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Subject[PATCH v8 00/31] Rust support
Date
Rust support

This is the patch series (v8) to add support for Rust as a second
language to the Linux kernel.

If you are interested in following this effort, please join us in
the mailing list at:

rust-for-linux@vger.kernel.org

and take a look at the project itself at:

https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux

As usual, special thanks go to ISRG (Internet Security Research
Group) and Google for their financial support on this endeavor.

Cheers,
Miguel

--

# Rust support

This cover letter explains the major changes and updates done since
the previous ones. For those, please see:

RFC: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210414184604.23473-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
v1: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210704202756.29107-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
v2: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20211206140313.5653-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
v3: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220117053349.6804-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
v4: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220212130410.6901-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
v5: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220317181032.15436-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
v6: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220507052451.12890-1-ojeda@kernel.org/
v7: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220523020209.11810-1-ojeda@kernel.org/


## Infrastructure updates

There have been several improvements to the overall Rust support:

- Upgraded toolchain and `alloc` to Rust 1.62.0 from 1.60.0.
Rust 1.61.0 stabilized `feature(const_fn_trait_bound)` that
we are using.

- Moved bindings into their own crate, `bindings`. This greatly
improves build time when only the `kernel` crate changes (which
previously contained the bindings).

- Disabled unused `bindgen`'s layout test generation, which makes
rust-analyzer significantly faster to run.

- `bindgen` can now be detected via the `__BINDGEN__` macro, which
we currently use to workaround an issue with the `btf_type_tag`
attribute.

- Reimplemented `concat_idents!` (an unstable standard library
macro) as a proc macro, which means we no longer rely on
`feature(concat_idents)`. Furthermore, the proc macro allows
to refer to local variables.

- Reimplemented `static_assert!` in a more idiomatic way, now that
`core::assert!()` is supported in const contexts.

- Made `build_error!`' work under `RUST_BUILD_ASSERT_{WARN,ALLOW}`
for modules.

- Removed `__mulodi4` panicking stub.

- Added `kernel/configs/rust.config`.

- Added a (temporary) self-test module for "pure" Rust tests.

- Changed `.i` macro expanded files to the `.rsi` extension and
clarified that they are not intended to be compilable.

- Dropped support for compiling the Rust side with a different
optimization level than the C side.

- The Linux/Tux SVG logo (recently upstreamed) is used for
the generated Rust documentation, instead of the GIF one.
The `COPYING-logo` file is bundled too.

- Other cleanups, fixes and improvements.


## Abstractions and driver updates

Some of the improvements to the abstractions and example drivers are:

- Filesystem support (`fs` module), including:

+ `INode` type (which wraps `struct inode`).
+ `DEntry` type (which wraps `struct dentry`).
+ `Filename` type (which wraps `struct filename`).
+ `Registration` type.
+ `Type` and `Context` traits.
+ `SuperBlock` type (which wraps `struct super_block` and takes
advantage of typestates for its initialization).
+ File system parameters support (with a `Value` enum; `Spec*`
and `Constant*` types, `define_fs_params!` macro...).
+ File system flags.
+ `module_fs!` macro to simplify registering kernel modules that
only implement a single file system.
+ A file system sample.

- Workqueues support (`workqueue` module), including a `Work` type
(which wraps `struct work_struct`), a `Queue` type (which wraps
`struct workqueue_struct`), access to different system queues as
well as macros to simplify usage, e.g.:

spawn_work_item!(workqueue::system(), || pr_info!("Hi!\n"))?;

- More asynchronous support (`kasync` module), including:

+ Executor support (including `Task` and `Executor` traits, a
`AutoStopHandle` type that automatically stops the executor on
drop, a `spawn_task!` macro that automatically defines a new
lockdep lock class...).

