lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2022]   [Aug]   [16]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/5] bpf: Add bpf_user_ringbuf_drain() helper
On Tue, Aug 16, 2022 at 11:57:10AM -0700, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:

[...]

> > > > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> > > > index a341f877b230..ca125648d7fd 100644
> > > > --- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> > > > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> > > > @@ -5332,6 +5332,13 @@ union bpf_attr {
> > > > * **-EACCES** if the SYN cookie is not valid.
> > > > *
> > > > * **-EPROTONOSUPPORT** if CONFIG_IPV6 is not builtin.
> > > > + *
> > > > + * long bpf_user_ringbuf_drain(struct bpf_map *map, void *callback_fn, void *ctx, u64 flags)
> > > > + * Description
> > > > + * Drain samples from the specified user ringbuffer, and invoke the
> > > > + * provided callback for each such sample.
> > >
> > > please specify what's the expected signature of callback_fn
> >
> > Will do, unfortunatley we're inconsistent in doing this in other helper
> > functions, so it wasn't clear from context.
>
> That means we missed it for other helpers. The idea was to always
> specify expected signature in UAPI comment, ideally we fix all the
> missing cases.

Agreed -- I'll take care of that as a follow-on patch-set.

> > Agreed, I'll add a check and selftest for this.
>
> Yep, consider also adding few tests where user-space intentionally
> breaks the contract to make sure that kernel stays intact (if you
> already did that, apologies, I haven't looked at selftests much).

The only negative tests I currently have from user-space are verifying
that mapping permissions are correctly enforced. Happy to add some more
that tests boundaries for other parts of the API -- I agree that's both
useful and prudent.

> > > > + /* Synchronizes with smp_store_release() in
> > > > + * __bpf_user_ringbuf_sample_release().
> > > > + */
> > > > + cons_pos = smp_load_acquire(&rb->consumer_pos);
> > > > + if (cons_pos >= prod_pos) {
> > > > + atomic_set(&rb->busy, 0);
> > > > + return -ENODATA;
> > > > + }
> > > > +
> > > > + hdr = (u32 *)((uintptr_t)rb->data + (cons_pos & rb->mask));
> > > > + sample_len = *hdr;
> > >
> > > do we need smp_load_acquire() here? libbpf's ring_buffer
> > > implementation uses load_acquire here
> >
> > I thought about this when I was first adding the logic, but I can't
> > convince myself that it's necessary and wasn't able to figure out why we
> > did a load acquire on the len in libbpf. The kernel doesn't do a store
> > release on the header, so I'm not sure what the load acquire in libbpf
> > actually accomplishes. I could certainly be missing something, but I
> > _think_ the important thing is that we have load-acquire / store-release
> > pairs for the consumer and producer positions.
>
> kernel does xchg on len on the kernel side, which is stronger than
> smp_store_release (I think it was Paul's suggestion instead of doing
> explicit memory barrier, but my memories are hazy for exact reasons).

Hmmm, yeah, for the kernel-producer ringbuffer, I believe the explicit
memory barrier is unnecessary because:

o The smp_store_release() on producer_pos provides ordering w.r.t.
producer_pos, and the write to hdr->len which includes the busy-bit
should therefore be visibile in libbpf, which does an
smp_load_acquire().
o The xchg() when the sample is committed provides full barriers before
and after, so the consumer is guaranteed to read the written contents of
the sample IFF it also sees the BPF_RINGBUF_BUSY_BIT as unset.

I can't see any scenario in which a barrier would add synchronization not
already provided, though this stuff is tricky so I may have missed
something.

> Right now this might not be necessary, but if we add support for busy
> bit in a sample header, it will be closer to what BPF ringbuf is doing
> right now, with producer position being a reservation pointer, but
> sample itself won't be "readable" until sample header is updated and
> its busy bit is unset.

Regarding this patch, after thinking about this more I _think_ I do need
an xchg() (or equivalent operation with full barrier semantics) in
userspace when updating the producer_pos when committing the sample.
Which, after applying your suggestion (which I agree with) of supporting
BPF_RINGBUF_BUSY_BIT and BPF_RINGBUF_DISCARD_BIT from the get-go, would
similarly be an xchg() when setting the header, paired with an
smp_load_acquire() when reading the header in the kernel.

> > Yeah, I thought about this. I don't think there's any problem with clearing
> > busy before we schedule the irq_work_queue(). I elected to do this to err
> > on the side of simpler logic until we observed contention, but yeah, let me
> > just do the more performant thing here.
>
> busy is like a global lock, so freeing it ASAP is good, so yeah,
> unless there are some bad implications, let's do it early

Ack.

[...]

> > > > + ret = callback((u64)&dynptr,
> > > > + (u64)(uintptr_t)callback_ctx, 0, 0, 0);
> > > > +
> > > > + __bpf_user_ringbuf_sample_release(rb, size, flags);
> > > > + num_samples++;
> > > > + }
> > > > + } while (err == 0 && num_samples < 4096 && ret == 0);
> > > > +
> > >
> > > 4096 is pretty arbitrary. Definitely worth noting it somewhere and it
> > > seems somewhat low, tbh...
> > >
> > > ideally we'd cond_resched() from time to time, but that would require
> > > BPF program to be sleepable, so we can't do that :(
> >
> > Yeah, I knew this would come up in discussion. I would love to do
> > cond_resched() here, but as you said, I don't think it's an option :-/ And
> > given the fact that we're calling back into the BPF program, we have to be
> > cognizant of things taking a while and clogging up the CPU. What do you
> > think is a more reasonable number than 4096?
>
> I don't know, tbh, but 4096 seems pretty low. For bpf_loop() we allow
> up to 2mln iterations. I'd bump it up to 64-128K range, probably. But
> also please move it into some internal #define'd constant, not some
> integer literal buried in a code

Sounds good to me. Maybe at some point we can make this configurable, or
something. If bpf_loop() allows a hard-coded number of iterations, I think
it's more forgivable to do the same here. I'll bump it up to 128k and move
it into a constant so it's not a magic number.

> >
> > [...]
> >
> > > > case ARG_PTR_TO_DYNPTR:
> > > > + /* We only need to check for initialized / uninitialized helper
> > > > + * dynptr args if the dynptr is not MEM_ALLOC, as the assumption
> > > > + * is that if it is, that a helper function initialized the
> > > > + * dynptr on behalf of the BPF program.
> > > > + */
> > > > + if (reg->type & MEM_ALLOC)
> > >
> > > Isn't PTR_TO_DYNPTR enough indication? Do we need MEM_ALLOC modifier?
> > > Normal dynptr created and used inside BPF program on the stack are
> > > actually PTR_TO_STACK, so that should be enough distinction? Or am I
> > > missing something?
> >
> > I think this would also work in the current state of the codebase, but IIUC
> > it relies on PTR_TO_STACK being the only way that a BPF program could ever
> > allocate a dynptr. I was trying to guard against the case of a helper being
> > added in the future that e.g. returned a dynamically allocated dynptr that
> > the caller would eventually need to release in another helper call.
> > MEM_ALLOC seems like the correct modifier to more generally denote that the
> > dynptr was externally allocated. If you think this is overkill I'm totally
> > fine with removing MEM_ALLOC. We can always add it down the road if we add
> > a new helper that requires it.
> >
>
> Hm.. I don't see a huge need for more flags for this, so I'd keep it
> simple for now and if in the future we do have such a use case, we'll
> address it at that time?

Sounds good to me.

Thanks,
David

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2022-08-17 00:16    [W:0.083 / U:0.980 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site