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SubjectRe: [PATCH] asus-wmi: Add support for TUF laptop keyboard RGB
Hi Hans,

Not a problem at all mate (it didn't take long to write), I was
expecting this and intended the patch more as a "let's see where we go".

Thank you for the information on how to handle proper bring-up, it
seems I should be able to use this for both the TUF ACPI controlled
keyboard along with the ROG USB connected keyboards - which would be
excellent for everyone using these laptops. The TUF series of laptops
are relatively nice and simple to work with due to the limited
feature-set, so this is a great starting point.

To ensure I am on the correct footing, using the information provided,
the goal would be to provide the following?

Base RGB setting under:
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/multi_index
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/multi_intensity
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/max_brightness

Extra features under:
/sys/class/leds/asus::kbd_backlight/mode
/sys/class/leds/asus::kbd_backlight/speed
/sys/class/leds/asus::kbd_backlight/direction

Some questions I have:
1. If there is more than one RGB capable keyboard, what happens to
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status ?
2. There is no way to fetch the current values from the keyboard and
multicolor seems to expect that the current settings can be read - the
issue here I think is that if the keyboard is changed perhaps by
Windows dual-boot then these settings won't match. How would this be
handled?
3. I'm still relatively new to sysfs. Is it possible for sysfs to save
these values (e.g, multicolour) and re-apply on boot?
4. In the case of the ROG USB connected laptop keyboards, some models
have per-key control. How would I enable this using the multicolour
API? Something like:

/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/multi_a_index
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/multi_a_intensity
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/multi_left_ctrl_index
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/multi_left_ctrl_intensity
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/multi_spacebar_index
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/multi_spacebar_intensity
/sys/class/leds/multicolor:status/max_brightness (individual or all?)

For these keyboards the USB takes 9-12 packets of 64 bytes, and I've
indexed the locations of colours in each. To be honest I'd very much
like to work out how to do this for per-key as it can potentially save
a lot of time in writing each packet if the kernel is able to batch
writes internally. A single packet for half a row is ~1ms, but can vary
up to 5ms..

4. I'm unsure of how to structure the USB-RGB code.. Would I need to
write an extra driver perhaps?

Kind regards,
Luke.