+ A workqueue-based executor, which allows to run tasks on
dedicated or shared thread pools that are managed by existing
C kernel infrastructure, e.g.:

let mut handle = Executor::try_new(workqueue::system())?;

spawn_task!(handle.executor(), async {
pr_info!("First workqueue task\n");
})?;

spawn_task!(handle.executor(), async {
pr_info!("Second workqueue task\n");
})?;

handle.detach();

+ A `yield_now()` function that yields execution of the current
task so that other ones may execute (but keeps it runnable so
that it will run again as soon as the executor is available
again), e.g.:

async fn example() {
pr_info!("Before yield\n");
yield_now().await;
pr_info!("After yield\n");
}

+ `AsyncRevocable` type (in the `revocable` module), which
allows access to objects to be revoked without having to wait
for existing users to complete. This is useful to drop futures
in tasks when executors are being torn down.

+ An asynchronous TCP echo server sample.

- Introduced support for handling interrupts: `[Threaded]Handler`
traits, `[Threaded]Registration` types, a `Return` enum (as the
return value from handlers) and flags:

struct Example;

impl irq::Handler for Example {
type Data = Box<u32>;

fn handle_irq(_data: &u32) -> irq::Return {
irq::Return::None
}
}

fn request_irq(irq: u32, data: Box<u32>)
-> Result<irq::Registration<Example>> {
irq::Registration::try_new(
irq, data, irq::flags::SHARED,
fmt!("example_{irq}")
)
}

- Introduced the `#[vtable]` proc macro attribute to simplify how
function pointer tables like `struct file_operations` are used
by Rust kernel modules.

Previously, users had to call a `declare_*_operations!` macro
which required passing the defined operations:

impl file::Operations for SomeFile {
...
declare_file_operations!(read, write, ioctl, ...);
...
}

Instead, now it is only required that they annotate the `impl`
block with the attribute:

#[vtable]
impl file::Operations for SomeFile {
...
}

The proc macro will generate a boolean `HAS_*` associated constant
for each method in the trait, indicating if the implementer has
overridden a method.

- Added `unsafe_list::List`, an intrusive circular doubly-linked
list, meant to be used as the basis for other linked lists.

It is also used in the workqueue-based executor to keep track of
all tasks since it is cheaper than other options.

- Initial RCU support: a `Guard` type that represents evidence that
the RCU read side lock is held on the current thread/CPU.

In addition, `Revocable` now uses this new abstraction so that
users can provide evidence of the RCU read side lock being held
when accessing the protected object, e.g.:

fn add_pair(value: &Revocable<(u32, u32)>) -> Option<u32> {
let guard = rcu::read_lock();
let pair = value.try_access_with_guard(&guard)?;
Some(pair.0 + pair.1)
}

- Added `StaticRef` which allows the creation of "reference-counted"
globals; i.e. allows to define static variables that can be used
when `Ref<T>` or `RefBorrow<'_, T>` are expected.

This, in turn, allows to have functions that return shared
resources (e.g. a global workqueue) without allocations (the
shared object is statically allocated).

- Added `Task::spawn()` function to create and automatically run
kernel threads easily, e.g.:

for i in 0..10 {
Task::spawn(fmt!("test{i}"), threadfn).unwrap();
}

- Added `Task::wake_up()` method.

- Converted `Task` to use `ARef` to unify the usage of all
ref-counted C structures.

- Initial support for delays/sleeps (`delay` module) with a basic
`coarse_sleep()` function that wraps the C side `msleep()` and
takes advantage of the `Duration` standard library type:

coarse_sleep(Duration::from_millis(20));

- Added file flags (to further reduce `bindings::*` usage), e.g.:

let blocking = (file.flags() & file::flags::O_NONBLOCK) == 0;

- Added `gpio_chip_register!` and `gpio_irq_chip_register!` macros
which automatically define the required lock classes.

- Removal of `bindings::lock_class_key` from drivers. This gets us
closer to eventually make bindings private to the `kernel` crate.

- Moved usage of `ManuallyDrop` to `MaybeUninit` in `Revocable`,
which was unsound.

- Other cleanups, fixes and improvements.


## Patch series updates

The patch series has been reorganized a bit since last time:

- The `include/linux/` changes for the C helpers have been moved
into their own small patches, which can be taken independently
as prerequisite patches if needed.

- Now that the bindings are in their own `bindings` crate,
they also get their own patch.

- There is a new patch that adds the `kernel/configs/rust.config`.

- One of the `kallsyms` patches has been split into three smaller
ones.

