev, "Unsupported bus: %u\n", vep->bus_type);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
>
> I'm not sure you need this check as the DT bindings should make it clear
> that only CSI-2 sources are valid. Maybe require the bus-type property
> in DT ? Up to you.
>
OK, I'll drop this check and make it clear in the DT binding doc.

> > +
> > + csi2->lanes = vep->bus.mipi_csi2.num_data_lanes;
> > + if (csi2->lanes != 1 && csi2->lanes != 2 && csi2->lanes != 4) {
> > + dev_err(csi2->dev, "Unsupported number of data-lanes: %u\n",
> > + csi2->lanes);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_parse_dt(struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2)
> > +{
> > + struct v4l2_fwnode_endpoint v4l2_ep = {
> > + .bus_type = V4L2_MBUS_CSI2_DPHY
> > + };
> > + struct v4l2_async_subdev *asd;
> > + struct fwnode_handle *fwnode;
> > + struct fwnode_handle *ep;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + ep = fwnode_graph_get_endpoint_by_id(dev_fwnode(csi2->dev), 0, 0, 0);
> > + if (!ep) {
> > + dev_err(csi2->dev, "Not connected to subdevice\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = v4l2_fwnode_endpoint_parse(ep, &v4l2_ep);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(csi2->dev, "Could not parse v4l2 endpoint\n");
> > + fwnode_handle_put(ep);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = rzg2l_csi2_parse_v4l2(csi2, &v4l2_ep);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + fwnode_handle_put(ep);
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + fwnode = fwnode_graph_get_remote_endpoint(ep);
> > + fwnode_handle_put(ep);
> > +
> > + dev_dbg(csi2->dev, "Found '%pOF'\n", to_of_node(fwnode));
> > +
> > + v4l2_async_nf_init(&csi2->notifier);
> > + csi2->notifier.ops = &rzg2l_csi2_notify_ops;
> > +
> > + asd = v4l2_async_nf_add_fwnode(&csi2->notifier, fwnode,
> > + struct v4l2_async_subdev);
> > + fwnode_handle_put(fwnode);
> > + if (IS_ERR(asd))
> > + return PTR_ERR(asd);
> > +
> > + ret = v4l2_async_subdev_nf_register(&csi2->subdev, &csi2->notifier);
> > + if (ret)
> > + v4l2_async_nf_cleanup(&csi2->notifier);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > + * Platform Device Driver.
> > + */
> > +
> > +static const struct media_entity_operations rzg2l_csi2_entity_ops = {
> > + .link_validate = v4l2_subdev_link_validate,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> > +{
> > + struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2;
> > + struct clk *vclk;
> > + unsigned int i;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + csi2 = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*csi2), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!csi2)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + csi2->base = devm_platform_ioremap_resource(pdev, 0);
> > + if (IS_ERR(csi2->base))
> > + return PTR_ERR(csi2->base);
> > +
> > + csi2->rstc = devm_reset_control_get(&pdev->dev, "cmn-rstb");
> > + if (IS_ERR(csi2->rstc))
> > + return dev_err_probe(&pdev->dev, PTR_ERR(csi2->rstc),
> > + "failed to get cpg cmn-rstb\n");
> > +
> > + vclk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, "vclk");
> > + if (IS_ERR(vclk))
> > + return dev_err_probe(&pdev->dev, PTR_ERR(vclk),
> > + "failed to get vclk clock\n");
> > +
> > + csi2->vclk_rate = clk_get_rate(vclk);
> > + devm_clk_put(&pdev->dev, vclk);
>
> Is there no need to ensure at runtime at the clock is on ?
>
pm_runtime is used to turn on/off the clocks. Do you think I need to
add a check here?

> > +
> > + csi2->dev = &pdev->dev;
> > + mutex_init(&csi2->lock);
> > + csi2->stream_count = 0;
> > +
> > + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, csi2);
> > +
> > + ret = rzg2l_csi2_parse_dt(csi2);
> > + if (ret)
> > + goto error_mutex;
> > +
> > + csi2->subdev.owner = THIS_MODULE;
>
> You don't need this, v4l2_subdev_init() handles it.
>
OK, I'll drop it.

> > + csi2->subdev.dev = &pdev->dev;
> > + v4l2_subdev_init(&csi2->subdev, &rzg2l_csi2_subdev_ops);
> > + v4l2_set_subdevdata(&csi2->subdev, &pdev->dev);
> > + snprintf(csi2->subdev.name, V4L2_SUBDEV_NAME_SIZE, "%s %s",
>
> sizeof(csi2->subdev.name) instead of V4L2_SUBDEV_NAME_SIZE, it's less
> error-prone.
>
Agreed.

> > + KBUILD_MODNAME, dev_name(&pdev->dev));
>
> Don't use KBUILD_MODNAME but set a device name here, for instance use
> "csi-%s" as the format string. The subdev name shouldn't change if the
> module is renamed.
>
Agreed, I'll update it.

