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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 7/8] docs: trace: Add HiSilicon PTT device driver documentation
On Thu, Jul 07, 2022 at 07:43:21PM +0800, Yicong Yang wrote:
> On 2022/7/7 1:57, Mathieu Poirier wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > I have started looking at this set.
>
> Thanks!
>
> >
> > On Mon, Jun 06, 2022 at 07:55:54PM +0800, Yicong Yang wrote:
> >> Document the introduction and usage of HiSilicon PTT device driver.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Yicong Yang <yangyicong@hisilicon.com>
> >> Reviewed-by: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
> >> ---
> >> Documentation/trace/hisi-ptt.rst | 307 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >> Documentation/trace/index.rst | 1 +
> >
> > The "get_maintainer" script clearly indicates that Jonathan Corbet maintains the
> > Documentation directory and yet he is not CC'ed on this patch, nor is the
> > linux-doc mainling list. As such, it would not be possible to merge this
> > patchset.
> >
>
> sorry for missing. +cc'ed.
>
> >> 2 files changed, 308 insertions(+)
> >> create mode 100644 Documentation/trace/hisi-ptt.rst
> >>
> >> diff --git a/Documentation/trace/hisi-ptt.rst b/Documentation/trace/hisi-ptt.rst
> >> new file mode 100644
> >> index 000000000000..0a3112244d40
> >> --- /dev/null
> >> +++ b/Documentation/trace/hisi-ptt.rst
> >> @@ -0,0 +1,307 @@
> >> +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> >> +
> >> +======================================
> >> +HiSilicon PCIe Tune and Trace device
> >> +======================================
> >> +
> >> +Introduction
> >> +============
> >> +
> >> +HiSilicon PCIe tune and trace device (PTT) is a PCIe Root Complex
> >> +integrated Endpoint (RCiEP) device, providing the capability
> >> +to dynamically monitor and tune the PCIe link's events (tune),
> >> +and trace the TLP headers (trace). The two functions are independent,
> >> +but is recommended to use them together to analyze and enhance the
> >> +PCIe link's performance.
> >> +
> >> +On Kunpeng 930 SoC, the PCIe Root Complex is composed of several
> >> +PCIe cores. Each PCIe core includes several Root Ports and a PTT
> >> +RCiEP, like below. The PTT device is capable of tuning and
> >> +tracing the links of the PCIe core.
> >> +::
> >> +
> >> + +--------------Core 0-------+
> >> + | | [ PTT ] |
> >> + | | [Root Port]---[Endpoint]
> >> + | | [Root Port]---[Endpoint]
> >> + | | [Root Port]---[Endpoint]
> >> + Root Complex |------Core 1-------+
> >> + | | [ PTT ] |
> >> + | | [Root Port]---[ Switch ]---[Endpoint]
> >> + | | [Root Port]---[Endpoint] `-[Endpoint]
> >> + | | [Root Port]---[Endpoint]
> >> + +---------------------------+
> >> +
> >> +The PTT device driver registers one PMU device for each PTT device.
> >> +The name of each PTT device is composed of 'hisi_ptt' prefix with
> >> +the id of the SICL and the Core where it locates. The Kunpeng 930
> >> +SoC encapsulates multiple CPU dies (SCCL, Super CPU Cluster) and
> >> +IO dies (SICL, Super I/O Cluster), where there's one PCIe Root
> >> +Complex for each SICL.
> >> +::
> >> +
> >> + /sys/devices/hisi_ptt<sicl_id>_<core_id>
> >
> > All entries added to sysfs should have corresponding documentation. See [1] and
> > [2] for details and [3] for an example.
> >
> > [1]. https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/Documentation/ABI/README
> > [2]. https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/Documentation/ABI/testing
> > [3]. https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-coresight-devices-etm4x
> >
>
> ok. I'll add a patch for ABI description. Thanks for the reference.
>
> >> +
> >> +Tune
> >> +====
> >> +
> >> +PTT tune is designed for monitoring and adjusting PCIe link parameters (events).
> >> +Currently we support events in 4 classes. The scope of the events
> >> +covers the PCIe core to which the PTT device belongs.
> >> +
> >> +Each event is presented as a file under $(PTT PMU dir)/tune, and
> >> +a simple open/read/write/close cycle will be used to tune the event.
> >> +::
> >> +
> >> + $ cd /sys/devices/hisi_ptt<sicl_id>_<core_id>/tune
> >> + $ ls
> >> + qos_tx_cpl qos_tx_np qos_tx_p
> >> + tx_path_rx_req_alloc_buf_level
> >> + tx_path_tx_req_alloc_buf_level
> >
> > These look overly long... How about watermark_rx and watermark_tx?
> >
>
> These are gotten from the hardware manual and abbreviated. These events are highly connected
> to the hardware desgin so I think it's better to keep consistence. The watermark_{rx, tx} will
> become ambigious when we add more events for Rx path or other Tx path events.
>
> The event code is composed of two parts. First part (tx_path) describes which path it belongs to
> and second part describes the function ({rx,tx}_req_alloc_buf_level). We called the link path
> between CPU and PCIe RC as Rx path and the path between PCIe RC to the PCIe link as Tx path.
> So we need to have tx_path prefix for the Tx path and {rx, tx}_req_alloc_buf_level for the
> requested watermark of {inbound, outbound} buffer allocation. Indeed we have other Tx path
> buffer events which are not exported in this series.
>

I will not be maintaining nor using this driver so the choice is entirely yours.
That being said the end result is the same - those names are, in my opinion, too
long.