- Cleaned up some "exceeds 100 columns" `checkpatch.pl` warnings.
With this final cleanup, the remaining warnings (of all kinds)
are either false positives, or cannot be changed without diverging
with upstream `alloc` or would make things look worse.


## Patch series status

The Rust support is still to be considered experimental. However,
support is good enough that kernel developers can start working on the
Rust abstractions for subsystems and write drivers and other modules.

The current series will appear in the next `linux-next`, as usual.
Similarly, the preview docs for this series can be seen at:

https://rust-for-linux.github.io/docs/kernel/

As usual, please see the following link for the live list of unstable
Rust features we are using:

https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/linux/issues/2


## Conferences, meetings and liaisons

Join us in LPC 2022 (Linux Plumbers Conference) for the Rust MC
(microconference)! The schedule is available at:

https://lpc.events/event/16/sessions/150/

We will be talking about GCC Rust (the Rust frontend for GCC),
`rustc_codegen_gcc` (the GCC backend for `rustc`), Rust for Linux,
the Rust NVMe driver, the integration of Rust with the Kernel Testing
Service and Rust in the Kernel (via eBPF).

In addition, I would like to personally thank Google and ISRG
(Internet Security Research Group) for sponsoring Kangrejos,
the Rust for Linux workshop:

https://kangrejos.com

Furthermore, we would like to thank the venues we were invited to:

- Linux Foundation Live Mentorship Series
- Open Source Summit North America
- Huawei Global Software Technology Summit


## Related news

The GCC Steering Committee accepted the contribution of the Rust
frontend (GCC Rust). Its first released version (experimental,
disabled by default) should appear in GCC 13. The first round of
patches has been posted to the gcc-patches mailing list.

`rustc_codegen_gcc` (the GCC backend for `rustc`) has seen enough
progress on SIMD support to compile `stdarch`. In addition, more
prerequisite patches are making their way into GCC.


## Acknowledgements

The signatures in the main commits correspond to the people that
wrote code that has ended up in them at the present time. For details
on contributions to code and discussions, please see our repository:

https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/linux

However, we would like to give credit to everyone that has contributed
in one way or another to the Rust for Linux project. Since the
previous cover letter:

- Nick Desaulniers, Joe Perches, Masahiro Yamada and Jarkko Sakkinen
for their reviews of some of the v7 patches.

- Daniel Latypov, Brendan Higgins and Shuah Khan for picking up
the KUnit prerequisite patch.

- As usual, Björn Roy Baron (bjorn3) and Gary Guo for all the input
on Rust compiler details, reviews and suggestions.

- Andreas Hindborg for working on the NVMe driver, as well as
adding atomic allocations for `Box` and allowing to use GFP flags
for `KernelAllocator`.

- Li Hongyu for working on a virtio abstraction.

- Boqun Feng for working on adding an alloc alignment test.

- Andreas Reindl for working on adding missing `SAFETY` comments.

- Anhad Singh for working on adding the `new_with_flags` method
to `Pages`.

- Finn Behrens for working on making it possible to compile
the kernel on macOS with Rust enabled.

- Roel Kluin for working on code refactorings.

- Wei Liu for taking the time to answer questions from newcomers
in Zulip.

- Philip Li, Yujie Liu et al. for continuing their work on adding
Rust support to the Intel 0DAY/LKP kernel test robot.

- Philip Herron and Arthur Cohen (and his supporters Open Source
Security and Embecosm) et al. for their ongoing work on GCC Rust.

- Antoni Boucher (and his supporters) et al. for their ongoing
work on `rustc_codegen_gcc`.

- Emilio Cobos Álvarez et. al. for their work on `bindgen`,
including on issues that affect the kernel.

- Mats Larsen, Marc Poulhiès et al. for their ongoing work on
improving Rust support in Compiler Explorer.

- Many folks that have reported issues, tested the project,
helped spread the word, joined discussions and contributed in
other ways!

Please see also the acknowledgements on the previous cover letters.