> > + csi2->subdev.flags = V4L2_SUBDEV_FL_HAS_DEVNODE;
> > +
> > + csi2->subdev.entity.function = MEDIA_ENT_F_PROC_VIDEO_PIXEL_FORMATTER;
>
> I think MEDIA_ENT_F_VID_IF_BRIDGE would be more appropriate. The pixel
> formatter reads or writes pixels from/to memory.
>
OK, I'll update it.

> > + csi2->subdev.entity.ops = &rzg2l_csi2_entity_ops;
> > +
> > + csi2->pads[RZG2L_CSI2_SINK].flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SINK;
> > + for (i = RZG2L_CSI2_SOURCE_VC0; i < NR_OF_RZG2L_CSI2_PAD; i++)
> > + csi2->pads[i].flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE;
>
> One source pad only. Support for multiple virtual channels should be
> implemented using the stream API that is under development (see
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-media/20220810121122.3149086-1-tomi.valkeinen@ideasonboard.com/T/#t).
>
My RFCv2 had this, but I dropped it for this version as adding support
for the multiplex stream was/is moving at a slower pace. So instead I
thought we can patch this up later.

> > +
> > + ret = media_entity_pads_init(&csi2->subdev.entity, NR_OF_RZG2L_CSI2_PAD, csi2->pads);
> > + if (ret)
> > + goto error_async;
> > +
> > + pm_runtime_enable(&pdev->dev);
> > +
> > + ret = v4l2_subdev_init_finalize(&csi2->subdev);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + goto error_pm;
> > +
> > + ret = v4l2_async_register_subdev(&csi2->subdev);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + goto error_subdev;
> > +
> > + dev_info(csi2->dev, "%d lanes found\n", csi2->lanes);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > +error_subdev:
> > + v4l2_subdev_cleanup(&csi2->subdev);
> > +error_pm:
> > + pm_runtime_disable(&pdev->dev);
> > +error_async:
> > + v4l2_async_nf_unregister(&csi2->notifier);
> > + v4l2_async_nf_cleanup(&csi2->notifier);
> > +error_mutex:
> > + mutex_destroy(&csi2->lock);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct of_device_id rzg2l_csi2_of_table[] = {
> > + { .compatible = "renesas,rzg2l-csi2", },
> > + { /* sentinel */ }
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int rzg2l_csi2_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> > +{
> > + struct rzg2l_csi2 *csi2 = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> > +
> > + v4l2_async_nf_unregister(&csi2->notifier);
> > + v4l2_async_nf_cleanup(&csi2->notifier);
> > + v4l2_async_unregister_subdev(&csi2->subdev);
> > + v4l2_subdev_cleanup(&csi2->subdev);
> > +
> > + pm_runtime_disable(&pdev->dev);
> > + mutex_destroy(&csi2->lock);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct platform_driver rzg2l_csi2_pdrv = {
> > + .remove = rzg2l_csi2_remove,
> > + .probe = rzg2l_csi2_probe,
> > + .driver = {
> > + .name = "rzg2l-csi2",
> > + .of_match_table = rzg2l_csi2_of_table,
> > + },
> > +};
> > +
> > +module_platform_driver(rzg2l_csi2_pdrv);
> > +
> > +MODULE_AUTHOR("Lad Prabhakar <prabhakar.mahadev-lad.rj@bp.renesas.com>");
> > +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Renesas RZ/G2L MIPI CSI2 receiver driver");
> > +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.h b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.h
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..7192923517f6
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/renesas/rzg2l-cru/rzg2l-csi2.h
> > @@ -0,0 +1,49 @@
> > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (C) 2022 Renesas Electronics Corp.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#ifndef __RZG2L_CSI2__
> > +#define __RZG2L_CSI2__
> > +
> > +enum rzg2l_csi2_pads {
> > + RZG2L_CSI2_SINK = 0,
> > + RZG2L_CSI2_SOURCE_VC0,
> > + RZG2L_CSI2_SOURCE_VC1,
> > + RZG2L_CSI2_SOURCE_VC2,
> > + RZG2L_CSI2_SOURCE_VC3,
> > + NR_OF_RZG2L_CSI2_PAD,
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct rzg2l_csi2 {
> > + struct device *dev;
> > + void __iomem *base;
> > + struct reset_control *rstc;
> > + unsigned long vclk_rate;
> > +
> > + struct v4l2_subdev subdev;
> > + struct media_pad pads[NR_OF_RZG2L_CSI2_PAD];
> > +
> > + struct v4l2_async_notifier notifier;
> > + struct v4l2_subdev *remote;

> You can name this field source (or remote_source, up to you), it will be
> more explicit.
>
OK, I will rename it.

Cheers,
Prabhakar

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