On Tue, Aug 2 2022 at 14:13:06 +0200, Hans de Goede
<hdegoede@redhat.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On 8/2/22 13:09, Hans de Goede wrote:
>> Hi Luke,
>>
>> On 8/2/22 06:59, Luke D. Jones wrote:
>>> Adds support for TUF laptop RGB control. This creates two sysfs
>>> paths to add control of basic keyboard LEDs, and power states.
>>>
>>> /sys/devices/platform/asus-nb-wmi/tuf_krgb_mode has the following
>>> as input options via U8 "n n n n n n":
>>> - Save or set, if set, then settings revert on cold boot
>>> - Mode, 0-8 for regular modes (if supported), 10-12 for "warning"
>>> styles
>>> - Red, 0-255
>>> - Green, 0-255
>>> - Blue, 0-255
>>> - Speed, 0 = Slow, 1 = Medium, 2 = Fast
>>>
>>> /sys/devices/platform/asus-nb-wmi/tuf_krgb_state has the following
>>> as input options via boolean "b b b b b":
>>> - Save or set, if set, then settings revert on cold boot
>>> - Boot, if true, the keyboard displays animation on boot
>>> - Awake, if true, the keyboard LED's are on while device is awake
>>> - Sleep, if true, the keyboard shows animation while device is
>>> suspended
>>> - Keybaord, appears to have no effect
>>
>> Typo in Keybaord here.
>>
>> Thank you for your patch. I really appreciate your continued
>> efforts to make Asus laptops work well with Linux.
>>
>> For keyboard backlight support Linux has standardized on
>> using the /sys/class/leds API. So I'm afraid that this patch
>> will need to be rewritten to use the standard LED API
>> and then specifically the somewhat new multicolor LED API
>> at least for setting the RGB values (within the current mode)
>>
>> Any extra functionality can then be added as extra sysfs
>> attributes under the /sys/class/leds/asus::kbd_backlight
>> device, see e.g. the use of kbd_led_groups in:
>> drivers/platform/x86/dell/dell-laptop.c
>>
>> Note the kbd_backlight part of the name is important this
>> will allow upower to recognize this as a keyboard backlight
>> and will then enable desktop-environments which use
>> upower for kbd backlight control to at least control
>> the overall brightness of the kbd-backlight.
>>
>> I realize that this means that you need to redo a whole
>> bunch of work here; and I presume also in your
>> asusctl userspace utility, sorry about that. But it
>> really is important that standard userspace APIs are
>> used for things like this where ever possible.
>>
>> Regards,
>>
>> Hans
>
> p.s.
>
> For more info on the multi-color LED API see:
>
> https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/leds/leds-class-multicolor.html
> https://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=news_item&px=Linux-5.9-Multi-Color-LEDs
>
>
>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Luke D. Jones <luke@ljones.dev>
>>> ---
>>> drivers/platform/x86/asus-wmi.c | 168
>>> +++++++++++++++++++++
>>> include/linux/platform_data/x86/asus-wmi.h | 6 +
>>> 2 files changed, 174 insertions(+)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/platform/x86/asus-wmi.c
>>> b/drivers/platform/x86/asus-wmi.c
>>> index 62ce198a3463..09277bd98249 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/platform/x86/asus-wmi.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/platform/x86/asus-wmi.c
>>> @@ -234,6 +234,9 @@ struct asus_wmi {
>>> bool dgpu_disable_available;
>>> bool dgpu_disable;
>>>
>>> + bool tuf_kb_rgb_mode_available;
>>> + bool tuf_kb_rgb_state_available;
>>> +
>>> bool throttle_thermal_policy_available;
>>> u8 throttle_thermal_policy_mode;
>>>
>>> @@ -734,6 +737,153 @@ static ssize_t egpu_enable_store(struct
>>> device *dev,
>>>
>>> static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(egpu_enable);
>>>
>>> +/* TUF Laptop Keyboard RGB Modes
>>> **********************************************/
>>> +static int tuf_kb_rgb_mode_check_present(struct asus_wmi *asus)
>>> +{
>>> + u32 result;
>>> + int err;
>>> +
>>> + asus->tuf_kb_rgb_mode_available = false;
>>> +
>>> + err = asus_wmi_get_devstate(asus, ASUS_WMI_DEVID_TUF_RGB_MODE,
>>> &result);
>>> + if (err) {
>>> + if (err == -ENODEV)
>>> + return 0;
>>> + return err;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + if (result & ASUS_WMI_DSTS_PRESENCE_BIT)
>>> + asus->tuf_kb_rgb_mode_available = true;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static ssize_t tuf_kb_rgb_mode_store(struct device *dev,
>>> + struct device_attribute *attr,
>>> + const char *buf, size_t count)
>>> +{
>>> + int err;
>>> + u32 ret;
>>> + u8 res, tmp, arg_num;
>>> + char *data, *part, *end;
>>> + u8 cmd, mode, r, g, b, speed;
>>> +
>>> + data = end = kstrdup(buf, GFP_KERNEL);
>>> + cmd = mode = r = g = b = speed = arg_num = 0;
>>> +
>>> + while ((part = strsep(&end, " ")) != NULL) {
>>> + if (part == NULL)
>>> + return -1;
>>> +
>>> + res = kstrtou8(part, 10, &tmp);
>>> + if (res)
>>> + return -1;
>>> +
>>> + if (arg_num == 0)
>>> + // apply : set
>>> + cmd = tmp == 1 ? 0xb5 : 0xb4;
>>> + else if (arg_num == 1)
>>> + // From 0-8 are valid modes with 10-12 being "warning"
>>> + // style modes. All models have "pulse" mode 10.
>>> + mode = (tmp <= 12 && tmp != 9) ? tmp : 10;
>>> + else if (arg_num == 2)
>>> + r = tmp;
>>> + else if (arg_num == 3)
>>> + g = tmp;
>>> + else if (arg_num == 4)
>>> + b = tmp;