>
> >> + $ cat qos_tx_dp
> >> + 1
> >> + $ echo 2 > qos_tx_dp
> >> + $ cat qos_tx_dp
> >> + 2
> >> +
> >> +Current value (numerical value) of the event can be simply read
> >> +from the file, and the desired value written to the file to tune.
> >> +
> >> +1. Tx path QoS control
> >> +------------------------
> >> +
> >> +The following files are provided to tune the QoS of the tx path of
> >> +the PCIe core.
> >> +
> >> +- qos_tx_cpl: weight of Tx completion TLPs
> >> +- qos_tx_np: weight of Tx non-posted TLPs
> >> +- qos_tx_p: weight of Tx posted TLPs
> >> +
> >> +The weight influences the proportion of certain packets on the PCIe link.
> >> +For example, for the storage scenario, increase the proportion
> >> +of the completion packets on the link to enhance the performance as
> >> +more completions are consumed.
> >> +
> >> +The available tune data of these events is [0, 1, 2].
> >> +Writing a negative value will return an error, and out of range
> >> +values will be converted to 2. Note that the event value just
> >> +indicates a probable level, but is not precise.
> >> +
> >> +2. Tx path buffer control
> >> +-------------------------
> >> +
> >> +Following files are provided to tune the buffer of tx path of the PCIe core.
> >> +
> >> +- tx_path_rx_req_alloc_buf_level: watermark of Rx requested
> >> +- tx_path_tx_req_alloc_buf_level: watermark of Tx requested
> >> +
> >> +These events influence the watermark of the buffer allocated for each
> >> +type. Rx means the inbound while Tx means outbound. The packets will
> >> +be stored in the buffer first and then transmitted either when the
> >> +watermark reached or when timed out. For a busy direction, you should
> >> +increase the related buffer watermark to avoid frequently posting and
> >> +thus enhance the performance. In most cases just keep the default value.
> >> +
> >> +The available tune data of above events is [0, 1, 2].
> >> +Writing a negative value will return an error, and out of range
> >> +values will be converted to 2. Note that the event value just
> >> +indicates a probable level, but is not precise.
> >
> > This is useful documentation but it also should be found in the ABI
> > documentation referred to above.
> >
> >> +
> >> +Trace
> >> +=====
> >> +
> >> +PTT trace is designed for dumping the TLP headers to the memory, which
> >> +can be used to analyze the transactions and usage condition of the PCIe
> >> +Link. You can choose to filter the traced headers by either requester ID,
> >> +or those downstream of a set of Root Ports on the same core of the PTT
> >> +device. It's also supported to trace the headers of certain type and of
> >> +certain direction.
> >> +
> >> +You can use the perf command `perf record` to set the parameters, start
> >> +trace and get the data. It's also supported to decode the trace
> >> +data with `perf report`. The control parameters for trace is inputted
> >> +as event code for each events, which will be further illustrated later.
> >> +An example usage is like
> >> +::
> >> +
> >> + $ perf record -e hisi_ptt0_2/filter=0x80001,type=1,direction=1,
> >> + format=1/ -- sleep 5
> >> +
> >> +This will trace the TLP headers downstream root port 0000:00:10.1 (event
> >> +code for event 'filter' is 0x80001) with type of posted TLP requests,
> >> +direction of inbound and traced data format of 8DW.
> >> +
> >> +1. filter
> >> +---------
> >> +
> >> +The TLP headers to trace can be filtered by the Root Ports or the requester
> >> +ID of the endpoints, which are located on the same core of the PTT device.
> >> +You can set the filter by specifying the `filter` parameter which is required
> >> +to start the trace. The parameter value is 20 bit. The supported filters and
> >> +related values are outputted through `available_root_port_filters` and
> >> +`available_requester_filters` sysfs attributes for Root Ports and Requesters
> >> +respectively.
> >> +::
> >> +
> >> + $ cat available_root_port_filters
> >> + 0000:00:10.0 0x80001
> >> + 0000:00:11.0 0x80004
> >> + $ cat available_requester_filters
> >> + 0000:01:00.0 0x00100
> >> + 0000:01:00.1 0x00101
> >
> > If I remember correctly, one of the rule for sysfs is one line per entry.
> >
>
> Since one PTT devices may support several Root Ports and Endpoints on its core, I find no better
> way to make this information convenient and easy to use for the users to collect. So maybe this
> canbe an exception and there seems to have some limited examples like
> /sys/devices/system/node/node<N>/{meminfo, vmstat, meminfo}.

You can either find a better solution or argue the matter with Greg. I suggest
to introduce new directories, i.e "root_port_filters" and "requested_filters"
and under those have entries like "port0", "port1" and so on.

>
> >> +
> >> +Note that multiple Root Ports can be specified at one time, but only
> >> +one Endpoint function can be specified in one trace. Specifying both
> >> +Root Port and function at the same time is not supported.
> >> +
> >> +If no filter is available, reading the related filter sysfs attribute
> >> +will get an empty string.
> >> +::
> >> +
> >> + $ cat available_root_port_filters
> >> +
> >> + $ cat available_requester_filters
> >
> > Those too look overly long, and where to find them is not documented. As such
> > users have to guest that it must be somewhere under
> > /sys/devices/hisi_ptt<sicl_id>_<core_id>/.
> >
>
> Since Root Port and Requester are PCIe terminologies so it's better to have them
> embedded to make it clear. Maybe 'available' can be removed.
>
> Will have all these sysfs attributes documented.
>
> > More comments tomorrow.
> >
>
> Thanks,
> Yicong

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