Boqun Feng (2):
kallsyms: use `sizeof` instead of hardcoded size
kallsyms: avoid hardcoding buffer size

Gary Guo (2):
rust: add `build_error` crate
vsprintf: add new `%pA` format specifier

Miguel Ojeda (19):
kallsyms: add static relationship between `KSYM_NAME_LEN{,_BUFFER}`
kallsyms: support "big" kernel symbols
kallsyms: increase maximum kernel symbol length to 512
rust: add C helpers
rust: add `compiler_builtins` crate
rust: import upstream `alloc` crate
rust: adapt `alloc` crate to the kernel
rust: add `macros` crate
rust: add `bindings` crate
rust: export generated symbols
scripts: checkpatch: diagnose uses of `%pA` in the C side as errors
scripts: checkpatch: enable language-independent checks for Rust
scripts: add `rustdoc_test_{builder,gen}.py` scripts
scripts: add `generate_rust_analyzer.py` scripts
scripts: decode_stacktrace: demangle Rust symbols
docs: add Rust documentation
Kbuild: add Rust support
samples: add Rust examples
MAINTAINERS: Rust

Wedson Almeida Filho (8):
workqueue: introduce `__INIT_WORK_WITH_KEY`
locking/spinlock: introduce `__spin_lock_init`
locking/spinlock: introduce `_raw_spin_lock_init`
rust: add `kernel` crate's `sync` module
rust: add `kernel` crate
configs: add `rust` config
[RFC] drivers: gpio: PrimeCell PL061 in Rust
[RFC] drivers: android: Binder IPC in Rust