>>> + else if (arg_num == 5) {
>>> + if (tmp == 0)
>>> + speed = 0xe1;
>>> + else if (tmp == 1)
>>> + speed = 0xeb;
>>> + else if (tmp == 2)
>>> + speed = 0xf5;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + arg_num += 1;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + err = asus_wmi_evaluate_method3(ASUS_WMI_METHODID_DEVS,
>>> ASUS_WMI_DEVID_TUF_RGB_MODE,
>>> + cmd | (mode << 8) | (r << 16) | (g << 24), (b) | (speed << 8),
>>> &ret);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + return err;
>>> +
>>> + kfree(data);
>>> + return count;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(tuf_kb_rgb_mode);
>>> +
>>> +/* TUF Laptop Keyboard RGB States
>>> *********************************************/
>>> +static int tuf_kb_rgb_state_check_present(struct asus_wmi *asus)
>>> +{
>>> + u32 result;
>>> + int err;
>>> +
>>> + asus->tuf_kb_rgb_state_available = false;
>>> +
>>> + err = asus_wmi_get_devstate(asus, ASUS_WMI_DEVID_TUF_RGB_STATE,
>>> &result);
>>> + if (err) {
>>> + if (err == -ENODEV)
>>> + return 0;
>>> + return err;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + if (result & ASUS_WMI_DSTS_PRESENCE_BIT)
>>> + asus->tuf_kb_rgb_state_available = true;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static ssize_t tuf_kb_rgb_state_store(struct device *dev,
>>> + struct device_attribute *attr,
>>> + const char *buf, size_t count)
>>> +{
>>> + int err;
>>> + u32 ret;
>>> + bool tmp;
>>> + char *data, *part, *end;
>>> + u8 save, flags, res, arg_num;
>>> +
>>> + save = flags = arg_num = 0;
>>> + data = end = kstrdup(buf, GFP_KERNEL);
>>> +
>>> + while ((part = strsep(&end, " ")) != NULL) {
>>> + if (part == NULL)
>>> + return -1;
>>> +
>>> + res = kstrtobool(part, &tmp);
>>> + if (res)
>>> + return -1;
>>> +
>>> + if (tmp) {
>>> + if (arg_num == 0) // save : set
>>> + save = tmp == 0 ? 0x0100 : 0x0000;
>>> + else if (arg_num == 1)
>>> + flags |= 0x02; // boot
>>> + else if (arg_num == 2)
>>> + flags |= 0x08; // awake
>>> + else if (arg_num == 3)
>>> + flags |= 0x20; // sleep
>>> + else if (arg_num == 4)
>>> + flags |= 0x80; // keyboard
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + arg_num += 1;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + err = asus_wmi_evaluate_method3(ASUS_WMI_METHODID_DEVS,
>>> + ASUS_WMI_DEVID_TUF_RGB_STATE, 0xBD | save | (flags << 16), 0,
>>> &ret);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + return err;
>>> +
>>> + kfree(data);
>>> + return count;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(tuf_kb_rgb_state);
>>> +
>>> /* Battery
>>> ********************************************************************/
>>>
>>> /* The battery maximum charging percentage */
>>> @@ -3258,6 +3408,8 @@ static struct attribute
>>> *platform_attributes[] = {
>>> &dev_attr_touchpad.attr,
>>> &dev_attr_egpu_enable.attr,
>>> &dev_attr_dgpu_disable.attr,
>>> + &dev_attr_tuf_kb_rgb_mode.attr,
>>> + &dev_attr_tuf_kb_rgb_state.attr,
>>> &dev_attr_lid_resume.attr,
>>> &dev_attr_als_enable.attr,
>>> &dev_attr_fan_boost_mode.attr,
>>> @@ -3286,6 +3438,12 @@ static umode_t asus_sysfs_is_visible(struct
>>> kobject *kobj,
>>> devid = ASUS_WMI_DEVID_ALS_ENABLE;
>>> else if (attr == &dev_attr_egpu_enable.attr)
>>> ok = asus->egpu_enable_available;
>>> + else if (attr == &dev_attr_tuf_kb_rgb_mode.attr)
>>> + ok = asus->tuf_kb_rgb_mode_available;
>>> + else if (attr == &dev_attr_tuf_kb_rgb_state.attr)
>>> + ok = asus->tuf_kb_rgb_state_available;
>>> + else if (attr == &dev_attr_dgpu_disable.attr)
>>> + ok = asus->dgpu_disable_available;
>>> else if (attr == &dev_attr_dgpu_disable.attr)
>>> ok = asus->dgpu_disable_available;
>>> else if (attr == &dev_attr_fan_boost_mode.attr)
>>> @@ -3557,6 +3715,14 @@ static int asus_wmi_add(struct
>>> platform_device *pdev)
>>> if (err)
>>> goto fail_dgpu_disable;
>>>
>>> + err = tuf_kb_rgb_mode_check_present(asus);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + goto fail_tuf_kb_rgb_mode;
>>> +
>>> + err = tuf_kb_rgb_state_check_present(asus);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + goto fail_tuf_kb_rgb_state;
>>> +
>>> err = fan_boost_mode_check_present(asus);
>>> if (err)
>>> goto fail_fan_boost_mode;
>>> @@ -3671,6 +3837,8 @@ static int asus_wmi_add(struct
>>> platform_device *pdev)
>>> fail_fan_boost_mode:
>>> fail_egpu_enable:
>>> fail_dgpu_disable:
>>> +fail_tuf_kb_rgb_mode:
>>> +fail_tuf_kb_rgb_state:
>>> fail_platform:
>>> fail_panel_od:
>>> kfree(asus);
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/platform_data/x86/asus-wmi.h
>>> b/include/linux/platform_data/x86/asus-wmi.h
>>> index a571b47ff362..af4191fb0508 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/platform_data/x86/asus-wmi.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/platform_data/x86/asus-wmi.h
>>> @@ -98,6 +98,12 @@
>>> /* dgpu on/off */
>>> #define ASUS_WMI_DEVID_DGPU 0x00090020
>>>
>>> +/* TUF laptop RGB modes/colours */
>>> +#define ASUS_WMI_DEVID_TUF_RGB_MODE 0x00100056
>>> +
>>> +/* TUF laptop RGB power/state */
>>> +#define ASUS_WMI_DEVID_TUF_RGB_STATE 0x00100057
>>> +
>>> /* DSTS masks */
>>> #define ASUS_WMI_DSTS_STATUS_BIT 0x00000001
>>> #define ASUS_WMI_DSTS_UNKNOWN_BIT 0x00000002
>


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