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Subject[PATCH v8 19/31] vsprintf: add new `%pA` format specifier
Date
From: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>

This patch adds a format specifier `%pA` to `vsprintf` which formats
a pointer as `core::fmt::Arguments`. Doing so allows us to directly
format to the internal buffer of `printf`, so we do not have to use
a temporary buffer on the stack to pre-assemble the message on
the Rust side.

This specifier is intended only to be used from Rust and not for C, so
`checkpatch.pl` is intentionally unchanged to catch any misuse.

Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Acked-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Gary Guo <gary@garyguo.net>
Co-developed-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst | 10 ++++++++++
lib/vsprintf.c | 13 +++++++++++++
2 files changed, 23 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst b/Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst
index 5e89497ba314..dbe1aacc79d0 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst
@@ -625,6 +625,16 @@ Examples::
%p4cc Y10 little-endian (0x20303159)
%p4cc NV12 big-endian (0xb231564e)

+Rust
+----
+
+::
+
+ %pA
+
+Only intended to be used from Rust code to format ``core::fmt::Arguments``.
+Do *not* use it from C.
+
Thanks
======

diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
index 3c1853a9d1c0..c414a8d9f1ea 100644
--- a/lib/vsprintf.c
+++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
@@ -2246,6 +2246,9 @@ int __init no_hash_pointers_enable(char *str)
}
early_param("no_hash_pointers", no_hash_pointers_enable);

+/* Used for Rust formatting ('%pA'). */
+char *rust_fmt_argument(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr);
+
/*
* Show a '%p' thing. A kernel extension is that the '%p' is followed
* by an extra set of alphanumeric characters that are extended format
@@ -2372,6 +2375,10 @@ early_param("no_hash_pointers", no_hash_pointers_enable);
*
* Note: The default behaviour (unadorned %p) is to hash the address,
* rendering it useful as a unique identifier.
+ *
+ * There is also a '%pA' format specifier, but it is only intended to be used
+ * from Rust code to format core::fmt::Arguments. Do *not* use it from C.
+ * See rust/kernel/print.rs for details.
*/
static noinline_for_stack
char *pointer(const char *fmt, char *buf, char *end, void *ptr,
@@ -2444,6 +2451,12 @@ char *pointer(const char *fmt, char *buf, char *end, void *ptr,
return device_node_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt + 1);
case 'f':
return fwnode_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt + 1);
+ case 'A':
+ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RUST)) {
+ WARN_ONCE(1, "Please remove %%pA from non-Rust code\n");
+ return error_string(buf, end, "(%pA?)", spec);
+ }
+ return rust_fmt_argument(buf, end, ptr);
case 'x':
return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec);
case 'e':
--
2.37.1
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