.gitignore | 6 +
.rustfmt.toml | 12 +
Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst | 10 +
Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst | 3 +
Documentation/index.rst | 1 +
Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst | 17 +
Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.rst | 50 +-
Documentation/process/changes.rst | 41 +
Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst | 23 +
Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst | 216 ++
Documentation/rust/general-information.rst | 79 +
Documentation/rust/index.rst | 22 +
Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst | 232 ++
MAINTAINERS | 15 +
Makefile | 172 +-
arch/Kconfig | 6 +
arch/arm/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/arm64/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/riscv/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/riscv/Makefile | 5 +
arch/um/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/Makefile | 10 +
drivers/android/Kconfig | 6 +
drivers/android/Makefile | 2 +
drivers/android/allocation.rs | 266 ++
drivers/android/context.rs | 80 +
drivers/android/defs.rs | 99 +
drivers/android/node.rs | 476 +++
drivers/android/process.rs | 961 +++++
drivers/android/range_alloc.rs | 189 +
drivers/android/rust_binder.rs | 106 +
drivers/android/thread.rs | 871 +++++
drivers/android/transaction.rs | 326 ++
drivers/gpio/Kconfig | 8 +
drivers/gpio/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs | 367 ++
include/linux/compiler_types.h | 6 +-
include/linux/kallsyms.h | 2 +-
include/linux/spinlock.h | 17 +-
include/linux/workqueue.h | 21 +-
include/uapi/linux/android/binder.h | 30 +-
init/Kconfig | 46 +-
kernel/configs/rust.config | 1 +
kernel/kallsyms.c | 26 +-
kernel/livepatch/core.c | 4 +-
lib/Kconfig.debug | 82 +
lib/vsprintf.c | 13 +
rust/.gitignore | 10 +
rust/Makefile | 415 +++
rust/alloc/README.md | 33 +
rust/alloc/alloc.rs | 440 +++
rust/alloc/borrow.rs | 498 +++
rust/alloc/boxed.rs | 2026 +++++++++++
rust/alloc/boxed/thin.rs | 219 ++
rust/alloc/collections/mod.rs | 156 +
rust/alloc/ffi/c_str.rs | 1203 ++++++
rust/alloc/ffi/mod.rs | 93 +
rust/alloc/fmt.rs | 614 ++++
rust/alloc/lib.rs | 239 ++
rust/alloc/macros.rs | 128 +
rust/alloc/raw_vec.rs | 567 +++
rust/alloc/slice.rs | 1295 +++++++
rust/alloc/str.rs | 641 ++++
rust/alloc/string.rs | 2944 +++++++++++++++
rust/alloc/vec/drain.rs | 186 +
rust/alloc/vec/drain_filter.rs | 145 +
rust/alloc/vec/into_iter.rs | 365 ++
rust/alloc/vec/is_zero.rs | 120 +
rust/alloc/vec/mod.rs | 3420 ++++++++++++++++++
rust/alloc/vec/partial_eq.rs | 49 +
rust/alloc/vec/set_len_on_drop.rs | 30 +
rust/alloc/vec/spec_extend.rs | 174 +
rust/bindgen_parameters | 21 +
rust/bindings/bindings_helper.h | 49 +
rust/bindings/lib.rs | 57 +
rust/build_error.rs | 29 +
rust/compiler_builtins.rs | 79 +
rust/exports.c | 21 +
rust/helpers.c | 679 ++++
rust/kernel/allocator.rs | 64 +
rust/kernel/amba.rs | 261 ++
rust/kernel/build_assert.rs | 83 +
rust/kernel/chrdev.rs | 206 ++
rust/kernel/clk.rs | 79 +
rust/kernel/cred.rs | 46 +
rust/kernel/delay.rs | 104 +
rust/kernel/device.rs | 527 +++
rust/kernel/driver.rs | 442 +++
rust/kernel/error.rs | 564 +++
rust/kernel/file.rs | 887 +++++
rust/kernel/fs.rs | 846 +++++
rust/kernel/fs/param.rs | 553 +++
rust/kernel/gpio.rs | 505 +++
rust/kernel/hwrng.rs | 210 ++
rust/kernel/io_buffer.rs | 153 +
rust/kernel/io_mem.rs | 278 ++
rust/kernel/iov_iter.rs | 81 +
rust/kernel/irq.rs | 681 ++++
rust/kernel/kasync.rs | 50 +
rust/kernel/kasync/executor.rs | 154 +
rust/kernel/kasync/executor/workqueue.rs | 291 ++
rust/kernel/kasync/net.rs | 322 ++
rust/kernel/kunit.rs | 91 +
rust/kernel/lib.rs | 267 ++
rust/kernel/linked_list.rs | 247 ++
rust/kernel/miscdev.rs | 290 ++
rust/kernel/mm.rs | 149 +
rust/kernel/module_param.rs | 499 +++
rust/kernel/net.rs | 392 ++
rust/kernel/net/filter.rs | 447 +++
rust/kernel/of.rs | 63 +
rust/kernel/pages.rs | 144 +
rust/kernel/platform.rs | 223 ++
rust/kernel/power.rs | 118 +
rust/kernel/prelude.rs | 36 +
rust/kernel/print.rs | 406 +++
rust/kernel/random.rs | 42 +
rust/kernel/raw_list.rs | 361 ++
rust/kernel/rbtree.rs | 563 +++
rust/kernel/revocable.rs | 425 +++
rust/kernel/security.rs | 38 +
rust/kernel/static_assert.rs | 34 +
rust/kernel/std_vendor.rs | 161 +
rust/kernel/str.rs | 597 +++
rust/kernel/sync.rs | 169 +
rust/kernel/sync/arc.rs | 582 +++
rust/kernel/sync/condvar.rs | 140 +
rust/kernel/sync/guard.rs | 159 +
rust/kernel/sync/locked_by.rs | 111 +
rust/kernel/sync/mutex.rs | 149 +
rust/kernel/sync/nowait.rs | 188 +
rust/kernel/sync/rcu.rs | 52 +
rust/kernel/sync/revocable.rs | 246 ++
rust/kernel/sync/rwsem.rs | 196 +
rust/kernel/sync/seqlock.rs | 201 +
rust/kernel/sync/smutex.rs | 290 ++
rust/kernel/sync/spinlock.rs | 357 ++
rust/kernel/sysctl.rs | 199 +
rust/kernel/task.rs | 239 ++
rust/kernel/types.rs | 705 ++++
rust/kernel/unsafe_list.rs | 680 ++++
rust/kernel/user_ptr.rs | 175 +
rust/kernel/workqueue.rs | 512 +++
rust/macros/concat_idents.rs | 23 +
rust/macros/helpers.rs | 79 +
rust/macros/lib.rs | 191 +
rust/macros/module.rs | 655 ++++
rust/macros/vtable.rs | 95 +
samples/Kconfig | 2 +
samples/Makefile | 1 +
samples/rust/Kconfig | 165 +
samples/rust/Makefile | 19 +
samples/rust/hostprogs/.gitignore | 3 +
samples/rust/hostprogs/Makefile | 5 +
samples/rust/hostprogs/a.rs | 7 +
samples/rust/hostprogs/b.rs | 5 +
samples/rust/hostprogs/single.rs | 12 +
samples/rust/rust_chrdev.rs | 49 +
samples/rust/rust_echo_server.rs | 60 +
samples/rust/rust_fs.rs | 59 +
samples/rust/rust_minimal.rs | 35 +
samples/rust/rust_miscdev.rs | 142 +
samples/rust/rust_module_parameters.rs | 69 +
samples/rust/rust_netfilter.rs | 54 +
samples/rust/rust_platform.rs | 22 +
samples/rust/rust_print.rs | 54 +
samples/rust/rust_random.rs | 60 +
samples/rust/rust_selftests.rs | 99 +
samples/rust/rust_semaphore.rs | 170 +
samples/rust/rust_semaphore_c.c | 212 ++
samples/rust/rust_stack_probing.rs | 36 +
samples/rust/rust_sync.rs | 93 +
scripts/.gitignore | 1 +
scripts/Kconfig.include | 6 +-
scripts/Makefile | 3 +
scripts/Makefile.build | 60 +
scripts/Makefile.debug | 10 +
scripts/Makefile.host | 34 +-
scripts/Makefile.lib | 12 +
scripts/Makefile.modfinal | 8 +-
scripts/cc-version.sh | 12 +-
scripts/checkpatch.pl | 12 +-
scripts/decode_stacktrace.sh | 14 +
scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py | 141 +
scripts/generate_rust_target.rs | 232 ++
scripts/is_rust_module.sh | 16 +
scripts/kallsyms.c | 47 +-
scripts/kconfig/confdata.c | 75 +
scripts/min-tool-version.sh | 6 +
scripts/rust-is-available-bindgen-libclang.h | 2 +
scripts/rust-is-available.sh | 160 +
scripts/rustdoc_test_builder.py | 59 +
scripts/rustdoc_test_gen.py | 164 +
tools/include/linux/kallsyms.h | 2 +-
tools/lib/perf/include/perf/event.h | 2 +-
tools/lib/symbol/kallsyms.h | 2 +-
198 files changed, 43688 insertions(+), 75 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 .rustfmt.toml
create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/arch-support.rst
create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/coding-guidelines.rst
create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/general-information.rst
create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/index.rst
create mode 100644 Documentation/rust/quick-start.rst
create mode 100644 drivers/android/allocation.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/android/context.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/android/defs.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/android/node.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/android/process.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/android/range_alloc.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/android/rust_binder.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/android/thread.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/android/transaction.rs
create mode 100644 drivers/gpio/gpio_pl061_rust.rs
create mode 100644 kernel/configs/rust.config
create mode 100644 rust/.gitignore
create mode 100644 rust/Makefile
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/README.md
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/alloc.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/borrow.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/boxed.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/boxed/thin.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/collections/mod.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/ffi/c_str.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/ffi/mod.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/fmt.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/lib.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/macros.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/raw_vec.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/slice.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/str.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/string.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/drain.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/drain_filter.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/into_iter.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/is_zero.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/mod.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/partial_eq.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/set_len_on_drop.rs
create mode 100644 rust/alloc/vec/spec_extend.rs
create mode 100644 rust/bindgen_parameters
create mode 100644 rust/bindings/bindings_helper.h
create mode 100644 rust/bindings/lib.rs
create mode 100644 rust/build_error.rs
create mode 100644 rust/compiler_builtins.rs
create mode 100644 rust/exports.c
create mode 100644 rust/helpers.c
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/allocator.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/amba.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/build_assert.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/chrdev.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/clk.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/cred.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/delay.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/device.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/driver.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/error.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/file.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/fs.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/fs/param.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/gpio.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/hwrng.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/io_buffer.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/io_mem.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/iov_iter.rs
create mode 100644 rust/kernel/irq.rs
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base-commit: 3d7cb6b04c3f3115719235cc6866b10326de34cd
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2.37.1

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